- It is the artificial application of water to crops in dry areas or where water is not enough.
- It is one of the methods of land reclamation in case of arid and semi arid areas.
Factors to Consider in Identifying and Assessing the Potential of Land for Irrigation Development
- Topography of the land
- Soil type
- Type of crop to be grown
- Water availability
- Human factors such as skill, capital availability and economic activities.
Types of Irrigation
- This includes flood irrigation and basin irrigation.
- It is used in flat areas.
- The problem with this method is loss of water through seepage.
- It also increases soil salinity.
- This involves the use of porous pipes or perforated pipes.
- It is used in slopy areas and where water is inadequate.
Overhead or Sprinkler Irrigation:
- It is used in any area which is not steep.
Drip or Trickle Irrigation:
- It is used where water is little and in relatively sloppy and flat areas.
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