Chemistry Form 2 Notes Summarized (7)

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Topic 1: Structure of the Atom and the Periodic Table - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • The Atom
    • Parts of an Atom
    • Structure of the Atom
    • Atomic Number and Mass Number
    • Notation of Atomic Number and Mass Number
    • Atomic Properties of the First 20 Elements
    • Isotopes
  • Energy Levels and Electron Arrangements
    • Energy Levels
    • Electron Arrangement.
    • Dot and Cross Diagrams
  • The Periodic Table
    • Design of the Modern Periodic Table
    • Placing an Element in the Periodic Table
    • The Period:
    • Group:
  • Relative Atomic Mass and Isotopes.
    • Introduction:
    • Definition:
    • Measurement of Relative Atomic Mass
  • Ion Formation
    • Introduction
    • Ion
    • Electron Transfer During Chemical Reactions
    • Radicals
    • Oxidation Number
    • Chemical Formulae
    • Deriving the Chemical Formula of Compounds.
    • Chemical Equations
    • Balancing Chemical Equations
    • Types of State Symbols.

Topic 2: Chemical Families: Patterns in Properties - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Introduction
    • Characteristics of a Chemical Family
    • Main Chemical Families
  • The Alkali Metals
    • Electron Arrangement of the First Three Alkali Metals
    • Diagram: Part of Periodic Table Showing the Alkali Metals
    • Gradation in Properties of Alkali Metals
    • Physical Properties of Alkali Metals
    • Chemical Properties of Alkali Metals
    • The General Trend in Reactivity of Alkali Metals.
    • Similarity of Ions and Formulae of Some Compounds of Alkali Metals.
    • Uses of Alkali Metals and their Compounds.
  • The Alkaline Earth Metals
    • Electron Arrangement of the First Three alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Diagram: Part of Periodic Table Showing the Alkaline Earth Metals 
    • Dot and Cross Diagram for the First Three Alkaline Earth Metals
    • Gradation in Properties of Alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Physical Properties of Alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Chemical Properties of Alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Trend in Reactivity in Alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Similarity of Ions and Formulae of Some Compounds of Alkaline Earth Metals.
    • Uses of Some Alkaline Earth Metals and their Compounds
  • The Halogens
    • Electron Arrangement of the First Three Halogens.
    • Diagram: Part of Periodic Table Showing the Halogens
    • Gradation in Properties of Halogens.
    • Laboratory Preparation of Chlorine.
    • Physical Properties of Halogens.
    • Chemical Properties of Halogens.
    • Some Uses of Halogens and their Compounds.
  • The Noble Gases.
    • Electron Arrangement of the First Three Noble Gases.
    • Diagram: Part of Periodic Table Showing the Noble Gases
    • Dot and Cross Diagrams for the First three Noble Gases
    • Physical Properties of Noble Gases
    • Chemical Properties of Noble Gases.
    • Uses of Some Noble Gases.

Topic 3: Properties and Trends Across a Period - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Introduction:
  • The Period Three of the Periodic Table.
    • Part of Periodic Table Showing Period 3 of the Periodic Table. 
  • Trends in Physical Properties of Elements in Period 3.
    • Electrical Conductivity.
    • The Atomic and Ionic Radii.
    • Melting and Boiling Points
    • Summary: Some Physical Properties of Elements in Period 3.
  • Trends in Chemical Properties of the Elements in Period 3.
    • Trends in Reactivity.
    • Summary: Chemical Properties of Period 3 Elements.

Topic 4: Structure and Bonding - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Meaning of Structure and Bond.
    • Bond
    • Structure
  • Nature of the Chemical Bond.
  • Types of Bonds.
    • Ionic Bonds/Electrovalent Bond.
    • The Covalent Bond.
    • The Coordinate Bond.
    • The Molecular Structures.
  • Types of Bonds Across a Period.
    • Variation in Bond Types in Oxides of Period Three Elements.
    • Effect of Bond Types of Properties of Chlorides of Period 3 Elements
    • Trends in Bond Types and Properties of Chlorides of Elements in Period 3
  • Summary: Characteristics of Bonds

Topic 5: Salts - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Introduction to salts
    • Table Showing Normal and Acid Salts Derived from Common Acids
    • Table Showing Some Examples of Salts.
    • Table Showing Some Hydrated Salts.
    • Table of Some Complex Salts
    • Table of Some Double Salts
    • Table of Solubility of Salts
  • Preparation of Salts
    • Soluble Salts
    • Insoluble Salts
  • Effect of Heat on Salts
    • Effect of Heat on Chlorides
    • Effect of Heat on Nitrate(V)
    • Effect of Heat on Sulphate(VI)
    • Effect of Heat on Carbonates(IV) and Hydrogen Carbonate(IV).

Topic 6: Effect of an Electric Current on Substances - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Introduction
  • Conductors and Insulators
    • Summary of Common Electrical Conductors
  • Electrolytes and Non-electrolytes
    • Strong Electrolyte
    • Weak Electrolyte
    • Non-electrolyte
  • Ionisation
  • Electrolytic Dissociation
    • Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation
  • Electrolysis of a Compound
  • Metallic Conductivity
  • Electrolytic Conductivity
  • Electrolysis Circuit
    • Electrode Reactions
  • Factors that Determine Products of Electrolysis
  • Electrolysis of Dilute Sulphuric Acid (Electrolysis of Water)
  • Electrolysis of Copper(II)Sulphate Solution
  • Electroplating
    • Electrolysis of Copper(II)sulphate Solution using Copper Electrodes
  • Electrolysis of Lead Bromide.

Topic 7: Carbon and it's Compounds - Form 2 Summarized Chemistry Notes

  • Introduction
    • Occurrence
    • Allotropes of Carbon
  • Properties of Carbon
    • Physical Properties of Carbon
    • Chemical properties of Carbon
  • Compounds of Carbon
    • Carbon(IV)Oxide (CO2)
    • Carbon(II)Oxide (CO)
    • Carbonate(IV) (CO32-)and Hydrogen Carbonate(IV)(HCO3-)
    • Sodium Carbonate(Na2CO3)

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