- Study the information in the table below and answer the questions that follow:
Element Atomic radius (nm) Ionic radius (nm) W 0.114 0.195 X 0.072 0.136 Y 0.133 0.216 Z 0.099 0.181
- Would these form part of a metallic or a non-metallic group? Explain
- Suggest an element in the table above likely to be the most reactive. Explain
- State the reason for using Argon in electric light bulbs
- Study the information in the table below and answer the questions that follow. The letters do not represent the actual symbols of the elements.
Element Electronic configuration Boiling point X
- What is the general name given to the group in which the elements X, Y and Z belong?
- Select two elements which are coloured gases
- Explain why Z has the highest boiling point
- Write an equation for the reaction of element Z with iron metal
- Element Y was dissolved in water and a piece of blue litmus paper was put into the resulting solution. State and explain the observation that was made on the litmus paper
- The table below shows elements A, B, C, E, F, and G. Elements in group X have a valency of 2 while elements in group Y have a valency of 1. Use the table to answer the questions that follow:-
GROUP X GROUP Y Element A B C E F G Atomic radius (nm) 14.0 19.5 19.7 5.2 7.9 11.3 Ionic radius (nm) 7.6 10.5 12.4 12.6 16.1 19.6
- Atomic radius increases from A to C and from E to G. Explain
- Explain the difference in the atomic and ionic radii of group X elements
- Elements C and G belong to the same period. Explain why the atomic radius of C is greater than that of G
- Give the formula of the compound formed when B and F react
- What type of bonding is formed in the compound above? Explain
- Starting with the least reactive, arrange the elements in group Y in the order of reactivity. Explain:
- The information in the table below relates to elements in the same group of the periodic table.
Study it and answer the question that follows.
Which element has the highest ionization energy? Explain
- Starting with Lead (II) carbonate explain how you would prepare a pure sample of Lead (II) sulphate
- What is an isotope?
- An element Q consists of 3 isotopes of mass 28, 29, 30 and percentage abundance of 92.2, 4.7, 3.1 respectively. Determine the relative atomic mass of the element?
- Study the information in the table below and answer the questions that follow. (The letters do not represent the actual symbols of the elements)
Element Electronic configuration Ionization energy Kj/mol) P 2.2 1800 Q 2.8.2 1450 R 18.104.22.168 1150
- What is the general name given to the group in which elements P, Q and R belong?
- Explain why P has the highest ionization energy
- Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between element Q and water