Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision Questions and Answers PDF (5)

Get these free chemistry form 1 topical revision questions and answers for your exam preparation at national and local levels. These chemistry topical revision questions are compiled from the numerous high school KICD authorized textbooks including, KLB chemistry form 1, Finder chemistry textbook form 1, Mentors chemistry form 1, Spotlight chemistry form 1, Moran chemistry form 1, Pearsons chemistry form 1, etc. The topics covered by the topical revision questions for chemistry are shown below.

With the aid of these topical revision questions, you can review the following form 1 chemistry concepts:

  1. Introduction to Chemistry Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision
  2. Simple Classification of Substances Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision
  3.  Acids, Bases and Indicators Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision
  4. Air and Combustion Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision
  5. Water and Hydrogen Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision

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KCSE Chemistry Revision Questions and Answers PDF

Introduction to Chemistry Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision

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  1. Wooden splints F and G were placed in different zones of a Bunsen burner flame.
    The diagram below gives the observations that were made
     burnt wooden splints
    1. Explain the difference between F and G
    2. Name the type of flame that was used in the above experiment
  2. The diagrams below represent a list of apparatus which are commonly used in a chemistry laboratory:-
     lab apparatus
    1. Give the correct order of the apparatus, using the letters only, to show the correct arrangement that can be used to prepare and investigate the nature of PH of a sample of onion solution
    2. Name one chemical substance and apparatus that is needed in this experiment
    1. When the air-hole is fully opened, the bunsen burner produces a non-luminous flame. Explain
    2. Draw a labelled diagram of a non-luminous flame
    1. What is a drug?
    2. Give two drugs that are commonly abused by the youth.
  4. The diagram below shows three methods for collecting gases in the laboratory
     downward delivery
    1. Name the methods A and B
    2. From the methods above, identify one that is suitable for collecting sulphur (IV) oxide. Explain
  5. A mixture of hexane and water was shaken and left to separate as shown in the diagram below:
    State the identity of;
    (i) P ………………………………..…….. (ii) W ………………………………….….
  6. The diagrams below are some common laboratory apparatus. Name each apparatus and state its use
    Diagram  Name Use
     mortar (½mk )  (½mk)
     crucible (½mk) (½mk)
  7. The diagram below shows some parts of a Bunsen burner
     Bunsen Burner
    Explain how the parts labelled T and U are suited to their functions
  8. The diagram below shows the appearance of two pieces of paper placed in different parts of a non-luminous flame of a Bunsen burner and removed quickly before they caught fire.
     burnt pieces of paper
    1. What do the experiments show about the outer region of the flame?
    2. From the above experiment, which part of the flame is better to use for heating?Give a reason
  9. A crystal of copper (II) sulphate was placed in a beaker of water. The beaker was left standing for two days without shaking. State and explain the observations that were made.
  10. Study the information in the table below and answer questions that follow. (Letters given are not real symbols)
    Ions  Electron arrangement  Ionic radius (nm)
    Explain why the ionic radius of :-
    1. B+ is greater than that of A+
    2. C2+ is smaller than the of A+

Simple Classification of Substances Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision

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  1. The diagram below shows the heating curve of a pure substance. Study it and answer the questions that follow:
     heating curve of pure substance
    1. What physical changes are taking place at points X and Z?
    2. Explain what happens to the melting point of sodium chloride added to this substance
    1. State two differences between luminous flame and non-luminous flame
    2. It is advisable to set a Bunsen burner to luminous flame prior to an experiment. Explain
  2. The paper chromatography of a plant extract gave the following results:
    Solvent  Number of spots
    X 6
    Y 2
    Z 3
    1. Which is the most suitable solvent for purifying the extract? Explain
    2. Ball pen cannot be used to mark solvent front in the above chromatography. Explain
  3. Name the process which takes place when:
    1. Solid Carbon (Iv) Oxide (dry ice) changes directly into gas
    2. A red litmus paper turns white when dropped into chlorine water
    3. Propene gas molecules are converted into a giant molecule
  4. A sample of copper turnings was found to be contaminated with copper (II) oxide. Describe how a sample of copper metal can be separated from the mixture
  5. Copper (II) oxide and charcoal are black solids. How would you distinguish between the two solids?
    1. What is chromatography?
    2. Give two applications of chromatography
  6. The two elements P and R were separately burned in air, the products gave the results recorded in the table below:
    Physical states of products White solid powder only  Colourless gases L and M
    Nature of solutions in water Basic L strongly acidic M slightly acidic
    1. Suggest the identity of element R. ……………………………………………..……..
    2. Describe how the nature of the solutions of the of the oxides were determined
  7. The diagram below represents a paper chromatography for the three brands of soft drinks containing banned artificial food additives.
     chromatogram for food additives
    A and C found to contain the banned artificial food additives. Which numbers indicate the banned artificial food additives?
  8. Without using any laboratory chemical, describe a simple laboratory experiment to distinguish between calcium hydrogen carbonate and sodium hydrogen carbonate
  9. Substance Q has a melting point of 15oC and boiling point of 70oC.
    1. On the same axes, draw the melting point and boiling point graph for Q and the room temperature
       graph of temp against time
    2. State the physical state of substance Q at room temperature
  10. Cooking oils comprise of a mixture of compounds which have a boiling point range of 23oC to 27oC.
    1. What evidence is then to support the statement that cooking oil is a mixture?
    2. Name another experimental technique that could be used to confirm your answer in part (i) above
  11. A form 1 student carried out the separation as shown in the set-up below:-
    1. Identify the method above.................................................................................
    2. Give one of its disadvantages
    3. Name a mixture which can be separated by the set-up above
  12. What is meant by melting point and boiling point of a substance?
  13. The apparatus below were used by a student to study the effect of heat on hydrated copper II sulphate
     effect of heat on copper sulphate
    1. What is the role of the ice cold water
    2. Name liquid P
    3. What observation is made in the boiling tube
  14. The diagram below shows chromatograms of blood samples obtained from three athletes. One athlete used illegal drug to improve performance in competition.
     chromatogram of blood samples
    1. Name the line marked M ………………………………………………….
    2. Identify the athlete who used illegal drug ……………... ……………………….
  15. Classify the following processes as chemical changes or physical change
    Process physical or chemical
    Neutralization ………………………………………
    Sublimation ………………………………………
    Fractional distillation ………………………………………..
    Displacement reaction …………………………………………
  16. Give two reasons why a luminous flame is not used for heating purposes
  17. State two criteria for determining the purity of a substance
  18. Study the information in the table below and answer the questions.
    A mixture contains ethene, Hydrogen and ammonia gases. Explain how a sample of hydrogen gas can be obtained from this mixture.
      1. The diagram below show spots of a pure substance A, B, and C on a chromatography paper. Spot D is that of a mixture
         spots of pure substances
        After development A, B, and C were found to have moved 8cm, 3cm and 6cm respectively. D had separated into two spots which had moved 6cm and 8cm
        On the diagram above;
        1. Label the baseline (origin)
        2. Show the positions of all the spots after development
      2. Identify the substances present in mixture D
    1. Describe how solid ammonium chloride can be separated from a solid mixture of ammonium chloride and anhydrous calcium chloride
    2. The table below shows liquids that are miscible and those that are immiscible
      Liquid  L3 L4
      L1 Miscible  Miscible
      L2 Miscible  Immiscible
      Use the information given in the table to answer that questions that follow;
      1. Name the method that can be used to separate L1 and L2 from a mixture of the two
      2. Describe how a mixture of L2 and L4 can be separated
  19. A student left some crushed fruit mixture with water for some days. He found the mixture had fermented. He concluded that the mixture was contaminated with water and ethanol with boiling point of 100oC and 78oC respectively. The set-up of apparatus below are used to separate the mixture.
     fractional distillation
    1. Name the piece of apparatus labelled W
    2. What is the purpose of the thermometer in the set-up?
    3. At which end of the apparatus W should tap water be connected?……………………………
    4. Which liquid was collected as the first distillate? Explain
    5. What is the name given to the above method of separating mixture?
    6. State two applications of the above method of separating mixtures
    7. What properties of the mixture makes it possible for the component to be separated by the above methods?
  20. The set-up below was used to separate a mixture:-
     evaporation method
    1. Name the apparatus missing in the set-up
    2. Give one example of mixture T
    3. What is the name of this method of separation

    1. The diagram below shows a set – up used by a student to find out what happens when Copper (II) sulphate crystals are heated.
       heating copperIIsulphate
      1. State the observations made when the blue copper (II) sulphate crystals are heated.
      2. Identify liquid Y and write an equation for its formation.
    2. Pellets of sodium hydrogen and anhydrous Copper (II) sulphate were put in separate Petridishes and left in the open for two hours. Explain the observation in each Petri-dish.
  21. The chromatography below shows the constituents of a flower extract using an organic solvent:-
     constituents of a flower chromatogram
      1. Name a possible organic solvent you can use for this experiment
      2.  State one property that makes the red pigment to move the furthest distance from M
      3. Describe how one could get a sample of yellow pigment
      4. On the diagram indicate solvent front
    2. Describe how Aluminium chloride can be separated from a mixture of aluminium chloride and sodium chloride
  22. Study the information below and answer the questions that follow:
    Solid Cold water Hot water
    R Soluble Soluble
    V Insoluble Insoluble
    S Insoluble Insoluble
    Describe how the mixture of solid R, S, and V can be separated
  23. Given a mixture of lead (II) oxide, ammonium chloride and sodium chloride, describe how this mixture can be separated to obtain a sample of each.
  24. The setup below was used to separate two miscible liquids Q and (Boling points; Q =98° C, T=78°C)
     fractional distillation method
    1. Identify the mistakes in the setup above
    2. Identify Distillate X
  25. Name the process which takes place when:
    1. Solid Carbon (IV) oxide (dry ice) changes directly into gas.
    2. A red litmus paper turns white when dropped into chlorine water.
    3. Propene gas molecules are converted into a giant molecule.
  26. The following diagram shows a paper chromatogram of substances A, B, C, and D which are coloured
     paper chromatogram of coloured substances
    1. Indicate the solvent front on the chromatogram
    2. Which substance is pure? ………………………………………..
    3. Substance E is a mixture of C and D. Indicate its chromatogram in the diagram
  27. Study the information below and answer the following questions. A mixture contains three solids A, B, and C. The solubility of these solids in different liquids is as shown below:- 
    Solid  Water Alcohol Ether
    A Soluble Insoluble  Insoluble
    B Insoluble  Soluble Very soluble
    C Soluble Soluble Insoluble
    Explain how you will obtain sample C from the mixture
  28. State and explain the observations made when iodine crystals is heated in a boiling tube?

Acids, Bases and Indicators Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision

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  1. The table below shows solutions A, B and C are tested and observations records as shown:
    Solution  Observations on indicator
    A Methyl orange turns yellow
    B Phenolphthalein turns colourless
    C Litmus turns purple
    1. Using the table above, name an acid
    2. How does the pH value of 1M potassium hydroxide solution compare with that of 1M aqueous ammonia? Explain
  2. The information below gives PH values of solutions V, W, X, Y, Z
    Solution  PH values
    1. Which solution is likely to be:
      1. Calcium hydroxide? 
      2. Rain water?
    2. Which solution would react most vigorously with Zinc carbonate
    1. Complete the table below to show the colour of the given indicator in acidic and basic solutions.
      Indicator Colour in
      Methyl Orange Acidic Solution Basic Solution
      Phenolphthalein  Colourless  
    2. How does the PH value of 0.1M potassium hydroxide solution compare with that of 0.1M aqueous ammonia? Explain.
  4. Use the information given below to answer the questions that follow:
    Solution  G H I J K
    pH 1.5  6.5  13.0  7.0  8.0
    1. Which of the solutions would be used to relieve a stomach upset caused by indigestion?
    2. Which solution is likely to be:
      1. Dilute sulphuric acid?
      2. Sodium hydroxide solution?
  5. Solid copper (II) oxide is a base although it does not turn litmus paper to blue. Explain
  6. Below are the pH values of 4 types of medicine represented by letters P, Q, R and S
    1. It is not advisable to use S when a patient has indigestion .Explain
    2. What is the role of chemistry in drug manufacture
  7. Explain why very little Carbon (IV) oxide gas is evolved when dilute sulphuric (VI) acid is added to lead (II) carbonate
  8. State one commercial use of Calcium Oxide
  9. The following data gives the pH values of some solutions
    Solution  pH
    1. What colour change would occur in solution P on addition of two drops of phenolphthalein indicator?
    2. State the pH value of a resulting solution when equal moles of solution P and R react
  10. In an experiment, ammonia gas was prepared by heating ammonium salt with an alkali.
    After drying, ammonia gas was collected at room temperature and pressure.
    1. What is meant by the term alkali?
    2. Explain using physical properties of the gas why ammonia is not collected by downward delivery
  11. The table shows the colours obtained when some indicators are added to solutions:-
    Solution Blue litmus paper  Indicator W
    Distilled water ………………….. Colourless
    Calcium hydroxide  Blue Pink
    Nitric acid ………………………… Colourless
    1. Complete the table by filling in the missing colours
    2. Identify indicator W
    1. Flower extracts can be used as Acid-base indicators. Give two limitations of such indicators
    2. The diagram below shows spots of pure substances W, X, and Y on a chromatography paper. Spot Z is that of a mixture
       chromatogram of pure substance
      After development W, X, and Y were found to have moved 9cm3, 4cm3 and 7cm3 respectively. Z has separated into two spots which have moved 7cm3 and 9cm3:-
      On the diagram:-
      1. Label the baseline and solvent front
      2. Show the position of all the spots after development
      3. Identify the substances present in mixture Z
  12. A beekeeper found that when stung by a bee, application of a little solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate helped to relieve the irritation of the affected area. Explain
  13. 10g of sodium hydrogen carbonate were dissolved in 20cm3 of water in a boiling tube. Lemon juice was then added dropwise with shaking until there was no further change.
    1. Explain the observation which was made in the boiling tube when the reaction was in progress
    2. What observations would be made if the lemon juice had been added to copper turnings in a boiling tube?
  14. Complete the table below to show the colour of the given indicator in acidic and basic solutions:
    Indicator Colour in acidic solution Basic Solution
    Methyl orange Pink  
    Phenolphthalein   Pink
  15. Solutions can be classified as acids, bases or neutral. The table below shows solutions and their pH values:-
     Solutions  pH Values
     K  1.5
     L  7.0
     M  14.0
    1. Select any pair that would react to form a solution of PH 7
    2. Identify two solutions that would react with aluminium hydroxide. Explain

Air and Combustion Questions and Answers - Chemistry Form 1 Topical Revision

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  1. The set-up below was used to prepare a sample of oxygen gas. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
    1. Complete the diagram to show how Oxygen can be collected
       preparation of oxygen from hydrogen peroxide
    2. Write a chemical equation of the reaction to produce oxygen
  2. Air was passed through several reagents as shown below:
     purification of air
    1. Write an equation for the reaction which takes place in the chamber containing magnesium powder
    2. Name one gas which escapes from the chamber containing magnesium powder. Give a reason for your answer

    1. What is rust?
    2. Give two methods that can be used to prevent rusting
    3. Name one substance which speeds up the rusting process
  3. 3.0g of clean magnesium ribbon 8.0g of clean copper metal were burnt separately in equal volume of air and both metals reacted completely with air;
    1. State and explain where there was greater change in volume of air Mg =24 Cu = 64
    2. Write an equation for the reaction between dilute sulphuric acid and product of burnt copper
  4. Oxygen is obtained on large scale by the fractional distillation of air as shown on the flow chart below.
     fractional distillation of air
    1. Identify the substance that is removed at the filtration stage
    2. Explain why Carbon (IV) oxide and water are removed before liquefaction of air
    3. Identify the component that is collected at -186°C
  5. The set-up below was used to study some properties of air. 
     properties of air diagram
    State and explain two observations that would be made at the end of the experiment
  6. A form two student in an attempt to stop rusting put copper and Zinc in contact with iron as shown:-
     copper and zinc
    1. State whether rusting occurred after one week if the set-ups were left out
    2. Explain your answer in (a) above
  7. In an experiment, a piece of magnesium ribbon was cleaned with steel wool. 2.4g of the clean magnesium ribbon was placed in a crucible and completely burnt in oxygen. After cooling the product weighed 4.0g
    1. Explain why it is necessary to clean magnesium ribbon
    2. What observation was made in the crucible after burning magnesium ribbon?
    3. Why was there an increase in mass?
    4. Write an equation for the major chemical reaction which took place in the crucible
    5. The product in the crucible was shaken with water and filtered. State and explain the observation which was made when red and blue litmus paper were dropped into the filtrate
  8. In an experiment a gas jar containing some damp iron fillings was inverted in a water trough containing some water as shown in the diagram below. The set-up was left un-disturbed for three days. Study it and answer the questions that follow:
     rusting experiment
    1. Why were the iron filings moistened?
    2. State and explain the observation made after three days.
    3. State two conclusions made from the experiment.
    4. Draw a labelled set-up of apparatus for the laboratory preparation of oxygen using sodium Peroxide
    5. State two uses of oxygen
  9. The set-up below was used to collect gas F produced by the reaction between sodium peroxide and water
     prepartion of oxygen from sodium peroxide
    1. Name gas F……………………………………………………………………………
    2. At the end of the experiment, the solution in the round bottomed flask was found to be a strong base. Explain why this was so
    3. Which property of gas F makes it be collected by the method used in the set-up?
    4. Give one industrial use of gas F
  10. The set-up below was used to investigate properties of the components of air:
     componennts of air experiment
    1. State two observations made during the experiment
    2. Write two chemical equations for the reactions which occurred
    3. The experiment was repeated using burning magnesium in place of phosphorous.
      There was greater rise of water than in the first case. Explain this observation
    4. After the two experiments, the water in each trough was tested using blue and red litmus papers. State and explain the observations of each case.
      1.  Phosphorous experiment
      2. magnesium experiment
    5. Briefly explain how a sample of nitrogen gas can be isolated from air in the laboratory
  11. A group of students burnt a piece of Mg ribbon in air and its ash collected in a Petri dish. The ash was found to comprise of magnesium Oxide and Magnesium nitride
    1. Write an equation for the reaction leading to formation of the magnesium nitride
    2. A little water was added to the products in the Petri dish. State and explain the observation made.
    3. A piece of blue litmus paper was dipped into the solution formed in (b) above. 
      State the observation made.
  12. A form one class carried out an experiment to determine the active part of air. The diagram below shows the set-up of the experiment and also the observation made.
     active part of air experiment
      1. Identify substance M ..................................................................................
      2. State two reasons for the suitability of substance <span class="font