Memories We Lost and Other Stories Essays with answers and marking schemes
The essays below are mostly in marking scheme format. With points that examiners check.
It should be noted that in an exam situation, essays should be written in prose and not point form as in some of the examples below. In an exam, the "Introduction", "Body" and "Conclusion" titles should not be added in your essays. The examples below just guide on the format that your essays should take.
Explain the truth of the saying, ”He who desires all loses all.” Draw your illustrations from Leo Tolstoy’s ‘How much land does man need?
Though ambition is good and motivates us to keep working, not being contented with what one has can lead to self destruction in the story, how much land does man need is a good example of this. NB show general understanding of the question and then tie to the text.
1) Poham, a farmer owns 123 acres of land and pasture. He also had a big house in which five family members lived in as he kept farming the number of the cattle kept increasing. However he was not contented with this, he thought that his land was not big enough. He wanted wider and more fertile lands. He had a desire to farm widely and to keep more livestock. This made him leave his vast lands in search of more. He dies in his quest and loses what he owned.
ii) Pohom kept thinking about only one thing. How can I have more lands? He loses an opportunity to enjoy what he had remained restless." I have to go there and buy land
iii) Pohom kept walking under the hot sun in order to get the largest and best land above all people. He has to take off his coat and the shoes because of the heat. His desire to get more land above every one made him lose even the comfort he would have enjoyed. He was in a regular sweat and very thirsty.
iv) Even after he had walked enough and knew he was supposed to go back a desire to get the hallow made him not to tum. He kept going in order to get more land. He was never satisfied. He kept walking without thinking until it was too late. The only thing that made him stop and turn the hours he would have used to turn back because of his greed for more Even after he realized his body was drained of all energy he begun to run for fear of losing all. His month was perched his breast was working like a blacksmith's bellows, his heart beating like a hammer. Though afraid a death, he could not stop. He ran on and on. At this point he should have stopped but the thought of gaining more land made him push himself to the end losing the land his life.
From the above illustration, it is true to say that our desire to get more and more can make us lose even what we have.
16+4 language =20
Describe the devastating effects that conflicts have on the innocent children and women in Mariatu Kamara’s “The President” in “Memories we Lost and other stories”.
Conflitcs in society arise as a result of hatred and tribal animosity. This hatred and animosity among citizens leads to unrest and violence. Such violence and conflicts have far reaching consequences and effects on the civilians, mostly children, women and the innocent. As brought out in the President many suffer a lot.
Members of different families are separated from each other as a result of conflict Many people fear what is brought about by conflict and thus end up running away, and in the process they separate from each other. For instance, Adamsay is dragged away by rebels. Furthermore, Ibrahim and Mohamed are captured and tied and taken away. Kamara is also separated from Mare and Alle because of conflict
There are a lot of atrocities which are meted on the people during conflict Women and girls end up being defiled, a case of Kamara where she is raped by Salieu at atender age. Many people lose their limbs, for instance rebels cut off people's hands as a way of sending to a message to the president to get out of power. Many people are forced to live in an amputees' camp in free town.
Many lives are lost. Conflict and violence leads to the killing of many people. The narrator says that she later learnt that as many as hundred people were killed that day. Rebels have no regard for human life, they just kill people.
In line with war, children are also recruited into war as soldiers. Mostly this is done against their will and they end up missing on their childhood. Kamarais tortured and eventually amputated by child soldiers who are her age mates. She pleads with one child soldier to have mercy on her as she is his age but the child soldier hears none of that. Victims of violence and conflicts are force to live in a camp for amputees in Freetown. This camp is full of filthy litter and full of dirty bodies. More so they are forced to beg on the streets to get what to eat.
Children who undergo such violence like what Kamara goes through have psychological torture. Kamara mentions that she is enrolled in high school before she is swallowed by thoughts of her past and family.
It is very clear that conflicts, which are mostly fuelled by hatred has detrimental effects on innocent children and women. They are the ones who suffer the greatest brunt of such. They suffer a lot, they are handicapped displaced from their homes, are forced to live in pathetic conditions and some even lose their lives
Any other relevant conclusion, award 2 marks Introduction 2 marks Content 12 marks Conclusion 2 marks Language: 4 marks
Painful experience need not lead one to hopelessness. With illustrations from the story “Mr. President’ by Mariatu Kamara show the validity of this statement.
- Generally comment on the evils of political violence or instability of the country and devastating experiences of the citizens
Context based- Highlight the points to be discussed as topic sentences without Pre-emptying the details
Point of interpretation
1. The girl was chopped of her hand by the political rebels but she still soldier on and went oversees Where he learnt how to operate a laptop
2. The girl has lost her parents but was brought up by relatives and she managed to survive the Political turmoil of the time
3. The girl was sexually misused at her tender age as the people took advantage of the girl's Helplessness
-Salien the old man had impregnated her. After giving birth with difficulties and Even losing her baby, she still forged on with life and finally going to Toronto where well wishers educated her English as a second language.
4. The girl was subjected to untold suffering and living in deplorable and humiliating human Condition. Living in an overcrowded tent with other amputees and living from hand to mouth begging. At last she finds a save larch where her future brightens once more once in Toronto
5. The girl finds herself in a difficult situation where communication with the foreigner and other refugees was impossible. She however struggled and can finally communicate in English thus ensuring her survival.
Give a general opinion of the devastating effect of war.
Write a recap of the point discussed above and illustrating briefly their appropriateness
Introduction (2 marks) For well explained points 4x3 each - 12 marks Conclusion 2 marks
Grammar - spelling - 1 mark - Punctuation 1 mark Correct sentence construction 1 mark - Fluency (1 mark)
Total (20 marks)
Discuss the devastating effects that conflicts have on the innocent children and women in Mariutu Kamara’s ‘The President’.
Conflicts in society arise as a result of hatred and tribal animosity. This hatred and animosity among citizens leads to unrest and violence. Such violence and conflicts have far reaching consequences and effects on the civilians, mostly children, women and the innocent. As brought out in the President many suffer alot.
Members of different families are separated from each other as a result of conflict. Many people fear what is brought about by conflict and thus end up running away, and in the process they separate from each other. For instance Adamsay is dragged away by rebels Furthermore brahim and Mohamed are captured and tied and taken away. Kamera is also separated from Marie and Alle because of conflict.
There are a lot of atrocities which are meted on the people during conflict Women and girls end up being defiled, a case of Kamara where she is raped by Salieu at a tender age. Many people lose their limbs, for instance rebels cut off people's hands as a way of sending to a message to the president to get out of power. Many people are forced to live in an amputees' camp in free town.
Many lives are lost. Conflict and violence leads to the killing of many people. The narrator says that she later learnt that as many as hundred people were killed that day. Rebels have no regard for human life; they just kill people.
In line with war, children are also recruited into war as soldiers. Mostly this is done against their will and they end up missing on their childhood. Kamara is tortured and eventually amputated by child soldiers who are her age mates. She pleads with one child soldier to have mercy on her as she is his age but the child soldier hears none of that. Victims of violence and conflicts are forced to live in a camp for amputees in Freetown. This camp is full of filthy litter and full of dirty bodies. More so they are forced to be on the streets to get what to eat.
Children who undergo such violence like what kamara goes through have psychological torture. Kamara mentions that she is enrolled in high school before she is swallowed by thoughts of her past and family.
It is very clear that conflicts, which are mostly fuelled by hatred has detrimental effects on innocent children and women. They are the ones who suffer the greatest brunt of such. They suffer a lot they are handicapped, displaced from their homes are forced to live in pathetic conditions and some even lose their lives
Any other relevant conclusion, award 2 marks Introduction: 2 marks Content: 12 marks Conclusion: 2 marks Language: 4 marks
With illustrations from Siddartha Gigoo's Story, Umbrella Man, discuss how symbolism has been developed.
Umbrella Man, set in an asylum basically employs the umbrella as symbol for rain and by extension a hope for freedom from the mental asylum for the inmate referred to as number 7.
Moreover, the umbrella is also symbolic of protection and companionship.
Every time number 7 steps out of his ward, he rarely fails to carry the umbrella and keenly observes the clouds to see whether they will yield rain. Some how number 7 was hopeful of the rain that evening as well. (pg 46). The barber knows Number 7 is fascinated about the rain and asks him if it will rain soon Number 7 gives him hope that it going to rain soon. I thought you believed in Hope and Nature's miracles. Don't you believe that someday It will rain here and the earth will turn moist and smell of wild flowers. pg 49). In the end hope is fulfilled. It rains even though this happens at night.
The umbrella as a symbol of protection and companionship not only shields the inmate from the scorching sun, but also keep company from the solidarity confinement of the mental asylum. His umbrella is his playmate. He holds it aloft and walks with it leisurely on the compound. During the lonesome nights, he would imagine he is talking to a child. During such moments, he wakes up and watches the child disturbed by unpleasant dream. He comforts the child to go back to sleep and promises to be by the child's side
The umbrella does also act as hope for freedom Inmate Number 7 who carries this umbrella everywhere he goes is the only one allowed outside the compound. It takes doctors several months to grant Number 7 permission to go outside the compound This liberty is not an entitlement but a privilege. It is a freedom that can be measured it ends either at the one hundred and ninety-square metre compound of the asylum or the ninety-something yards in the narrow avenue outside the gates that ended at another wall. Finally, the committee members unanimously agree that umbrella man is now fit to go home
Indeed the hope of the umbrella man is fulfilled when it rains on the night that he gets released from the asylum
Mark as follows Any three well developed points Mark 4.4.4 Award 2 marks for Introduction and 2 marks for Conclusion
Poverty creates deep social contrast in the way people live in the society. Write an essay in support of the above statement drawing illustrations from No Violet Bulawayo’s story, Hitting Budapest.
Paradise and Budapest contrast sharply in their manifestations of the economic duality where extreme poverty is paralleled with abundance and extreme wealth.
Paradise is prejudiced in food and hunger pangs which drive children into stealing guava fruits as Budapest chocks in plenty and waste. The children sneak out of their dwelling place and go to steal quavas because of hunger. The narrator says he would die for guavas or anything because his stomach feels like somebody just took a shovel and dug everything out ( 971. They have stolen from Chipo's uncle's trees, they have harvested all the fruits at SADC Street and now they are adventuring in the IMF Street where they are sure to find some. By the time they get back to paradise their stomachs are so full they will just drink water for the night listen to Mother of Bone's stories and go to sleep. Contrast this to the experience of Budapest where the woman comes out eating ice cream and can afford to throw the remains into the waste bin. The children wonder because they have never seen anybody throw food away. (pg 100)
The two neighbourhoods are completely worlds apart in housing and shelter In paradise the narrator says they live in shanties and shacks. No wonder then that they are mesmerized by the Budapest's big houses with graveled vards and tall fences and walls and flowers and green trees, heavy with guava fruits to steal. (pg 98). They even argue about and adopt houses they can only dream about.pg 102, 103) Inequality is also very evident in the distribution of facilities of comfort (recreational facilities) in Budapest, along Hope Street there is a big stadium with the glimmering benches that the children in Paradise will never sit on (pg 97. Mello can afford to eat ice cream the remains of which she even throws into a dustbin. The children from Paradise look at the flying remains of the food flying in the air like a dead bird before hitting the ground. They have never seen anyone throw food away. They can afford to listen to good music not kwaito or dance hall like in Paradise (pg 100). Mello takes pictures for fun She has a nice pink camera which fascinate the children because it is not in their experience. No wonder, taking pictures does not appeal to the children at all (pg 101).
Contrasted social distance disposition is manifested in relationships and levels of interactions in Budapest and Paradise There is certain level of effervescence in Paradise as opposed to Budapest Children interact easily and even plan to go and steal Guava fruits from the neighbourhood. Women and men can have time for each other ( 97 98 102). And the narrator tells us of Mother of Bones telling them stories in the evenings before they sleep Budapest on the other hand is deserted and forlorn. The narrator says, "Budapest is like a different country But not an ordinary country- It looks like everybody woke up one day and closed their caree, doors and windows picked their passports and left Even the air is empty no burning things, no smell of cooking food or something rotting: just plain air with nothing in its hands. pg 9B)
Basics in life like clothing and water are so lacking in Paradise whereas there is plenty in Budapest. When Mello run her hands in her hair which looked matted and dirty the narrator wonders and wishes that he was in Budapest ""...If I lived in Budapest / would wash my whole body every day and comb my hair nicely to show was a real person iving in a real place (pg 101) even clothing is a problem in Paradise. Godknows shorts are tor at the back and the white fabric is dirty as Basta wears a wom out T-shirt that makes him look so ugly one cannot tell whether he is a man or a woman in Budapest, Mello is wearing a long neat dress. She is clean and pretty, like a baby. She adorng jewelry and her skin is smooth brown and does not have a scarpg 100, 101) There is no going to school in paradise. In fact the children believe that going to school is not important anymore. They imagine one can make money without going to school. The importance of school only occurs to them when they are taken to a correction home and they can now read and write (pg 103 104-105)
In conclusion the story treats the reader to a clear disparity that is so common in life when it comes to distribution of national resources, one part of the society has in excess what the other part may never live to experience, creating an absurd tilt in life.
When a teenage girl is brought up by an absentee mother, she is bound to face countless challenges. Justify this assertion basing your answer on Lesley Nneka’s story 'Light'
Any plausible introduction
Getting physically lost Enebeli had separated for hours during chaos in market place.
- Unanswered questions may be demonstrated by the wrong people; Enebeli had to handle them though even when he wasn't the right person to do so.
Biological developments are not clear thus could have humiliated episodes, the girls first monthly period seeped all through the mattress.
It leads to family conflict and disintegrating: Enebeli is always at loggerheads with the wife because of the girl.
Breakdown of communications eventually sets in between the mother and daughter making a bad situation worse. The girl stopped talking with the
mother. Relationship with other family members is affected: The aunt to the girl
any valid conclusion
‘In the short story, How Much Land Does Man Need, the author shows human greed’. Write an essay to support the above statement.
Some people are not satisfied with what they have and want more all the time. Leo Toistay's short story "How much land does man need? Is a dear llustration of this.
He had a farm and a house but wanted more. He had 123 acres of land and pasture.. As he farmed, the number of cattle kept increasing. He had a thought that this land was not enough. He wanted wider and more fertile.. How can I have more land?
He was easily convinced to go buy land from the Bashkis. A passing dealer tells him there is cheap land in land of the Bashkuris.. I have to go there and buy land he thinks.
He enquired how to get to Bashkris and buys many presents in the market.. He started on the journey and took his servant with him.
He could not sleep. thinking of the land he would acquire "If I walk the whole day what a large track I will mark off...... He lay awake all night.. When shown the land his eyes gistered; there was wide land in front of his eyes. "I will get the largest and the best land above all the people!"
He bit more than he could chew. He tried to get more land than his body could sustain in walking,. He kept walking without thinking. He felt serious pain but pressed on. He threw away his coat, his shoes, his flask and his cap. . His legs gave away beneath him and he fell forward. He dies after straining to get more land.
It is out of greed and obsession to get more land that Palom strains to get and dies tragically,
NB: Expect 4 well illustrated points (3:3:3:3)
Introduction - 2mks
Body - 12 mks
Conclusion - 2mks
Language competence - (4mks)
Discuss the major issues highlighted by the writer in the story window seat by Benjamin Branoff.
Every writer sets out to pass a certain message or communicate a particular issue to the audience through their work Benjamin highlights a few concepts in the story Window Seat.
1. Lawlessness our roads, vehicles should always follow traffic rules on the roads for Safety in this story law and order on roads is not followed as it should be public transport vehides are overloaded. The narrator says a min van meant for te passengers now carry twenty four of them. It is even worse in the rush hour.
2. Bribery and corruption-drivers bribe policemen in order to get away with crime. Even when things seem to be okay with the vehicle the policemen solicit for bribes is an extent of removing the car keys from ignition. The bribe is a very powerful voice that the police use to silence the adamant drivers.
3. Suffering a passengers. The narrator says that one learns not to commit to a long road because of discomfort. However they don't seem to care or they are used to it They even smack their lips loudly when the policemen take bribes but they don't take any step. It is even because of overloading that makes it easy for Kenga to rob the narrator.
4. Poverty people at the bus stop are said to be in sandals and others are barefoot, this means they cannot afford better shoes. The passengers could be suffering in silence In the overloaded daladala because of poverty. This is because they pay less money for fare.The narrator describes Kenga that she has a trim figure probably caused by a lifetime of hardwork and deprivation of luxuries. It also possible that she stole from the narrator because she is poor.
5. The word Mzungu means a white men. The Africans call them this to mean be is from the white race. The Africans see the narrator as more superior than them and use even a spectacle that he is using the public. When the guard greets him at the city Chui, everybody turns to see him Africans perceive the white men as rich and wealthy that's why Kanga robs him in the vehicle. The narrator chooses to date Monique a French girl because she is from their race. He says "I should be with the France girl la fille because French woman are absolutely like American men
Major issues that can be related to our day today life's are highlighted in the story. Such issues such as poverty, Lawlessness on our roads and poverty need to be dealt with for better life
Mark 4 well illustrated points
Introduction 2 mks
The villagers are to blame for the death of Esteban. With clear illustrations from Gabriel Marquez’s story The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World write an essay showing how the villagers can be blamed for the death of Esteban.
At times people drives others to their deaths without consciously knowing what they are doing. This is the case with Esteban whose death can be blames on the villagers.
Estaban had been uncomfortable getting into the village houses because the doors were small for him and he had to get in sideways and at times would hit his head on cross beams.
The chairs in the village were weak for Estaban, something that made him feel out of place in his huge size. He had to stand most of the time as others seat.
The women always talked negatively about him. They did not appreciate his presence in the homes and reffered to him as 'big boob or "handsome fool."
The men seem remorseful also for making Esteban feel out of place, in the village even clothes would not fit him and the narrator says.......it was not his fault that he was so big or so heavy or so handsome" (Pg 141). Both the men and the women blame themselves for not making him fit in the village.
Knowingly or subconsciously the villagers made Estab feel out of place. They seem to admit this in the end and give him a good send off after owning him. They also do several things in his memory.
“Greed and Materialism can lead to grave consequences.” In reference to the story “How Much Land Does Man a Need by Leo Toistoy, write an essay to illustrate the truth of this statement
The introductory paragraph could either be general or contextualized. It must be an attempt at interpreting the question. Definitions or lifting the question will not score. Eg. They need to amass more and more in terms of money or property is a vice that many people have. However in the pursuit of such, one ends up losing in one way or
Pahom who had so many acres of land, and pasture still gets so interested in getting much more at a cheaper price but then had to walk to get as much land at roubles a day as possible. He exhaust himself and collapses dead in his attempt.
Pahom's yearning to get more land yet he has 123 acres of land and pasture, a big house and five family members. He thinks the land was not big enough. Wanted wider and more fertile lands Had the desire to farm widely and keep more livestock. kept on thinking about only one thing, how he can get more land
The news about 13,000 acres of land all for 1000 roubles Pahom gets strongly attracted due to his greed for land . Wonders whether it is true - He says he must go and buy that land. He embarked on the journey and took his servants with him. They walked for seven days to where the land was, got the people of the town and gave them presents. The people promise to do anything for him.
The prospects of the Pahom owning a large piece of land. He is told that the price of the land is always the same: 1,000 rouble a day. One had to go round on his feet and that land covered would be his, at 1,000 roubles a day. One had to start at one spot, make a round and mark with a spade on the place passed. Once had to make as large a circuit as one pleased, but one had to return to the place one started, otherwise all would be lost. - Pahom could not sleep thinking about how much land he would cover.
The walk. Armed with his spade, he waited for the sun to rise and started off. He at some point takes off his outer coat and shoes. He was sweating and very thirsty. He was becoming tired he ate quickly to save on time, so that he can walk a greater distance. it was hot, yet he must return to the place where he started. He started walking back in difficulty
Regrets - Pahom realizes time to sunset was almost gone and he began running back to the hillock. He realizes he had tried too much. He felt serious pain but pressed on, yet he was still far from the hillock. He threw away his coat shoes and flask and cap. He kept only the spade which he used as support, his soaking shirt and trousers stuck to him, his heart beating like a hammer. He was seized with terror and he died of strain. He fell down and died. Because he lost his whole energy to get more land, when he got to the goal, he fell down and died.
Must be a valid paragraph, related to the requirements of the quattion. In his relentless pursult for more wealth, pahom ended up dead. Unrelentless pursuit for materials wealth can lead to disastrous consequences.
‘All that glitters is not gold’ with illustration from Leo Toltoy’s ‘How much land does man need?' Write an essay to justify this statement.
Introduction (2 marks)
- Should be relevant
- No definition of terms of proverb
Body /content. (12 marks)
Should have atleast four well explained points.
Each point should have - a topical sentence / introducing the main idea of the paragraph. • Support sentences. - inches / concluding sentences 3 marks x 4 points
A passing dealer shares with Pahon how he had bought 13,000 acres of land all for 1,000 roubles. He thinks it a catch. In addition all the lands are very fertile. He
say "I have to go there and buy land. He ends walking there for seven days
The leader promises to give Pahom anything he could ask for as a reward for the presents he'd given to them. He asks him not to shy asking. He chooses the fertile
wide land which he had to go round it in a day before owning it.
Pahom fantasizes making a big pasture in his newly acquired land and build a good cottage. He promises himself to walk the whole day and mark off a large tract. He lays on his bed and could not sleep. He lays awake all night and only dozes off just before down.
As Pahom resumes walking after a lunch break, he keeps thinking 'An hour to suffer, a life-time to live.' He walks on and just when he was about to turn to the left again, he perceives a damp hallow. He thinks it would be a pity leaving it out as flax would do well there. A desire to get this hollow makes him not totum
Pahom develops a strong desire to amass even more land. He thus walks without thinking. He suddenly looks at the sun it was nearly half way to the horizon. He decides to walk back. His bare feet are cut and bruised. He longed to rest but it was impossible,
Though afraid of death, upon hearing the Bashkirs velling and shouting him, he ran on and on as he was quite near his aim. He could see the people on the hillock waving their arms to hurry him up. He eventually reaches the beginning mark and collapses. Pahom dies and he's buried
Conclusion (2 marks)
Any relevant conclusion
Linguistic marks (4 marks)