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  • In book One, we introduced to you the two dimensions of Islamic Morality; Maarufat (Virtues) and Munkaarat (Vices).
  • In this chapter ,we are going to discuss in details some selected virtues and vices with the purpose of encouraging the performance of virtuous deeds and highlighting the vices and their effects in the community.
  • We shall begin with the virtous deed (Husnul - Khulq) followed by the vices (Su-ul Khulq).

Husunul Khulq (Deeds that Lead to Piety and Righteousness)

  • The term deeds refer to actions, code of conduct, mannerism or behavior.
  • Piety and righteousness refers to the act of God fearing and upholding a conduct that is within Allah (SWT)s commandment and Prophetic teachings.
  • The Holy Qur’an has clearly outlined the deeds that lead to piety and righteousness:
  • Allah (SWT) says:
    It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah (SWT),) that you turn your faces towards the east and (or) the west (in prayers); but Al- Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah (SWT), the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and give wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the needy), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, and performs As- Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives Zakat, and who fulfill their convenant when they make it, and who are patient in extreme poverty and ailment (during the battles). Such are the people of truth and they are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)”. [Q 2:177]
  • According to the above verse the following deeds have been categorized to be promoting piety and righteousness:
    • To believe in Allah (SWT), the Last Day, Angels, His Books and Messengers.
    • To spend ones wealth, subsistence in order to please Allah (SWT) by helping ones relatives, orphans, the needy, the wayfarer and those who ask for assistance and freeing of slaves.
    • To observe your prayers and give charity regularly.
    • To honor your promises.
    • To exercise patience and firmness while suffering or when faced with any calamity
  • Other deeds not mentioned in this verse includes the following:
    • Tranquility
    • contentment
    • patience
    • truthfulness
    • restraining from anger.

Self Control

Read Qur’an [Q 3:134]

  • Life in this world is not easy.
  • There are several challenges that one encounters, whether a believer or a non-believer.
  • These could result to stress, depression, anger, social conflicts among
    other consequences.
  • The Holy Qur’an and Prophets’ Hadith are the major source of guidance for a Muslim who is faced with various challenges in the course of life.
  • Therefore a Muslim is encouraged to use the various ways within the Islamic code in solving all problems facing him or her.
  • One of these ways is self control.
  • Self control is the ability to observe self restraint or rather control against temptations, desires and emotions when faced with any exciting occurrence.
  • The prophet (PBUH) said: “The strong one is not he who knocks out his enemies; he is the one who keeps control over his anger”. (Bukhari and Muslim).

Benefits of Exercising Self Control

  • Allah (SWT) rewards a person who exercises self control. Allah (SWT) says “But as for him who feared standing before his Lord and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lust. Verily, paradise will be his abode.”[ Q 79:40-41]
  • It shields one from evil because man’s nafs (soul) is the seat of all evils. Therefore if one is able to control his nafs from reacting to different circumstances, self control prevents the person from doing any evil deed.
  • It promotes peace and unity in the community in that it discourages one from causing any damage or harm to those who have wronged him or her.
  • It gives one peace of mind as it enables one to control his or her innermost desires or emotions and makes one soberly accept the situation at stake.
  • Prevents unnecessary fights and quarrels since it instills wisdom on how to overcome them.
  • It enhances the performance of other virtuous deeds such as patience, truthfulness, forgiveness, among other virtues.
  • It develops Taqwa because it is a commandment from Allah (SWT).
  • Promote good health by preventing disease such as hypertension and mental illnesses.
  • It enables one to make worthwhile decisions when faced with problems.
  • It enhances self discipline since it is inbuilt and operates within one’s operational circles.

The following are some of the situations where self control is necessary:

  • To Control oneself against anger when provoked for a quarrel or fight.
  • When in a circumstances provoking bodily desires such as sexual perversion.
  • When dealing with wicked or ill natured people.

Qanaa (Contentment)

Read Qur’an 1:32

  • Prophets Hadith: Abu Hurairah (RA) reports in one hadith that the Prophet (PBUH) said,
    Wealth is not (found) in vast riches but wealth is (found) in self contentment.
    (Bukhari and Muslim)
  • Who is the Bestower of Rizq (provisions) to all humankind and creatures of the world?
  • Undoubtedly, it is Allah (SWT).
  • It is Allah (SWT) who sustains all that exist, He provides to all His creatures and make a decision on their portion, size of rizq, reason being known to Him alone.
  • Therefore at all times, man has a duty to exercise inner deep satisfaction or rather recognition or appreciation towards which Allah (SWT) Has provided.

Benefits of Exercising Contentment

  • Allah (SWT) loves those who exercise self contentment and rewards them accordingly.
  • It removes greed, envy and jealousy in the community and hence curbs corruption.
  • It gives one peace of mind as it avoids unnecessary ungratefulness and complaints of issues.
  • It enhances peace and harmony in the community because it reduces vices such as theft, gambling, suspicion, quarrels, murder, bribery among other vices.
  • It encourages one to work hard because Muslims have an obligation to strive hard to improve their conditions
  • It draws one closer to Allah (SWT) because Allah (SWT) distributes His favour to whosoever He wishes among His creatures.
  • It promotes good self esteem.
  • Discourage one from begging.
  • It encourage sharing among people.

Sakina (Tranquility)

Read Qur’an [Q18:1]

  • It is normal that one may experience various hardships in day to day life and compelled to conditions in which he or she seeks ways and means of adapting to the prevailing calamities. In this case one is required to exercise tranquility.
  • Tranquility refers to a state of observing calmness, innermost self control and acceptance to the situation at hand when one is befallen with a calamity or hardship.

Benefits of exercising Sakina

  • It regulates emotions, thus enabling one to make a worthwhile decision in finding a suitable solution.
  • It enhances good relationship among people since it prevents unnecessary provocation, which may lead to misunderstanding.
  • It prevents one from over reacting to exciting situations, a conduct which may worsen the problem.
  • It encourages one to remember Allah (SWT) when faced with hardship or challenges. In addition, Allah (SWT) has declared rewards for all the believers who remember Him when in difficulty.
  • It is a source of wisdom and inspiration because one who remains composed and peaceful usually finds an amicable solution.
  • It prevents one from distress and other related illness such as hypertension, depression, anxiety that may damage one physical and mental being.
  • It provides the right avenues to observe other virtuous deeds such as patience, self control, forgiveness, justice among other virtues.



Sabr (Patience)

Read Qur’an 103:2-3.

  • Allah (SWT) is fully aware of what befalls humankind at present life and even in the future.
  • He exposes him to both pleasant and unpleasant situations.
  • Humankind has to come up with ways of dealing with all the various situations in life.
  • Although he may not be in a position to offer suitable solutions, he would come up with a measure of preventing the worsening of the situation.
  • One way, which may assist him, is by exercising patience.
  • Patience is the act of offering resistance, perseverance and endurance over an event or condition, which may be good or bad.
  • In patience one restrains his soul, mind and body from panic, anger, revenge, complain or other form of abuse.

Benefits of exercising Patience

  • Allah (SWT) loves and is with those who are patient.
  •  It draws one closer to Allah (SWT) enhancing development of Taqwa (God fearing)
  • It curbs worries hence promoting peace of mind.
  • Enhance cordial relationship among people through creating tolerance and understanding.
  • It promotes other righteous deeds such as love, trust and self control
  • It the Sunnah of the prophet.
  • It assists in the establishment of peace in the community by preventing chaos.
  • It instills leadership quality.

Amana (Trust)

  • Allah (SWT) has charged all His Prophets with duties and responsibilities which includes preaching Tawheed, warning the people over His punishments on the Day of Accountability.
  • The prophets carried out their duties and responsibilities diligently and dutifully as per Allah (SWT)’s commandments.
  • All the creatures are expected to conduct their lives in a manner that Allah (SWT) has prescribed for them.
  • This is referred to as Amana (Trust).
  • It is an act of exercising responsibility diligently according to the prescribed rules and norms.
  • Trust refers to the carrying out of one’s duties, assignment, responsibilities, or tasks according to the expected principles laid down by Allah (SWT) and the community.

Benefits of Exercising Trust

  • It enhance good performance of one’s duty and obligation
  • It establishes trustworthiness amongst the people
  • It promotes good relationship between humankind and his Creator and among the humankind themselves.
  • Allah (SWT) rewards those who execute their duties diligently
  • It enhances God fearing and that one strictly follows Allah (SWT) commandment when performing their duties.
  • It curbs cheating, misappropriation, carelessness and other avenues that encourage corruption.
  • It equips one with leadership qualities.
  • It improves the socio-economic and political progress of a given community.
  • It encourages one to uphold virtuous deeds in his or her life, such as patience, self control contentment among other virtues.

Sidq (Truthfulness)

  • Islam fosters a harmonious co existence in various ways; among them is Sidq (truthfulness)
  • Truthfulness generally refers to thoughts, words, and actions that conform to the norms and reality of a given community.
  • In Islam, truthfulness should be in cooperated in all ways of life.
  • There should be no cheating, deceiving, falsifying or withholding of information.
  • Here it includes the following:
    • Being truthful towards Allah (SWT) by worshipping Him sincerely.
    • Being truthful towards one’s own soul by making it adhere to the laws of Allah (SWT).
    • Being truthful with people in ones words and actions by keeping ones promises, observing honesty in business and matters relating to family
      e.g. marriage.
  • It is an essential component of righteousness, which is enshrined in thoughts, words and actions.
    Allah (SWT) says, “O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah (SWT), and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)” [Q 9: 119]
  • This has also been emphasized by the Prophet (PBUH) in the following two hadith:
    ‘Abdallah ibn Mas’ood (RA) said: “The Prophet (PBUH) said: ‘You must be truthful, for truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man will keep speaking the truth and striving to speak the truth until he will be recorded with Allah (SWT) as a Siddeeq (speaker of the truth). Beware of telling lies, for lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A man will keep telling lies and striving to tell lies until he is recorded with Allah (SWT) as a liar.” (Muslim)
  • Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (RA) said: “I memorized from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH): ‘Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt, for truthfulness is certainty and tranquility, whilst lying is doubt and
    confusion.” (Al-Tirmidhi, Al-Nisaa'i, Ahmad)

Benefits of practicing Sidq

  • It fosters a harmonious co-existence among people as it removes unnecessary suspicion, quarrels and fights.
  • It is a path to righteousness because it encompasses all the virtues
  • It is a commandment of Allah hence Allah (SWT) rewards all those who perform it.
  • It discourages social vices such as dishonesty and falsehood.
  • It encourages fairness in speech and action when dealing with one another. For example in trade, giving evidence and fulfilling promises.
  • It purifies ones soul and mind from falsehood as it bars one from temptation towards evil deeds.
  • It encourages one to be God fearing because truthfulness starts with Allah (SWT) before it is extended to fellow humankind.
  • It presents an exemplary character which may help in promoting one’s dignity in the community thus identifying them as role models.

Su-ul khulq (vices)

  • The personality of someone is based on his manners.
  • Every African community emphasizes the importance of avoiding vices.
  • A good Muslim does not show bad manners and does nor associate himself with evil people.
  • The Prophet (PBUH); “Fear Allah (SWT) wherever you are, and substitute an evil with a good action and associate with others in good character”. (Tabrani)
  • It is upon every Muslim to be exemplary and to show good character.
  • People who display bad manners usually bring a bad name to the religion of Islam.
  • In most cases mixing with people of bad manners influences one’s behavior.
  • In school, at home and many other places, children are known to acquire bad manners from their friends due to peer pressure.
  • This has caused severe damage and injury.
  • Let us now look at some of the vices that are practiced in our society.


  • These are substances whether solid, liquid or in gaseous form when taken interfere with the normal functioning of the body system.
  • One’s mind becomes befogged after their consumption.
  • Allah (SWT) has warned Muslims from taking such substances.
  • He says in the Qur’an, “O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling and al Ansaab and al Az lam (arrows for seeking lack or decision are an abomination of Shaitans handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may successful. Shaytan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants and gambling and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah (SWT) and from A ssalat. So will you not then abstain?” [Q 5:90-91]
  • These verses show us how Islam condemns the use of intoxicants and classifies them as acts of the devil.
  • Aisha (RA) narrates that the prophet (PBUH) was asked about an intoxicant called bita, which was brewed from honey and was popular with the people of Yemen. In response, he said; “All drinks that intoxicate are unlawful to take.” (Bukhari)
  • This is the evidence that intoxication is prohibited in Islam.
  • Among the most common intoxicants is liquor (khamr).
  • The development of intoxication has undergone so advanced stages since the revelation of the Qur’anic ayas.
  • The characteristics and impacts of all these intoxicants are similar.
  • We shall learn more about these intoxicants later in this chapter.
  • It is prohibited to take intoxicants and there should be no loopholes sought for taking any of them.
  • There are as many of them in the market under various brands as well as traditional and improvised brews.
  • Others like opium (bang or Cannabis Sativa) are for smoking, while there are contemporary types e.g. heroin, mandrax, cocaine and others.
  • Whether licensed or unlicensed, they should not be taken.
  • The consumption of Miraa is no exemption because its side effects are also related to the other drugs.
  • Cigarettes are also inclusive in the prohibition since they are harmful to the human health.

Effects of intoxicants

  • When Allah (SWT) makes prohibitions, he does it for the good of humanity.
  • All the prohibited substances have adverse effects on the social, physical and spiritual wellbeing.
  • Let us look at the social and moral effects.

Social and morals effects

  • Lowers ones dignity and respect in the community.
  • Use of abusive language
  • The state of intoxication affects the interpersonal relations and may lead to fights and quarrels.
  • May lead to divorce
  • May lead to other vices like prostitution and gambling

Physical effects

  • Brain damage
  • Lowers the immune system
  • Can lead to hemorrhage
  • Nervous disorders which can lead to imbalance.
  • Liver disorders like cirrhosis and failure in bladder control.
  • Extreme uses may lead to dependence on the intoxicants.
  • It leads to loss of weight.
  • It slows down the process of cells formation in the body.
  • Affect a person’s memory.

Economic effects

  • It is a wastage of resources and wealth
  • The consumers misuse time, which could be more valuable for other activities.
  • It may cause bankruptcy and general lose of wealth.
  • It encourages laziness and leads to poverty in the community.


  • It is a game in which people take chances and they either win or lose.
  • During the time of the prophet, people used to raffle with arrows so as to get the winners and losers. In Surat ul Baqara, Allah (SWT) tells the prophet (PBUH):
    They ask you concerning wine and gambling. Say: In them is a great sin and some profit for men. But the sin is greater than the profit…” [Q 2:219]
  • Gambling is prohibited because those concerned get easy things without working for them.
  • Unless there is fraud, winning or losing depends on chance.
  • There are those who gamble with playing cards for money and those who play it in licensed international centers called casinos.
  • In the marketing scene, the promotion of several commodities is accompanied with lotteries, raffles and other competitions where people are promised to win vehicles, houses, and trips to various places, electronic appliances and consolation prizes, to mention but some.
  • The concerned companies give such games so attractive promotional names that potential customers are moved, they still remain to be forms of gambling that are sinful.

Kibr (Pride)

  • Kibr is a habit in which one feels too superior to others.
  • Such people look down upon others and mistreat them.
  • They feel important because of the wealth, leadership position or knowledge they possess.
  • They forget that they are a trust that should be observed well because Allah (SWT) may end it any time and sometimes in tragedies.
  • Everybody will be answerable to Allah (SWT).
  • In Surat Luqman, Allah (SWT) reminds us on what Luqman taught his son:
    And swell not your cheek (in pride) in people nor walk in insolence through the earth, for Allah (SWT) loves not those who boast arrogantly.” [Q 31:18]
  • Kibr contributes towards shirk-ul- Asghar (minor shirk).
  • When someone becomes proud, he would be doing that to be seen by others (riya).
  • He will also appreciate when everyone talks about him and he is glorified by others, which is wrong.
  • Allah (SWT) says that pride is His cloak and whoever is proud is competing against Him.

Effects of kibr

  • Allah (SWT) punishes all forms of Kibr because it is a minor shirk. One will not enter paradise.
  • It weakens the faith of a Muslim
  • It damages the relationship between men and women.
  • It encourages vices such as hatred, suspicion and revenge.
  • It may cause one being segregated by others and may lead to disunity.
  • It interferes with the sound reasoning and one may make wrong decisions.

Drug Abuse

  • In this chapter, we learnt earlier about intoxicants.
  • Drug abuse is the use of drugs for other motives apart from curative and preventive.
  • Most of the drugs have certain characteristics and effects to the human body.
  • We shall therefore deduce our definition and say that a drug is any chemical or natural substance which when introduced into the body system of a living organism it modifies one or more cells hence affecting the normal functioning of the body.
    Drug use refers to the correct usage of the drugs according to the physician’s prescription for the well- being of the body.
  • Drug Abuse is the excessive and persistent use of any substance that affect the mind, health and social well-being of a person for other purposes other than the intended preventive or curative reasons.
  • A drug is abused, if it is used for any purpose other than the intended reasons and in a way that could damage the user’s ability to function normally.
  • Drug abuse is mainly condemned because it leads to self destruction.
  • Those who abuse drugs live a hopeless and miserable which is a bad example to the community they live in.
  • In some instances, they end up in horrible conditions such as madness, terminal sickness and even death.
  • Thus, Allah (SWT) warns that:
    And spend in the cause of Allah (SWT), and make not your own hands contribute towards your own destruction, but do good; For Allah (SWT) loves those who do good.” [Q 2:195)
  • Therefore, instead of engaging in drugs or any other destructive activities, one should spend his time in ways that promote good health and that are beneficial to the society.

Sexual Perversions

  • Sexual perversion is a situation where one deviates from the norms of sexual behaviour and indulges in behaviours that are sexually offensive.
  • The only way in which sexual relations become legitimate is through marriage between a man and a woman in a binding contract that Allah (SWT) recognizes.
    Allah (SWT) has made for you your makes of your own nature and made for you, out of them, sons and daughters, and grandchildren and provided for you sustenance of the best.” [Q 16:72]
  • The prophet says: “O young men, whoever is able to marry should marry, for it will help in lowering of gaze and guarding of modesty.” (Bukhari)
  • Sexual perversion would include the following:
    • Zina
    • Prostitution
    • Homosexuality
    • Incest
    • Bestiality
    • Rape


  • In Book One, we learnt about marriage.
  • We saw how it brings a divine bond between a man and a woman, and their families.
  • Some people undertake sexual relationship outside marriage.
  • This sexual relation between a male and a female who are not married according to Islam is called Zina.
  • It is classified into adultery (i.e. when committed by a married person) and fornication (when committed by an unmarried person).
  • In most sins, a Muslim is prohibited from performing them, but in zina, one is warned not to come near it, leave alone doing it. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an: “And do not come near Zina, for it is a shameful deed and an evil way to other evils.” [Q 17:32]
  • People who perform zina should be punished to eradicate the practice.
  • Those who are guilty of the offence should not marry the Muslims who are innocent except the similarly guilty or unbelievers.
  • Allah (SWT) says in Surat Nur:
    The woman and man guilty of adultery- flog each of them with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah (SWT), if you believe in Allah (SWT) and the last day; and let a party of the believers witness their punishment. And let no man guilty of adultery or fornication, marry, but a woman similarly guilty or an unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an unbeliever marry such a woman: Such is forbidden to the believers.” [Q 24:2-3]
  • In a hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Umar (RA) the prophet (PBUH) said, “O Muhajirun … If fornication became widespread, you should realize that this has never happened without new diseases befalling the people which heir forbearers never suffered.” (Ibn Majah)
  • Currently, zina is the major agent of so many Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS.
  • Zina opens up the way for such permanent negative impacts in the society such as:
    • Violating the interests of the unborn children by making them illegitimate.
    • Bring feuds and murder between warring individuals and families.
    • Spoiling the future of the children already born by making them miss proper care.
    • Bringing loss of reputation and property.
    • Breaking the bonds of relationship permanently.
    • Destroying the good foundation of a family.


  • This is the act of provision of sexual services to a person in return for payment or favours.
  • Prostitution is indeed a concept of sexuality which Islam strongly prohibits.
  • The Holy Qur’an, the prophet’s hadith and the rulings of the Islamic religious leaders talk about the concept of sexuality as involving strictly confined relationship between a man and a woman.
  • Islam encourages chastity and modesty.
  • With regards to gender lines and sex is strictly reserved for husband and wife.
  • Islam strongly prohibits extra- marital sexual relationships.

Effects of prostitution

  • It undermines the dignity of the woman who Allah (SWT) has placed three grades higher than the man.
  • It promotes backwardness and lack of civilization when several people sleep with one woman.
  • It is misappropriation of money when people go to prostitutes.
  • It is a social evil which makes the community lose dignity
  • It makes people compare with animals who mate in the open.
  • It is a shameful act which is condemned by Allah (SWT).
  • It is a health risk because sexually transmitted infections can easily be spread.
  • It discourages women from giving birth so that they can go on with their business. This inhibits procreation and makes these women miss the divine prestige of being mothers.


  • Homosexuality is the practice of sexual relations between same sex or gender.
  • It is divided into two; gayism for male and lesbianism for females.
  • People who practice such relationships are cursed as the prophet says: “Homosexuals will not enter paradise.”
  • The only sexual relations allowed in Islamic law should be between a male and a female after solemnizing marriage as prescribed by Allah (SWT) strongly cautions against same sex marriage. He says in the Qur’an:
    There are my girls for marriage if you must do (so).” [Q 15:7]
  • This verse compels males to seek sexual pleasures from females to whom they are legally married.
  • Any attempt to contravene the mithaq (agreement with Allah (SWT)) will make man to be punished.
  • In surat ul Aaraf, Allah (SWT) narrates the episode of the people of Nabii Lut (Qaumu Lut) as follow.
    And Lut, when he said to his people: Do you commit such filth as no people (created) have ever committed before you? For you practice your lusts in men in preference to women: you are indeed people transgressing beyond bounds. And his people gave no answer except saying: ‘Drive them out of your city; these are indeed men who want to be pure.’ But we saved him and his family except his wife; she was of those who lagged behind. And we rained down on them showers of brimstone. Then see what was end of those who indulged in sin and crime.” [Q7:80-84]
  • From the above ayahs, we are taught how homosexuality is a sinful act, punishable by severe wrath and peril from Allah (SWT).
  • It is sad that some are campaigning to sneak in these acts of infidelity and disbelief in the banner of exercising their rights and freedom.
  • It is sad to note that there are some people campaigning to legalize these act of infidelity under the umbrella of exercising their democratic rights and freedom.
  • This is unacceptable in any civilized society and remains a haram and forbidden practice.

Effects of homosexuality

  • The involved go against the practice of formal marriage allowed by Allah (SWT).
  • Allah (SWT) curses whoever practices it.
  • It results the loss to human dignity.
  • It results in the infection and spread of diseases to those involved.
  • Women will lack husbands for protection and social security.
  • It may open avenues where women will also engage in open zina in competition with homosexuals.
  • Lack of procreation as homosexuality does not result to pregnancy.


  • It is the sexual relation between close relatives. In Islam, the prohibited degrees of marriage are specified in Surat un Nisa’:
    You are forbidden in marriage, your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your (paternal and maternal) aunts, the daughters of your brothers and sisters, and mothers who have given a suck to you, your suckling sisters, the mothers of your wives, your step daughters who are in your charge, children of your wives with whom you have lain, it is no offence for you to marry your step daughters if you have not consummated your marriage with their mothers, and the wives of your begotten sons. Henceforth you are also forbidden to take in marriage two sisters at one and same time. Allah (SWT) is forgiving and merciful.” [Q 4:22- 23]
  • Although Islam allows the strengthening of relationship with close relatives as well as expanding of relationship far and wide, it should be done in an organized manner and as prescribed in the Qur’an.
  • There are several reasons why incest is discouraged.
  • Some of these reasons are as follows:
    • It is a sinful and criminal act.
    • It leads to deformities of children born.
    • Those who practice it lose dignity.
    • It is a practice for animals.


  • It is sexual intercourse between a human being and an animal.
  • Such behaviour is prohibited because it debases the person who practices it.
  • The prophet (PBUH) cursed the person who performed sex with animals and in his hadith narrated by Ibn Abbas (RA), “Whoever you find doing as the people of Lot did, (.i.e. homosexuality), kill the one who does it and the one to whom it is done, and if you find anyone having sexual intercourse with an animal, kill him and kill the animal.” [Ahmad ibn Hanbal and the four Imams]

Why bestiality is forbidden.

  • It is a curse from Allah (SWT).
  • It reduces the dignity of the individual involved.
  • It is a merciless act to the animal.
  • Women will have no husbands for security.
  • Women will indulge in sexual perversion.
  • Lack of procreation of human race.
  • It is an irresponsible act to the owners of the animals not to protect them.


  • It is having sexual relations with someone without their consent.
  • In such a situation, the victim has no blame and cannot be punished
  • In a hadith narrated by Wail bin Hujr, he says that, “In the days of the Prophet (PBUH), a woman came out with the intention of prayers. A man held her, threw a cloth on her, and satisfied his sexual urge. The woman cried and the man left her and walked away. A group of Muhajirun passed by the woman and she told them that so and so had forced her into the act. They caught the man and brought him to the messenger. The prophet (PBUH) said to the woman: ‘Go home. Allah (SWT) has forgiven you because you had not consented to the act.’ And the prophet (SAW) said about the man: ‘Take him away and stone him to death.’ So the man was stoned to death.” (Tirmidhi, Abu Daud)
  • We have learnt from this hadith that rape is an evil act prohibited in Islam.
  • Those who commit the acts of rape shall have severe punishment in the hereafter.
  • Muslims should therefore guard there modesty and refrain from such abhorred acts.

Effects of rape

  • Re-experiencing the trauma (uncontrollable intrusive thoughts about the rape)
  • Social withdrawal
  • Physical injuries
  • Avoidance behaviors (a general tendency to avoid any thoughts, feelings, or cues)
  • Irritability, hostility, rage and anger
  • Bleeding from the private parts
  • Chronic pelvic pains
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Unwanted pregnancies
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