Friday, 14 April 2023 11:03

Social Studies Questions and Answers - Grade 7 Opener Exams Term 2 2023 Set 1

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SECTION A: Answer all the questions in this section.

  1. Which of the following countries are crossed by the equator?
    1. Gabon, Uganda, Ethiopia.
    2. Ethiopia, Zambia, DRC. 
    3. Gabon, Kenya, Somalia.
    4. Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia.
  2. Which of the following statements is not true about longitudes? 
    1. They measure upto 180° from the Greenwhich Meridian.
    2. They influence the climate of a place.
    3. They are important when locating a place on a map.
    4. World time zones are based on them
  3. The time at town K, 35°E is 11.20 am. What is the time at town J, 40°W
    1. 4.20 pm.
    2. 11.40 am.
    3. 4.20 am.
    4. 11.40 am.
  4. Which of the following correctly describes the position of Sudan? It
    1. lies west of Chad.
    2. is located north of Egypt.
    3. lies south-west of the Red Sea.
    4. is located east of the DRC.
  5. Which of the following elements of weather is correctly matched with the instrument used in measuring it? Instrument 
       Element  Instrument 
     A. Speed  of wind  anemometer. 
     B.  Rainfall  thermometer. 
     C.  Atmospheric pressure  raingauge. 
     D.  Temperature   barometer. 
  6. The executive arm of the government is headed by the
    1. leader of the majority.
    2. President.
    3. attorney general.
    4. speaker of the national assembly.
  7. The diagram below shows a method of fishing.
    Which one of the following statements is true about the fishing method above? It is used
    1. for small scale farming.
    2. to catch fish that live near the water surface.
    3. in inland fishing.
    4. for deep sea fishing.
  8. An example of a relief feature formed through faulting and sinking of land is
    1. the Rift Valley.
    2. fold mountains.
    3. residual mountains.
    4. horst mountains.
  9. A complete revolution of the earth round the sun takes
    1. 24 hours
    2. one year.
    3. half a day. 
    4. 3651/4 hours.

Use the diagram below to answer questions 10 and 11.


  1. When water collects in the depression marked S, it forms a
    1. a lava dammed lake.
    2. an ox- bow lake.
    3. a tarn lake.
    4. a crater lake.
  2. Which one of the following is an example of the feature drawn above? Lake
    1. Challa.
    2. Tana.
    3. Kivu.
    4. Kyoga.

Use the map below to answer questions 12 to 15.


  1. The lake marked P is lake
    1. Albert.
    2. Bunyonyi.
    3. Edward.
    4. Malawi.
  2. The major cash crop grown in the shaded area marked Q is
    1. coffee.
    2. sisal.
    3. sugarcane.
    4. cotton.
  3. The town marked W is called
    1. Asmara. 
    2. Juba.
    3. Kigali.
    4. Khartoum.
  4. The migration route marked T was used by
    1. Cushites.
    2. Nilotes.
    3. Semites.
    4. Bantus.
  5. Which one of the following is an example of built environments?
    1. Valleys.
    2. Plateaus.
    3. Plains.
    4. Monuments.
  6. Kamwere, a Grade 7 learner at Nguvu Junior Secondary School suddenly fell sick during break time. Which of the following means of communication would be the best for her teacher to inform her guardian about the incident?
    1. Radio.
    2. Magazine.
    3. Phone.
    4. Telegram.
  7. The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) is headed by a
    1. president.
    2. presiding officer.
    3. chairman.
    4. returning officer.
  8. In a public primary school in Kenya, who among the following school administrators takes minutes during Board of Management (BOM) meetings? The
    1. head teacher.
    2. senior teacher.
    3. deputy head teacher.
    4. class teacher.
  9. Beef farming in Eastern Africa is mainly practised in
    1. tsetse fly prone areas.
    2. valley regions.
    3. swampy areas.
    4. highland regions.

SECTION B: Answer all the questions in the spaces provided

  1. State one similarity between the Buganda and the Nyamwezi traditional forms of government.
  2. Which title was given to the chief justice in the Buganda traditional government?
  3. State one objective of the East African Community Anthem (EACA).
  4. The word honouring is used in the preamble of the constitution of Kenya. What does it mean?
  5. The diagram below shows a road sign
    What should a motorist do on approaching it?



  1. C
  2. B
  3. C
  4. C
  5. A
  6. B
  7. B
  8. A
  9. B
  10. D
  11. A
  12. C
  13. A
  14. B
  15. D
  16. D
  17. C
  18. C
  19. A
  20. D


  1. Leadership was hereditary
  2. Omulamuzi
  3. Promote trade among member states
  4. Those who struggled to bring freedom
  5. Slow down
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