Physics Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Nyeri Mocks 2021 Exams

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  1. You are provided with the following
    • Liquid L in 500ml beaker
    • Two identical cylindrical 100g masses
    • Two pieces of thread (about 15cm long)
    • A metre rule
    • A knife edge
    • A vernier callipers.
      Procedure:
      1. Determine the volume of one of the masses using the apparatus provided.
        Diameter = ___________________cm
        Weight = ____________________ cm
        Volume = (2mks)
      2.  
        1. Determine the centre of gravity, G of the metre rule and record it.
          G=_____________________________ cm (1mk)
        2. Arrange the apparatus as shown in figure 1 below, such that x=5cm from the pivot with the 100g mass completely immersed in liquid L. Hang the other 100g mass from the metre rule and adjust its position until the system is in equilibrium.
          NM2021 Phys PP3 ET2 Q1b
          Repeat the procedure above for the values of x shown in the table below. (3mks)
           X (cm)   5.0   10.0   15.0   20.0   25.0   30.0 
           Y (cm)            
        3. Plot a graph of Y against X (5mks)
        4. Determine the slope, S of the graph. (2mks)
        5. The slope, S of the graph is given by the equation S = wx/wy where wx is the apparent weight of the mass in liquid L and wy is the actual weight. Determine the value of wx and upthrust U
          Wx = _________________________________N (1mk)
          U = ___________________________________N (1mk)
        6. If the mass of the liquid = u/g, determine the density, s of liquid L. (3mks)
  2. You are provided with the following:
    • Biconvex lens labelled A.
    • A candle
    • A lens holder
    • A metre rule
    • A piece of Plasticine.
      Procedure:
      1. Arrange the candle, lens, screen and metre rule as shown below. Ensure the flame is at the same level as the centre of the lens, L. This maybe done by raising the candle with a piece of Plasticine as it gets shorter. 
        NM2021 Phys PP3 ET2 Q2a
      2. With the lens placed 20 cm from the candle, adjust the position of the screen till a sharp image of the candle is formed on the screen. Read and record the value of V.
      3. Increase U in steps of 5cm and obtain the corresponding value of v. complete the table.
         U (cm)   20.0   25.0   30.0   35.0   40.0   45.0   50.0 
         V (cm)              
         u/v              
      4. Plot a graph of object distance, u (y=axis) against the ratio u/v   (5mks)
        1. Determine the slope, s of the graph. (2mks)
        2. Find the value of u intercept (2mks)
        3. Compare the value of u intercept with that of the slopes. (2mks)
      5. Move the screen till it is 80.0 cm from the candle.
        1. Starting from very near the screen, move the lens slowly towards the candle and note the two positions P and R where sharp images of the candle are obtained on the screen.
        2. Determine, d the distance between P and R.
          d= _____________________cm (1mk)
        3. Calculate the quantity Z from   (2mks)
          Z = 802 âˆ’ d2 
                    320

MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. diameter = 2.50cm3
      Height = 2.30cm
      πr2h
      V = 3.142 Ã— (2.5/2)2 Ã— 2.3
         = 11.29cm3
    2.  
      1. G = 50.0cm ±0.5cm
      2.  
         X (cm)   5.0   10.0   15.0   20.0   25.0   30.0 
         Y (cm)  4.0  9.0   13.1   17.5   22.5   26.5 
        ± 0.1
        Each correct value Â½ mark.
      3. graph
        • labeled axis - 1mk
        • correct plotting - ½ per point max 2 marks
        • correct scale - 1mk
        • straight line with positive gradient - 1 mark
      4. correct intervals from the graph - 1 mark
        Correct evaluation to 4 s.f - 1 mk
      5. wx = swx (1mk)
        U = wy − wx (1mk)
      6. L = u/g   (1mk)
        p = m/    (2mks)

    1.  U (cm)   20.0   25.0   30.0   35.0   40.0   45.0   50.0 
       V (cm)  20.0  16.0  15.0  14.0  13.3  12.9   12.5
       u/v              
      • for values of V - 1 mark for each point, max (5mks)
      • for values, I mark for all correct.
      • if any is wrong, penalize fully. (0 mark)
      1. graph
        • correct labelling of axis (1mk)
        • correct scale. (1mk)
        • correct plotting - Â½ marks for each, maximum 2
        • line - straight line with positive gradient (1mk)
        • correct intervals - 1 mark
        • correct evaluation 4sf - 1mk
        • if units are missing, deny Â½ marks
        • correct value of intercept - 1mk
        • correct unit of intercept - 1mk
      2. almost equal.
      1. d = 67.8 − 67.5 = 0.3cm
      2. correct substitution - 1mk
        Correct evaluation to 4sf/exact - 1mk

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