Kenya Certificate Of Secondary Education(KCSE 2013) Christian Religious Education (CRE) Paper 1 with Marking Scheme

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  1.    
    1. Identify five poetic books in the Bible. (5 marks)
    2. Outline the translation of the Bible from the original language to local languages. (8 marks)
    3. Describe seven ways in which Christians use the Bible to spread the gospel today. (7 marks)
  2.    
    1. Describe the incident when Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. (Genesis 22:1-19) (6 marks)
    2. Give four differences between the Jewish and the traditional African practices of circumcision. (8 marks)
    3. State six ways in which Christians identify themselves in the society today. (6 marks)
  3.    
    1. How did prophet Samuel promote the worship of Yahweh in Israel? (8 marks)
    2. Explain six effects of idolatry in Israel during the time of prophet Elijah. (6 marks)
    3. What lessons can Christians learn about social justice from the story of Naboth’s vineyard? (6 marks)
  4.    
    1. Identify six characteristics of false prophets in the Old Testament. (6 marks)
    2. Describe the teaching of Prophet Amos on Israel’s election. (6 marks)
    3. State eight factors that hinder Christians from practicing their faith in God. (8 marks)
  5.     
    1. Outline the measures taken by Nehemiah to restore the Jewish community after the completion of the wall of Jerusalem. (7 marks)
    2. Explain why Nehemiah introduced the policy of separation of Jews from foreigners. (8 marks)
    3. Identify five ways in which the government of Kenya supports church leaders in their work. (5 marks)
  6.    
    1. Outline the causes of death in traditional African communities. (6 marks)
    2. Explain the importance of the rituals performed after the death of the of a person in traditional African communities. (7 marks)
    3. List seven moral values promoted during funeral ceremonies in traditional African communities. (7 marks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. The poetic books in the Bible
      1. Job
      2. Psalms
      3. Proverbs
      4. Ecclesiastes
      5. Song of Solomon.
        5x1 5 marks
    2. Translation of the Bible from the original languages to local languages
      1. The Old Testament was originally written in Hebrew.
      2. The New Testament was originally written in Greek.
      3. The Old Testament was translated from Hebrew into Greek.
      4. The entire Bible was translated into Latin by Jerome.
      5. The Bible was translated directly from Hebrew and Greek into English by William Tyndale.
      6. The Bible was translated into national languages of European countries during the period of Reformation.
      7. It was translated from English into Kiswahili by Dr. Kraph.
      8. The Bible has been translated into other local languages by the Bible Society of Kenya/individuals.
        4x2 8 marks
    3. Ways in which Christians use the Bible to spread the Gospel today.
      1. The Bible is the main source book for Christian sermons.
      2. It is used in the writing of Christian literature.
      3. The Bible is used when composing songs.
      4. It is used in the production of Christian movies/videos/radio programs/plays.
      5. the Bible is used in swearing/taking of oath of allegiance.
      6. It is used to organize Bible studies/teaching Sunday/Sabbath schools.
      7. Verses from the Bible are used for imprints/posters.
      8. The Bible is used in writing of doctrines for different denominations.
      9. Biblical texts are used in teaching of Christian Religious Education.
      10. It is used to offer guidance and counselling.
        7x1 7 marks
  2.    
    1. The incident when Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac.
      1. God told Abraham to take his only son to the land of Moriah/ to offer him as a sacrifice.
      2. Abraham took his son, two servants and wood for burnt offering.
      3. They arrived at the place after a three day’s journey.
      4. Abraham commanded his servants to remain behind as he and Isaac went up to worship.
      5. He took Isaac, the firewood and the knife, and went up.
      6. Isaac asked his father where the lamb for the offering would come from.
      7. Abraham told Isaac that God would provided the lamb for a burnt offering.
      8. When they arrived at the place God had commanded, Abraham built an altar.
      9. He bound Isaac/laid him on the altar upon the wood.
      10. Abraham took the knife to slay his son but the angel of the Lord stopped him.
      11. Abraham saw a ram, which he offered instead of his son.
      12. He called the name of the place, The Lord will provide.
      13. The angle appeared to Abraham a second time and gave him promises because of his obedience.
      14. Abraham returned with his men to Beersheba.
        6x1 6 marks
    2. Differences between Jewish and traditional African practices of circumcision.
      1. In Jewish Community, circumcision is for male children only whereas in African practices, it is for both male and female.
      2. Among the Jews, circumcision is performed on babies of 8 days old whereas in traditional African communities, it is done during adolescence stage.
      3. In African communities, it is a test of courage, whereas in Jewish community, it is a sign of covenant with God.
      4. Circumcision in African communities is a communal practice whereas among the Jews, only members of the immediate family participate.
      5. In traditional African communities, initiates take up responsibilities while among the Jews, the initiates are too young to shoulder any responsibility.
      6. In African communities, circumcision is carried out during specific seasons while among the Jews, it is continuous.
        4x2 8 marks
    3. Ways in which Christians Identity themselves in the society today.
      1. Christians wear specific designs of clothes.
      2. They abstain from eating some kinds of food/taking some drinks.
      3. By carrying/wearing the rosary/cross/the flag/badges/rings.
      4. They have special ways of greetings/salutations.
      5. Through making personal testimonies/pronouncements.
      6. By owning specific Bible versions/literature.
      7. Through speaking in tongues.
      8. Use of specific church designs.
      9. Use of different titles/ names.
      10. Through ways in which they worship.
      11. By residing in secluded homes/houses.
        6x1 6 marks
  3.    
    1. Ways in which prophet Samuel promoted the worship of Yahweh in Israel.
      1. He prayed/interceded for the people.
      2. He mediated between God and the Israelites.
      3. He performed priestly duties/made sacrifices.
      4. He condemned King Saul for disobeying God.
      5. He warned the elders of Israel against demanding for a political King/dangers of rejection.
      6. He condemned King Saul for disobeying God.
      7. He warned the elders of Israel against demanding for a political King/dangers of
      8. He anointed kings over Israel.
      9. He obeyed God’s command’s /instructions/was exemplary.
        4x2 8 marks
    2. Effects of idolatry in Israel during the time of Prophet Elijah.
      1. God raised prophets to bring Israel back to the covenant way of life.
      2. There was persecution/hostility/towards Yahweh’s people/prophets.
      3. Bad prophets/prophetesses were brought to Israel.
      4. There was corruption/social injustices/people rejected the covenant way of life.
      5. Israelites practiced Semitism mixed the worship of Yahweh with Baal.
      6. There was drought in Israel for three years as a divine curse on the nation.
      7. Israel lost its identity as a nation of God’s people.
      8. A contest was held at Mount Carmel to prove who was the true God.
      9. Elijah fled the country/was sustained by God’s power during the period of the drought.
        6x1 6 marks
    3. Lessons Christians learn about social justice from the story of Naboth’s vineyard.
      1. Christians should not use their position in leadership to acquire wealth irregulary/falsely.
      2. Christians should protect the poor against corrupt leaders.
      3. They should safe guard property received through inheritance/according to the law.
      4. They should not be misled by their friends/relatives to go against the law.
      5. Christians should execute justice/protest rights/freedom of citizens.
      6. they should condemn all forms of injustice in the society.
      7. Christians should champion/fight for the rights of the weak in the society.
      8. There is punishment for those who exploit the poor/others.
        6x1 6 marks
  4.    
    1. Characteristics of false prophets in the Old Testament,
      1. False prophets did not have a divine call/raised themselves.
      2. They spoke falsehoods/lies.
      3. They prophesied out of their own minds/imaginations.
      4. They prophesied what the people wanted to hear/according to circumstances.
      5. They misled people from the covenant way of life/promoted idolatry.
      6. They hindered the work of true prophets.
      7. They worked for material gain/paid for their services.
      8. Their prophecies were not fulfilled.
        6x1 6 marks
    2. The teaching of Prophet Amos on Israel’s election.
      1. Israel’s election was out of God’s own initiative/favour for them.
      2. God delivered the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt.
      3. He led them during the exodus.
      4. He protected them in the wilderness.
      5. He defeated all their enemies.
      6. God gave them special land to inherit.
      7. God raised prophets among them to lead them in their religious life.
      8. God was to punish the Israelites because of their disobedience.
        6x1 6 marks
    3. actors that hinder Christians from practicing their faith in God.
      1. Lack of role-models/mentorship.
      2. Job commitment.
      3. Social injustices.
      4. Peer pressure.
      5. False teachings/different interpretation of the Bible.
      6. Greed for power/wealth.
      7. Permissiveness in society.
      8. Science and technology.
      9. Poverty/unemployment.
      10. Sickness/ill health.
      11. Influence from mass media.
      12. Cultural influence/Ethnicity/Racism.
      13. Gender bias.
      14. Generation gap.
        8x1 8 marks
  5.    
    1. The measures taken by Nehemiah to restore the Jewish Community after the completion of the wall of Jerusalem.
      1. Nehemiah organized for the Mosaic law to be read/interpreted to the people.
      2. He led the Jews in the renewal/celebration of the Feast of Booths /Shelters.
      3. The people fasted/held a national day of confession of their sins.
      4. The covenant was sealed through signing of the agreement by Nehemiah/ leaders.
      5. He led the people in taking of an oath of obedience to the Mosaic law/ contribution towards the maintenance of the temple.
      6. Nehemiah re-distributed the inhabitants of Jerusalem/the countryside.
      7. He dedicated the walls /the gates of Jerusalem in a ceremonial procession.
      8. Through the reading of the law, the Jews isolated themselves from the foreigners.
      9. Nehemiah cleansed the temple/brought back the Levites/singers to their positions.
      10. He stopped traders from carrying out commercial activities at the temple gates on the Sabbath day.
      11. Nehemiah made the Jews take an oath not to marry children to foreigners.
        7x1 7 marks
    2. Why Nehemiah introduced the Policy of separation of Jews from foreigners.
      1. Nehemiah wanted to keep the Jewish community pure.
      2. The Jews were a minority group which needed to preserve their identity/culture.
      3. Nehemiah wanted to separate/unite the Jews who returned from exile.
      4. To solve conflicts over land ownership.
      5. Intermarriage would lead the Jews into idolatry.
      6. The law of Moses was against association with foreigners.
      7. Children born out of intermarriage could not speak the Hebrew language.
      8. Religious reforms could not be effectively carried out.
        4x2 8 marks
    3. Ways in which the government of Kenya supports church leaders in their work.
      1. The government gives financial/material assistance for development.
      2. The government supports church-sponsored institutions.
      3. By setting land aside for construction of church facilities.
      4. The government allows freedom of worship.
      5. By availing facilities to host church workshops/seminars/conferences.
      6. By including CRE in the curriculum.
      7. By employing some of them as Chaplains in education institutions and in the armed forces.
      8. Organizing national prayer days.
      9. Supporting leaders in conducting their charitable services.
      10. Through the development of the infrastructure.
      11. The government has granted permission to the church to operate electronic/ media station.
      12. The government recognizes the church calender.
        5x1 5 marks
  6.    
    1. Causes of death in traditional African Communities.
      1. Curses
      2. Witchcraft
      3. Sorcery/magic
      4. Breaking of taboos
      5. Failure to perform certain taboos
      6. Breaking of an oath
      7. Offending the ancestors
      8. Natural calamity
      9. Wars and raids.
        6x1 6 marks
    2. Significance of rituals performed after the death of a person in traditional African Communities.
      1. Wailing/crying is a sign of sorrow/announcing death.
      2. Making sacrifices to appease the ancestors/deceased.
      3. Prayers are made to ask the ancestors to accept the dead in the world of spirits.
      4. Sharing of members of the bereaved family signify new life in the community.
      5. Singing and dancing depict anger towards death/in praise of the dead.
      6. Washing/oiling of the body before burial shows respect to the departed .
      7. Burying of the dead in the ancestral land shows that one is still a member of the community.
      8. Burying the dead with personal belongings symbolizes life after death
      9. Driving of cattle/livestock shows chasing away of evil spirits which caused death.
      10. Feasting/drinking is meant to bid farewell to the dead.
      11. Breaking of pots/destruction of property symbolizes the disorder brought by death.
      12. Sharing of deceased’s property among relatives as a sign of solidarity.
      13. Lighting of fire signifies chasing away evil spirits/warning spirits of the deceased.
      14. Pouring of libation shows continuity of life.
        7x1 = 7 marks
    3. Moral Values promoted during Funeral Ceremonies in traditional African Communities
      1. Cooperation/unity
      2. Responsibility
      3. Respect
      4. Obedience
      5. Loyalty
      6. Honesty
      7. Courage
      8. Love
      9. Faith/trust
      10. Hope
      11. Thankfulness
      12. Self control
      13. Generosity.
        7x1 = 7 marks

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