Mathematics Paper 2 - 2021 KCSE Prediction Questions and Answers Set 1

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Instructions to Candidates

  1. This paper consists of two sections: Section I and Section II.
  2. Answer ALL questions from section I and ANY FIVE from section II
  3. Show all the steps in your calculation, giving your answer at each stage
  4. Non – Programmable silent electronic calculators and KNEC mathematical tables may be  used, except where stated otherwise.


Answer all the questions in this section

  1. Use logarithm tables of trigonometry and numbers to evaluate;    (3 marks) 
    math p2 q1
  2. By rounding each number to the nearest tens, approximate the value of,math p2 q2 Hence, calculate the percentage error arising from this approximation to 4 significant figures.      (3 marks)
  3. Determine the value of x for which the matrix below is singular.             (3 marks)
    math p2 q3    
  4. Simplify without using tables or a calculator (3marks)
    math p2 q4   
  5. Find the value of x in the equation math p2 q5ain the range listed below.math p2 q5b   (3marks)
  6. Z is directly proportional to x2 and inversely proportional to math p2 q6. If x is increased by 22.5% and y is decreased by 19.76%. Find the percentage change in Z.(3marks)
  7. Triangle PQR has vertices P(-1, 2) Q(-1, 1) and R(1, -1). Find the matrix of transformation which maps triangle PQR onto triangle P1 Q1 R1 whose vertices are P1(-3, 2) Q1(0, -1) R1(2, -1). Describe the transformation fully. (3 marks)
  8. The age distribution of 9 workers in a factory were: 32, 30, 28, 35, 33, 37, 33, 34, 32.Determine the semi-Interquartile range of the data.     (3 marks)
  9. The first three terms of a geometric sequence are 2x, x-8 and 2x=5. Find the possible values of x.(3 marks)
  10. 125 small white cubes are arranged to form one large cube. The sides of the large cube are then painted red, the cubes are then dismantled and one of the small cubes picked at random. Find the probability that the cube picked has two of its side painted red. (3 marks)                                                                                                           
  11. The gradient function of a curve is given by theexpression 2x+1. If the curve passes through the point (-4,6).Find the equation of the normal to the curve at this point. (3marks)
  12. Find the area enclosed by the curve y=81-x2and the x – axis using mid-ordinate rule with 9 strips. (4marks)
  13. Two parallel chords of a circle are each 16cm long. If the radius of the circle is 10cm. Find the perpendicular distance between the chords. (3marks)
  14. Line AB is the diameter of a circle such that the co-ordinates of its ends A and B are (-1, -4) and (7,2) respectively.
    1. Determine the centre and radius of the circle. (2marks)
    2. Hence find the equation of the circle. (1mark)
  1. The table below shows income tax rates in Kenya.

    Monthly taxable income in Ksh

    Tax rate percentage % in each shilling

    Upto 8680


    From 8681 to 18900


    From 18901 to 27920


    During the year, Mong’are paid a net tax of Ksh. 5360 after a relief of Ksh. 1256 in a certain month. Calculate Mong’are’s net salary during the month if he enjoys a non-taxable travel allowance of Ksh. 5000.      (4marks)
  1. Write down the expansion ofmath p2 q16a,use the first three terms of the expansion to find out the value of math p2 q16bcorrect to three decimal places.(3marks) 


Answer ANY FIVE questions in the spaces provided

    1. Complete the table below and use it to answer the question that follow. (2marks)
      q17 math p2
    2. Draw the graph of math p2 q17b and y=cos x on the same axis using a scale of 1cm for 30on the x-axis and 1cm for 0.2 units on the y-axis.   (5 marks)
      math p1 graph
    3. Estimate the values of x for which
      1. cos x - sin 2x= 0 (2 marks)
      2. cos x = -0.5 (1 mark)
  1. The diagram below represents a square based pyramid with equilateral triangles, AB = 8 cm.
    math p2 q18
    Calculate the:
    1. Height of the triangular faces. (2 marks)
    2. Length of AC (1 mark)
    3. Angle between VD and the base (3 marks)
    4. Angle between VAB and VBC (4 marks)
    1. A farmer bought a tractor at Ksh.1800000. The tractor’s depreciation rate is 12% p.a. Find the number of full years it willtake for the value of the tractor to depreciate to Ksh. 800000. (3marks)
    2. At the start of the eighth year, the tractor was sold at a value that is Ksh. 200,000 more than its actualvalue. If the selling price was to be taken as its actual value at the start of the eight year, find the tractors semi annual rate of depreciation.(4marks)
    3. The hire purchase of a table is Ksh. 16800. If 25% is paid as deposit and the rest of the money is spread over 10 equal monthly installments. Find the amount of each installment. (3marks)
  1. The diagram represents parts of a curve y = 2x - x2
    math p2 q20b
    1. the coordinates of A (2 marks)
    2. the area bounded by curve and the x-axis. (3 marks)
    3. The equation of the curve is y= 2x3-5x2-x Calculate the angle between the x- axis and tangent to the curve at (2, -6) (5 marks)  
  1. The diagram represents two pulley wheels, centres A and B with a rubber band CDEFGHC stretched round them. Radius of the wheel centre A is 12cm, AB = 20cm, CD, GF are tangents to the circles. Angle DBF = 1200.
    math p2 q21
    1. Length
      1. BD (2 marks)
      2. CD (2 marks)
    2. Arc lengths;
      1. CHG (2marks)
      2. DEF     (2marks)
    3. The total length of the belt (2marks)
  1. Figure ABDE below represents Koech’s grazing land. It is divided into three paddocks. ABE, BCE and CDE. ˂ABE = 80°, ˂CBE = 60° and ˂CDE = 62°. AB = 260m and CD = 80m.
    math p2 q22
    1. Calculate to the nearest metre
    2. The length of CE (2 marks)
    3. The length of AE (3 marks)
    4. The perimeter of the grazing land (3 marks)
    5. Koech fenced each side of the three triangular paddocks with three strands of wire.He left 2.4m wide gates at sides AB, BE and CE. If the wire that he used was bought in rolls of 500m, determine the number of rolls of wire that he bought. (2 marks)
  2. Construct the triangle ABC in which AB = 5cm, angle BAC = 60° and angle ABC = 90°. Measure the length BC (1 mark)
    1. Construct the circumcircle of triangle ABC (2 marks)
    2. On the same side of AB as C, construct the locus of point P such that the area of triangle ABP is half the area of triangle ABC.       (4 marks) 
    3. Mark and label clearly a point Q such that AQB is 30°.         (3marks)
  3. P and Q are two points on a geographical globe of diameter 50 cm. They both lie on a parallel latitude 50P has longitude 90o West and Q has longitude 90o East. A string AB has oneend at point P and another at point Q when it is stretched over the North pole. Taking π = 3.142;
    1. Calculate the length of the string. (3 marks)   
    2. If instead the string is laid along the parallel of latitude 50oN with A at point P, calculate the longitude of point (3 marks)     
    3. State the position of B if the string is stretched along a great circle of P towards the South pole if point A is static at P. (4 marks)         


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