BUSINESS STUDIES PAPER 2 - 2019 LANJET JOINT MOCK EXAMINATION

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  1.  
    1. Explain five benefits that may be realized by a country as a result of government policyto relocate industries to rural areas.     (10 marks)
    2. Kenya has experienced a lot of loses through road accidents. Explain five measures the government has taken to reduce further loss of lives.         (10 marks)
  2.  
    1. Discuss five principles that would guide the Kenya’s Government on effective use of public resources.      (10 marks)
    2. On1st Jan 2011,Tradelink Enterprise had 22,250 Cash and 250,000 in the Bank

      2nd Jan.

      Made cash sales of shs 465,200

      5th Jan

      Received a cheque for shs 451,250 from Kamau

      Traders in full settlement of their debt after allowing a

      5% cash discount.

      15th Jan

      Paid Ndaru Traders Shs 184,000 in cash after

      deducting a cash discount of shs 16,000

      20th Jan

      Deposited shs 200,000 from the cash till into the bank

      25th Jan

      Paid wages shs 144,000 in cash

      28th Jan

      Settled Mbago Trader’s account of Shs 300,000 by

      cheque, less 15% cash discount

      29th Jan

      Withdrew shs 250,000 from the bank for office use

      30th Jan

      Deposited all the cash into the bank, except

      shs 59,700.

      Required
      Open a duly balanced Three Column Cash Book for the above transactions
  3.  
    1. The table below shows the age distribution of a country.

      Age in years

      % of population

      0 – 15

      45

      16 – 55

      31

      56 and above

      24

      Explain five negative economic implications of this age distribution to a country.(10 marks)

    2. Explain five services that the Central Bank of Kenya offers to commercial banks.(10 marks)
  4.  
    1. Discuss Five characteristics of under developed countries 
    2. The following balance sheet was prepared from the books of Kimani Traders. 
      The following transactions then took place in January 2012
      q4bss2
      1. Opened a bank account for the business and deposited shs 120,000 from personal sources.
      2. Paid part of the bank loan shs 40,000 by cash.
      3. Bought goods worth shs 50,000 on credit.
      4. Sold part of the furniture worth shs 10,000 in cash
        Required:
        Prepare Kimani Traders Balance Sheet as at the end of January 2012
  5.  
    1. Explain five benefits to Kenya for being a member of the East African Community Economic block.
    2. Explain five importance of Entrepreneurship to the development of the Kenyan economy.                   (10 mks)
  6.  
    1. Describe four factors considered when choosing a means of communication. (8mks)
    2. The following trial and balance relates to business of Twiga Traders as at 30th June, 2008. 
        Q6BSSS2    
      Required:
      1. Prepare a trading profit and loss account as at 30th June 2009.        (8mks)
      2. Calculate the following ratios:-
        1. Rate of return on capital (1mk)
        2. Margin (1mk)
        3. Quick ratio (1mk)
        4. Rate of stock return over (1mk)


MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. Benefits that may be realized by a country as a result of government policy to relocate industries to rural areas include:
      1. Increased availability of variety of goods and services as a result of newbusinesses in the area.
      2. Availability of auxiliary services - citizens would enjoy more and better auxiliary services like transport.
      3. Increased job opportunities - there will be more jobs available that would reduce unemployment
      4. Increased utilisation of locally available resources - locally available factors of production will be used and the citizens would earn rewards associated with them.
      5. Improved standard of living as development of the rural areas increases the quality and variety of goods and services.
      6. Reduced congestion in towns - this would benefit the few citizens remaining in the city.
      7. Balanced economic development as economic activities are spread throughout the country.
      8. Transfer of technology to rural areas which leads to production of better quality goods/services.
      9. Creation of market for goods/services produced in rural areas.
    2. Measures the government has taken to reduce further loss of lives
      1. Removal of unroad-worthy vehicles which may cause accidents.
      2. Installation of bumps to reduce speeds which may cause accidents
      3. Heavy penalties to motorists who disobey traffic rules.
      4. Limit number of passengers in vehicles to avoid overloading
      5. Ensuring that public service vehicles have speed governors to limit the speed
      6. Making sure that passengers have safety belts to minimize casualties incase of an accident.
      7. Construction of duo carriage roads and bypass to ease congestions which may cause accidents.
      8. Making sure that public service vehicles/all vehicles are driven by qualified drivers.
      9. Restriction on travelling hours/ensure drivers have ample time to rest before driving e.g public service vehicles not allowed to travel at night.
         Any 5 @ 2 = 10 marks
  1.  
    1. Describe five principles of public expenditure. (l0mks)
      1. Sanctions
        Public expenditure must be approved by the relevant authority.
      2. Maximum social benefit
      3. Should be incurred in a way that majority of the people are able to reap maximum benefit out of it.
      4. Adaptability
      5. Should be flexible enough to meet the prevailing economic situation
      6. Economy
      7. Should be incurred in the most economical way by avoiding any possible waste.
      8. Proper financial management 
                                                                
        TRADELINK ENTERPRISES
        THREE COLUMN CASHBOOK FOR JAN 2011

        Date

        Details

        folio

        Discount allowed

        cash

        Bank

        Date

        Details

        folio

        Discount

        received

        cash

        bank

        1st Jan 2011

        2nd Jan 2011

        5th Jan 2011

        20th Jan 2011

        29th Jan

        30th Jan

        30th Jan

        balbld

        sales

        cash

        bank

        cash

        balbld

        C1

        C2

        C3

        23750√

        22250√

        465200√

        250,000√

        250,000√

        451,250√

        200,000

        150,000√

        15th Jan

        20th Jan

        25th Jan

        28th Jan

        29th Jan

        30th Jan

        30th Jan

        Ndaru traders

        Bank

        Wages

        Mbago

        Cash

        Bank

        balcid

        C1

        C2

        C3

        16000√

        45000√

        184000√

        200000√

        144000√

        150000√

        59700

        255000√

        250000√

        546250

        61000√

        737,700√

        1051250√

        61000√

        737700√

        1051250√

         

        59700

        546,250

             
        24 x ½ =12 marks
    1. Negative economic implications of given age distribution.
      1. About 45% of the total population consists of those below 15 years. This implies more expenditure has to be directed towards provision of education, health etc/
      2. There is high dependency ratio which adversely effects savings and investments of the working population.
      3. There is need to plan for creation of employment opportunities to cater for the expected increase in labour force.
      4. Industries are likely to produce mainly goods used by the young population at the expense of the needs of adult population.
      5. The country may be forced to import such goods as food and medicine which leads to balance of payments problems.
      6. There will be little or no exports as the majority of the population who are young consume everything.                                                                                                        
    2. Services of central bank to commercial banks.
      1. Banker to the commercial bank by safe keeping.
      2. Provides clearing house facilities for cheque arising from interbank activities.
      3. Lender of last resort to commercial banks when they have no other source to borrow from.
      4. Issue of currency, notes and coins for use by commercial banks. Also replaces worn out currency.
      5. Maintains an account for foreign exchange rates, sells and buys foreign currency to and from      commercial banks.
      6. Provides advisory services to commercial banks on banking and economic matters.
  2.  
    1. Indicators of under development.
      1. High level of poverty where many people live below poverty line.
      2. Disparity in income distribution – There are many people whose income are very low while minority earn very high income.
      3. Low level of savings and investment: Low per capita income in Kenya make them have little or nothing to save.
      4. High population growth rate that leads to low per capita income.
      5. Rural to urban migration in search of jobs and other social amenities in urban areas.
      6. Over dependence on agricultural sector.
      7. capital deficiency in form of finance, machines and equipments.
      8. Cultural bottle necks where many countries are ties in traditional customs and beliefs which are rigid to adjust to the upcoming and existing structures of development.
        (10 mks) Any 5 point well explained (2 mks each)
    2.  
      4BBS2MS                                  
  3.  
    1. Fivebenefits of being a member of economic bloc such as East African Community.
      1. A wider market is created for goods and services produced in the country.
      2. A country will be able to specialize in the production of goods and services they are best endowed.
      3. Promotion of peace and understanding among member countries in the region.
      4. Increased employment for people in the region.
      5. There will be improvement of infrastructure in the region due to increased economic activities.
      6. Increased economic bargaining power in trading activities.
      7. Higher quality goods and services are produced due to competition.
        (Any 5 well explained @ 2marks = 10marks)
    2.  
      1. Creation of employment
      2. Entrepreneurs start business and create employment
      3. Attracts foreign investors
      4. As business strive and grow it attracts foreign investors who invest in business locally making use of local resources
      5. Entrepreneurs made use of local resources in their industries as raw materials in the production process
      6. As different business are started in the country it leads to provision of a variety of goods and services
      7. Savings on imports – local entrepreneurs are able to produce goods that are substitute to imports
      8. Successful entrepreneurs get as eyes openers to potential entrepreneurs who view them as role models.
  1.  
    1. Describe five factors considered when choosing a means of communication. (l0mks)
      1. Cost of the means — A cost effective means should be selected by the sender.
      2. Distance between the sender and the receiver for example telephone are preferred for a long distance communication.
      3. Need for confidentiality means face to face offer room to ascertain the environment around you.
      4. Urgency/Speed, means like telephone is fast over long distances
      5. Need for evidence written communication would appropriate when evidence is required.
      6. Desired impression
      7. Reliability of the means: the sender should use a means that provides the assurance of reaching the intended recipient.
      8. Accuracy of the means      (any 5 x 2 10)
    2.  
      6BBS2MS
      1. Rate of return on capital         =        Net Profit x 100
                                                    =        47,650 x 100
                                                                  771,850
                                                    =          61.21%   ≈ 61%.
      2. Margin           =         Gross Profit x 100
        Net sales
                            =          77,8000 x 100
                                            152,500
                            =          51.02%   ≈   51%
      3. Quick ratio                 =          Current Assets - Stock
        Current liabilities
                                        =          71000 - 11,000
                                                         15,000
                                       =          60,000
                                                   15,000
                                       =          4:1
      4. Rate of stock-turn over   = Cost of goods sold
           Average stock
        74,700
        22,500+ 11,000
                 2
        = 74,700
           33,500
        = 2.2 times   ≈ 2 times.

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