ENGLISH PAPER 2 - 2019 LANJET JOINT MOCK EXAMINATION

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(Comprehension, Literary Appreciation and Grammar)

  1. Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow. (20 marks)
    Ask any youngster what living with their parents is like and they will most likely tell you it is pure hell. They hate being told what to do, or taking orders or having to explain where they are going or coming from, especially girls. Young people hate asking for permission to go anywhere, and even worse being told that they must be back by a certain time. They hate having to ask for permission to use something or do something at home and consider these requirements an infringement on their freedom. So while parents believe they are inculcating good behavior in their children, the youngsters see it as dictatorship.

    Another thorny issue is religion. I dearly remember what happened when I decided to attend a church different from my mother’s. She told me in no uncertain terms that if I wanted to continue going to my new church, I would have to move out because she would not allow it. I found my parents’ restrictions rather stifling and could not wait for the day I would move out of home. I fantasized about going on outings that  were forbidden at home, returning home late, going wherever I wanted whenever I wanted, returning from work and just lazing on the couch, leaving my bed unmade or my clothes lying around with no one to tell me that my room was a mess.

    When it came to resources, mum would scold us if we left the door of the jiko open while heating our bath water or left the food to cook for an unnecessarily long time on the kerosene stove. She would breathe fire about our wastefulness, while reminding us of the high cost of living. She would conclude by telling us that she would not allow it in her house. My dad would be equally furious if he found the lights on in a room that was not being used. On several occasions he threatened not to pay the electricity bill and leave us in darkness for a while so that we could learn to save resources. Sometimes my siblings would laugh and wonder what our parents were making such a fuss about. At other times we would be angry and grumble that they were stingy and did not want to see us happy; how we longed to get away from them.

    But when the time to leave home finally came, I was apprehensive and wondered what life without my parents would be like. One moment I would be happy to be free, with no one to order me around, the next moment I would be having doubts. When you are young, you think you have the freedom to do as you please. But after doing something “forbidden” once or twice, you begin having second thoughts. You realize, since you never used to go on outings for instance, you won’t miss much by staying indoors most of the time instead of coming back late.

    You now have to pay your bills and realize that you have to cut costs, you remove your bath water from the stove before it boils and do not allow milk to boil for a second longer than necessary, and of course you switch off the lights in any room that’s not being used. Suddenly, you realize that you are living by the very rules you resented in your parents’ home. You are learning to use resources wisely now that you have to take care of yourself. When you start a family, you impose the same restrictions on your children. If there is one thing you cannot run away from, it is responsibility. What I have learnt is that when your parents are tough with you, they are only teaching you to be responsible. As the saying goes “only the wearer of the shoe knows where the shoe pinches.” I now understand why my parents gave me a tongue lashing whenever I misused resources.

    1. Make notes on why youngsters say living with parents is pure hell.                           (3 marks)                                         
    2. What would youngsters prefer rather than give in to their parents’ dictatorship?(2marks)
    3. According to the passage, parents are economical. Validate this statement.           (2marks)
    4. In your opinion, are parents out to punish children by setting rules and regulations in the homes?                                                                                                                    (2mks)
    5. Explain the writer’s attitude towards leaving home when the time came.             (3marks)
    6. Comment on the irony in the passage.                                                                   (2marks)
    7. Explain the meaning of the following saying as used in the passage.
      “Only the wearer of the shoe knows where the shoe pinches”                                                  (2marks)
    8. Mother would breathe fire about our wastefulness while reminding us of the high cost of living. (Rewrite beginning: Not only ……….)                                                        (1mark)
    9. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the  passage                         (3marks)
      1. Stifling
      2. Stingy
      3. Resented
  1. Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House

    Read the excerpt below and then answer the questions that follow. (25 marks)

    Helmer: Miserable creature – what have you done?
    Nora: Let me go. You shall not suffer for my sake. You shall not take it upon yourself.
    Helmer: No tragic airs, please.(Locks the hall door.) Here you shall stay and give me an explanation. Do you understand what you have done? Answer me! Do you understand what you have done?
    Nora: (Looks steadily at him and says with a growing look of coldness in her face) Yes, now I am beginning to understand thoroughly.
    Helmer: (walking about the room) What a horrible awakening! All these eight years- she who was my joy and pride- a hypocrite, a liar – worse, worse – a criminal! The unutterable ugliness of it all! – For shame! For shame! (NORA is silent and looks steadily at him. He stops in front of her.) I ought to have suspected that something of the sort would happen. I ought to have foreseen it. All your father’s want of principle – be silent! - all your father’s want of principle has come out in you. No religion, no morality, no sense of duty -. How I am punished for having winked at what he did! I did it for your sake, and this is how you repay me.
    Nora: Yes, that’s just it.
    Helmer: Now you have destroyed all my happiness. You have ruined all my future. It is horrible to think of! I am in the power of an unscrupulous man; he can do what he likes with me, ask anything he likes of me, give me any orders he please -  I dare not refuse. And I must sink to such miserable depths because of a thoughtless woman!
    Nora: When I am out of the way, you will be free.
    1. Explain what has happened immediately before this excerpt.                                   (4marks)
    2. What does Nora mean by saying, “You shall not suffer for my sake.”? Explain.       (3 marks)
    3. How is Helmer’s attitude towards Nora in this extract different from earlier in the book? Explain.   (3 marks)
    4. What thematic concern is addressed in this excerpt?                                 (2 marks)
    5. “I am in the power of an unscrupulous man; he can do what he likes with me, ask anything he likes of me, give me any orders he pleases - I dare not refuse.” Who is Helmer talking about and why does he make such comments about the person?                                                                                       (2 marks)
    6. Discuss any style evident in the excerpt.                 (2 marks
    7. Identify and illustrate the prevalent mood in the excerpt. (2marks)                                         
    8. “Here you shall stay and give me an explanation.” Rewrite beginning: You….                 (1 mark)
    9. “When I am out of the way, you will be free.” Give two meanings of Nora’s words from the rest of the play.    (2 marks)                                                        
    10. Explain the meaning of the following expressions as used in the extract.             (4marks)
      1. Take it upon yourself
      2. No tragic airs
      3. Your father’s want of principle
      4. Unscrupulous man
  1. Oral Narrative                                                                                                     (20marks)        
    Read the following narrative and then answer the questions that follow.
    There was a great famine in the land where Obunde and his wife, Oswera, lived with their nine children. The only creatures who had some food were the ogres and before they would part with their food they demanded a lot of things.
    One day, Oswera went to one ogre’s home and asked him for some food, for by then her children were almost dying of hunger.
    “I have no more food except sweet potatoes,” the ogre told her.
    “I shall be happy to have the potatoes. We have nothing, not a grain of food at my house and the children are starving. Please let me have some and I shall repay you after the harvest.”
    “No, if you want food you must exchange with something right now. Will you give me one of your children in exchange for my potatoes?” Oswera hesitated, her children were dear to her, but then they would die without food.
    “Yes, I shall let you have one of them, if only you could let us have some potatoes,” Oswera answered. Then she took a big basket full of potatoes and told the ogre the exact time he could go to her home to collect one of her children for a meal.
    Oswera thought hard and decided she would not give a single one of her children to the ogre for a meal. She therefore cut young banana stalks and cooked them nicely.
    When the ogre came, she gave them to him and the beast went away satisfied. Soon the potatoes were finished and she had to go back to the ogre again.
    Oswera and Obunde kept cooking banana stalks for the ogre every time he came for one of their children, until one day she had no more banana stalks to cook for the animal.
    “You have now eaten all my children, yet we still need the potatoes. What shall we give you now?” Oswera asked in despair.
    “Then I shall come for you and your husband,” the ogre replied angrily as he helped Oswera to load her basket of potatoes on to her head.
    “Yes come tomorrow at the usual time in the afternoon and get me. I shall have cooked myself for you,” Oswera said calmly.
    The following day the ogre went promptly as Oswera had told him and he found the home almost deserted. He looked everywhere but apart from Obunde, there was no trace of anybody.
    Then he looked at the usual place and found a huge bowl of a big meal Oswera had cooked for him. The Ogre did not realize they had prepared a dog instead of Oswera. When he had eaten the Ogre told Obunde he would come for him the following day. Obunde got very worried and that night he could not sleep. The following day he started crying:
    “Ah Oswera my wife, how did you cook yourself and how shall I cook myself for the ogre?” He sat down in the dust of his compound and wept. Oswera became very annoyed with her husband.
    “You, you stupid, foolish man! Why sit and cry there all day long? How do you think I cooked myself? Take one of the dogs and quickly prepare it for the ogre!”
    Very quickly Obunde got up, caught, killed and prepared a dog for the ogre. Then he joined his wife and children in a huge hollow part of a tree in his compound where they had hidden.
    That day the ogre knew he was going to have his last meal of juicy human flesh. Being a generous and unselfish ogre, he brought many of his fellow ogres. They were going to have a feast.
    Suddenly as they were eating, they had a man singing happily. No they could not believe it! It was Obunde singing! And he was boasting of how he had cheated the ogre.

                                     The greedy ogre ate banana stalks
                                     Not my family
                                     The greedy ogre ate a dog
                                     Not Obunde Magoro!
                                     The greedy ogre ate banana stalks
                                     Not my family;
                                     Now come and get Obunde,
                                     His children and wife.

    Obunde sang the words and the ogres got very angry. The first ogre rushed into the hollow of the tree, but Oswera had heated a long piece of iron until it was white. She pushed the iron into the ogre’s mouth. The beast fell down dead. The next one rushed into the hollow and Oswera killed him in all the same way. In this way she killed all the ogres and saved her husband and all their children.My story ends there.

    1. Whom do you consider to be the hero in this story and why?                          (2 marks)                        
    2. In your own words describe the setting of this story.                                            (2 marks)                                              
    3. Compare Obunde and the ogre as they are presented in this story.                         (2marks)
    4. What are the roles of the song in this story?                                                         (2 marks)                                                              
    5. Describe the character of Oswera, the wife, as seen in this story.                            (2marks)
    6. Other than the song, identify and illustrate two other features of oral narratives in the story.    (4marks)
    7.  
      1. Explain the moral teaching of this story.                                                               (2marks)
      2. Use an appropriate proverb to summarize this lesson.                                      (1 marks)          
    8. List down one characteristic of the above genre.                                                (1mark)
    9. If you were to collect information on the story above, what method of data collection would you use? (2marks) 
                                      
  2. Grammar (15 marks)

    1. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given in brackets. Do not change the meaning.          (4marks)
      1. This kind of movie fascinates the youth more than it does adults. (Begin: The youth…)
      2. Judy’s mother told her that there was more food for the guests in the kitchen. (Rewrite in direct speech)
      3. Jeff was bored of my nagging. He moved out of the house. (Rewrite using a participle)
      4. We can save time by getting to class before the bell goes. (Begin: Time…)
    2. Rewrite the following sentences correctly.   (3marks)
      1. If I was the president, I would have jailed corrupt people.
      2. The raging fire destroyed a lot of properties.
      3. “Repeat the statement again. I did not understand.”
    3. Replace the underlined word(s) with appropriate phrasal verb.   (2 marks)
      1. I was excited when I accidentally met an old friend in town.
      2. The employer was disappointed by the lazy workers.
    4. Fill in the blank spaces with the correct form of the word in brackets.       (3 marks)
      1. To ……………………. (they/them) everything is acceptable.
      2. It is ­­­­­­………….. ……(they/ them) who assisted the accident victims.
      3. Joan, together with her friends, …………… (drive/ drives) the car.
    5. Use the correct form of the word in brackets to complete the sentences.    (2 marks)
      1. The election officials complained that it was …………………………………of the government not to pay them in time.(reason)
      2. The driver was accused of poor …………………….. ………..of the vehicle. (maintain)
    6. Explain the two meanings in the following sentence.                                         (1mark)
      Wambua loves swimming more than Kioko.


MARKING SCHEME

  1. Question 1 Comprehension
    1. Youngsters say living with parents is pure hell because they hate being told what to do, or taking orders or having to explain where they are going or coming from. Young people hate asking for permission to go anywhere, and even worse being told that they must be back by a certain time (3mks) *Should be in note form, if not deduct 1 mark.
    2. Youngsters would prefer to have their freedom as they see the requirements of parent as an infringement to their freedom. (2mks)
    3. parents are economical because when it came to resources, the author’s mum would scold them if they left the door of the jiko open while heating their bath water or left the food to cook for an unnecessarily long time on the kerosene stove. She would breathe fire about their wastefulness, while reminding them of the high cost of living. Their dad would even be equally furious if he found the lights on in a room that was not being used.
    4. No (1mk) – parents are out to teach children how to be responsible. (1mk) Do not award a mark for a ‘Yes’ answer. Should also start with ‘No’ then explanation.
    5. Apprehensive/ uncertain/doubtful (2 marks) At one point she would be happy to be free but again would wonder how life would be without her parents. (1 mark)
    6. It is ironical that what the writer resented as a child is what she actually embraces as a grown up. (2mks) (must illustrate to score 2mks)
    7. It means that the writer now pays her own bills and therefore understands why her parents were emphasizing on being economical/ responsible. (2mks)
    8. Not only would mum breathe fire about out wastefulness but also remind us of the high cost of living. (1mk)
    9.  
      1. harsh/cruel (3mks)
      2. economical
      3. hated

  2. Question 2 Excerpt
    1. - Nora and Torvald bid each other goodnight as Helmer kisses Nora on the forehead
      -Torvald takes his letters and goes into his room and shuts the door.
      -Nora gropes around as she touches Helmer’s domino/mask and then her shawl and says that  she will never see her husband and children agai
      -Helmer opens his door just when Nora is about to rush out and questions her about the content in the letter he is holding.
    2. - Nora’s forgery would affect Helmer’s career and his position if it is thought that they worked
      -Nora wants to run away to save Helmer the scandal and any form of suffering.
    3. Earlier on, Helmer had a loving attitude as he used to call her sweet/pet names but now has a hostile/ contemptuous/despising/ hateful attitude since he has known the secret of Nora’s loan and  
    4. Deception/ hypocrisy- Nora had kept a secret from her husband for eight years.
      Family/ marriage conflict-Helmer and Nora are at logger heads because of Nora’s forgery.
    5. Helmer is talking about Nils Krogstad. Being in possession of the forged bond, Krogstad can make it public thereby tarnishing Helmer’s name or he can use it to blackmail Helmer in order for    him to get his way.
    6. Hyperbole- Now you have destroyed all my happiness. You have ruined all my future.
      Flashback- Helmer talks about Nora’s father who before his death had no morals.
    7. Tense mood- The secret that Nora kept from Helmer is out and Helmer is angered by it. Their marriage is at the verge of breaking.
    8. You shall stay here and give me an explanation.
    9. - Nora thought of taking her own life/killing herself to get out of the sticky situation.
      -Later she decides to run away so as to save Helmer from the scandal.
    10. - make it your responsibility
      -No sadness/ suffering
      -The father was not a man of his words
      -Immoral man

  3. Question 3 Narrative
    1. Oswera, the wife. (1 mark). This is able to trick the ogre to get the food from him and finally gets her husband to trick the ogre and the family survives.
    2. It is in the rural area (environment) (1 mark) where people grow bananas and potatoes. (1 mark)
    3. Both are foolish/gullible. Ogre and Obunde believed he (ogre) was eating Oswera and children. They did not realize that it was a trick.
    4. To pass information, that is, to inform the ogre about the family. To break the monotony of To delay the climax. Facilitates audience participation.
    5. Cunning/ wise- she is able to get food for her family, promising to give one of her children every time, but this never came to be. Any other appropriate trait.
    6. - Closing formula; my story ends there
      - moral lesson
      - fantasy; she killed all the ogres single-handedly
      - Direct address; “I have no more food except sweet potatoes.”
      - Timelessness; we are not told when the story took place.
    7. - Greed can lead to death. The ogre is finally killed because of greed. (should be a positive lesson and tied to the story)
      -Any appropriate proverb, for example Akili ni mali mtu ana zake. (Swahili proverb. It should be translated).
    8. - The heroes always kill the ogre at the end of the story
      -They highlight the evil in the society/ have a moral lesson.
      -They are stories with strange creatures that have ability to change their appearance.
      -The ogres usually lure people with an intention of eating them up.
    9. -Interview
      -Recording
      -Participation
      -Note taking

  4. Question 4 Grammar
    1.  
      1. The youth are more fascinated by this kind of movie than adults.
      2. “There is more food for the guests in the kitchen,” Judy’s mother told her.
      3. Bored of my nagging, Jeff moved out of the house or Jeff, bored of my nagging, moved out of the house (If comma(s) is missing do not award)
      4. Time can be saved by getting to class before the bell goes.
    2.  
      1. If I were the president, I would have jailed corrupt people.
      2. The raging fire destroyed a lot of property.
      3. “Repeat the statement. I did not understand.”
    3.  
      1. ran into/ bumped into
      2. let down
    4.  
      1. them
      2. they
      3. drives
    5.  
      1. unreasonable
      2. maintenance (do not award misspelt word)
    6. – Wambua loves to swim more than Kioko does.
      -Wambua loves to swim more than she loves Kioko. (Award one mark only if the two meanings are brought out clearly)

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