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Answer any FIVE questions in this paper

    1. Identify the significance for studying Christian religious education in secondary schools in Kenya. (7mks)
    2. State sevenways in which the study of C.R.E has promoted morality in the society. (7mks)
    3. Give six reasons why Christians should forgive. (6mks)
    1. Identify seven ways in which Abraham expressed his faith to God. (7mks)
    2. Describe the background to the call of Abraham. (7mks)
    3. Give the importance of faith in a Christian life today. (6mks)
    1. State the role of judges in the history of the Israelites. (7mks)
    2. Identify seven ways in which David promoted the worship of Yahweh in Israel. (7mks)
    3. Give six qualities of a good leader that a Christian can emulate from King David. (6mks)
    1. State seven characteristics of true prophet of Israel. (7mks)
    2. Explain four social evils that existed in Israel during the times of Prophet Amos.(8mks)
    3. Identify evils that prophet Amos would condemn in Kenya today. (5mks)
    1. Outline the problems faced by prophet Nehemiah when rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem.  (8mks)
    2. State seven reforms carried out by Nehemiah in Israel after the Babylonian Exile. (7mks)
    3. Identify fivereasons why it is difficult to carry out political reforms in Kenya today. (5mks)
    1. State seven practices in traditional African communities that show their belief in life after death.  (7mks)
    2. Give seven factors that promote harmony in traditional African Communities. (7mks)
    3. Identify factors that have affected traditional African Education System. (6mks)


    1. Significance for studying Christians religious Education
      • To acquire principles of Christians living
      • To get a better understanding of God
      • Knowledge gained enables one to make appropriate social/moral/spiritual decisions.
      • To be able to appreciate one’s religion and that of others
      • Helps to develop a sense of self-worth/respect
      • Promotes international consciousness that God created the entire universe.
      • One is able to live a new life in Christ
      • Helps one get answers to some mysterious life questions e.g. why people die/life after death
      • Assists in the achievement of national goals of education
      • Leads to career choice
      • Enables one make wise decisions
      • Enables one appreciate and value human life (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Seven ways in which the study of Christian religious education has promoted morality in the society
      • It Institutes the virtues of honesty, diligence & tolerance in people.
      • Contributes to spiritual development of an individual.
      • It encourages love among people
      • Develops basic principles of Christians living
      • Helps one cope up with various challenges of life
      • It instills the spirit of sharing
      • Promotes social unity
      • It instills the spirit of self-esteem (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Six reasons why Christians should forgive
      • It shows love for others
      • It creates and promotes peace
      • It is way of winning new converts
      • Shows obedience to Christians teaching or commands
      • In order to follow the example of Jesus
      • In order to be forgiven by God
      • It strengthens relationships
      • It lengthens life/promotes healthy living (6 x 1 = 6mks)
    1. Seven ways in which Abraham expressed his faith to God
      • He left his home to unknown land as was instructed by God.
      • He believed in God’s promises to him even though some looked impossible
      • He accepted to sacrifice his only son Isaac
      • He changed from being worshipper of the moon and stars to worship of Yahweh
      • He accepted to change his name from Abraham to Abraham and that of his wife Sarai to Sarah.
      • He built an altars in honour of God at Bethel Shechem.
      • He entered into a covenant with God
      • He made sacrifices to God (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Describe the background to the call of Abraham
      • He lived in the city of Ur near river Euphrates
      • His father was a Semite
      • They were semi-nomadic people
      • His father was a worshipper of the moon
      • His father Terah never knew the true God
      • He was married to Sarai
      • Sarai his wife remained barren till her old age
      • They settled at a place called Haran (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Importance of faith in a Christian life today
      • Faith is the foundation of Christian life
      • Faith enables Christians to believe in the unseen
      • Faith makes challenges and temptations easy to handle and overcome
      • Faith enables Christians to demonstrate their obedience to God’s will
      • Faith in Christ enables Christians to live and practice what they believe in.
      • Faith makes it possible to live a life of prayer and trust in God.
      • Faith enables Christians make right judgment and decision in the face of uncertainty
      • Through faith Christians are assured of salvation and eternal life
      • Faith enables Christians to stand confidently before with their petitions and thanksgiving.
      • Faith is the shield that protects Christians from evil attacks. ( 6 x 1 = 6mks)
    1. Role of judges in the history of the Israelites
      • Acted as spiritual leaders eg Judges 2:16-23
      • Settled disputes among the people
      • Some judges acted as God’s prophets
      • They led the Israelites to war against their enemies
      • They led people in prayer and offered sacrifices
      • Some judges anointed kings e.g Samuel who anointed King Saul, David
      • Condemned idolatry and promoted monotheism (worship of Yahweh)
      • Acted as mediators between God and the people (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Ways in which David promoted the worship of Yahweh in Israel
      • He brought the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem
      • He made Jerusalem a religious centre
      • He composed the psalms which were used in the worship by the Israelites
      • He consulted prophet Nathan constantly
      • He was deeply repentant when he sinned.
      • He wanted to build a temple for God
      • He advised his son Solomon to be obedient to God
      • He praised God through songs and dance (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Six qualities of a good leader that a Christian can emulate from King David
      • A good leader should be just – should not favour some people over others.
      • A good leader needs courage and bravely to lead others
      • A good leader needs to have faith in God and seek his guidance and blessings in any undertaking.
      • Leaders should always express their thankfulness to God and to people under them
      • Modern leaders should remain loyal to their oath of office
      • Good leaders should show acts of mercy to their people
      • Leaders should not hesitate to ask for forgiveness from God and from other people
      • A good leader should be humble/have humility
      • Leaders should learn to delegate duties by following David’s examples.
      • Christians should respect themselves and other people (6 x 1 = 6mks)
    1. Characteristics of true prophets of Israel
      • They received a calling directly from God
      • They were given specific task
      • They responded to Gods call with faith and obedience.
      • God revealed himself to them.
      • They communicated God’s message courageously without fear or favour, and with authority.
      • They acted as mediators between God and His people.
      • They used symbolic actions to prophesy.
      • They faced opposition and persecution
      • Prophets led exemplary lives
      • They advocated for the worship of the one true God and universal God (monotheism) and condemned all forms of idolatry.
      • Their prophecies came true
      • They did not prophesy for material gain or for fame.
      • They performed miracles. ( 7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Explain four social evils that existed in Israel during the times of prophet Amos.
      • Oppression of the poor and the weak.
      • Corruption and bribery in courts
      • Crime and violence
      • Sexual immorality –fathers and son take the same maiden Amos 2:7
      • Drunkenness – Alcohol was used in the temple Amos 2:8
      • Pride in material possession –Luxurious living at the expense of the poor ( 4 x 2 = 8mks)
    3. Evils that prophet Amos would condemn in Kenya today
      • Murder
      • Exploitation of the poor by the rich
      • Cheating in business
      • Immorality
      • Drunkenness
      • Land grabbing
      • Abortion
      • Discrimination –tribe, gender
      • Greed for wealth (5 x 1 = 5mks)
    1. Problems faced by Nehemiah when he was rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem
      • Lack of co-operation from the people
      • Opposition from enemies such as Tobiah and Sanballat
      • Oppression of the poor
      • Misuse of the temple and the offerings
      • Violation of the Sabbath
      • People were not stead fast in their spiritual reforms.
      • Was mocked and ridiculed by Tobiah and Sanballat
      • He received threats of violence from his enemies
      • False prophets tried to discourage him.
      • Food shortage in Jerusalem which caused starvation.
      • Inadequate manpower to complete the wok as the people gripped with fear of attack.
      • Some Jews broke the Mosaic laws such as marrying foreign wives. (8 x 1 = 8mks)
    2. 7 reforms carried out by Nehemiah after the Babylonian exile
      • Cleansing of the temple
      • Reinstating of the Levites and other temple workers.
      • Reforms of the Sabbath observance
      • Separation from foreigners.
      • Purification of the priesthood and office of the Levites.
      • He denounced mixed marriages between the Jews and foreigners.
      • He renewed the covenant with the people
      • He appointed trust worthy people as treasurers
      • He publicly confessed his sins of over taxing people
      • He reformed the tithing/offering system
      • He mad sure that the people were loyal to the Mosaic laws.
      • e-re-dedicated the walls of Jerusalem back to God. (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Reasons why it is difficult to carry out political reforms in Kenya
      • Lack of political good will by leaders.
      • Tribalism/nepotism
      • Weak Institutions to carry out meaningful reforms.
      • Many political parties lack clear reforms agenda.
      • Selfishness and lack of vision among the reforms.
      • Inadequate finances
      • Lack of patriotism among the leaders (5 x 1 = 5mks)
    1. Practices in Traditional African Communities that show their belief in life after death
      • Naming children after the dead
      • Invoking the names of the dead during problems/inviting them during important occasions.
      • Burying the dead with some property
      • Offering sacrifices to the dead
      • Pouring of libations to the living dead/ancestor/leaving some food for the living dead.
      • Taking care of the graveyards.
      • Fulfilling the wishes /will of the dead/carrying out the demands of the dead.
      • Talking of the dead as having gone for a walk.
      • Washing the dead/oiling/decent burial
      • Holding commemoration ceremonies
      • Burying the dead in a particular position/direction/ancestral land (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Seven factors that promoted harmony in Traditional African communities
      • People participated in communal work.
      • Sharing of resources among members of the clan.
      • All members take part in the rites of passage.
      • There were rules/taboos to regulate behaviour
      • People were educated on their responsibilities/obligations.
      • Roles of each individuals were well spelt
      • There was communal worship.
      • Communities had methods of defense against external attacks
      • There was communal ownership of land
      • There was proper guideline on the use/disposal of wealth. (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Factors that have affected Traditional African Education system
      • Modern technology which has been introduced.
      • Introduction of western education system (formal education)
      • Establishment of colonial rule/new systems governance.
      • Growth of urbancentres/urbanization
      • Rural-urban migration
      • introduction of western culture /westernization
      • Money culture /money economy (6 x 1 = 6mks)                                                                                                                      
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