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Answer any FIVE question in this paper

    1. State the activities that took place during the dedication of Jesus in the temple (Luke 2:21-40).  (8mks)
    2. Outline six reasons why Jesus was rejected at Nazareth, his home town Luke 4:16-30                         (6mks)
    3. Identify six reasons why preachers may be disliked by some people in the modern society. (6mks)
    1. State eight teachings of Jesus on how human beings should relate to one another from the sermon on plain (Luke 6:27-38) (8mks)
    2. Narrate the story of the healing of the Gerasene demoniac (Luke 8:26-39) (7mks)
    3. State FIVEfactors which hinder Christians from helping the needy in the society.(5mks)
    1. Describe the incident when Jesus was questioned about marriage and resurrection in Luke 20:27-38) (7mks)
    2. Outline the incident when Jesus went to pray with his disciples at Mt. Olives.(7mks)
    3. State six ways in which Christians prepare for the coming of the kingdom of God. (6mks)
    1. Identify FOUR ways in which the unity of believers is expressed in the concept of the body of Christ. (1 Cor 12:12-27) (8mks)
    2. State ways in which the gifts of the Holy Spirit brought dis-unity in the church at Corinth (7mks)
    3. Give reasons why Christians in Kenya should work in unity. (5mks)
    1. Outline six sources from where Christians draws their ethical judgments. (6mks)
    2. Identify the effects of irresponsible sexual behaviour. (7mks)
    3. State seven ways in which Christians may fight the rising trend of rape in the society today. (7mks)
    1. Identify the traditional African understanding of marriage. (7mks)
    2. Outline the causes of domestic violence among Christian families. (8mks)
    3. Give five life skills a Christian can employ to solve social problems in the society.(5mks)


    1. Activities that took place during the dedication of Jesus in the temple (Luke 2:21-40)
      • Jesus parents were to offer a sacrifice of a pair of turtle doves or two young pigeons.
      • Simeon was led by the Holy Spirit
      • Simeon took the child into his arms.
      • He praised and gave thanks to God
      • He prophesied about Jesus mission i.e He was the salvation
      • The parents of Jesus marveled at Simeon’s prophecy
      • Simeon blessed the parents of Jesus
      • He told Mary of the rejection Jesus would undergo and that it would cause her grief.
      • Prophetess Ann come at that hour and thanked God
      • She prophesied that Jesus was the redeemer of Jerusalem (8 x 1 = 8mks)
    2. Reasons why Jesus was rejected at Nazareth, His hometown (Luke 4:16-30)
      • They thought he was simply the son of Joseph the carpenter whom they knew.
      • Jesus told them that the prophecy of Isaiah had been fulfilled in him and that he is the Messiah (61:1-2)
      • They wanted him to prove his Lordship by performing miracles which He did not.
      • He told them that their forefathers had rejected God’s prophets by persecuting them
      • He told them how God favours even the Gentiles and not Jews alone, He would even work miracles for the Gentile and leave them alone.
      • He told them that a prophet is not welcomed in his home town (6 x 1 = 6mks)
    3. Six reasons why preachers may be disliked by some people in the modern society
      • When they condemn corruption/bribery /false witness
      • When they preach against adoration of wealth/power
      • When they speak against evils like murder/killing
      • When they condemn false prophets /preachers
      • When they condemn popular practices like alcoholism/smoking/fashion/forms or leisure
      • When they condemn irresponsible parenthood
      • Condemning irresponsible sexual practices.
      • When too demanding on tithing/money
      • When they are not good role models /arrogant
      • Gender discrimination/women preachers can be rejected.
      • Ethnicity (6 x 1 = 6mks)
    1. Eight teaching of Jesus on how human beings should relate to one another from the sermon on the plains (Luke 6:27-38)
      • Human beings should love their enemies
      • They should do good to those who hate them
      • Should bless those who curse them
      • Should pray for those who mistreat (abuse them)
      • Should help those in need
      • Should show mercy to others
      • Not to judge or condemn others
      • Should forgive one another/not revenge
      • Should be generous
      • Should do unto others what they expect done to them. ( 8 x 1 = 8mks)
    2. The healing of the Gerasene demoniac (Luke 8:26-39)
      • Jesus entered a Gentile town of Gerase
      • On the shores of Lake Garasene He was met by a man possessed by demons
      • He had worn no clothes and lived among the tomb
      • The man cried and fell down and told Jesus not to torment him
      • Jesus had commanded the unclean spirit out of the man.
      • Jesus asked the man his name
      • The man replies that his name was region which meant many demons
      • The demons begged Jesus not to let them go into the abyss but into the swine that were grazing nearby.
      • Jesus commanded the demons to go into the swine
      • The swine rushed and drowned in a nearby lake.
      • The herdsmen then fled and went to tell people in the city concerning what had happed.
      • People came and found the man sitting at the feet of Jesus, healed, dressed and in his right mind.
      • The people of Gerase reacted negatively to the good act of healing
      • They were afraid of Jesus and asked him to depart from them.
      • The healed man asked Jesus whether he could accompany Him.
      • Jesus told him to go and tell others what God had done for him
      • The man went through the town proclaiming the good News about Jesus. (7 x 1=7mks)
    3. Factors hindering Christians from helping the needy in the society
      • Having too many needy case
      • Lack of experts to help in specialized areas
      • Tribal, ethnic feelings
      • Political pressures since some Christian belong to some political parties.
      • Poor communication/language barriers
      • Poor infrastructure in some parts of the country
      • Economic demands, some Christians have nothing to give to the needy
      • Lack of strategies and procedures on how to help the needy.
      • Bribery and corruption that is affecting the needy. (5 x 1 = 5mks)
    1. The incident when Jesus was questioned about marriage and resurrection in Luke 20:27-38)
      • The Sadducees,who did not believe in the resurrection of the dead, came to Jesus and asked him that Moses thought that if a married man dies and had no children then his brother will inherit the wife and raise children for him.
      • They said there were seven brothers who all took a wife but died without children
      • After the woman also died
      • They asked in resurrection, therefore, whose wife she would belong to for all the seven brothers had had her as a wife had died.
      • Jesus replied that the resurrected do not marry.
      • He said the resurrected cannot die.
      • The resurrected are like angels.
      • They are sons of the resurrection.
      • God’s the God of the living as shown in the call of Moses.
      • Resurrection is a reality ( 7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. The incident when Jesus went to pray with his disciples at Mt. Olives
      • Jesus went to pray at Mt. Olives as his custom and his disciples followed him
      • Oh arrival he asked them to pray in order not to fall into temptations.
      • He withdrew from them, knelt down and prayed
      • Jesus asked for his father’s will to be done
      • Jesus went back and found the disciples asleep and asked them why they were sleeping
      • He woke them up and asked them to pray in order to avoid entering into temptation.
      • As Jesus was praying a crowd led by Judas Iscariot came. Judas kissed him to identify him.
      • Jesus asked Judas why he was betraying him with a kiss.
      • Jesus disciples asked him whether they could strike those who had come to arrest him.
      • One of the disciples struck the slave of the high priest cutting off the ear but Jesus healed him.
      • Jesus asked the chief priest the temple guards why they had come to arrest him like a common robber yet he preached in the temple daily.
      • Jesus told them that it was their hour and the power of darkness was in control
        (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    3. Ways in which Christians prepare for the second coming of the kingdom of God.
      • By praying to God
      • By helping the needy
      • By getting baptized
      • By engaging in fellowship
      • Through Bible study
      • By celebrating mass/Holy communion
      • By celebrating Christian festivals \By repenting /seeking forgiveness
      • By spreading the word of God ( 6 x 1 = 6mks)
    1. Ways in which the unity of believers is expressed in the concept of the body of Christ (1st 12:12-27)
      • Jesus Christ is the head and the believers form, parts of the body.
      • The body of Christ can be compared to the function of the human body, just as there is unity among various body parts so members of the body of Christ must be united.
      • God has arranged all parts of the body so that they are all interdependent similarly all spiritual gifts are important and for the benefit and enrichment of all.
      • There should be no division in the church since all believers are members of the body of Christ so they should live a life worth God’s calling.
      • The suffering of the one part of the body means the suffering of the whole church
      • Jesus gave gifts through the HolySpirit to those who belong to Him. (4 x 2 = 8mks)
    2. Causes of disunity in the early church (1stCor 1:4-2)
      • Splinter groups who claimed to be followers of Peter, Apollo’s, Paul or Christ.
      • There was a belief by some Christians that the gift of speaking in tongues was the greatest.
      • There was misuse of the Lord’s Supper where people assembled according to social status and the poor were left out.
      • Some did not believe in the resurrection of the body
      • Some Christians ate food offered to the Idols thus misleading the weak in faith.
      • Sexual immorality such as incest was rampant
      • Questions on celibacy, marriage and divorce were devolve.
      • Setting disputes in court before the Pagan authorities. (7 x 1 =7mks)
    3. Reasons why Christians in Kenya should work in unity
      • In order to promote oneness of Christ
      • To share the scare resource in the country
      • In order to adopt a common attitude to the integration of African, culture in worship
      • To prevent the formation of splinter groups
      • To minimize the internal wrangling among people.
      • In order to have a common stand in dealing with issues affecting the society.
    1. Six source from which Christians draw ethical judgment
      • The bible/sacred scripture
      • Conscience
      • Faith in God
      • Church community/church law
      • Teachings of Jesus Christ
      • Church ritualse.g marriage and baptism
      • Use of compatible African values
      • State laws /secular laws
      • human experience
      • Natural law
      • Situation ethics
    2. Ways in which Christians may fight the rising trend of rape in our society today
      • Reporting cases to authority
      • Avoiding situations that may lead to rape
      • Teaching members on the effects of such acts
      • Parent and elders supervising the young in their daily tasks
      • Teaching the young not to be too trusting not only to strangers but also to people they know very well.
      • Sharing bible teaching which show that rape is against God’s law.
      • Advising the youth to dress decently and modestly.
      • Fighting drugs and alcohol which acts as catalysts in rape.
      • Always involving the youth in productive leisure. ( 7 x 1 =7mks)
    3. The effect of irresponsible sexual behaviours
      • Promotes the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
      • It leads to irresponsible parenthood.
      • It may lead to unwanted pregnancy which eventually leads to abortion
      • It increases poverty cases as resources are misused when undertaking such.
      • It may lead to death
      • Lead to loss of status
      • It leads to disagreement leading to divorcé and separation
      • It may lead to legal tussle and imprisonment
      • It leads to single parenthood when one gets pregnant before marriage.
      • It leads to early forced marriage
      • It may lead to school dropout
    1. The Traditional African understanding of marriage
      • Marriage is a complete affair which involves the economic, social and religious aspect of the people
      • It is rhythm of life through which everyone must participate.
      • It’s a duty/requirement for everyone in the community to undergo (compulsory)
      • Those people who do not marry are considered a curse to the society /outcast
      • Marriage as an Institution is believed to have been willed /ordained by God
      • Young people are prepared for this sacred duty during initiation through teachings.
      • Marriage is not complete without children /it is meant for procreation.
      • Marriage is discouraged, unless for very serious reasons
      • Bride wealth is a most /very necessary as it cement the marriage relationship /covenant.
      • The wife is subordinate to the husband but has her established right.
      • Marriage does not end with death of a husband as the wife is inherited ( 7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Causes of domestic violence among Christians families
      • Unfaithfulness
      • Poverty .financial constraint
      • Difference in education level
      • Denominations/issues of faith
      • Different biblical teachings/interpretation
      • Child upbringing
      • Lack of faith in God
      • Issues of employment /work
      • Lack of guidance and counseling
      • Denial of conjugal rights/dissatisfactions
      • Affect of mass media/foreign culture (8 x 1 = 8msk)
    3. Life skills that a Christians can use of solve social problems in the society
      • Critical thinking
      • Creative thinking
      • Decision making
      • Self esteem
      • Assertiveness (5 x 1 = 5mks)
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