IRE PAPER 1 - 2019 LAINAKU JOINT MOCK EVALUATION EXAMINATION

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Q1.

  1. Give reasons why Quran was revealed in Arabic         (7mks)
  2. Give reasons why the nature of revelation changed from short in Makkah to long in Madina            (6 mks)
  3. Outline the conditions to be adhered to for translation of Quran to be valid   (7mks)

Q2

  1. Give the benefits of diacritilization of the Quran    (5mks)
  2. Highlight the teachings of Suratul Hajurat    (8mks)
  3. State the factors that made the compilation of the Quran easy   (7mks)

Q3

  1. Differentiate between Hadith Qudsi and the Holy Quran    (8mks)
  2. The prophet said “ whoever destroys a plant in Holderness which gives a shelter to passersby without a good reason, Allah will direct his head into hell fire”. In light of the above hadith give the Islamic teachings on the care of the environment      (6mks)
  3. Give the characteristics of the golden age of hadith (period of Tabi Tabiun) (6mks)

Q4

  1. Describe the major forms of polytheism  (8mks)
  2. Outline the effects of beliefs in the last day to the life of a Muslim               (6mks)
  3. Give the importance on belief in Qadar and Qadha                                       (6 mks)

Q5

  1. Differentiate between Sijdatu Shukr and Sijdatul Swalah (6mks)
  2. Describe the performance of Hajji (8mks)
  3. Explain the reasons that led to the emergence of schools of thought (madhahib) (6mks)

Q6.

  1. Outline the measures that can be put in place to improve Zakat collection in Kenya (8mks)
  2. Describe categories of legal acts in Islam (6mks)
  3. State the relevance of Islamic criminal law (6mks)

MARKING SCHEME

Q1.

  1. Give reasons why Quran was revealed in Arabic                            (7mks)
    The prophet was an Arab hence the need to read and understand it before translating it
    To ease communication with the audience who were Arabs
    To challenge the eloquent Arabs to produce the like of it
    The Arabic language is rich in vocabulary
    The audience of the Quran were Arabs thus the need to understand it for them to accept it
    Being an apathy language few words could capture broad message
    For easy understanding
    For easy memorization
    Arabic language is sweet, enhancing and melodious
  2. Give reasons why the nature of revelation changed from short in Makkah to long in Madina
    In Makkah revelation was addressing a smaller community in Madina revelation was addressing larger community
    The themes in Makkah were few i.e Tawheed, denounced shirk etc while in Madina the Makkah themes remained but broader themes were introduced on complex issues e.g Muamalat, spiritual issues, law and legislations
    Revelations in Makkah was addressing an ignorant community while Madina revelation was addressing as enlightened community with an established faith.
  3. Outline the conditions to be adhered to for translation of Quran to be valid (7mks)
    Should have mastery of the Arabic language, syntax, grammar and literature for clear understanding of the text
    Translator should be a Muslim with a strong faith
    Must have a mastery of Ulumul Quran
    Must be well versed in Ulmul Hadith to explain the Quran
    Should be well versed with history of the prophet to guide on circumstances of revelation
    Should be well reserved in ulmul figh
    Should have a good mastery of both languages
    Should consider works of the Tabii( follower of Sahaba)
    Should make reference to explanations of Sahaba
    Should look into the views and reasoning of eminent Muslim scholars

Q2

  1. Give the benefits of diacritilization of the Quran (5mks)
    Made it easy for non Arabs Muslim to read or recite the Quran
    It helped to spread Islam to non Arabs region
    It helped to enhance understanding of the Quran
    It made easy for new converts to distinguish between the Arabic alphabets
    It made memorization of the Quran easier
  2. Highlight the teachings of Suratul Hajurat (8mks)
    Communities should respect their leaders
    Muslims should avoid quarrels and misunderstanding
    Muslims should respect each other in the society
    Muslims are forbidden to spy each other
    Islam condemns scandals and slandering of people
    Muslims must live by Allah’s and Prophets teachings in their behavior
    A persons honor depends on their piety not race or wealth
  3. the factors State that made the compilation of the Quran easy (5mks)
    Written bits of the text were easily available
    Quran was continuously recited in and out of prayers
    Quran used to be recited in the months of Ramadan
    Quran was implemented in the sharia thus fully practiced
    Swahabas who had committed Quran who were reliable were available

Q3

  1. Differentiate between Hadith Qudsi and the Holy Quran                              (8mks)
    The Quran was revealed through Angel Jibril while Hadith Qudsi were inspired in a dream
    Quran is the 1st source of sharia while hadith qudsi is the second source
    When quoting Quran one must be exact while when quoting hadith qudsi the meaning can be paraphrased
    Content of the Quran covers all aspects of life while Hadith Qudsi covers only specific issues- devotional acts
  2. The prophet said “ whoever destroys a plant in Holderness which gives a shelter to passersby without a good reason, Allah will direct his head into hell fire”. In light of the above hadith give the Islamic teachings on the care of the environment       (6mks)
    Muslims are discouraged from cutting down trees unnecessary
    Muslims should plant trees as an act of charity
    Muslims should maintain trees for sustenance of other creatures
    Should care for plant that provide us with food, shelter, timber, medicines etc
    We should plant trees for rains and water catchment
  3. Give the characteristics of the golden age of hadith (period of Tabi Tabiun) (8mks)
    Hadith flourished under laborious and critical research of the traditionalist
    The six authentic books of hadith appeared at this time
    Scholars separated hadith of sayings auditions
    Study of science of biography of narrators was done
    Study of authenticity of hadith was done
    Hadith were classified to ease research and simplify study
    Hadith were subjected to critical investigations on chain of transmission

Q4

  1. Describe the major forms of polytheism (8mks
    Shirkul Dua- involves supplicating/praying to other being besides Allah
    Shirkul Niya- Intending /purposing acts of worshipping to others instead of Allah
    Shirkul Mahabbah- ascribing love due to Allah to other beings
    Shirkul Twa’a-rendering obedience for Allah to other creatures
  2. Outline the effects of beliefs in the last day to the life of a Muslim (6mks)
    Helps one avoid evils for the fear of wrath of Allah
    Makes one do good deeds as to get the best of both worlds
    Gives a Muslims a chance to mend their ways as to have a clean records
    This belief installs the fear of God in a Muslim
    Belief in the last day strengthens the belief in Allah
  3. Give the importance on belief in Qadar and Qadha
    Makes man contented, devoted and trustful in Allah
    Makes man steadfast in righteousness aidpiety
    It makes man humble always
    It helps to console man in times of difficulties and calamities
    It strengthens the conviction of Allah in determining what befalls man
    It motivates man to fulfill their religious obligations
    It reminds us always that Allah is the absolute master and controller of the universe

Q5

  1. Differentiate between Sijdatu Shukr and Sijdatul Swalah (6mks)
    Sijdatul shukr has no defined dua one expreses their gratitude in the Sijda while Sijdatul Swalah has a well defined dua subhana rabbi al aala wa binamdihi
    Sijdatul shukr one prostrates once while sijdatul swalah prostrate twice
    Sijdatul shukr can be optional while Sijdatul Swalah is an integral part of swala
    One can perform Sijdatuul Shukr in any state not necessary when with Wudhu while Sijdatul swala one must have Wudhu to perform it.
    Sijdatul Shukr one can face any direction while Sijdatul Swala one must face Kibla
  2. Describe the performance of Hajji (8mks)
    8th dhulhijja- pilgrim takes a bath puts on ihram and makes the intention of performe hajji
    9th dhuhijja- after fajr pilgrims proceed to the plain of Arafat
    10th dhuhijja- jamarat aqaba
    Slaughtering offering a sacrificial animal
    Shaving of the head
    Tawatul ifadha
    11th -13th dhulhijja- jamaratu; wusta
    (saayi (brisk walk between Swafa wal marwa)
    tawaful widaa
  3.  Explain the reasons that led to the emergence of schools of thought (7mks)
    Different jurists came from different geographical places with different customs and practices
    Different schools attitudes towards understanding and accepting hadith
    Different imams had values attached to the various sources of law
    Imams accepted and applied different facilities of reasoning in deducing laws
    Different in linguistic interpretations of certain versions of the Quran and hadith
    Emergence of new matters as Islam expanded which legal injunctions
    The need to simplify Quran and Hadith for easy understanding as primary sources
    Expansion of Muslim empire thus varied culture and customs

Q6.          

  1. Outline the measures that can be put in place to improve Zakat collection in Kenya (7mks)
    Establishing agencies/ organization in charge of collection zakat
    Employing qualified and competent personnel to run zakat organization
    Introducing Islamic auditing in Zakat collection and distribution to eliminate in efficiency, corruption and embezzlement
    Identify priority areas in zakat distribution
    Carrying out assessment in the Muslim community to identify those who should pay zakat and those deserving
    Inventing zakat resources in Islamic accepted ventures with profits
    Creating awareness on importance of zakat and zakat calculation through seminars, mass media and training
    Bench mark/ exchange experience with similar bodies in the Muslim world to adopt good zakat practices
  2. Describe categories of legal acts in Islam                                     (6mks)
    Fardh and wajib act which are obligation and essential
    Sunnah –duties recommended by the prophet as observed by him
    Halal and Haram- Acts which are permitted and those prohibited
    Mubah-acts which are neither forbidden nor dislikable
    Makruh – acts are abominable, improper and offensive
    Sahih and Batil- acts which are right because e of fulfilment of conditions necessary or wrong for failure to meet
  3. State the relevance of Islamic criminal law (6mks)
    It guarantees maintenance of law and order in the community
    Ensures that justice prevails where by those quality are punished
    Refers future potential criminal from committing the crime
    It gave criminals an opportunity to form re jail
    Its fair and just as the punishment meets the standards
    Rulings gives satisfactions thus people don’t take matters into their own hands.

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