CRE PAPER 1- 2019 MOKASA II MOCK EXAMINATION

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Instructions to Candidates

  • The paper consists of Six questions
  • Answer five questions
  • Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.
  1.  
    1. Explain seven reasons why the Bible is considered as a word of God. (7 marks)     
    2. State seven effects of translating the Bible into African languages.   (7 marks)
    3. Identify six ways in which the Bible is misused in Kenya.               (6 marks)
  2.  
    1. Describe the background to the call of Abraham.             (8 marks)
    2. Explain six importance of God’s covenant with Abraham.   (6 marks)       
    3. Give six ways in which Christians show their faith in God.   (6 marks)
  3.  
    1. Explain seven evidences showing David as an ancestor of Jesus Christ 2Samuel 7 verse 1 – 2.    (7 marks) 
    2. Identify seven ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel 1 Kings 12 verse 25 – 33   (7 marks) 
    3. State six lessons Christians learn from the failures of King Saul. (6 marks)
    1. Explain six categories of true Prophets in the Old Testament. (6 marks)
    2. Describe the teaching of Amos on Israel’s election.                                         (6 marks)
    3. Give eight factors that hinder Christian from practicing their faith in God.  (8 marks)       
  4.  
    1. Describe the political background to Nehemiah.             (7 marks)
    2. Outline seven problems that Nehemiah Encountered when rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem.   (7 marks)
    3. Identify six problems that Christian leaders in Kenya face in their work today.   (6 marks)
  5.  
    1. Explain the significance of rituals associated with death in Traditional African communities.  (8 marks)
    2. Identify five changes that have taken place in traditional African understanding of widows and orphans? (5 marks)
    3. Explain seven African Moral Values that are applicable to Christians today.   (7 marks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. Explain seven reasons why the Bible is considered as a word of God.(7 marks)   
      1. The people / authors who wrote the Bible where under the influence of the Holy Spirit Inspired.
      2. It shows the will / desire of God for human beings.
      3. Through the Bible God guides people in their lives.
      4. It transforms lives of people / source of moral values.
      5. Part of the Bible was directly written by God e.g. The Ten Commandments.
      6. Prophecies / promises made in the Bible have been / are being fulfilled.
      7. It reveals the actions done by God.
      8. It outlines God’s plan of salvation fulfilled through Jesus Christ who is referred as the word of God.
      9. It remained relevant for all generations / never changes.
      10. It portrays the nature of God. (7x1 = 7 marks)
    2. State seven effects of translating the Bible into African languages.   (7 marks)
      1. The Bible has led to the development of African languages.
      2. It has led to the spread of the word of God to many places / people / expansion / evangelization.
      3. Through the translation people are able to apply Bible teachings in their lives.
      4. It has contributed to improved literacy levels among Africans / development of formal education.
      5. It has led to emergence of African independent churches / schools / African leadership.
      6. It has contributed to numerical growth of the church membership / faith.
      7. The translation of the Bible has made Africans to incorporate their cultural practices into Christian worship / Africanisation.
      8. It has enhanced the development of printing presses / bookshops.
      9. It has led to ecumenical cooperation among Christians in Africa / Bible society.
      10. It has led to creation of jobs for Africans who worked as Bible translators and teachers
      11. It led to rise of an affluent Christian community who contributed to church growth.
      12. Africans supported and joined the struggle for independence due to the knowledge gained on equality of all Human Beings. (7x1 = 7 marks)
    3. Identify six ways in which the Bible is misused in Kenya.  (6 marks)
      1. It is used to take oaths in courts by people who may not be believe/ not saying the truths.
      2. It is kept in places associated with evil.
      3. There is distortion of the Biblical teaching / Specific verses are picked to fulfil individual demands / Misinterpretation.
      4. Some people use the Bible like an ordinary text book / references.
      5. It is being used in witchcraft / cults to misled people.
      6. Some versions translated have changed the original meaning.
      7. Some people are using it to enrich themselves / a tool for trade.
      8. The Bible is not used for spiritual growth but kept for display.
      9. Some people use the Bible to threaten others / administer curses. (6x1 = 6 marks)
  2.  
    1. Describe the background to the call of Abraham. (8 marks)
      1. His father was Terah.
      2. He was an A morite by tribe – a semitic community that lived in the fertile crescent of m iddleEast.
      3. Initially they lived in Ur but later migrated to Haran.
      4. They practiced nomadic pastoralism.
      5. They worshipped many gods but the main one was moon go
      6. They used to offer sacrifices including human sacrifice.
      7. They used to make covenants between human beings and god and between warring groups.
      8. His name was initially Abram.
      9. He married aria in Ur.
      10. He was childness before his call.
      11. His father died in Haran Abraham was left in charge of the family. He had two brothers Nahor and Haran. (8x1 = 8 marks)
    2. Explain six importance of God’s covenant with Abraham.(6 marks) 
      1. God establish a personal relationship with Abraham – become God’s friend.
      2. It showed that Abraham had faith / trust.
      3. It demonstrated Abraham obedience to God.
      4. Abraham was assured of God’s protection
      5. God revealed to Abraham that he would have son as his heir /manydescendants.
      6. It confirmed Abraham as God’s choice through whom all nations shall receive salvation.
      7. The descendants of Abraham were promised the land of Canaan.
      8. It confirmed that God was willing and determined to fulfil what he had made with Abraham.
      9. It showed that God was in control of Abraham’s life / other events. (6x1 = 6 marks)
    3. Give six ways in which Christians show their faith in God. (6 marks)
      1. Praying to God.
      2. Giving tithes and offering.
      3. Reading the Bible / Bible study.
      4. Singing Christian songs.
      5. Attending fellowships.
      6. Helping the needy.
      7. Leading holy lives / obeying God’s law.
      8. Repenting their sins.
      9. Partaking sacraments e.g. The Lord’s supper, baptism 
      10. Caring for God’s creation.
      11. Celebrating Christian festivals.(6x1 = 6 marks)
  3.  
    1. Explain seven evidences showing David as an ancestor of Jesus Christ 2 Samuel 7 verse 1 – 2.                                              (7 marks)   
      1. The Gospel writers tell us that Jesus was born in the family of David.
      2. During the annunciation of the birth of Jesus, the angel said he will be a King like his father David.
      3. Zechariah in his Benediches says that, God has raised up a savior descended from the house of David.
      4. Jesus was born in Bethlehem which was also the birth place of David.
      5. The blind man at Jericho hailed Jesus as the son of David.
      6. Jesus was hailed Jesus as the son of David.
      7. Saint Paul asserted that the Good News of Salvation is about the son of God who took human nature and was born from the David’s lineage.
      8. In his genealogy saint Mathew also says that a descendant of David.  (7x1 = 7 marks)
    2. Identify seven ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel 1 Kings 12 verse 25 – 33     (7 marks)
      1. He made two golden calves to represent Yahweh.
      2. He set up two rival places of worship at Dan and Bethel and ignored Jerusalem.
      3. He made Israelites to offer sacrifices to the golden calves.
      4. He made priests from ordinary families / who were not Levites to serve at worship centres.
      5. He built other places of worship / shrines on hill tops
      6. He burnt incense at altars of the idol / offered sacrifices.
      7. He instituted religious festivals at the months of his choice.
      8. He lured the people against Yahweh.   (7x1 = 7 marks)
    3. State six lessons Christians learn from the failures of King Saul.      (6 marks)
      1. Christians learn that they should be patient / wait upon God.
      2. Christians should avoid evil deeds / thoughts in their lives.
      3. They should obey God / his teaching / authority.
      4. Christians should not be greedy / selfish.
      5. They should be responsible / true to their duties.
      6. Christians should ask for forgiveness / repent.
      7. Christians should be honest in their dealings.  (6x1 = 6 marks)
  4.  
    1. Explain six categories of true Prophets in the Old Testament.  (6 marks)
      1. Major Prophets – their messages / books are elaborated / detailed.
      2. Minor Prophets – They have short / Brief messages.
      3. Canonical prophets – They are Prophets whose utterances are recorded in books that bear their names.
      4. Non-canonical Prophets – They are Prophets whose oracles /messages have been compiled by other authors.
      5. Cultic Prophets – They are Prophets whose duties are associated with places of worship.
      6. Early Prophets – called by God and sent for specific task or assignment.
         N/B: (The students must state and explain to earn a mark)         (6x1 = 6 marks)
    2. Describe the teaching of Amos on Israel’s election.             (6 marks)
      1. Israel’s election was out of God’s own initiative / favour for them.
      2. God delivered the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt.
      3. He led them during Exodus
      4. He protected them in the wilderness. He defeated all their enemies.
      5. God gave them special land to inherit.
      6. God raised Prophets among them to lead them in their religious life.
      7. God was to punish the Israelites because of their disobedience.(6x1 = 6 marks)
    3. Give eight factors that hinder Christian from practicing their faith in God.                          (8 marks)   
      1. Lack of role models / mentors.
      2. Job commitment.
      3. Social injustices.
      4. Peer pressure.
      5. False teachings / different interpretation of the Bible.
      6. Greed for power / wealth.
      7. Permissiveness in society / moral decadence.
      8. Science and technology.
      9. Poverty / unemployment.
      10. Sickness / ill health.
      11. Influence from mass media.
      12. Discrimination based on cultural influence / ethnicity / racism/ tribalism/ gender bias.
      13. Generation gap.
      14. Insecurity / disasters.
      15. Natural calamities / disasters. (8x1 = 8 marks)
  5.  
    1. Describe the political background to Nehemiah. (7 marks)
      1. Judah was conquered by the Babylonians and most people were taken to exile in Babylon.
      2. The City of Jerusalem and the Temple were ruined.
      3. In 539 BCE the Persians under Cyrus the great conquered the Babylonians.
      4. King Cyrus of the Persians issued a decree for the Israelites to go back to Judah.
      5. The first group was led by Shezbazzer in 538BC.
      6. The second was led by Ezra in 438BC.
      7. The third group was led by Nehemiah in 445 BC.         
      8. Nehemiah led the Israelites to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem in 52days.
      9. Nehemiah was appointed to be the governor of Judah by the Persians.
      10. Judah remained a subject state of the Persians whom paid tributes. (7x1 = 7 marks)
    2. Outline seven problems that Nehemiah Encountered when Rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem.   (7 marks)
      1. The officials of Tekoa did not cooperate with him in the work / had a negative attitude towards manual work. (Neh. 3:5)
      2. Nehemiah was ridiculed by sanballat and Tobiah (Nehemiah 2verse17-19)
      3. He received threats of violence from his enemies.
      4. A trap was laid to derail his mission of rebuilding the wall (Nehemiah 4 verse 14)
      5. There was a threat by his enemies to kill him (Nehemiah 6verse14)
      6. He faced opposition from the Jewish nobles (Nehemiah 4 verse 19)
      7. He encounter false accusations from his enemies. (Nehemiah 6 verse 5-9)
      8. Insecurity from his enemies (7x1 = 7 marks)
    3.  Identify six problems that Christian leaders in Kenya face in their work today.  (6 marks)
      1. Church leaders are rejected / persecuted.
      2. They have rivalry among themselves / inferiority / superiority complex.
      3. They experience discrimination based on nepotism / tribalism / gender status.
      4. There is hypocrisy among church members / religious syncretism.
      5. Inadequate finance / materials for their work / poverty.
      6. They encounter language barriers while spreading the word of God.
      7. They encounter temptations in their duties.
      8. There is political interference in their work.
      9. They are faced with competition from false prophets / cults.  (6x1 = 6 marks)
  6.  
    1. Explain the significance of rituals associated with death in Traditional African communities.      (8 marks)
      1. Wailing / crying is a sign of sorrow / announcing death.
      2. Making sacrifices to appease the ancestors / deceased / spirits.
      3. Prayers are made to ask the ancestors to accept the dead in the world of spirits.
      4. Sharing hair by members of the bereaved family signify new life in the community.
      5. Singing and dancing depict anger towards death / oiling the body before burial show respect to the departed.
      6. Washing / oiling the body before burial show respect to the departed.
      7. Burying the dead in the ancestral land shows that on is still a member of the community.
      8. Driving of cattle / livestock shows chasing away of evil spirits that caused death.
      9. Feasting / drinking of beer to normalize life.
      10. Breaking of pots / destruction of property among relatives as a sign of solidarity.
      11. Lighting fire near the grave signifies chasing away evil spirits associated with death.
      12. Pouring of libation / sacrifices shows continuity of life.
      13. Burying the dead in a particular position signifies protection / responsibility.
      14. The corpse is properly dressed out of the belief that they will be reborn in the spirit world.
      15. Normal activities are halted for sometimes by family and close relatives to mourn the dead.  (8x1 = 8marks)
    2. Identify five changes that have taken place in traditional African understanding of widows and orphans?     (5 marks)
      1. There are many cases of road accidents and diseases like HIV/ADIS.
      2. Most of the windows and offers suffer because of the breakdown in Kinship system.
      3. Due to lack of care, many orphans have become street children.
      4. Inheritance of widow is discouraged due to the fear of HIV/AIDS.
      5. The care of widows and orphans has shifted to the government and other organizations.  (5x1 = 5 marks)
    3. Explain seven African Moral Values that are applicable to Christians today.       (7 marks)
      1. Hospitality: Christians welcome visitors in their homes.
      2. Honesty: Christians tell and act truthful.
      3. Loyalty: Christians are faithful to one another, family and community.
      4. Respect of God, the elderly and physical environment.
      5. Co-operation: Christians work together for a common god, assisting one another in times of need.
      6. Obedience: Christians lay down rules and regulations to be obeyed.
      7. Intergrity: Christian behave according to the laid down moral principles.
      8. Humility: Christians give oneself, time and resources to the community for its welfare.
      9. Responsibility: Christians recognize their irritability to do something better than others.
      10. Sharing Christians give oneself, time and resources to the community
      11. Chastity: Christian youth abstain from sex before marriage. This protects the dignity of the individual and earns one respect until marriage.
      12. Unity: Christians come together to worship / doing of church activities.
      13. Courtesy: Christians show polite and pleasant expression towards others.
      14. Tolerance / perseverance: Christians bear or put up with difficult situations. Not giving up with difficult situations. Not giving up in pursuit of a goal. It call for patience and forgiveness. (7x1 = 7 marks)

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