Geography Paper 1 Questions - Alliance Girl's High School Mock December 2020

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Instructions to candidates.

  1. Write your name and index number in the spaces provided above. 
  2. Sign and write the date of the examination in the spaces provided above.
  3. This paper has two sections: A and B. 
  4. Answer all the questions in sections A.
  5. Answer question 6 and any other two questions from Section B. 
  6. All answers must be written in the answer booklet provided. 
  7. This paper consists of 6 printed pages. 
  8. Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.
  9. Candidates should answer the questions in English.

For Examiner's Use Only

Section  Questions  Maximum Score Candidate's Score 
 A  1-5  25  
 B     6  25  
  Total Score  


Answer all questions in this section.

  1. The diagram below represents the structure of the earth. Use it to answer question follow (a)
    1. Name the;
      1. layers marked E and F (2 marks)
      2. mineral that make up the layer marked G (1 mark)
    2. Give two effects of the rotation of the earth on its axis. (2 marks)
    1. What is a glacier? (2 marks)
    2. Name three types of glacier. (3 marks)
    1. Name two boundaries according to the plate tectonic theory. (2 marks)
    2. Give three effects of the movement of tectonic plates. (3 marks)
    1. What is an earthquake? (2 marks)
    2. Identify the scales used to measure:
      1. the intensity of earthquake. (1 mark)
      2. the magnitude of earthquake (1 mark)
    1. Give three characteristics of a river in its middle stage. (3 marks)
    2. The diagram below shows a Bird's Foot delta.
      Identify the features marked H and J. (2 marks)

Answer question 6 and any other two questions in this section

  1. Study the map of Busia 1:50,000 (sheet 101/1) provided and answer the following questions.
      1. What type of map is Busia map extract? (1 mark)
      2. Identify the two types of scales on the map extract. (2 marks)
      1. Measure the length of the road C 529 from Matayo to Lwanda. (2 marks)
      2. Calculate the area of to the East of road B 8/3 and south of road C 526 on the South Eastern part of the area (2 marks)
    3. Describe the drainage of the area covered by the map. (5 marks)
    4. Citing evidence from the map, give three economic activities carried out on the area covered by the map (6 marks)
    5. Using of a scale of 1 cm to represent 100 metres, draw a cross-section along Easting 26 from Northing 31 to Northing 39 (2 marks)
      On the cross-section, mark and name the following features:
      1. A hill (1 mark)
      2. Road C 529(1 mark)
      3. A stream(1 mark)
      4. Nawolo swamp(1 mark)
      5. Foot path(1 mark)
    1. Describe the characteristics of rock under the following headings;
      • colour(2 marks)
      • cleavage(2 marks)
      • hardness(2 marks)
      1. Give two types of igneous rock.(2 marks)
      2. Describe how coral rocks are formed.(4 marks)
    3. Explain four significance of rocks to the economy of Kenya. (8 marks)
    4. You are planning to carry out a field study on the rocks within your school environment.
      1. Give two secondary sources of information you would use to prepare for the field study. (2 marks)
      2. Suppose during the field study you collected marble, sandstone and granite. Classify each sample according to its mode of origin. (3 marks)
      1. Give four reasons why some lakes in Kenya have saline water. (4 marks)
      2. Apart from Lake Magadi, name two lakes within the Rift Valley in Kenya that have high levels of salinity. (2 marks)
    2. Describe how the following lakes are formed:
      1. Crater lake; (5 marks)
      2. Oasis;(4 marks)
      3. Lagoon.(4 marks)
    3. Give two ways in which lake breezes influence the climate of the adjacent land.(2 marks)
    4. Explain how each of the following has affected lakes in Kenya:
      1. deforestation,(2 marks)
      2. industrialisation (2 marks)
    1. State the effects of fohn winds to the climate of the areas it blows to. (3 marks)
      1. What is meant by the term Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)? (2 marks)
      2. Identify the type of rainfall associated with the ITCZ.(1 mark)
    3. Explain how the rainfall associated with ITCZ is formed. Illustrate your answer. (8 marks)
    4. Describe the characteristics of the vegetation found in Equatorial forests. (6 marks)
    5. Suppose you are to carry a field study on vegetation around the school. State five characteristics of vegetation you would study. (5 marks)
      1. What are tides? (2 marks)
      2. Give three causes of ocean currents. (3 marks)
      3. Name the three ocean currents along the western coast of Africa. (3 marks)
      1. State three characteristics of submerged lowland coasts. (3 marks)
      2. Explain three factors that determine the rate of coastal erosion. (6 marks)
    3. With the aid of labelled diagrams, describe the process through which a stack is formed. (8 marks)

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