Instructions to candidates.
- Write your name and index number in the spaces provided above.
- Sign and write the date of the examination in the spaces provided above.
- This paper has two sections: A and B.
- Answer all the questions in sections A.
- Answer question 6 and any other two questions from Section B.
- All answers must be written in the answer booklet provided.
- This paper consists of 6 printed pages.
- Candidates should check the question paper to ascertain that all the pages are printed as indicated and that no questions are missing.
- Candidates should answer the questions in English.
For Examiner's Use Only
|Section||Questions||Maximum Score||Candidate's Score|
Answer all questions in this section
- What is balance of trade? (2 marks)
- Give three reasons why Kenya experiences unfavourable balance of trade. (3 marks)
- Name two cocoa growing regions in Ghana. (2 marks)
- Give three reasons for the decline of cocoa production in Ghana. (3 marks)
- State two human factors that influence industrial development in Kenya.(2 marks)
- Name three major industrial zones in Japan. (3 marks)
- Distinguish between land rehabilitation and land reclamation(2 marks)
- State three factors that must be considered before land reclamation. (3 marks)
- What is a road by-pass? (2 marks)
- State three benefits of constructing the Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) (3 marks)
Answer questions 6 and any other two questions from this section.
- The table below show world wheat productions by various regions in percentage
Regions Percentage Asia Europe North America USSR Others
- Draw a pie - chart of 5 cm diameter to illustrate the information given above. (7 marks)
- Name two counties in Kenya where wheat is grown on commercial scale, (2 marks)
- State three physical factors that favours wheat growing in Kenya, (3 marks)
- Identify two towns located in the wheat growing belt in Canada (2 marks)
- Explain three factors which have favoured wheat growing in the Canadian Prairies. (6 marks)
- State five problems facing wheat farming in Kenya. (5 marks)
- Differentiate between forestry and agroforestry. (2 marks)
- Name two industries associated with forestry (2 marks)
- State three factors that favour forestry in Kenya (3 marks)
- Give four reasons why only a small part of Kenya is forested (4 marks)
- Compare forestry in Kenya and Canada under the following sub-headings
- Tree harvesting (2 marks)
- Transportation of logs (2 marks)
- Explain three problems that are experienced in exploitation of hardwood forest in Kenya, (6 marks)
- Give four measures that the government of Kenya is taking to conserve forests. (4 marks)
- Name two varieties of coffee grown in Kenya (2 marks)
- State four physical conditions that favour the growing of coffee in Kenya (4 marks)
- Describe the production of coffee from harvesting to processing in Kenya. (8 marks)
- Give five problems faced by coffee farmers in Brazil (5 marks)
- Explain how the following factors influence coffee farming in Brazil;
- Land tenure(2 marks)
- Transport(2 marks)
- Market(2 marks)
- What is meant by the term mining (2 marks)
- Outline four way through which minerals occur. (4 marks)
- State five factors that determine the exploitation of minerals. (5 marks)
- Describe how minerals are mined using solution method. (7 marks)
- You intend to conduct a field study on Gold Mining in Kenya.
- Name two areas you would visit for study. (2 marks)
- Identify three ways in which you would present the data collected (3 marks)
- Give two reasons why you would use interviewing as your method of data collection (2 marks)
- Identify three traditional methods of fishing used in Kenya (3 marks)
- Name two areas in Kenya where fish hatcheries are located (2 marks)
- State five reasons why marine fisheries in Kenya are under developed (5 marks)
- Explain four ways through which fish farming is contributing to the economy of Kenya (8 marks)
- State three factors that favour fishing in Japan (3 marks)
- Describe long-lining as a method of fishing. (4 marks)