CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Pavement Mock Exams 2021/2022

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

  • This paper consists of six questions.
  • Answer any five questions.
  1.  
    1. Identify eight activities performed by God in the second account of creation Gen 2:4 - 25. (8marks)
    2. Outline the Similarities between traditional African view of evil and the biblical concept of sin. (7marks)
    3. Five consequences of evil in the society today. (5marks)
  2.  
    1. Describe the background to the call of Abraham. (6 marks)
    2. Explain the importance of the Ten plagues to the Israelites. (7 marks)
    3. State seven ways in which Christians identify themselves in the society today. (7 marks)
  3.  
    1. How did David promote the worship of Yahweh in Israel? (7 marks)
    2. Give six reasons why it was difficult for Elijah to fight against idolatry in Israel.  (6 marks)
    3. State seven factors that lead people away from the worship of God today. (7 marks)
  4.  
    1. State seven similarities between the Old Testament and traditional African prophets.  (7marks)
    2. State six teachings of prophet Amos about the Day of the Lord. (6 marks)
    3. Give seven ways in modern Christian practice social justice in modern society. (7 marks)
  5.  
    1. Identify SEVEN promises the Israelites made during the renewal of the covenant under Nehemiah. (7marks)
    2. Identify the reforms that Nehemiah implemented as a Governor of Judah. (7marks)
    3. State the relevance of Nehemiah’s experiences to Christians today. (6marks)
  6.  
    1. Explain seven factors that contributed to harmony and mutual responsibility in Traditional African Communities. (7marks)
    2. What efforts is the Kenyan government making to conserve African cultural heritage. (7marks)
    3. Identify the changes that have taken place in the property ownership in African Traditional Communities. (6marks)


MARKING SCHEME

    1. Identify eight activities performed by God in the second account of creation Gen 2:4 - 25. (8marks)
      • God created heavens and earth
      • He molded man from soil and gave him the breath of life
      • He planted the garden of Eden
      • God put man in the garden of Eden to cultivate and guard it
      • He commanded man to eat from all trees except from the tree in the middle of the garden.
      • He created all types of animals and gave them to man to name
      • He made Adam to go into deep sleep
      • He created woman from the man’s ribs
      • He brought the woman to man Adam
      • God planted all types of trees 
        First 8 x 1 = 8 marks
    2. Outline the Similarities between traditional African view of evil and the biblical concept of sin. (7marks)
      • In both, evil and sin interfere with the smooth running of the community.
      • In both cases evil and sin led to suffering and death.
      • In both they are caused by disobedience to God.
      • In both sin and evil are punishable by God.
      • Is not the origin of evil and sin in both cases?
      • Failure in performing social and religious obligations may lead to evil and sin.
      • In both cases, sin and evil cause separation between God and human beings.
      • In both cases evil and sin can be corrected through people leading upright lives.
        Any 7 x 1 = 7mark
    3. Five consequences of evil in the society today. (5marks)
      • Death
        ​the society today has embarked on creating weapons of mass destruction to control a section of people. This includes biological, chemical and nuclear weapons of whose end result is to destroy and cause death. Jealousy, envy, racism hatred and devilish thoughts by a section of people to control the world is the cause of death.
      • Diseases
        ​the manufacture of biological and chemical weapons causes diseases.
      • Hatred among people.
        ​hate is sowed by people who take advantage of a situation to divide and rule the masses. A good example of people who cause hatred are some politicians and other leadership positions to the advantage of their egocentric interests.
      •  Accidents.
        ​whenever a police officer takes bribes from a rogue motorist and accepting un-road worthy vehicles to carry passengers, it causes accidents and eventually death.
      • Poverty
        ​poverty is created through corruption, greed and selfishness by a section of people who control the economy of a country. They continue enriching themselves by exploiting masses thus creating more poverty.
      • Environmental pollution.
        ​human greed to satisfy his wants has caused a severe destruction of environment.
      • Family conflicts
        ​as a result of alcoholism, cheating and lack of transparency. family conflicts can also be caused by people who want to take advantage of the situation to exploit their selfish interests.
      • Calamities.
        natural calamities are majorly as a result of environmental pollution and manufacturing of weapons of mass destruction by humans, Biblically it is also a punishment from God for sins committed by humans 
        5x1=5marks
  1.  
    1. Describe the background to the call of Abraham. (6 marks)
      • Abraham’s father was called Terah.
      • He had two brothers: Haran and Nahor.
      • Haran had a son called Lot.
      • Abram’s wife was Sarai and she was barren.
      • Terah and his family lived in the city of Ur among the Chaldeans.
      • They worshipped idols / moon worshippers.
      • They built altars / offered sacrifices including animals and human beings.
      • After Haran’s death, Terah moved with his family and settled in Haran among his semetic people.
      • Nahor refused to accompany his father and the family.
      • It was after the death of his father at the age of 205 years that Abraham was called by God.
        6x1=6marks
    2. Explain the importance of the Ten plagues to the Israelites. (7 marks)Israelites accepted Moses as leader.
      • Accepted Moses as a servant of God / as having been sent by God.
      • Strengthened their faith in Yahweh as their God.
      • Realized that Egyptian gods had no power.
      • Realized that God had not forgotten them / God is faithful to His promises.
      • Realized that God is their savior.
      • Realized that God loves and cares for His people.
      • Trusted the instructions from God through Moses / they were ready to obey God’s instructions.
      • Prepared them for the exodus.
      • They saw them as God’s justice against their oppressors / God had heard their cry for help.
        7x1=7marks
    3. State seven ways in which Christians identify themselves in the society today. (7 marks)
      • Wear specific designs of clothes / uniform
      • Abstaining from eating some kinds of food / taking some drinks.
      • Carrying / wearing the rosary / cross / flag / badges / rings
      • Have special ways of greetings / salutations.
      • Making personal testimonies / pronouncements of salvation.
      • Owning specific Bible versions / literature.
      • Speaking in tongues / faith healing / performing miracles.
      • Using specific church designs / church buildings
      • Using different titles / names
      • Ways in which they worship / prayers / doctrines / sacraments.
      • Residing in secluded homes / houses / convent.
      • Observing specific days of worship / holidays.
      • Preaching the word of God.
      • Through singing songs. 
        7x1=7marks
    1. How did David promote the worship of Yahweh in Israel? (7 marks)
      • He brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem.
      • He made Jerusalem a holy city where Israelites from all over the land came for important religious occasions.
      • He composed the Psalms which were used in worship by the Israelites.
      • He showed respect to the prophets of Yahweh/ listened to their messages.
      • He wanted to build a temple for God/made preparations for its construction.
      • When he made mistakes, he asked for Yahweh’s forgiveness/repented.
      • He sought for God’s guidance in whatever he wanted to do
      • He entered into a covenant with God.
      • He build altars / offered sacrifices
        7x1=7marks
    2. Give six reasons why it was difficult for Elijah to fight against idolatry in Israel.  (6 marks)
      • False prophets were many / they contradicted the prophets of Yahweh.
      • The king himself took part in idol worship.
      • The pagan gods / goddesses appeared to be more real / could be seen.
      • Influence of Canaanite religions was strong on the people.
      • There were many high place built in Israel.
      • Jezebel’s threat to kill Elijah.
      • Jezebel had great influence upon Ahab the king.
      • Many people had married foreigners who had great influence upon Israel.
    3. State seven factors that lead people away from the worship of God today. (7 marks)
      • Temptations in life.
      • They have pride.
      • Fear of persecution / rejection / opposition.
      • Lack / poor role models.
      • Leadership wrangles in church.
      • Education / science and technology
      • Different interpretations of the bible / misinterpretation.
      • Negative peer pressure
      • Poverty
      • Power / materialism / money. 
        7x1=7marks
    1. State seven similarities between the Old Testament and traditional African prophets.  (7marks)
      • Both mediated between God and people.
      • Both received revelation from God/they were Gods spokespeople /delivered message.
      • Both foretold the future/predicted/warned/seers
      • Both played religious as well as political role
      • Both spoke with authority/charismatic leaders
      • Both acknowledged the presence of supreme being/supernatural power
      • In both, there were prophets and prophetesses
      • Both prophesied to condemn evil in the society
      • In both, their prophecies were fulfilled
      • In both there were consulted on various issue sin society.
        7x1=7marks
    2. State six teachings of prophet Amos about the Day of the Lord. (6 marks)
      • It will be a day of terror and disaster
      • God will punish the Israelites for their disobedience/He will remember their evil deeds
      • The land shall tremble/there will be earthquakes
      • People will mourn/no happiness
      • There will be darkness at noon
      • The feasts and festivals will not be joyful
      • People will thirst/hunger for the word of God
      • People will faint in the process of searching for the word of God
      • It will be a day of disappointment to the Israelites
      • The wicked will not escape Gods judgment
    3. Give seven ways in modern Christian practice social justice in modern society. (7 marks)
      • Help in supporting fair distribution of wealth and resource.
      • Sharing their belongs / resources with the needy / poor.
      • Pointing / condemning evil society
      • Reporting those practicing injustice to the authority.
      • Helping in building schools, hospitals, homes for the aged etc.
      • Visiting the sick, prisoners, bereaved etc.
      • Helping the poor in society
      • Helping in fighting the oppression and exploitation by the rulers / rich.
      • Praying for peace, love and justice
      • Calling for justice / rule of just laws.
  2.  
    1. Identify SEVEN promises the Israelites made during the renewal of the covenant under Nehemiah. (7marks)
      • They promised to live according to God’s law/obey all his commands and requirements.
      • They would not intermarry with foreigners living in their land.
      • They would keep the Sabbath holy.
      • Every seventh year they would cancel debts.
      • They would contribute to annual temple expenses and ensure the house of God was not neglected.
      • They would provide sacrifices and offerings for the temple and arrange of provision of wood for burnt sacrifices to the Lord.
      • They would offer the first of their harvest dedicated/their first born son and flocks as required by the law.
      • They would pay their tithes in accordance with the law.
      • They would follow the law in worship and in daily life.
        7x1=7marks
    2. Identify the reforms that Nehemiah implemented as a Governor of Judah. (7marks)
      • He denounced marriages between Jews and foreigners (Neh 13:1-3)
      • He purified the temple after sending away the Samaritan Tobiah who had been residing in the temple.
      • He reorganized the tithing system.
      • He made up a panel of four to look into the distribution of tithes to priest/Levites/musicians.
      • He upheld the law of the Sabbath.
      • Commanded the Levites to guard the temple against traders.
      • He made the Jews to be loyal to Mosaic Law. Ezra read the law and people accepted to change.
      • He reorganized the temple store room.
      • He cleansed the priesthood and the office of the Levites.
        7x1=7marks
    3. State the relevance of Nehemiah’s experiences to Christians today. (6marks)
      • Should be committed to serving the people.
      • Christians should display courage and strength in the face of difficulties/persevere in their work.
      • Christians should use their time and resources to serve others and God
      • A Christian should be honest like Nehemiah.
      • Should be compassionate to those suffering.
      • Christians should lead by example.
      • Pray to God for guidance in their undertakings/be dependent on God.
      • Should be selfless and mindful of others welfare.
      • Should condemn all forms of evil in society.
      • Should take practical measures to solve problems affecting people.
          (Any 6 x 1 = 6 marks)
    1. Explain seven factors that contributed to harmony and mutual responsibility in Traditional African Communities. (7marks)
      • Ownership of land.
      • Belief of common ancestry.
      • Religious beliefs and practices where people come together to worship God.
      • Communal sharing of resources.
      • Division of labor - Tasks performed according to sex, age, social status.
      • Kinship ties defines how individuals should relate to one another.
      • Observance of social norms - Customs/ taboos/ customs was strictly observed.
      • Traditional education which taught individuals to be responsible members of society.
      • Leisure activates promoted togetherness.
      • Political organization/ ties - There is a hierarchy of decision making within the family/clan/community.
      • Communal work.
      • Marriage united various communities.
      • Political ties enabled people to share and exercise power hence harmony.      (First 7 x 1 = 7 marks)
    2. What efforts is the Kenyan government making to conserve African cultural heritage. (7marks)
      • Through education the ministry of education has incorporated topics of African culture in oral literature/CRE.
      • Through promotion of traditional music/dance/drama festival.
      • Through the mass media programmes (Radio, TV publications)
      • The government has created the ministry of culture and social services.
      • Promotion of traditional art/craft/exhibitions.
      • Teaching of vernacular languages in lower primary schools.
      • Keeping of records in archives/museums.
      • Promotion of customary laws in the laws of Kenya e.g. marriage and inheritance.
      • Recognition/respect of traditional specialists e.g.mid wives, healers by the ministry of health Gazettment of
      • various cultural shrines e.g. Mukurwe wa Nyagathanga
        (Any 7 x 1 = 7 marks)
    3. Identify the changes that have taken place in the property ownership in African Traditional Communities. (6marks)
      • Women/ children can now own property
      • Wealth is longer determined by the number of wives/ children
      • The introduction of money economy has reduced the value attached to land
      • The roles of elders in sharing of property has been eroded
      • Land is individually owned through the issuance of title deeds
      • People write wills to share/ decide who should inherit their property
      • Property can be owned outside one’s ancestral home
      • Land can now be sold/ auctioned  
        (Any 6 x 1 = 6 marks)

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