Physics Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Asumbi Girls High School KCSE Mock 2021

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Questions 

Instructions

  • This paper consists of two sections, section I and II. Answer all the questions in both sections.
  • Mathematical tables and silent non – programmable calculators may be used.

Section I (25 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section

  1. What is the reading shown by the pointer in the figure below, if the full scale range is;
    05PhycPP2q1
    1. 0 - 2.5 (1 mark)
    2. 0 – 5 (1 mark)
  2. The following diagram shows two mirrors inclined at an angle to each other. A ray of light is incident on one of the mirrors and finally reflected from the second mirror parallel to the first mirror find the angle between the mirrors. (2 marks)
    05PhycPP2q2
  3. It is not possible to charge an electroscope by contact method using a metal rod. Explain (2 marks)
  4. A car battery is rated 40 Ah and it is expected to supply a constant current for 120 minutes.
    1. What is the strength of the current delivered? (2 marks)
    2. Explain why eight dry cells in series cannot be used to start a car engine even though they have the same e.m.f. (1 mark)
  5. A coil of insulated wire is wound around a u – shaped soft iron core X Y and connected to a battery as shown below.
    05PhycPP2q5State the polarities of the ends X and Y. (2 marks)
    X ……………………………………
    Y……………………………………
  6. The figure below shows a coil carrying a current flowing in the direction shown in a magnetic field.
    05PhycPP2q6
    On the same diagram draw the magnetic field lines across the coil. (1 mark)
  7. An object of height 5 cm is placed 25 cm from a convex mirror of focal length 15 cm. determine the image distance and hence state the nature of the image formed. (3 marks)
  8. Loudspeaker placed between two wall A and B is sending out constant wave pulses. Determine how far the loudspeaker is from wall B if it is 100m from wall A, and the time between the two echoes received is o.2 seconds (speed of sound is 340m/s) (3 marks)
  9. The following table shows part of the electromagnetic wave spectrum.
    Ultraviolet rays  
    Microwaves  
    X-rays  
    Visible light  

    1. On the right column of the table, arrange the waves in the order of decreasing energy. (1 marks)
    2. Give an application of each of the following electromagnetic waves. (2 marks)
      1. Ultraviolet rays:
      2. Microwaves:
  10. A 4 resistor is connected in series to a battery of e.m.f 6V and negligible internal resistance. Determine the power dissipated by the resistor. (2 marks)
  11. State any two laboratory safety rules that deal with electrical safety in the lab. (2 marks)

Section II (55 marks)
Answer all the questions in this section.

  1.      
    1. Define term focal length as used in thin lenses (1 mark)
    2. Give the functions of the following parts of a lens camera. (3 marks)
      1. Shutter: …………………………………………………………………………………...
      2. Film: ………………………………………………………………………………………
      3. Diaphragm: …………………………………………………………………………………
    3. A compound microscope with objective lens L1 of focal length 0.8cm and an eyepiece lens L2 of focal length 2.5cm is shown in figure below. An object O is placed in front of the objective lens at a distance u1 of 1.2cm. The system forms a final image I2 at a distance of 10cm from L2. Determine the distance of separation of lenses L1 and L2. (4 marks)
      05PhycPP2q12c
    4. The figure below (figure 9) shows an object placed in front of a convex lens. Complete the ray diagram to show the position of the image. (3 marks)
      05PhycPP2q12d
  2. The figure below shows the features of an X-ray tube
    05PhycPP2q13
    1.      
      1. What is the purpose of the oil going in and out of the anode (1mk)
      2. State the property of tungsten that makes it suitable as a target (1mk)
    2. An X-ray tube operates with a potential difference of 100kv and filament current is 20mA. Calculate;
      1. The power transferred to the target of X-ray tube (2mks)
      2. The number of electrons hitting the target per second (2mks)
      3. The maximum kinetic energy of emitted electrons (Take charge of an electron=1.6x10-19C, mass of an electron =9.1x10-31kg) (2mks)
    3. The diagram shows monochromatic radiation falling on a photocell connected to a circuit
      05PhycPP2q13c
      The incident radiation has a wavelength of 2.15x10-7m. The metal surface of the photocell has a work function of 2.26 eV.
      1. Calculate the energy in eV of a photon of the incident radiation (Take c=3.0x108m/s, h=6.63x10-34Js and e=1.6x10-19C) (3mks)
      2. What is the maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons (2mks)
      3. Write down the value of the stopping potential (1mk)
  3.      
    1. State Snell’s law (1 mark)
    2. A student prepares to swim to the bottom of a pool to pick a coin on the bed. It is only while under the water that she realizes the presence of a sharp object beside the coin that she had not seen. Explain a possible reason why it was not visible in clear swimming pool water. (1 mark)
    3. The figure below shows a ray of light travelling
      05PhycPP2q14c
      1. Calculate the refractive index of water with respect to glass given the refractive index of glass and water are 3/2 and 4/3 respectively. (2 marks)
      2. Calculate the angle Ɵ (2 marks)
    4. Using a well-labeled diagram, describe how optic fibers are used for communication. (3 marks)
  4.    
    1. Define the term capacitance. (1 mark)
    2. The figure below shows two charged plates close to each other
      1. Complete the diagram to show the electric field patterns between the plates (1 mark)
      2. Without changing the area of overlap, suggest any two ways of increasing the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor. (2 marks)
    3. You have been provided with THREE identical capacitors each of capacitance 12 F. State and show how you would combine them to get the following effective capacitance
      1. 36µF (2marks)
      2. 4µF (2marks)
      3. 8µF (2marks)
  5.           
    1.          
      1. The following nuclear reaction is part of a radioactive series
        05PhycPP2q16a
        1. Name the radiation represented by r and s (1mk)
        2. Determine the number represented by x and y (1mk)
      2. The figure below shows the features of diffusion cloud chamber used for detecting radiations from radioactive sources
        05PhycPP2q16aii
        1. State the property of alcohol that makes it suitable for use in the chamber (1mk)
        2. What is the purpose of the solid CO2? (1mk)
        3. Explain how the radiation from the radioactive source is detected in the chamber. (2mks)
        4. State one advantage of the cold chamber over a charged gold leaf electroscope when used as detectors of radiation (1mk)
    2. The graph below shows how the activity of a sample of the radioisotope technetium which is used extensively in medicine, varies with time
      1. Use the graph to determine the half-life. T ½ of technetium (1mk)
      2. Hence calculate the decay constant for technetium given that T½ = 0.6931/λ where Î» is the decay constant. (1mk)
      3. Determine the number of technetium atoms remaining in the sample after 24 hours (1mk) 

Marking Scheme

Section I

  1.      
    1. 1.85 mA
    2. 3.7 mA
  2.  
  3.        
    • metal is a good conductor of charges
    • causes earthing of the electroscope
  4.        
    1. Q = It
      40 = I x 120/60
      I = 20 A
    2. Increased internal resistance by combining cells in series, leads to insufficient current to start the car engine
  5. X – North
    Y – South
  6.          
    01MathPP1qa6   
  7.  1/f = 1/u + 1/v
    -1/15 = 1/25 + 1/v
    v= -9.375
    image is virtual   
  8. t2 - t1 = 0.25
    t1 = 2d/v = 2 x 100/340
    = 0.588 S

    2d /v =0.588+0.2
    2d/340 =0.788 s
    d=133.96
  9.        
    1.    
         
      Ultraviolet rays  X- rays
      Microwaves  UV - rays
      X-rays  Visible light
      Visible light  microwaves
    2.        
      1. Ultraviolet rays: detect forgeries, mineral analysis, vitamin D etc
      2. Microwaves: cooking, communication
  10. P = V2/R
    62/4 = 9 W
  11.        
    • do no insert foreign objects in sockets
    • Do not handle electrical apparatus with wet hands
    • Ensure all electrical switches are turned off when not in use.
  12.       
    1. is the plane perpendicular to principal axis that passes through the principal focus
    2.        
      1. Shutter: controls the exposure of the film to light
      2. Film: captures and records the image
      3. Diaphragm: controls the amount of light entering the camera
    3. For the first image 1/v=1/f-1/u =1/0.8-1/1.2 therefore v=2.4cm

      1/(d-2.4)=1/2.5-1/10 d-2.4=3.33 d=5.733
    4.       
      01MathPP1qa12d
  13.   
    1.      
      1. It is used to cool the anode by conducting heat away
      2. Has a high melting point
    2.      
      1.  P = I X V
        = 20X 10-3 X 100,000
        = 2000W
      2. I= nxe
        n= I/e
        = 20x103/1.6x10-19
        = 1,25 x1017
      3. eV = KE
        =1.6 x 10-19 x 100000
        = 1.6 x 10-14 J
    3. Energy = hc/λ
      6.63 x 10³⁴ x 3.0 x 108
                2.15 x 10-7
      = 9.251 x 10-19
      =5.782eV
  14.  
    1. The ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is constant for given pair of media
    2. Due to total internal reflection
    3.         
      1. 1n3 = 1n2 x 2n3
        3/2=4/3×2n3
        2n3 = 3/2×3/4= 9/8=1.125

      2. n=sin⁡i/sin⁡r
        1.125=sin⁡40/sin⁡r
        sin⁡ r= sin⁡40°/1.125
        ∴r=26.39
    4. Through successive total internal reflection
      01MathPP1qa14d
  15.         
    1. Charge stored per unit volt.
    2.          
      1.     
        01MathPP1qa15bi
      2.      
        • Decreasing the distance between the two plates
        • Using a dielectric material of higher dielectric constant  
    3.           
      1. capacitors arranged in parallel
        Ceff=C+ C2 + C3
        =12μF+12μF+12μF
        =36μF
      2. Capacitors in series and parallel
        1/Ceff =1/C1 +1/C2 +1/C3
        = 1/12 + 1/12 + 1/12
        = 1/4
        ∴Ceff=4μF
      3. Combining series and parallel

        Parallel
        C = 12 + 12 = 24µF

        Series
        1/C=1/24+1/12
        =1/8
        ∴C=8μ F
  16.          
    1.        
      1.    
        1. r- beta
          s- alpha
        2. x…83……….
          y…82……
      2.  
        1. volatile
        2. Lowers the temperature in the chamber until is super saturated
        3. Radiation ionizes air inside the chamber alcohol droplets form on the air ions produced by the radiation forming white tracks
      3. the type of radiation can be detected , i.e can identify the nature of radiation
    2.  
      1. 6 hours
      2. 0.1155m
      3. 4 x 106

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