History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Arise and Shine Mock Exams 2022

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Instructions to Candidates:

  1. This paper consist of THREE sections A, B and C.
  2. Answer ALL the questions in section A.
  3. Answer Any Three questions in section B and Any Two questions in section C
  4. Candidates should answer the questions using English.

For Examiner’s Use Only

SECTION

Question(s)

Marks

Scored

A

1-17

25

 

B

18

15

 

19

15

 

20

15

 

21

15

 

C

22

15

 

23

15

 

24

15

 

TOTAL

     

Questions

SECTION A [25 marks]
Answer All the Questions in This Section

  1. Name the tools made by man during the New Stone Age period. (1 mark)
  2. Give the source of the creation theory of man. (1 mark)
  3. Identify the main reason why Agriculture developed in Egypt. (1 mark)
  4. State two non-environmental reasons for domestication of crops and animals by early man.
  5. Name two main items of trade during Trans-Saharan Trade. (2 arks)
  6. Identify the major contribution of Gottlieb Daimler in the field of transport. (1 mark)
  7. State two challenges facing space explorers. (2 marks)
  8. Identify one symbol of unity among the Shona. (1mark)
  9. Give one problem which was faced by Athens as a city. (1 mark)
  10. Name two territories acquired by Germany from France during the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871. (2 marks)
  11. Name the leader of the Ndebele during the Anglo-Ndebele war of 1893. (1 mark)
  12. Give two ways in which the second empire by Samori Toure contributed to the defeat by French. (2 marks)
  13. Identify two financial institutions of the African Union. (2 marks)
  14. Give the main role of International Court of Justice as the organ of the United Nations. (1 mark)
  15. Mention two weapons used during cold war. (2 marks)
  16. What was the greatest failure of the League of Nations? (1 mark)
  17. Identify two conditions that a country should fulfill to become a member of the Non-Aligned Movement. (NAM). (2 marks)

SECTION B: 45 MARKS
Answer Any Three Questions in This Section

  1.                      
    1. Name five sub-species of Australopithecus (5 marks)
    2. Describe the cultural and economic activities of man during middle Stone Age period (10 marks)
  2.                        
    1. Identify three limitations of barter trade system. (3marks)
    2. Discuss six positive impact of Trans-Saharan Trade. (12 marks)
  3.                    
    1. List five functions of Meree as an early urban centre. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five factors which led to growth of Johannesburg into a city. (10 marks)
  4.                      
    1. State five importance of Religion in the Maji Maji Rebellion. (5 marks)
    2. Discuss five reasons why Africans were defeated during Chimurenga war. (10 marks)

SECTION C: 30 MARKS
ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

  1.                        
    1. Identify three terms of the Versailles treaty of 1919. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six reasons why the central powers were defeated in the first word war. (12 marks)
  2.                  
    1. Identify any five organs of the League of Nations. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five achievements of the United Nations Organisations. (UNO) (10 marks)
  3.                  
    1. State five functions of the British Prime minister. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five functions of the president of India. (10 marks). 

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Name the tools made by man during the New Stone Age period. (1 mark)
    • Microliths
  2. Give the source of the creation theory of man. (1 mark)
    • Bible
    • Korari
    • Vedas
  3. Identify the main reason why Agriculture developed in Egypt. (1 mark)
    • The existence of R.Nile which provided water for irrigation
  4. State two non-environmental reason for domestication of coops and animals by early man. (2marks)
    • Increase in human population
    • Competition for food between animals and human beings
    • Over hunting depleted stocks of animals
    • Hunting and gathering had become tiresome
    • Some crops and animals had economic value
    • To provided security to man.
    • Hunting and gathering was an insecure way of gathering food.
  5. Name two main items of trade during Trans-Saharan Trade. (2 marks)
    • Gold
    • Salt
  6. Identify the major contribution of Gottlieb Daimler in the field of transport. (1 mark)
    • He invented the first petrol driven engine/car.
  7. State two challenges facing space explorers. (2 marks)
    • Extreme and unfavourable space temperature/weather
    • Deadly rays in space/cosmic radiation
    • Accidents are fatal when they occur
    • It is very expensive and a preserve of the rich
  8. Identify one symbol of unity among the Shona. (1mark)
    • The Royal fire
    • Mwene Mutapa/King/Emperor
  9. Give one problem which was faced by Athens as a city. (1 mark)
    • Outbreak of plagues
    • Attacks by Spartans and Romans
  10. Name two territories acquired by Germany from France during the France-Prussian war of 1870-1871. (2 marks)
    • Lorrain
    • Alsace
  11. Name the leader of the Ndebele during the Anglo-Ndebele war of 1893. (1 mark)
    • Lobengula
  12. Give two ways in which the second empire by Samori Toure contributed to the defeat by French. (2 marks)
    • He was cut off from the Bure & Wangara gold mines and trade routes
    • He was cut off from free down where he used to obtained fire arms.
    • The southern boundary was open to attack by French from ivory coast
    • Occupation of Asante by British blocked him from advancing towards that direction
    • The local people did not support him because he was seen as an alien.
  13. Identify two financial institutions of the African Union. (2 marks)
    • African Monetary Fund
    • African Central Bank
    • African Investment Bank
  14. Give the main role of International Court of Justice as the organ of the United Nations. (1 mark)
    • Settling disputes over international borders/between nations
  15. Mention two weapons used during cold war. (2 marks)
    • Economic sanctions
    • Propaganda
    • Military assistance to enemy of opposite side
    • Financial/technical assistance to enemy of opposite side.
  16. What was the greatest failure of the League of Nations? (1 mark)
    • Failure to stop the Second World War.
  17. Identify two conditions that a country should fulfill to become a member of the Non-Aligned Movement. (NAM). (2 marks)
    • A country should be independent
    • Should not be a member of a rival power blocks.
  18.                              
    1. Name five sub-species of Australopithecus (5 marks)
      • Australopithecus anamensis
      • Australopithecus afarensis
      • Australopithecus africanus
      • Australopithecus robustus
      • Australopithecus boisei
    2. Describe the cultural and economic activities of man during middle Stone Age period(10 marks)
      • They made tools using Levallois method called Sangoan tools
      • Lived in caves and in rocks shelters
      • Hunted wild animals for meat
      • They painted pictures of animals to be hunted on walls of caves
      • They wear animal skins and made shells and necklaces
      • Communicated using clicks and grunts.
      • They invented fire hence ate cooked food.
  19.                            
    1. Identify three limitations of barter trade system. (3marks)
      • The goods are bulky to transport
      • It was not easy to agree on exact value of products.
      • The trade depends on double coincidence of wants.
      • Some goods were not easily divisible into smaller quantities.
    2. Discuss six positive impact of Trans-Saharan Trade. (12 marks)
      • stimulated emergence of urban centres along trade routes
      • It led to growth of strong kingdoms due to profits from the trade
      • It led to emergence of a class of wealthy traders in Western Sudan
      • It stimulated growth of smiting technology and industry.
      • Led to introduction of iron tools which boosted agriculture
      • It led to population increase due to increased food production
      • Facilitated the spread of Islamic religion in Sudan belt
      • Led to introduction of Islamic system of education leading to building of schools,
      • Universities, libraries etc.
      • It led to improvement of transport due to the use of camels and horses.
  20.                      
    1. List five functions of Meroe as an early urban centre. (5 marks)
      • It was the capital of the Kush kingdom.
      • It was a major iron-smelting centre
      • It was agricultural centre
      • It was a trading centre
      • It was a religious centre
    2. Explain five factors which led to growth of Johannesburg into a city. (10 marks)
      • the discovery of gold in the place
      • Improved transport and communication networks in the area.
      • It was strategically located in the plain near river Vaal.
      • Availability of water for use by city dwellers
      • Availability of energy sources to power mines, industries and for domestic use.
      • Availability of food from agriculturally productive surroundings
      • Growth of industries which attracted many people
      • Presence of financial institutions such as banking services
  21.                    
    1. State five importance of Religion in the Maji Maji Rebellion. (5 marks)
      • It gave people courage, loyalty and confidence to fight.
      • It gave spiritual strength to fighters against superior force
      • It wiped out suspicions among communities
      • Religion stood above tribal loyalties
      • Religious cults like bolero promised people the destruction of the white an.
      • It sustained the morale of the warriors.
    2. Discuss five reasons why Africans were defeated during Chimurenga war. (10 marks)
      • Disunity among the Africans
      • The British used superior weapons than Africans.
      • Lack of military practice among African fighters.
      • The British soldiers were well-trained and organized
      • British soldiers got reinforcement from Botswana and S.Africa
      • The African leaders were arrested and executed hence depressing the fighters.
      • The company leader-Rhodes was very determine to suppress the resistance.
  22.                  
    1. Identify three terms of the Versailles treaty of 1919. (3 marks)
      • The treaty declared Germany an aggressor who was supposed to pay reparations and whose military capability was to be reduced.
      • She lost all her colonial possession with the African colonies being taken from her and put under the League of Nations.
      • The treaty of St. Germaine p provided for the creation of Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Iterzegovina and Malta as Mandated territories.
      • Germany was totally disarmed and only allowed to retain a force of 100,000 soldiers and her navy was disbanded.
      • Germany’s population and size was reduced as Austria with a large German population was allowed to remain independent. Italy acquired stria, the Italian- speaking region of Austria.
      • The city Danzig to be a free city under the league
      • Rhineland was to be permanently demilitarized. Germany troops were not allowed in the region.
      • By the treaty of Versailles, Germany lost the province of Alsace and Lorraine to France.
      • The treaty established the League of Nations.
        (3x1=3mks)
    2. Explain six reasons why the central powers were defeated in the first word war. (12 marks)
      • Allied powers had many supporters supporting her.
      • Germany failure to effectively control her expensive colonies and others tuned against her.
      • USA entry into war on the side of the allies accelerated the defeat.
      • The Allies had able and focused political leaders like Lloyd George, the British premier
      • Superior naval power of the Allies
      • Germany fought the war on any fronts
      • The central powers were surrounded by the Allies as they lay in the centre of Europe. They also lacked an extensive coastline and thus were easily blockaded
      • The allies were united,
      • The Allies had financial and industrial resource in Europe and in the colonies which were used to their advantage
      • Germany was badly let down by her colleagues like Italy who decamped and Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary who had to be assisted all the time.
        (Any 6x2=12mks)
  23.                        
    1. Identify any five organs of the League of Nations. (5 marks)
      • The council
      • The assembly
      • The secretariat
      • The international court of justice
      • International labour organization
    2. Explain five achievements of the United Nations organisations. (10 marks)
      • Promoting world peace and security.
      • It helped in decolonization process i.e. Helped countries like TZ, Cameroon to gain independence
      • UN has initiated development programmes in developing countries by giving financial and technical aid. It also promotes trade and industry
      • Disarmament efforts. The UN has encourage the reduction of arms within the first 40 years by signing arms control treaties.
      • Un has helped in the promotion of human rights by adopting the universal declaration of human rights that sells rights and freedoms of individuals
      • Promoting rights of women by obtaining equal rights for women in voting, education and other legal rights.
      • Humanitarian assistance. UNO provide relief services to the victims of war, drought, earthquakes etc.
      • Promotion of democracy and good governance, i.e. they send observers to monitor national elections to ensure they are free and fair.
      • Combating terrorism. UN condemns all forms of terrorisms.
      • Promotion of healthcare. The UN is involved in vaccination, prevention, care and general healthcare of the world population.
        (5x1=10mks)
  24.                          
    1. State five functions of the British Prime minister. (5 marks)
      • Appoints and dismisses cabinet ministers with the consent of the monarch
      • He/she recommends to the sovereign the appointment of senior civil servants such as the chief justice, High commissioners.
      • He/she represents Britain international fora.
      • He/she is the leader of the party that nominates him/her
      • He/she settles disputes between various departments
      • She/she is the leader of the House of Commons.
      • He/she initiates both domestic and foreign policies
    2. Explain five functions of the president of India. (10 marks).
      • Head of state.
      • Appoints prime minister with the approval of parliament.
      • Assents to bills.
      • Dissolves parliament and calls for general elections.
      • A member of the legislature.
      • Declare state of the emergency.
      • Forms government after election.
      • Pardons offenders.
      • Leader of the general party which wins the general elections.
      • Appoints state governors and Supreme Court judge.
        (5x2=10mks)

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