History Paper 1 Questions and Answers - ACK Diocese Mumias Joint Evaluation Mock 2022

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.
  • Answer all questions in section A, three questions from section B and two questions from section C.
  • Answers to all questions must be written legibly on the answer sheets provided.
  • Answer all questions in English.

SECTION A (25MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section.

  1. Define the term Government (1mark)
  2. Give two sub-groups of the mijikenda. (2marks)
  3. State two ways through which Iron working knowledge among the Bantu contributed to their migration. (2marks)
  4. Give one evidence that show that the Chinese reached the East African coast. (1mark)
  5. Define the term citizenship. (1marks)
  6. State one way in which education has promoted national unity in Kenya. (1mark)
  7. Give one circumstance that can make the Government of Kenya limit the right to own property. (1mark)
  8. State two reasons why a constitution is important in Kenya. (2marks)
  9. Identify any two communities that showed mixed reaction towards the British occupation in Kenya. (2marks)
  10. State the main reason why the local government was established in Kenya during the colonial period. (1mark)
  11. Give any one group that provided health services in Kenya during colonial period. (2marks)
  12. State two contributions of President Daniel Arap Moi in education during his reign as a President in Kenya. (2marks) 
  13. Identify one level of government in Kenya. (1mark)
  14. Give two national philosophies that were introduced at independence in Kenya.(2marks)
  15.  State two ways in which poor leadership affects sporting activities in Kenya. (2marks)
  16. Define the term devolved government. (1mark)
  17. Give one parliamentary committee that watches over the use of public funds in Kenya. (1mark)

SECTION B (45MARKS)
Any three questions from this section.

  1.      
    1. Identify five economic activities of the Akamba in the pre-colonial period (5marks)
    2. Discuss five effects of the migration and settlement of the Bantu during the pre colonial Period. (10marks)
  2.  
    1. Give five sources of information about the East African Coast. (5marks)
    2. Explain five reasons that led to the decline of the Portuguese rule along the East Africa Coast. (10marks)
  3.  
    1. State three features of the political parties that were formed in Kenya after 1940. (3marks)
    2. Explain six roles played by the trade union movement in the struggle for independence in Kenya. (12marks)
  4.  
    1.  Identify five developments that have taken place in Agriculture since independence. (5marks)
    2. Explain five challenges facing agricultural sector in Kenya since independence.(10marks)

SECTION C (30MARKS)
Any two questions from this section.

    1. Give three conditions that a person should meet to qualify to be a Kenyan citizen by birth. (3marks)
    2. Explain any six importance of National integration in Kenya. (12marks)
  1.  
    1. State any five roles of the independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. (5marks)
    2. Explain any five challenges faced by independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission in Kenya. (10marks)
  2.  
    1. Identify ways through which the county government raises it’s revenue. (5marks)
    2.  Explain five ways through which the National government manages the use of public funds. (10marks)

Marking Scheme

  1. Define the term Government (1mark) ∙ It is the study of how people are ruled
    • To exercise authority over others
    • To rule/control others
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  2. Give two sub-groups of the mijikenda. (2marks) ∙ Kauma
    • Jibana
    • Ribe
    • Giriama
    • Chonyi
    • Rabai
    •  Duruma
    • Kambe
    • Digo
      Any 2 x 1= (2marks)
  3. State two ways through which Iron working knowledge among the Bantu contributed to their migration. (2marks)
    • From iron, they made weapons that they used to conquer their enemies ii. From iron tools were made that were used to clear the way and land for settlement.
      Any 2 x 1 = 2marks
  4. Give one evidence that show that the Chinese reached the East African coast. (1mark) i. Remains of the Chinese coins
    •  Fragments of Chinese pottery
    • Information in the periplus of Erythrean sea
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  5. Define the term citizenship. (1marks) i
    • `Legal right of a person to belong to a particular country.
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  6. State one way in which education has promoted national unity in Kenya. (1mark) 
    • Students from different communities mix up in the same schools (National Schools)
    • Students go through the same curriculum
    • Students sit for National Examinations (KNEC)
    • Participating in co -curricular activities e.g sports,drama, music
    • Some subjects teach the importance of National unity e.g History and Government, C.R.E.
    • Medium of instruction in schools is through English and Kiswahili. They are able to interact hence national unity.
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  7. Give one circumstance that can make the Government of Kenya limit the right to own property. (1mark)
    • When one received it through fraud/corrupt means
    • When the government wants to use (public use) e.g construction of a school but compensation must be given.
      Any 1 x 1 =(1marks)
  8. State two reasons why a constitution is important in Kenya. (2marks)
    • It is the basis of all Legislations in the country
    • It spells out the structure of the government and outlines functions and the powers of each arm.
    •  It ensures equality of all Kenyans
    •  It spells out the duties and rights of the citizens of Kenya.
    • It spells out the powers of those in authority/government and its relationship to the governed
    •  It is a symbol of national unity.
      Any 2x 1 = (2marks)
  9.  Identify any two communities that showed mixed reaction towards the British occupation in Kenya. (2marks) i. Luo
    • Agikuyu
    • Akamba
      Any 2 x 1=(2marks)
  10. State the main reason why the local government was established in Kenya during the colonial period. (1mark)
    • To link the central government and the local people.
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  11. Give any one group that provided health services in Kenya during colonial period. (2marks)
    • The colonial government
    • The missionaries
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  12. State two contributions of President Daniel Arap Moi in education during his reign as a President in Kenya. (2marks)
    • He expanded education at all levels- schools, colleges and universities
    • He introduced 8-4-4. System of education
    • He encouraged participation in Harambees for educational institutions and programmes
    • He introduced school feeding programme/free milk
      Any 2 x 1 = (2marks)
  13.  Identify one level of government in Kenya. (1mark)
    • National /central
    • County
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  14. Give two national philosophies that were introduced at independence in Kenya.(2marks)
    • African socialism
    • Harambee
      Any 2 x 1 = 2marks
  15. State two ways in which poor leadership affects sporting activities in Kenya. (2marks)
    • Constant wrangling leading to negligence of duty.
    • Mismanagement of funds/greed
    • Discrimination/favouring teams over others
    • Demoralization of sports men and women.
      Any 2 x 1 = (2marks)
  16. Define the term devolved government. (1mark)
    • Means delegation of powers and responsibilities from central (National to local county government.
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
  17. Give one parliamentary committee that watches over the use of public funds in Kenya. (1mark)
    • The Public Investment Committee (PIC)
    • The Public Accounts Committee (PAC)
      Any 1 x 1 = (1mark)
    1. Identify five economic activities of the Akamba in the pre-colonial period (5marks)
      • hunting and gathering
      • crop cultivation
      •  livestock keeping
      • fishing
      • trade
      • crafts- Pottery, basketry,weaving
      • bee keeping
      • iron working
        Any 5 x 1 = (5marks)
    2. Discuss five effects of the migration and settlement of the Bantu during the pre colonial Period. (10marks)
      • There was population increase in the areas where they settled.
      • There was increased trade between the Bantu and their neighbours iii. The Bantu intermarried with the neighbouring communities
      • Some smaller communities were displaced by the Bantus.
      • There was increased warfare between the Bantus and the people they found living in these areas over resources like land.
      • There was cultural exchange between the Bantu and the neighbouring communities.
      • Some smaller communities were assimilated by the Bantu.
      • The Bantus spread Iron working to other communities.
        Any 5 x 2 = (10marks)
  18.  
    1. Give five sources of information about the East African Coast. (5marks)
      • Archaeology – Erythrean sea
      •  Periplus of Chronicles
      • Swahili chronicles
      • Prolemy Geography
      • Christian Topography of Cosmos Indico pleatustes
      • Greco - Roman Documentary
      • Documents by the Arab merchants e.g Ibn Batuta.
        Any 5 x 1 = (5marks)
    2. Explain five reasons that led to the decline of the Portuguese rule along the East Africa Coast. (10marks)
      •  Portugal was a small country. She was not able to supply enough administrators and army soldiers.
      • The few Portuguese officials who were at the coast were corrupt/misused money from trade meant for administrate hence inadequate finances.
      • Portugal was far – reinforcement did not arrive on time.
      • The Portuguese officials were inefficient. They did not have skills in administration
      • Constant rebellions from the coastal people also weakened the Portuguese (ruthless rule)
      • Tropical diseases e.g malaria attacked the Portuguese /Zimba warriors. vii. Spain invasion of Portugal concentrated more on her internal matters than the East African coast.
      • Rivalry by European powers over the control of the East African coast a trade e.g Britain, France.
      • Attack from the Oman Arabs leading to the fall of Fort Jesus. This marked the end of the Portuguese rule over the East African.
        Any 5x 2 = (10marks)
  19.  
    1. State three features of political parties formed in Kenya after 1940. 3mks
      • They were national in outlook
      • They were very radical/violent
      • They demanded for independence
      • They had large followings
        Any 3x 1 = 3marks
    2.  Explain six roles played by trade unions in the struggle for independence. 12mks
      • It kept the spirit of nationalism alive following the ban of political parties in Kenya.
      • It secured international support for the cause of nationalism in Kenya.
      • It articulated African grievances in the absence of political parties
      •  It prepared some African nationalists for leadership positions e.g Tom Mboya and Martin Shikuku
      • It educated workers on their rights and this made them agitate for political independence. 
      • It contributed money to political parties to enable them sustain the struggle for independence. 
      • It organized strikes and boycotts to oppose some policies of colonial government
      • It demanded for the release of detainees which boosted the struggle for independence.
      • It mobilized /united people to support nationalist struggle.
        Any 6 x 2 = (12marks)
  20.   
    1. Identify five developments that have taken place in Agriculture in Kenya since independence.
      • Creation of the ministry of land and settlement
      • Development of large scale farming –land consolidation.
      • Development of irrigation schemes- Bura, Ahero
      • Establishment of development authorities e.g Athi River, Kerio Valley
      • Land reclamation e.g Yala swamp, Lambwe valley
      • Land Registration- Issuing of land title deeds
      • Creation of settlement schemes
      • Soil conservation – tree planting.
        Any 5 x 1 = (5marks)
    2. Explain five challenges facing agricultural sector in Kenya since Independence. 10mks
      • Population increase that has strained the available land for agriculture
      • Corruption /land grapping by those in leadership positions
      • Lack of modern technology like use of farm machinery
      • Poor transport and communication network hinders transport of farm produce
      • Rural-urban migration creating labour shortage on farms.
      • Politically instigated ethnic clashes have discouraged farming due to insecurity
      • Drought and famine have affected certain parts of the country calling for relief food
      • The unstable prices of agricultural commodities on the local and world market have discouraged farmers
      • Pests and diseases destroy the produce of farmers /poor storage
      • High costs of farm inputs e.g fertilizers, pesticides
      • Overproduction of similar agricultural products hence wastage due to lack of buyers
      • Shortage of agricultural extensional officers to advice farmers on how to improve yields 
      • HIV/AIDS has denied agricultural sector labour
      • Competition from COMESA and other developed countries over market
      • Corruption and mismanagement of co-operative societies leads to poor earning by farmers.
        Any 5x 2 = 10marks
  21.  
    1. State three conditions that a person should meet to qualify to be a Kenyan citizen by birth. 3mks
      •  If the father or mother of the person is a Kenyan citizen.
      • A child found in Kenya who is /appears to be less than eight years of age and whose nationality and parents are not known
      • A former Kenyan citizen who reapplies to regain Kenyan citizenship.
        Any 3 x 1 = (3marks)
    2.  Explain six importance of national integration in Kenya. 12mks
      • It promotes economic development
      •  It promotes and enhances patriotism and nationalism.
      •  It promotes political stability – harmony and co-existence/peace
      •  It attracts foreign investors
      • It upholds cultural values and enhances richness in culture
      • It brings unity
      • The disadvantaged /minority and assisted.
        Any 6 x 2 =(12marks)
  22.  
    1.  State any five roles of the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission. 5mks
      • To maintain and revise the voters register to ensure it is upto date
      •  To prepare, distribute and ensure safety of election materials/polling stations
      • To conduct voter education in the country in order to prepare citizens for the voting exercise
      • To conduct language proficiency tests for candidates interested in vying for different posts before nomination is carried out.
      • To announce and provide a time-table to be followed during election period
      • To receive nomination papers from candidates cleared to vie by their political parties. 
      • To announce the results and declare the winners of the respective seats 
      • It divides, delimits, names and reviews electoral areas.
        Any 5 x 1 = 5marks
    2.  Explain five challenges faced by Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission during elections in Kenya . 10mks
      • Corruption among electoral officials/other players compromises fairness of the electoral process 
      • Election violence during the election period may discourage/turn away potential voters from exercising their democratic right of voting
      •  Illiteracy of some voters may make them easily misled when voting /exposes them to danger of being misled.
      • Incompetent election officials can mismanage the process thereby undermining its effectiveness
      • Rigging may interfere with elections where the wrong candidate is declared the winner/right candidate is denied victory.
      •  Lack/inadequate civic education denies the electorate opportunity to learn about the importance of participating in elections.
      • Poor physical infrastructure where some polling stations may be inaccessible and hence denying voters in such areas a chance to vote/poor transport.
      • Harassment of voters by supporters of different candidates /parties can prevent voters from voting in certain religious/strongholds/zones.
      • Electoral equipment like BVR kits can breakdown during elections thereby slowing down the process.
        5x 2 = (10marks)
  23.  
    1. Identify five ways through which the country government in Kenya raises it’s revenue. 5mks
      •  Equitably shared national revenue
      • Own revenue raised by respective counties
      • Conditional and unconditional grants from the national government
      • Loans from capital and external institutions
      • Charges from services offered by the county e.g parking fee
      • Property rates on county property
      • Tax imposition e.g entertainment tax
      • Profits from county investments.
        Any 5 x 1 = (5marks)
    2.  Explain five ways through which the National government manages the use of public funds in Kenya. 10mks.
      •  Ensuring that the beginning of every year a budget is prepared showing the estimate of revenue and the expenditure.
      • Parliament passes legislation prescribing how National Government may borrow money. 
      • The cabinet secretary in charge of finance report to the relevant committee on the use of money, debt and progress of the repayment of loans.
      • Parliament passes legislation to ensure expenditure, control, and transparency and ensure implementation of the government programmes.
      • Cabinet secretary for finance has powers to stop the transfer of funds to a state organ in event of mismanagement
      • The government has established a system of open tendering for procurement and disposal of goods and services.
      • The controller of budget supervises on the implementation of the budget and makes a report to parliament after every four months.
      •  The auditor general audits government ministries and departments and submit report to the parliament.
      •  The principal secretaries are accountable to the National Assembly for financial management within the ministries.
      •  The Ethics and Anti – corruption commission investigates and recommends those who mismanage public funds to be prosecuted in the court of law.
      •  The Public Accounts and Public Investments committees are established by parliament to ensure proper use of public funds.
        Any 5x 2 = (10marks)

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