Music Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Cekenas Mock Exams 2022

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QUESTIONS

SECTION A: BASI SKILLS. (30MARKS)

  1.      
    1. Copy and continue the following opening to make a 16-bar melody for voice, introducing a sequence. Modulate to the relative minor before returning to the tonic. Add phrase marks. (9marks)
      2
    2. Compose a melody and set it to the text given below. Use a treble stave and a key of your choice. (6 marks)
      Dereva we acha hizo, Usalama ndo twataka
      Punguza huo mwenendo, hatujafika hatima.
  2. Harmonize the melody below for soprano, Alto, tenor and Bass (SATB). Choose appropriate Chords from chords I, ii, IV,V and vi. Use a passing 64 . (15 marks)
    3

SECTION B: HISTORY AND ANALYSIS. (54 Marks)
Answer all the questions in this section except in question 4, where you should choose any two
of the questions numbered (a), (b), ( c), (d).

  1. AFRICAN MUSIC.
    1. Identify four occasions when solo folksongs are performed. (2marks)
    2. Outline two importance of words in an African folk songs. (2marks)
    3. What is the significance of instrumental accompaniment of Africa songs and dances. (4marks)
    4. Compare Entono and Bukandit in terms of;
      1. Construction (2 marks)
      2. Melodic capabilities. (4 marks)
  2. Prescribed western composers
    1. ANTONIO VIVALD
      1. Name the period of music history in which Antonio vivaldi lived. (1mark)
      2. “The four seasons” is one of his musical composition.
        What type of works is “The four seasons”? (1mark)
      3. In what way did Vivaldi use music to depict summer seasons? (1 mark)
        What is a concerto? (1mark)
      4. State any two characteristics of vivaldi’s. concerto. (2marks)
        What type of work is Mando Furioso? (1mark)
    1. WOLFGANG AMADEAUS MOZART.
      1. What do you understand by the term. Mozart was a child prodigy? (1mark)
      2. Outline three reasons that qualify Mozart as a prodigy? (3marks)
      3. Outline two key influence on Mozart’s music in his early years. (2marks)
      4. Name Mozart’s nationality. (1 mark)
    2. JOHANNES BRAHMS.
      1. Outline three of Brahm’s styles of composition. (3marks)
      2. What is a Requiem Mass? (1mark)
      3. Outline any two characteristics of a requiem mass by Brahms. (2marks)
      4. To whom was “Variations on a theme of schuman” dedicated? (1marks)
    3. BENJAMIN BRITTEN.
      1. Name the work which made Britten internationally known. (1mark)
      2. State three influences on Britten as a composer. (3marks)
      3. For which medium was ”Variations on a theme of Frank Bridge” Scored? (1mark)
      4. Define song cycle. (1mark)
      5. Name in one tittle, the song cycles by Britten. (1mks)
  3. ANALYSIS OF AFRICAN MUSIC.
    POKOT FOLKSONG BY ORTUM BOYS HIGH SCHOOL. (A PPMC Recording of KMF).
    1. Give the musical style that describes the style of the horn sustaining one pitch. ( 1mk)
    2. Outline three ways in which the soloist has enhanced harmonic effect in the performance in the recording. (3marks)
    3. Identify any four characteristics of African music that are evident in the recording. (4marks)
    4. Give the local name of each of the following instruments. (2 marks)
      1. Jingles
      2. Horns.
  4. ANALYSIS OF WESTERN PRESCRIBED MUSIC.
    Choral Fantasia in C minor, Op 80,Finale (Allegretto, Ma Non Troppo).
    1. Compare the theme as performed at bars 30-47 and bars 47- 63. (4marks)
    2. With reference to bar numbers, define terraced dynamics. (2marks)
    3. Upon which chord is bars one and two based? (1mark)
    4. Describe the entry of voices from bar 77- 82. (3marks)
  5. UNPREPARED ANALYSIS.
    Study the following pieces of music and answer the questions that follow.
    4
    1. Give the meaning of the figures written above some notes. Eg Figure 1 above the first note. (1mark)
    2. Using letters of musical alphabet, show the form in which this passage is structured and name that form. (1mark)
    3. Define D.C al fine at the last bar. (1mark)
    4. Name the bar at which the music suitably ends. (1mark)
    5. Give the technical name of the first note of this music. (1mark)
    6. Define cadential 64 and give an example (by use of bar numbers) where it occurs in the music. (1mark)

SECTION C: GENERAL MUSIC KNOWLEDGE. (16 MARKS)

  1.    
    1.    
      1. Outline four reasons why people may attend a music performance. (4marks)
      2. State four reactions against the performance. (2marks)
      3. State four reactions in support of the performance. (2mks)
    2. Describe fully each of these trials in the key of E-flat major. The first one has been done for you as an example. (4marks)
      5
      v- IV or iv not position or subdominant not purition.
      w-
      x-
      y-
      z-
    3.    
      1. What do you understand by “ Transposing instruments”? (1mark)
      2. Indicate each of the following instruments as either transposing or non-transposing.
        Bass clarinet in B flat ( ½ mk)
        Guiter ( ½ mk)
    4. Re-write the following ornaments showing how they will be played. (4marks)
      6


MARKING SCHEME

  1. Melody.
    1. 16 – bars 1 mark
      Modulation and back _ -------------------------------------------- 2marks
      Condenses- 2 (final and any other) ------------------------------------1 mark ( ½ mark each)
      Sequences ---------------------------------------------------- 1 mark
      Phrasing -------------------------------------------------- 1 mark
      Rhythmic variation and
      Conformity ----------------------------------------------- 1 marks
      Lyricism ----------------------------------------------- 2marks
      9 marks
    2. Syllable division 1mark
      Accentuation 1 mark
      Lyricism 2 marks
      Cadences 1 mark (final)
      Phrasing 1 mark
      6 marks
  2. Harmony
    Chords - 12 ( ½ mark each) - 6marks
    Voice range - 1 mark
    Voice leading - 1 ½ marks
    Cadences - 2 marks
    Passing - 1 marks
    Progression - 3 ½ mark
  3. African Music
    1. Solo folksongs.
      1. Lullaby
      2. Story telling songs.
      3. Herding songs (1x2 marks)
      4. Grinding songs.
      5. Enroute
    2. Words in an African folksongs.
      1. Convey message
      2. Dictate the beats, which influence the rhythms.
      3. Suggest the song to be performed on a particular occasion.
      4. Can signal the climax or the end of performance.
      5. Determine the mood and intensity of performance
        2 relevant points.
    3. Instrumental accompaniment.
      1. Add tone colour
      2. Pitch the performance
      3. Cues in the voices
      4. Provide harmony.
      5. Provide interlude
      6. Motivates the perfumers.
        (Any 4 relevant points)
    4.    
      1. Comparison between entono and bukandit concentration.
        Construction
        • Entono has one string while bukandit has six strings.
        • Entono is small while bukandit is large.
        • Entono is bow-shaped while bukandit is triangular shaped. (2points)
      2. Melodic capabilies.
        • Entono produces two different pitches while bukandit produces 6 pitches.
        • Bukandit six strings provide clear long melodies while entono produce less clearmelodies.
        • Bukandit is louder than entono.
          (2 points = 4 marks)
          PRESCRIBED COMPOSERS.
          ANTONIO VIVALDI

          1. Baroque period
          2. Four seasons
            Spring
            Summer
            Auctum
            Winter
          3. Offered a slow start – portraying weather as too hot for any movement.
      3. A musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments pitted against the rest of the orchestra.
        Vivaldi’s concertons.
        1. Marked with clear forms.
        2. Are scared and for solo and archestra
        3. Have memorable melodies
        4. Have rhythmic energy.
        5. Must be in three movements
        6. Have masterful contrasts of sonority and texture.
        7. Slow movements are aria like
        8. Employed violin as a solo instrument.
        9. Must first movements of his concertos were notable for their rhythmic drive and boldness of their themes.
        10. Most outer movements of his concertos were in ritornello form.
    5. Type of work – opera.
      WOLF GANG AMADEAUS MOZART
      1. Child prodigy – Highly talented at a young age.
      2.    
        1. Started playing piano at the age of 3 years
        2. Composing at the age of 75 years.
        3. He wrote a symphony at the age of 8 years.
        4. Opera act age of 14 years.
      3. Influence
        1. Handel and his music.
        2. Musical training from his father.
      4. Nationality – Austrian
  4. JOHANNES BRAHMS
    1. Style of composition.
      1. His music had a range of moods but particularly an autumnal feeling and Lyrical warmth.
      2. Used classical form order.
      3. Used Becthoren style e.g in his first symphony he borrowed from Bethoreven’s 5th symphony
      4. Used counterpoint eg in quartet op 26.
      5. His instrumental music had special timbre.
        Any 3 points – 3mks
    2. What is a requiem mass? (1mk)
      Musical setting of the mass from the dead.
    3. Characteristics.
      1. It’s for soprano and Baritone soloists, choruses and orchestral.
      2. The work is based on a theme which consists of the first 3 notes sung by sopranos. (2mks)
    4. Dedication to clara schumann. (1mk)
      BENJAMIN BRITTEN
      1. Peter Grimes Opera
      2. The music of classical composers Beckthoren.
        Through association with frank Bridge he discovered the music of Debussy and Revel that made him unite better archestral works.
        Works of other composers e.g stransrising
      3. String orchestra
      4. Song cycle- A set of songs grouped by the composer in a particular order.
      5. Title – Several songs of Michael angelo.
  5. ANALYSIS OF AFRICAN MUSIC.
    1. Musical style of horn- drone by horn. (1mk)
    2.    
      • Harmonic effect by the soloist.
      • He starts the phrase before the chorus completes the previrus phrase.
      • In the first melody, he occasionally joins the chorus phrase at a higher pitch.
      • He sustains a phrase overlapping the chorus phrase. (1x3 mks)
    3.    
      • Call response
      • Short and repetitive.
      • Accompanied by the instruments
      • Polyrthmic in nature.
      • Overlapping elements.
      • Unison. (1 x4 mks)
    4. Jingles - Kerukoris. (1mk)
      Horn - Kondei (1mark)
  6. ANALYSIS OF WESTERN MUSIC.
    1. Themes
      Theme Bar 30-47 Theme 47- 67
      • Performed by male voices
      • Wind instruments like Timpani are silent
      • Accompanied with piano and string
      • Different words from ones used in bar 47-67 - 
      • Performed by whole choir
      • Wind instruments and temperate in action.
      • No piano i.e, accompanied with orchestra.
      • Different words from ones used in bar 30-47 
    2. Terraced dynamics.
      Refers to sudden alteration between soft and loud such as bar 3-10.
      (Definition 1mk, example 1 mark) (2marks)
    3. Chord of bar 1 and bar 2 are baped on chord V (dominant) (1mark)
    4. Entry of voices.
      • Bar 77-87 – Tenur solo singer is used.
      • Bar 8 - Alto solo singer starts.
      • From Bass 81, Alto and Bass solo joins.
  7. UNPREPARED ANALYSIS
    1. They show the fingers(s) to use play the note on the piano. (1mark)
    2. ABA ½ mark Ternary ½ mark.
    3. D.C al fine means you go back and start from the beginning and end at fine. (1mark) from the beginning and end of fine.
    4. Bar 8.
    5. Dominant
    6. Cadential means that you use inversion of tonic chords when it is in the third last chord of the condence. ( ½ mark)
      Example the second last chord of the second last bar has been treated as the cadential chord (½ ).
  8. GENERAL MUSIC KNOWLEDGE.
    1.    
      1. Four reasons why people may attend a music performance.
        • Curiosity – as being attracted by music sounds.
        • To grace the occasion of elders or leaders of the rituals.
        • Give moral support to the performers because they are relatives or neighbours.
        • Type of music being performed.
      2. Four reactions against
        • Jeering
        • Walking away
        • Audience not paying attention but murmuring their own issues.
        • Signalling that time is over.
        • Thanking the performance sarcastically.
          ½ marks each point , 4 points = 2
      3. For reactions in support.
        • Join in singing
        • Join in dancing
        • Cheering
        • Clapping
        • Giving presents
        • Asking the performance to continue or add another piece of music . ½ mks each , 4 points = 2mks
    2. W vc or chord v second inversion or Dominant chord second inversion.
      X vib, or chord vi first inversion
      Y Chord vii root position or vii or viia
      Z chord I second inversion or IC.
    3. Transposing instrument is an instrument that sounds written note or music at a different interval from what has been written.
      Bass clarinet in B flat = Transposing ( ½ mrks)
      Guitar – non Transposing ( ½ mrks)
    4.   
      1

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