History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Bondo Joint Mocks Exams 2022

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Questions

Instructions to candidates

  • This paper consists of three sections; A, B and C.
  • Answer all the questions in section A, three questions from section B and two questions from section C.

SECTION A (25 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided at the end of question 24.

  1. Identify two limitations of using written records as a source of information on history and government. (2 marks)
  2. State two methods used by early man to find food during the Stone Age period. (2 marks)
  3. Identify two ways through which early agriculture spread in Africa. (2 marks)
  4. Give the main advantage of using money in trade. (1 mark)
  5. Mention one symbol of national unity among the Asante in the pre-colonial period. (1 mark)
  6. State two problems faced by the workers during the industrial revolution in Europe. (2 marks)
  7. State two disadvantages of using coal as a source of industrial energy. (2 marks)
  8. State the main factor that led to the growth of the ancient town of Kilwa. (1 mark)
  9. Give one method used by the French to administer their colonies in Africa. (1 mark)
  10. Identify the main aim of the Berlin conference between 1884 and1885. (1 mark)
  11. Give two reasons why the British used direct rule in former Southern Rhodesian. (2 marks)
  12. Name the chartered company that was to administer Tanganyika during the process of colonization. (1 marks)
  13. Identify two principles of the Arusha declaration of 1967. (2 marks)
  14. Identify one house of congress in the United State of America. (1 mark)
  15. State two countries in Africa which were affected by cold war. (2 marks)
  16. Identify one major political party in Britain. (1 mark)
  17. State one county in Europe with VETO power. (1 mark)

SECTION B: (45 MARKS)
Answer any three questions from this section in the space provided at the end of question 24.

  1.      
    1. Name three cash crops that were grown in North American during the Agrarian revolution. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six effects of food shortage in Africa. (12 marks)
  2.  
    1.  State five reasons why African slaves were preferred to other races during the Trans-Atlantic Trade. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five factors that led to decline of Trans-Atlantic trade. (10 marks)
  3.  
    1. Identify five privileges enjoyed by the assimilated Africans in the four French communes in Senegal. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five reasons that led to the failure of French policy of Assimilation. (10marks)
  4.     
    1. State five factors that promoted nationalism in Ghana. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five challenges faced by Africans nationalist in South Africa during the struggle for independence. (10 marks)

SECTION C: (30 MARKS)
Answer any two questions from this section in the space provided at the end of question 24.

  1.      
    1. Give three functions of the Lukiko in the kingdom of Buganda during the pre-colonial period. (3 marks)
    2. Describe the political organization of the Shona during the pre-colonial period. (12 marks)
  2.   
    1. State five demands Austria Hungary gave Serbia after the assassination at Sarajevo that led to the outbreak of World War I. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five ways through which the Versailles Treaty of 1919 affected Germany. (10 marks)
  3.    
    1. Give three conditions that one should fulfill in order to elected a senator in USA. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six challenges facing the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). (12 marks)

Marking Scheme

  1.  Identify two limitations of using written records as a source of information on history and government . (2Marks)
    • Information may be omitted.
    • Can only be used by the literate.
    • The author may be biased.
    • May be misinterpreted by the reader.
    • Expensive compared to oral tradition.
      2X1=2Marks
  2. State two methods used by early man to find food during the stone age period . (2Marks)
    • Hunting
    • Gathering
    • Fishing
    • Crop cultivation
    • Livestock keeping
      2x1=2Marks
  3. Identify two ways through which early agriculture spread in Africa . (2Marks)
    • One area theory/Independent theory
    • Diffusion theory
      2x1=2Marks
  4. Give the main advantage of using money in trade . (1Mark)
    • It was portable.
      1x1=1 Mark
  5. Mention one symbol of national unity among the Asante in the pre-colonial period . (1Mark)
    • Golden stool
    • Odwira festival
      1x1=Mark
  6. State two problems faced by the workers during the industrial revolution in Europe . (2Marks)
    • Poor working conditions
    • Poor wages
    • Long working hours.
    • Low food ratio
    • Poor housing
    • Child labor
    • Inadequate insurance cover.
    • Lack of protective equipment.
      2x1=2Marks
  7. State two disadvantages of using coal as a source of industrial energy . (2Marks)
    • It is a non-renewable source of energy
    • It pollutes the environment.
    • Expensive to mine.
    • Dangerous to mine
    • It is heavy and difficult to transport.
      2x1=2Marks
  8. State the main factor that led to the growth of the ancient town of Kilwa . (1Mark)
    • The Sofala gold trade
      1x1=1Mark
  9. Give one method used by the French to administer their colonies in Africa . (2Marks)
    • Assimilation.
    • Association.
      2x1=2Marks
  10. Identify the main aim of the Berlin conference between 1884 and1885 . (1Mark)
    • To solve the colonial disputes.
      1x1=1Mark
  11. Give two reasons why the British used direct rule in former Southern Rhodesian . (2Mark)
    • Wanted full control of African resources.
    • They did not trust African following the previous resistance.(Chemurenga war)
    • Had capital for administration.
    • High number of Europeans in southern Rhodesia .
    • Lack of a traditional system of government on southern Rhodesia .
      2x1=2Marks
  12. Name the chartered company that was to administer Tanganyika during the process of colonization . (1Mark)
    • German East African company.(GEACo)
      1x1=1Mark
  13. Identify two principles of the Arusha declaration . (2Marks)
    • Self-reliance
    • Nationalization of means of production.
    • Ujamaa/Socialization policy.
      2x1=2Marks
  14. Identify one house of congress in the United State Of America . (1Mark)
    • House of representative/Lower house
    • Senate/Upper house
      1x1=1Mark
  15. State two countries in Africa which were affected by cold war . (2Marks)
    • Congo
    • Angola
    • Ethiopia
      2x1=2Marks
  16. Identify one major political party in Britain . (1Mark)
    • Conservative Party.
    • Liberal Party.
      1x1=1Mark
  17. State one county in Europe with VETO power . (1Mark)
    • France
    • Britain
      1x1=1Mark
  18.  
    1. Name three cash crops that were grown in North American during the Agrarian revolution . (3Marks)
      • Tobacco
      • Cotton
      • Wheat
        3x1=3Marks
    2. Explain six effects of food shortage in Africa . (12Marks)
      • Outbreak of diseases like marasmus et al.
      • Increase in insecurity and political instability.
      • Decrease in population due to high mortality rate
      • It has led to the dumping problem.
      • It has led to high foreign debts since governments spend allot of money buying food than servicing debts.
      • It has led to the refugee problem.
      • It leads to overdependence on foreign aid.
        6x2=12Marks
  19.     
    1. State five reasons why African slaves were preferred to other races during the trans-Atlantic trade . (5Mark)
      • They were strong
      • They were immune to diseases
      • They were cheap
      • They were high in supply
      • Their black color made it difficult for them to escape.
        5x1=5Marks
    2. Explain five factors that led to decline of Trans-Atlantic trade . (10Marks)
      • Industrial revolution in Europe which led to replacement of human labor with machinery.
      • Decline in the demand of sugar meant less slaves were needed in the sugar caneplantations.
      • The development of legitimate trade to replace slave trade.
      • Missionaries campaigned against slave trade.
      • African leaders also campaigned against slave trade.
      • American civil war, North America which was against slave trade won the war leading to stoppage of slave trade.
      • Britain abolished slave trade and slavery in all British territories.
      • French revolution which advocated for equity of all lessons.
        5x2=10Marks
  20.      
    1. Identify five privileges enjoyed by the assimilated Africans in the four French communities in Senegal . (5Marks)
      • Allowed to send representatives in the French chambers of deputies.
      • Allowed to vote during elections.
      • Exempted from forced labor, taxation and arbitrary arrests.
      • Enjoyed trading rights.
      • They were subjected to the French judicial system.
      • Were employed in the French civil service.
      • Had freedom of movement within the French territory.
        5x1=5Marks
    2. Explain five reasons that led to the failure of French policy of Assimilation . (10Marks)
      • It was expensive to maintain since most of the colonies were not self-supporting.
      • Cultural differences between Africans and French.
      • Opposition by the African leaders who lost their power to the French.
      • Inadequate personnel to supervise the process of assimilation.
      • The French raised high standards that Africans could not meet.
      • Fear by the French traders that assimilated Africans would become their economic rivals.
      • Rise of African nationalism undermined the process of assimilation.
      • Muslims resisted the attempt of the French to be converted into Christianity.
      • French colonies were too vast thus difficult to implement the policies.
      • French parliamentarians did not want to compete with Africans for the positions in the cabinet.
        5x2=10Marks
  21.     
    1. State five factors that promoted nationalism in Ghana (5 Marks)
      • Existence of a group of young educated Africans who could articulate for African grievances.
      • African farmers were upset by low profits they received from sale of cocoa.
      • The forceful cutting down of cocoa trees by the British to control the spread of cocoa diseases was resented by Africans
      • The realization by the ex-soldiers of world war one that Europeans were not superior.
      • Discrimination in provision of trading licenses which African resented.
      • Africans were frustrated due to lack of employment.
        5x1=5Marks
    2. Explain five challenges faced by Africans nationalist in south Africa during the struggle for independence. (10Marks)
      • Many nationalist were killed.
      • Many nationalists fled to other countries for their own safety.
      • African political parties were outlawed and nationalists were persecuted.
      • Journalists were harassed and their newspapers banned by the government
      • African nationalists were intimidated by security agents who trailed them.
      • African nationalists were also arrested.
      • They lacked adequate money to run their activities.
      • They were denied access to the state owned media like radio and television.
      • They faced restriction on their movement.
        5x2=10Marks
  22.       
    1. Give three functions of the Lukiko in the kingdom of Buganda during the pre- colonial period . (5Marks)
      • Made laws
      • Advised Kabaka on matters affecting the kingdom
      • Acted as the final court of appeal.
      • Directed the collection of taxes.
      • Planned expenditure.
      • Presented people’s concerns to Kabaka.
      • Helped Kabaka in the general administration of the Kingdom.
        5x1=5Marks
    2. Describe the political organization of the Shona during the pre-colonial period . (10Marks)
      • Had a centralized system of government.
      • They were ruled by a king called Mwene Mutapa.
      • The kingship system was hereditary
      • They had warriors which protected the community from external attack and extended territorial boundaries.
      • They had a royal fire which symbolized the authority of the king.
      • The king was assisted by the queen mother and the queen sister.
      • The kingdom was divided into clans ruled by chiefs.
      • The nobles paid tribute to the king by sending their sons to be warriors.
        5x2=10Marks
  23.        
    1. State five demands Austria Hungary gave Serbia after the assimilation in Sarajevo that led to outbreak of world war one. (5Marks)
      • Explanation for the murder of the archduke Franz Ferdinand.
      • Demanded for apology from Serbia.
      • Demanded to be allowed to participate in the investigation pertaining to the assassination.
      • Dismissal of all anti Austria officials in the government.
      • Austria police to enter Serbia to ensure that demands were fulfilled.
        5x1=5Marks
    2. Explain five ways through which the Versailles Treaty of 1919 affected Germany. (10 marks)
      • Germany was blamed for the outbreak of the war.
      • Germany lost control over her colonies.
      • Germany was to pay for the war damages of over 6.5 billion sterling pounds.
      • The size of Germany was reduced by an eighth.
      • Germany lost the territories of Alsace and Lorraine to France.
      • Germany was totally disarmed and only allowed to retain a force of 100,000 men.
      • Germany was restricted to unite with Austria.
        5x2=10Marks
  24.       
    1. Give three conditions that one should fulfill in order to elected a senator in USA . (3Marks)
      • Must be a resident of the state.
      • Must be at least 30 years old.
      • Must have been a citizen for at least nine years.
        3x1=3Marks
    2. Explain six challenges facing the common market of eastern and southern Africa (COMESA). (12Marks)
      • Ideological differences among the members and the leaders of different countries.
      • Divided attention due to countries belonging to other organizations as well.
      • Competition from the external players who produce cheap and better goods.
      • Similarity in the types of goods by the member states.
      • Failure of some countries to comply.
      • Accusations that some countries are undermining others.
      • Withdrawal by some members who join rival organizations.
      • Boundary conflicts which affects the economic relationship of countries.
      • Civil wars in member states limiting their ability to produce goods.
        6x2=12Marks

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