English Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Mangu High School Mock Exams 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. COMPREHENSION: 20 MARKS
    Rend the following passage and then answer the questions that follow.
    Bees are flying insects that are related to wasps and ants. Those insects are mostly known for their role of pollination and for producing honey and beeswax. There are about 20,000 different species of bees around the world, and every single species of bees live in colonies where there are three types of bees: The queen, the worker, and the drone. However, a lot of scientists and beekeepers noticed since 2006 that the population of bees in world started to decline dramatically.
    This strange epidemic happened first in the United States, and it has spread everywhere around the world. Actually, billions of bees left their hives and they do not come back. In the United States, about 60 to 90 percent of bees have disappeared in 27 states of the United States. The scientists called this phenomenon "the Colony Collapse Disorder. The symptoms of the Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is very strange; beekeepers could not find any adult bees in their hives or any dead bees around or in the hives.
    Sometimes, they find some honey left in the hives and babies bees (brood). However, the scientists found a virus-transmittig parasite of Honey Bees in the hives named Varroa mites. Nevertheless, this is not the time that beekeepers are facing bees.losses. In the past a lot of scientists had recorded in their notes bees disappearances around 1880s, 1920s, and 1960s, and the description of those disappearances and symptoms were pretty similar to the CCD, but there are no evidences that shows that it is the same disease.
    More recently, in 2000, some colonies of bees disappeared in the Cache Valley in Utah after a hard winter and a cold spring. In 1995-96, some beekeepers in Pennsylvania lost about 53 percent of their colonies without any identifiable cause of this event.
    Scientists tried to find the cause of this phenomenon by doing a lot of studies, and they found that the "Coumaphos," which is a pesticide to treat Honey Bees for Varroa mites, could actually be the cause of bees disappearance. This pesticide is made of neonicotinoids that were developed in the mid-1990s because it showed to reduce toxicity to honey bees.
    However, in 2008 a lot of bees died in Germany because of the use of neonicotinoids for the use on corn seed, Then, a lot of studies have been done about neonicotinoids and bees, and they all reported that this chemical has a negative impact on honey bees, but those studies did not find any link between this chemical and the CCD. Scientists also found that the Colony Collapse Disorder is not caused by one factor, but by multiple factors.
    They found that a lot of bees in colonies are stressed and this is weakening colonies, leading to collapse when the colonies are exposed to additional stress pathogen, parasite or pesticide. In fact, stress makes weaker the immune system of bees or other insects, and this can make them less social and put the colony in vulnerable situation.
    The situation is extremely crucial. In the United States, the honey bees population has decreased from 5. million in 1940s to 2.5 million today. The colony Collapse Disorder is a serious issue for beekeepers. Actually, during the winter of 2006-2011, they lost 33 percent of their bees each year, and a third of these losses are due to COD. Without them, we will inve neither pollination, and pretholly Weither owner vegetables
    Also based on what said Bernard Vaissiere, who is a specjalist in pollination at Inra in Bolivia" throe quarter of the cultures which nourish bumanity depend on boes. Actually Honey bees, were already on earth befbremen came. Actually, 80 percentage of vegetal species need bees for fertilization. More than $ 15 billion a year in U.$. crops are pollinated by bees, including apples, berries, cantaloups, cucumbers, alfalfa, and almonds.
    The Honey Bees in the United States also produce about $ 150 million in honey annually and fower bees mean lower crop yields and an increase in production costs. Actually, some crops and animals that rely on Honey Bees might disappear such as tomatoes, peeper, or cattle. Their disappearance can have a large huge impact on our lives. In fact Albert Einstein said, "If the bees had suddenly disappeared, then man would have nothing any more but four years in front of him. Without bees, no more pollination, do plants, ho animals, no human."
    Bees pollinate crops we consume directly, such as vegetables and other foods. But they also pollinate crops that help us indirectly by providing food for the grain that animals consume, or:by pollinating plants used in clothing industries and elsewhere. If we lose those pollinators, we face a food crisis like none we have ever seen. Therefore it is really important to do something to not let it happen.
    Actually, the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign recommended to the publie to avoid applying pesticides during mid-day hours, when Honey Bees are most likely to be out foraging for nectar and pollen on flowering plants. However, this is not enough, it is also recommended to reduce the use of genetic modified organismi and pesticides on crops or flowers because they can have bad effect on bees; but scientists are still trying to find a possible solution to save Honey Bees.
    1. What strange thing happened in the first paragraph?(2 marks)
    2. What is Colony Collapse Disorder according to the passage?
    3. Why was it difficilt for scientists to solely blame Verroa mites as the cause of disappearance of bees from the hive(2 marks)
    4. Explain the irony that is brought out in paragraph five of the passage.(2 marks)
    5. What do you think the writer achieves by using figures in the passage?
    6. How does stress affect bees in colonies?
    7. Make notes on the possible effects of disappearance of bees as explained in the passage (4 marks)
    8. What according to the passage are the best practices of preventing bees extinction? (2 marks)
    9. Actually Honey bees, were already on earth before men came, (Rewrite beginning, Men..) (1 mark).
    10. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the passage. (2 marks)
      1. Vulnerable(2 marks)
      2. Foraging (2 marks)
  2. EXCERPT: BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH (25 MARKS)
    Read the following excerpt and then answer the questions that follow When a servant opened the front door for them and Oloisudori ushered them in, they were greeted by large beautiful chandelier that gleamed brightly as it dangled above their heads in the room that was obviously going to be the living room. Oloisudori led them through the yet to be furnished but brilliantly lit rooms, across the smooth shining floors, up a ceramic tiled staircase that was guarded by a polished mahogany balustrade, and into a spacious room that was self-contained and which was going to serve as the master bedroom. The back door opened to an open area that held a swimming pool and a sauna. Standing by the swimming pool, one had a fine view of Lake Nakuru to the east, and a happy scene of school children playing in a nearby school to the west. For a few minutes, minutes that fleetingly floated along like the morning fog that drifted in the wind, the would be father-in-law and would be son-in-law stood together at the poolside, their thoughts drifting into different directions. They were both thinking of Resian.
    Looking at the distant hills to the west which was the direction of Nasila, Ole Kaelo stood there musing silently. He then made one decision: he was not going to allow his daughter's ignorance to destroy her future. As a father, he declared, he had a God given duty to guide her to a secure future; to lead her to the honey pot that would be part of her future. Whatever happened Resian was to be married to Oloisudori.
    Before they parted, Oloisudori took them to a restaurant in town for another cup of tea. It was then that an idea on how to deal with Resian was hatched. Oloisudori was to come on the appointed day and time. Ole Kaelo would have prepared the ground so that Oloisudori would find Resian alone. Oloisudori would then persuade her to accept his marriage proposal, without alarming her. If she was agreeable, well and good. In that scenario, the rest of the plans would take their natural course. If she declined, he would leave it at that until the evening when his men would pounce on her and abduct her. They would then drive her straight to the house prepared for her in Nakuru.
    The three of thein, Oloisudori, Ole Kaelo and his wife roared with rich laughter when Ole Kaelo equated the scenario to that of a goat's kid that stubbornly refused to suckle after it was born. Its owner would tuck it between his knees and forcefully open its mouth and tuck its mother's teat into it: He would then squeeze out the milk into the kid's mouth. The taste of the milk would make it suckle and removal of the teat from its mouth would be a struggle.
    "So would be Resian," Ole Kaelo concluded triumphantly, "When she sees what you have laid out for her pleasures, she would rebuke herself for her procrastination in the first place." To cap it all, Oloisudori had given Ole Kaelo and his wife his four-wheel-drive and a driver to take them back to Nasila. Mama Milanoi sat in her comer of the back seat appreciating with awe the leather upholstered interior of the vehicle. She then turned her head to look out of the window, her mind and her heart in turmoil.
    1. Trace the series of events that take place immediately before this extract.(4 marks)
    2. Identify and illustrate one stylistic device used in the excerpt.(2 marks)
    3. He then made one decision: he was not going to allow his daughter's ignorance to destroy her future. (Rewrite as direct speech) (1 mark)
    4. Resian appears to be a victim of conspiracies in the text. Mention the conspiracy depicted in this extract.(2 marks)
    5. Identify and explain two themes implied in this extract.
    6. Describe an incident elsewhere in the novel when Resian suffers misfortune as a result of a conspiracy.(2-marks)
    7. Towards the end of this excerpt, Mama Milanoi's heart is said to be in turmoil. What was the cause of the turmoil? (2 marks)
    8. Mention how the attitude of Ole Kaelo towards the plan differs from his wife's. (2 marks)
    9. Describe the character of the following as depicted in the excerpt.
      1. Ole Kaelo
      2. Oloisudori
    10. Explain the meaning of the following as brought out in the excerpt
      1. Balustrade..
      2. Procrastination
  3. POETRY (20 MARKS)
    I can't breathe
    I can't breathe
    he said to you multiple times for 9 minutes
    As his windpipe was crushed
    I can't breathe
    He said while your knee
    Was on his neck
    I can't breathe
    He had to say
    Because of the color of his skin
    I can't breathe
    He said while thinking about his family
    And knowing he might never see then again.
    I can't breathe
    He said while you watched the life slowly
    Fade out of him
    I can't breathe
    He choked
    Coughied on his on blood
    I can't breathe
    He said
    While you wore a smirk on your face
    I can't breathe
    Now the world is on fire
    And it's your fault
    I can't breathe
    While knowing people like you
    Continue to exist
    1. Who is the persona of the poem
    2. What is the poem about. (4marks)
    3. Identify, illustrate and explain effectiveness of two stylistic devices. (6marks)
    4. Comment on the prevailing mood from stanza 1-8 stanza(3marks)
    5. Why is the persona pessimistic in the last stanza (2marks)
    6. Explain the meaning of the following lines
      While you wore a smirk on your face
      Now the world is on fire
  4. GRAMMAR (15 MARKS)
    1. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Do not change the meaning. (5 marks)
      1. We have never witnessed such cruel behaviour by one child to another. (Begin; Never...)
      2. David says; "I have been saying prayers everyday" (change to reported speech)
      3. The time keeper rang the bell earlier than expected. (Begin; The bell....)
      4. He knows very little about the surprises which are waiting for him. (begin; Little..)
      5. Mary is a good teacher. She is good like any teacher you can find anywhere else. (join into one using,...as....)
    2. Use the correct form of the words in brackets.
      1. He was, however, possessed of a logical rather than an.....(intuition) mind.
      2. His decision to quit his job is completely.....(explain).
      3. It was a sure sign he was forgiven for his.....(revere) try at changing the old-age ritual.(3 marks) 
    3. Fill in the blank spaces using an appropriate preposition.
      1. My dependence....coffee is unhealthy.
      2. She has little experience.....backpacking
      3. People find it difficult to part.......their hard earned wealth.
    4. Fill in the blank spaces with the most appropriate word.
      1. Put your clothes......(all together, altogether) in one pile and I will wash them for you.
      2. This person needs the.....(council, counsel) of a psychiatrist.
    5. Explain two possible meaning of this sentence.
      He fed her cat food. (2 marks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1.      
    1. Alot of scientists and beekeepers noticed since 2006 that the population of bees in world started to decline dramatically
    2. The disappearance of bees from a beehive
    3. It was not the first time that keepers were facing bees losses poubles (2 marks)
    4. It is ironical that coumaphos which is a pesticide to treat honey for varroa mites, could actually be the cause of bees disappearance/It is ironical that while it is expected that coumaphos would help treat Verroa mites to avoid disappearance of bees, could actually be the cause of bees disappearance. (2 marks) (The two sides must come out for it score full)
    5. Statistics is used to justify/show/demonstrate/illustrate/prove/give evidence/authenticate that the argument is real. (2 marks)
    6.    
      1. It leads to collapse of colonies
      2. Makes weaker the immune system of bees.
    7.      
      1. No pollination, neither fruit nor vegetables
      2. Fewer bees' will mean lower crop yields
      3. Increase in production costs
      4. Some crops and animals that rely on honey bees might disappear
      5. Will cause food crisis
        (Do not penalize for faulty expression. Deduct's a mark from the total if'in prose form) (any two points, Imk each)
    8. Men came when actually honey bees were already on earth. (1 mark)
    9.      
      1. Avoid applying pesticides during midday hours when bees are most likely to be out foraging for nectar and pollen grains on flowering plants.
      2. Reduce the use of genetic modified organism and pesticides because they have bad effects on bees.
    10.      
      1. Susceptible/liable/weak/unsafe/endangered/unusable
      2. Searching/looking about/hunting around/rummaging about/ferreting (about/around).
        (maintain the tense)
  2.        
    1. Trace the series of events that take place immediately before this extract. (4 marks)
      • This is a flashback. Ole Kaelo remembers how he and his wife had travelled with Oloisudori to the Naivasha palatial home of "wife number three".- "They had sat on the back seat in the imposing vehicle, while his wife had sat next to the driver. Bodyguards rode the vehicles closely behind them. It was not until they got to the first gate that opened to his compound that they came to know When who Oloisudori was,"
      • They are searched thoroughly before they are let in.
      • They are mesmerized by the elegance of the palatial home that is in a leafy neighborhood.
      • They leave and take a detour to Nakuru Milimani area to another of Oloisudori's houses, a house that he had built specifically for Resian.
      • Ole Kaelo and his wife are stupefied by its grandeur and magnificence.
    2. Identify and illustrate one stylistic device used in the excerpt. (2 marks)
      • Vivid description - There is description of the palatial home in Nakuru Milimani "Oloisudori led them through the yet to be furnished but brilliantly lit rooms, across the smooth shining floors, up a ceramic tiled staircase that was guarded by a polished mahogany balustrade, and into a spacious room that was self-contained and which was effectiveness how easily ole kael going to serve as the master bedroom."
      • Simile - "... minutes that fleetingly floated along like the morning fog that drifted in the wind..." to show the passage of time.
      • Use of a metaphor - "honey pot" to refer to a substantial source of money.
      • Use of hyperbole – “rich laughter" Direct Speech "So would be Resian"
      • Use of analogy - Ole Kaelo equates the scenario of Resian refusing Oloisudori's offer to that of a goat's kid that refused to suckle.
    3. He then made one decision: he was not going to allow his daughter's ignorance to destroy (1 mark) her future. (Rewrite as direct speech)
      "I will not allow my daughter's ignorance to destroy her future."
    4. Resian appears to be a victim of conspiracies in the text. Mention the conspiracy depicted in this extract. (2 marks)
      Ole kaelo, Mama Milanoi and Oloisudori plot to have Resian taken by force so as to be married off to Oloisudori.
    5. Describe an incident elsewhere in the novel when Resian suffers misfortune as a result of a conspiracy (2 marks)
      Olarinkoi plots to abduct Resian while pretending to assist her get away from being married to Oloisudori. Together with his mother, he also intends to circumcise her so that he can marry a circumcised woman.
    6. Identify and explain two themes implied in this extract.
      Paternalism Male chauvinism Ole Kaelo is determined for Resian to be married to Oloisudori, insisting that it was his God-given duty to secure her future. "As a father, he declared, he had a God given duty to guide her to a secure future; to lead her to the honey por that would be part of her future. Whatever happened Resian was to be married to Oloisudori."
      Materialism Ole Kaelo wants Resian to be married off so that he can benefit materially from the union. "As a father, he declared, he had a God given duty to guide her to a secure future; to lead her to the honey pot that would be part of her future. Whatever happened Resian was to be married to Oloisudori.”
      Betrayal - Resian is betryed by ole kael
      Forced marriage
    7. Towards the end of this excerpt, Mama Milanoi's heart is said to be "in turmoil". What was the cause of the turmoil? (2 marks)
      She is troubled because she feels that her daughter should not be forced or entrapped to marry the man she does not love, but instead she should be talked to. 
    8. Mention how the attitude of Ole Kaelo towards the plan differs from his wife's. (2 marks) 
      Ole Kaelo is indifferent towards the feelings of Resian while Mama Milanoi is disapprovisimpathetic towards the plight of her daughter.
    9. Describe the character of the following as depicted in the excerpt. (4 marks)
      1. Ole Kaelo
        Indifferent/insensitive
        Materialistic
        Un caring
        Callous
        Cruel
        Greedy
        Cunning
        Manipulative
      2. Oloisudori
        Crafty
        Treacherous
        Manipulative
        Scheming
    10. Explain the meaning of the following as brought out in the excerpt. (2 marks)
      1. Balustrade A railing at the side of a staircase or balcony to prevent people from falling
        Synonyms: railing, rail, banister, handrail, parapet
        Picture of a balustrade
      2. Procrastination - putting off, delaying or deferring an action to a later time
        Synonyms -- cunctation, dilatoriness, shillyshally (informal)
  3.      
    1. Who is the persona of the poem (3mks)
      Somebody who observed The persona is an observer or á witness who sees all that happens to a man who is discriminated against because of his race, thus, he is beaten mercilessly to death.
      "I can't breathe
      He said while thinking about his family
      And knowing he might never see them again
    2. What is the poem about. (4mks) must illustrate
      The poem is about racial discrimination where a man is tortured, because of the difference in race and he ends up fearing that he may lose his life before even seeing his family. The man finally dies after being suffocated by the tomentors who crushed his windpipe.
      I can't breathe
      He said while you watched the life slowly
      Fade out of him.
    3. Identify, illustrate and explain effectiveness of two stylistic devices. (6mks)
      1. There is the use of Repetition the phrase I can't breath has been repeated to emphasize on the way the persona pleads with the killers to let him go vulnerability pain
      2. There is the use of Alliteration
        Enhance rhythm musicality He said while you watched the life slowly fade out of him.-It-is-used to show the brutality-of-the-killers.
      3. There is the use of hyperbole / idiomatic expression
        Now the world is on fire
        This shows that the fight between the races has erupted
  4.        
    1.      
      1. Never have we witnessed such cruel behavior by one child to another
      2. David says that he has been saying prayers everyday
      3. The bell was rung earlier than expected by the time keeper) / The bell was rung (by the time keeper) earlier than expected.
      4. Little does he know about the surprise that await him.
      5. Mary is as good a teacher as you can find anywhere else)
    2.      
      1. intutive
      2. inexplicable / unexplainable
      3. irreverent
        N/B wrong spelling and punctuation'=0
    3.      
      1. on
      2. with
      3. with
    4.      
      1. all together
      2. counsel
    5.      
      1. he fed a woman's cat some food
      2. he fed a woman some food that was intended for cats.
        Any two
      3. He somehow encouraged her cat to eat some food.
        (Meaning must be brought out)

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