Geography Paper 2 Questions - Maseno Mock Examinations 2022

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QUESTIONS

SECTION A
Answer ALL questions in Section A.

  1.    
    1. What is ecology? (2 marks)
    2. State three ways in which Geography is related to agriculture. (3 marks)
  2.    
    1. What is shifting cultivation? (2 marks)
    2. State three characteristics of nomadic pastoralism. (3 marks)
  3.    
    1. What is the balance of trade? (2 marks)
    2. State three types of trade. (3 marks)
  4.    
    1. Use the map below to answer the question a).
      Name the trans-continental highways M and P. (2 marks)
    2. State three advantages of air transport. (3 marks)
  5.    
    1. What is ecotourism? (2 marks)
    2. Name three tourist attractions sites within Rift Valley. (3 marks)

SECTION B (75 MARKS)

  1.    
    1. The diagram below shows the value of export earnings of selected crops from Kenya in (Ksh millions) use it to answer the questions that follow.
      Crop 2012 2013 2014
      Maize 101441 106648 93996
      Sugarcane  22271 16328 19913
      Coffee 1184 1020 1325
      1. Using a scale of lcm to 50,000million, draw proportional circles to represent the total export earnings between 2012-2014. Use diameter method. (8 marks)
      2. State two disadvantages of using proportional circles to represent the export values. (2 marks)
    2.    
      1. Describe the processes involved in production of sugarcane from land preparation to harvesting. (6 marks)
      2. State three ways in which the government is promoting sugarcane production. (3 marks)
    3. Explain three problems facing sugarcane farming in Kenya. (6 marks)
  2.    
    1.    
      1. Differentiate mining from quarrying. (2 marks)
      2. Name three types of minerals. (3 marks)
    2. Explain how the following factors influence exploitation of the mineral
      1. Size of the mineral deposited. (2marks)
      2. Methods of mining. (2 marks)
    3.    
      1. State three uses of soda ash. (3 marks)
      2. Describe how gold is mined. (4 marks)
      3. State three conditions necessary for the formation of the oil. (3 marks)
    4. Explain three problems facing mining industries in Kenya. (6 marks)
  3.    
    1.    
      1. What is fishing? (2 marks)
      2. Identify two methods of fishing used in marine fishing. ( 2 marks)
      3. State two characteristics of demersal fish. (2 marks)
    2. Use the map provided below to answer the questions that follow.
      1. Name two fishes caught along the coasts of Canada and U.S.A. (2 marks)
      2. Explain the role played by the following factors in promoting fishing in these areas.(4 marks)
    3. State four reasons why marketing of fish in Kenya is a problem. (4 marks)
    4. Give five measures by the Kenyan government to conserve fisheries in Kenya. (5 marks)
  4.      
    1.    
      1. What is a forest? (2 marks)
      2. State two importance of agro-forestry. (2 marks)
    2. Explain how the following factors influence distribution of forest in Kenya.
      Climate (4 marks)
      Biotic (2 marks)
    3.    
      1. Name three types of hardwood trees found in Kenya. (3 marks)
      2. Explain three factors that favour forestry in Canada. (6 marks)
    4. Explain three measures taken by the government of Kenya to control human encroachment on forested areas. (6 marks)
  5.    
    1.    
      1. Differentiate land reclamation from land rehabilitation. (2 marks)
      2. State four characteristics of land reclamation in Kenya. (4 marks)
    2.    
      1. Explain how the following factors favour the locations of Mwea-Tebere Irrigation scheme
        • Water availability (2 marks)
        • Topography (2 marks)
        • Soil (2 marks)
      2. State three problems experienced in irrigation schemes in Kenya (3 marks)
    3. Describe the processes involved in Zudder Zee project in Netherlands. (6 marks)

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