Agriculture Paper 1 Questions - Maseno Mock Examinations 2022

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QUESTIONS

SECTION A (30 MARKS)
Answer ALL questions in this Section.

  1. State any two disadvantages of pastoral nomadism system of farming. (1mk)
  2. Name three forms of horticulture practiced in Kenya. (11/2mks)
  3. State two benefits of optimum soil temperature in crop production. (1mk)
  4. State three advantages of adding organic matter to sandy soil. (11/2mks)
  5. Give four conditions of land which may make it necessary to carry out reclamations practices. (2mks)
  6. State four reasons for deep ploughing during land preparation. (2mks)
  7. Give the reasons why water treatment is important. (1 ½ marks)
  8. Name two sources of underground water. (1mark)
  9. State three factors that determine the quality of compost manure. (1 ½ marks)
  10. What is the minimum number of people required to form a co-operative society. (1mk)
  11. Name four statutory boards that are involved in the marketing of crops. (2mks)
  12. Distinguish between intensive hedgerow and border planting forms of agroforestry. (2mks)
  13. List four financial books a farmer should keep. (2mks)
  14. State any four characteristics of a fertile soil. (2mks)
  15. State three precautions necessary during soil sampling. (11/2mks)
  16. Differentiate between manure and fertilizer. (2mks)
  17. Give three factors that influence planting depth. (11/2mks)
  18. How can crops be prepared before storage? (11/2mks)
  19. Name one cause of blossom end rot in tomatoes. (1/2mk)
  20. Name the part harvested for each of the following crops. (1mk)
    1. Onions
    2. Carrots

SECTION B (20 MARKS)
Answer any TWO question in this section

  1. Study the following information which was extracted from Mr.Rambo’s farm record on 31st Dec 1995.
      Ksh
    Loans payable to bank
    Five milking cows
    400 layers
    20 goats
    Debts payable to Co-operative
    Building and structures
    Bonus payable to workers
    Cattle feed in store
    Animal drugs in store
    Debts receivable
    Breakages to repair
    Cash at hand
    Cash in bank
    Spray equipment
    300,000
    250,000
    80,000
    30,000
    20,000
    600,000
    19,000
    10,000
    4,000
    18,000
    30,000
    20,000
    30,000
    12,000
    Prepare a balance sheet for Mr.Rambo’s farm using the information above. (10mks)
  2. The diagrams below illustrate some common weeds. Study them carefully and answer the questions that follow.
    1
    1. Identify the weeds illustrated in diagrams G and H. (2mks)
    2. State one harmful effect of the weeds G and H in livestock production. (1mk)
  3. The diagrams below illustrate some of the common bean pests, study the diagrams and answer the questions that follow.
    2
    1. Identify the parts labelled U,V,W and X. (2mks)
    2. Describe two methods of controlling pests Vand W. (2mks)
  4. A member of young farmers club was advised to apply a complete fertilizer 30:20:10 in a tomato plot measuring 10m long by 5m wide at the rate of 300kg per hectare.
    1. State the percentage of P2O5 in the fertilizer. (1mk)
    2. Calculate the amount of fertilizer the member would require for the plot.(Show your working)(2mks)

SECTION C (40 MARKS)
Answer any 2 questions from this section.

  1.    
    1. The figure below shows part of nitrogen cycle
      3
      1. What are the processes in the cycle at A, B and C? (3mks)
      2. Describe the part played by leguminous plants (such as beans and peas in the nitrogen cycle,.(3mks)
    2. Nitrates dissolve easily in water. Explain why sandy soils often lack nitrates. (4mks)
    3. The diagram below represents a tomato plant. Study it and answer the questions that follow.
      4
      1. Identify the practice above. (1 mark)
      2. Outline disease and pests control methods in Tomato production. (9mks)
  2.    
    1. State the law of demand. (1mk)
    2. State four factors that determine the demand of a commodity in a free market economy. (4mks)
    3. What is elasticity of Demand? (1mk)
    4. The table below show the demand and supply of potatoes at UKULIMA market.
      Price (Ksh)  Quantity demanded in (bags) Quantity Supplied in (bags)
      1200
      1000
      800
      600
      400
      50
      90
      150
      225
      335
      250
      200
      150
      70
      0
      1. Using a suitable scale draw and label a graph showing the relationship between the demand and the supply of the potatoes at UKULIMA Market. (5mks)
      2. What is the equilibrium price of potatoes? (2mks)
      3. From the graph determine
        1. The number of bags of potatoes that would be bought if the price per bag is Ksh 900(1mk)
        2. The price of bags of potatoes if 180 bags are supplied. (1mk)
    5. Describe the problems of marketing of Agricultural produce. (6mks)
  3. Describe the production of maize under the following sub headings.
    1. Ecological requirement (4mks)
    2. Land Preparation (5mks)
    3. Field management and harvesting (6mks)
    4. Explain any five factors affecting the efficiency and effectiveness of pesticides. (5mks)

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