HISTORY PAPER 1 - KCSE 2019 JOINT PRE MOCK EXAMINATION NAMBALE

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SECTION A: (25 Marks)
Answer ALL questions 

  1. Name the main source of historical information used in grouping the language groups in Kenya                                                                                    
  2. Name two communities that make up Western Bantu. 2mks
  3. State two reasons why the Omani rulers were interested in establishing their control over the Kenyan coast. 2mks
  4. State two ways in which Kenyan Communities interacted in the pre-colonial period.        2mks
  5. Identify two ways in which the Maasai benefitted from their collaboration with the British.         2mks
  6. Name two treaties that were used to partition East Africa. 2mks     
  7. Give one peaceful method of resolving conflicts in Kenya. 1mk
  8. State two ways in which direct democracy is exercised in Kenya. 2mks
  9. Name one development right of children. 1mk                      
  10. Apart from Agikuyu give one community that practised mixed reaction to establishment of colonial rule by the British.  1mk
  11. Give two ways in which education system in Kenya promotes National Unity . 2mks
  12. State two characteristics of early political organization established in Kenya before 1932.    2mks                                                                                                                                 
  13. Give two members of the County Executive Committee 2mks
  14. Give the main function of the parliament. 1mk                                                                                        
  15. Identify one type of government expenditure in Kenya. 1mk
  16. State one pillar of Nyayoism 1mk
  17. What is the main challenge of Free Day Secondary Education? 1mk

SECTION B: (45 Marks)
Answer any THREE questions

  1.  
    1. Three communities in Kenya who belong to the Coastal Bantu. 3mks
    2. Six results of the migration and settlement of the Agikuyu in Kenya during the pre-colonial period. 12mks   
  1.  
    1. State three reasons why Seyyid Said transferred his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar.     3mks
    2. Six effects of missionary activities in Kenya.   12mks 
  1.  
    1. Give five reasons for the construction of the Uganda Railway.                    5mks
    2. Explain five problems encountered during the construction of Uganda railway. 10mks                                                                                                                               
  2.  
    1. State five factors that facilitated Mau Mau movement. 5mks   
    2. Explain five roles played by the trade union movement in the struggle for independence in Kenya. 10mks 

SECTION C: ( 30 Marks)
Answer any TWO questions in this section

  1.  
    1. Mention five values of a good Kenyan citizen.      5mks
    2. Explain five social-economic rights of a Kenyan citizen 5mks
  1.  
    1. Give three principles guiding public revenue and expenditure in Kenya. 3mks
    2. Explain six reasons why the Kenyan government prepares national budget annually? 12 mks
  1.  
    1. State the composition of the supreme court. 3mks
    2. Explain the concept of natural justice. 12mks


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A:

  1. Name the main source of historical information used in grouping the language groups in Kenya                                                                                                             1mk
    Linguistic
  2. Name two communities that make up Western Bantu.                                     2mks
    Abaluhya
    Abakuria
    Abagusii
  1. State two reasons why the Omani rulers were interested in establishing their control over the Kenyan coast.             2mks
    To expand their commercial empire
    To establish political control over the Kenyan coast
    To assist the ending the Portuguese rule.             2 x 1 = 2mks
  1. State two ways in which Kenyan Communities interacted in the pre-colonial period. 2mks
    • War/raid
    • Trade
    • Internarriage
    • Sports and games 2 x 1 = 2mks
  2. Identify two ways in which the Maasai benefitted from their collaboration with the British.
    1. Lenana was made paramount chief
    2. British supported Lenana against Sendeya in the succession dispute           
    3. Maasai were rewarded the cattle acquired from unco-operative communities e.g   Nandi
    4. Maasai protected against raids by their neighbours.             2 x 1 = 2mks
  1. Name two treaties that were used to partition East Africa.
    1. Anglo-Germany agreement of 1886 between British and Germans
    2. Heligoland Treaty of 1890 between British and Germans    
  1. Give one peaceful method of resolving conflicts in Kenya.                         1mk
    1. Mediation
    2. Negotiation
    3. Litigation
    4. Arbitration
    5. Conciliation (Reconciliation)                                                  1 x 1 =1mk
  1. State two ways in which direct democracy is exercised in Kenya. 2mks
    • Through referendum
    • Through consensus/pleas cite
    • Through peoples initiative
    • Exercising right to recall a non-performing member of parliament 2 x 1 = 2mks
  1. Name one development right of children.             1mk
    Right to free and compulsory basic education
    Right to parental care and protection.                       
  1. Apart from Agikuyu give one community that practised mixed reaction to establishment of colonial rule by the British.
    • Akamba
    • Luo 1 x 1 = 1mk
  1. Give two ways in which education system in Kenya promotes National Unity . 2mks
    • Use of ome curriculum in all public schools.
    • Use of one medium of instructions
    • Common national examinations
    • Existence of national schools
  1. State two characteristics of early political organization established in Kenya before 2mks
    • They were led t mission-educated e.g Harry Thuku
    • They were ethnic/tribal based
    • They addressed similar grievances e.g land alienation, forced labour, taxation
    • They demanded for better living conditions
    • They demanded for better living conditions for Africans rather than demand for political independence
      2 x 1 = 2mks
  1. Give two members of the County Executive Committee 2mks
    • County Governor
    • Deputy County Governor
    • Members appointed by the county governor with teh approval of the assembly.
      2 x 1 = 2mks
  1. Give the main function of the parliament. 1mk
    • To make law                                                                                                                          
  1. Identify one type of government expenditure in Kenya.
    Capital expenditure
    Recurrent expenditure
  2. State one pillar of Nyayoism             1mk
    Peace
    Love
    Unity
  1. What is the main challenge of Free Day Secondary Education. 1mk
    Over Enrolment

SECTION B: (45 Marks)
Answer any THREE questions

  1.  
    1. Three communities in Kenya who belong to the Coastal Bantu.
      • Mijikenda
      • Taita Taveta
      • Pokoma                                                                                  
        3 x 1 = 3mks
    2. Six results of the migration and settlement of the Agikuyu in Kenya during the pre-colonial period
      • Led to population increase in the regions where they settled
      • They spread the idea/knowledge of iron working to other parts of Kenya
      • There was increased intercommunity conflict between them and thegroups they came across.
      • Intensified trading activities wth the communities they met e.g exchanged iton tools.
      • Increased cultural interaction/exchange with other communities
      • Led to the spread of agricultural practices to other communities
      • They displaced some of the communities they came across.
      • They intermarried with the communities they came across e.g Maasai
        6 x 2 = 12mks
    1. State three reasons why Seyyid Said transferred his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar.
      • Need to control E./ African Coast and Zanzibar effectively.
      • Zanzibar had good climate
      • Zanzibar had fresh water
      • Zanzibar had fertile soils for the growth of cloves
      • Zanzibar was defensible as an Island
      • Zanzibar had deep natural harbours which favoured international trade.
      • Zanzibar was loyal to Oman.                                                  3 x 1 = 3mks
    2. Six effects of missionary activities in Kenya.                                  12mks
      • They converted Africans to Christianity
      • They built schools where Africans were et aught how to read and write
      • They introduced new crops and new farming methods in Kenya.
      • They built hospital which helped to improve the health standards of the people.
      • They translated the Bible into local languages.
      • They draw a map of the interior of the Great Lakes region which inspired many explorers to come to Africa.
      • They influenced their home governments to take interest in the region which later led to colonization.
      • They introduced Western culture which undermined the African culture.
      • They established centres for freed slaves.
      • They introduced new vocational skills e.g masonry and carpentry.
      • Some missionaries represented African interests in Kenya like Dr. John Arthur represented African interest in the legislative council. 6 x 2 = 12mks
  1.  
    1. Give five reasons for the construction of the Uganda Railway.   5mks
      • To facilitate movement of troops into the interior
      • To ensure effective administration /control over British protectorate
      • To facilitate abolition of slave trade/promotion of legitimate trade
      • To link the land locked Uganda with the coast/outside world
      • To enable British to protect her strategic interest in the regions
      • Top facilitate exploitation of resources in the region. 5 x 1 = 5mks
    2. Explain five problems encountered during the construction of Uganda railway.
      • There was shortage of labour as most of th Africans were not willing to provide labour/not skilled.
      • Adverse climatic conditions/dry condition/heavy rains delayed the construction work.
      • Attacks by tropical diseases weakened the workers/loss of life slowing down the work/paste
      • There was scarcity of essential supplies which made the workers less productive.
      • There was hostility/resistance from African communities who were against the construction of the railway through their land.
      • The terrain/escarpment posed engineering challenges which slowed down the construction work.
      • Attack by man eaters of Tsavo/lions caused loss of lives, desertions leading to delays/stoppage for some time.
      • There were delays in delivery of construction materials which delayed the construction/raised the cost of construction.
      • Transportation of some construction materials was difficult die to their bulkiness.
        5 x 2 = 10mks
  1.  
    1. State five factors that facilitated Mau Mau movement. 5mks   
      • The oathing activities which united the nationalism
      • Availability of homemade guns/ammunition
      • Hilly terrain existence of forest provided hideouts for the nationalists
      • Regular food supply/information provided to the fighters
      • Availability of able skilful leaders
      • Use of guerrilla tactics to fight the colonialists. 5 x 1 = 5mks
    2. Explain five roles played by the trade union movement in the struggle for independence in Kenya. 10mks
      • It motivated the workers against oppressive colonial government policies thereby promoting anti-government sentiments
      • It served as a platform/fora for airing African grievances against the colonial government in the absence of poltical organisations which had been banned
      • It educated the workers on their rights hence made them agitate for political independence.
      • It organized demonstrations/strikes/boycotts against the colonial government thereby promoting nationalists activities.
      • It provided training grounds for the leaders who led in the nationalist struggle
      • It exposes the plight of African workers to the international community leading to the condemnation of the colonial government .
      • It demanded for the release of political prisoners/detainees which boosted the struggle for independence.
        Any 5 x 2 = 10mks

SECTION C: ( 30 Marks)
Answer any TWO questions in this section

  1.  
    1. Mention five values of a good Kenyan citizen.                                               5mks
      • Nationalism/love for country – defend
      • Patriotism/ones seek to promote country’s well being.
      • Molarity/holds good morals
      • Integrity/obey the law at all times
      • Thrift/prudent use of resources
      • Ethics/good relations e.g transparent, hardwork no corruption, personal initiative.
        5 x 1 = 5mks
    2. Explain five social-economic rights of a Kenyan citizen 5mks
      • High standards of health to emergency treatment
      • Adequate housing and sanitation
      • Adequate food of acceptable quality
      • Clean and safe drinking water in adequate quantities
      • Education
      • Social security 5 x 1 = 5mks
  2.  
    1. Give three principles guiding public revenue and expenditure in Kenya. 3mks
      • Openness and accountability including public participation
      • Sharing of the burden of taxation fairly
      • Sharing the revenue raised nationally equitably among the National and county governments
      • Using public money in a prudent and responsible way.
      • Having a clear responsible method of financial management and a clear way of fiscal reporting
      • Sharing the burden and the benefits of the use of resources and public borrowing equitably between present and future generations.
    2. Explain six reasons why the Kenyan government prepares national budget annually?12 mks
      • It enables the government to source for revenue for its activities and programmes.
      • Enables the government to identify ways in which to spend its revenue without any wastage.                        
      • Enables the government to prioritize development needs in the country
      • Enables the government to assess its performance in the previous year and improve where necessary
      • Enhances accountability and transparency on the side of the government in the eyes of the public
      • Ensures there is a balance in the country’s revenue and expenditure hence avoiding budget deficits
      • Provides valuable information to people interested in investing in the country i.e NGOs
      • Creates confidence among foreign countries i.e Donors, World financial institutions e.g IMF
        6 x 2 = 12mks
  1.  
    1. State the composition of the supreme court.             3mks
      • The chief justice who is the president of the court
      • Deputy chief justice
        5 other judges             3 x 1 = 3mks
    2. Explain the concept of natural justice. 12mks
      • The accused person is given a fair hearing
      • Suspects are innocent until proven guilty by a court of law
      • Discourages mob justice
      • Accused person is entitled to legal representation
      • A suspect is given a chance to defend him/herself and call witnesses
      • Judges and magistrates carry out their functions without interference on their decisions and operations.
      • An accused person is notified in advance of the impending trial and the charges that one is facing.
      • Justice should be done and be seen to be done.
      • If judges and magistrates have an interest in a case they should disqualify themselves before the trial.
      • On reaching a decision, the accused person should be informed of the decision and the reason for the decision.
      • A judge cannot judge him/herself.
        6 x 2 = 12mks

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