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    1. Explain why Christian Religious Education is taught in Kenya schools today.  (7 marks)
    2. Give reasons why the Bible is referred to as the “Word of God”  (6 marks)
    3. What lessons do Christians learn about work from the Genesis stories of creation. (7 marks)
    1. Explain the meaning of the symbolic objects used by the Hebrews on the night of Passover. (8 marks)
    2. Identify the attributes of God the Israelites learn from the ten plagues. (7 marks)
    3. What are the similarities between the Jewish Passover and the Christian Easter.  (5 marks)
    1. Explain why idolatry was widespread in Israel at the time of prophet Elijah.   (7 marks)
    2. Outline the activities of King Jeroboam which made the Israelites in the Northern kingdom to turn away from God. (7 marks)
    3. In what ways in church worship abused today.                         (6 marks)
    1. Discuss how the prophetic message were written.                      (5 marks)
    2. Describe Amo’s teaching on the day of the lord.                          (8 marks)
    3. State ways in which the church is carrying out its prophetic role. (7 marks)
    1. Describe the call of Jeremiah.                                                    (7 marks)
    2. Describe the fall of Jerusalem and the exile of the Israelites.      (8 marks)
    3. Identify ways in which Christians can help to reduce human suffering.(7 marks)
    1. Explain the meaning of life and its wholeness in traditional African Communities. (6 marks)
    2. Outline ways in which traditional African Communities show appreciation to God as the source of life.(7 marks)
    3. How can Christians show respect for life today.                          (7 marks)


    1. Why CRE is taught in Kenyan schools today   (7mks)
      -To get a better understanding of God
      -To enable the learner to use the knowledge and attitudes acquired to think critically and make appropriate decisions
      -to appreciate your own religion and those of others
      -To help the learner to acquire the principles of Christian living
      -To help the learner develop a sense of self- worth and identity for themselves and others
      -To promote international consciousness
      -To help learners live new lives in Christ
      -To help form a bridge for further studies and career development
      - To identify answers to some life’s questions
    2. Reasons why the Bible is referred to as the word of God
      -It was inspired by God
      -It deals with God’s revelation to human beings
      -The authors of the Bible wrote under the influence of the Holy Spirit
      -God wrote the Ten Commandments on the stone tablets
      - The Bible is God’s will to human beings and their response
      -The Bible is God’s message in human language
      -It contains prophecies and predictions made by people sent by God and they came to pass
      -It contains the history of salvation through Jesus Christ
      -It contains words that were directly spoken by God
    3. Lessons learnt about work from the Genesis stories of creation   (7mks)
      -Work was ordained by God for God worked for six days during the creation
      -Work is good because after completion of each piece of work, God saw that it was good
      -Work is to be enjoyed
      -Work should be done in an orderly manner
      -Through work human beings are able to continue with God’s work of creation
      -Work bears good fruits
      -Work is necessary activity as it enables one to earn a living
      -Work is a duty as human beings were commanded to work by God
      -Human beings should cooperate and have a team spirit when working as it is reflected in the creation of male and female by the Holy Trinity
      -Human beings should be committed to work
      -Rest is important after work
    1. The meaning of symbolic objects used by the Hebrews on the night of Passover (8mks)
      -Use of a young lamb without blemish signified the purity and innocence of the sacrifice
      -The unleavened bread signified lack of time to ferment and purity of the bread
      -Eating the bitter herbs signified the suffering in Egypt
      -The blood smeared on the door posts meant to save the Israelites from the angel of death
      -the jewelry that the Israelites borrowed the Egyptians was a compensation for the free labor they had offered
      -The leftovers were burnt all as a way of not leaving any mark in Egypt, a land of slavery
      -the staff on their hands and sandals on their feet indicated readiness to leave Egypt
    2. Attributes of God from the ten plagues   (7mks)
      -God is all powerful compared to the Egyptian gods
      -God is patient
      -God is just
      -saves/ is a savior
      -The lord of nature
      -God demands obedience          
    3. Similarities between the Jewish Passover and the Christian Easter (5mks)
      -Both are annual festivals
      -In both cases offerings are made
      -In both, the participants remember the suffering and victory
      -Both incidents are important historical events which form the basis of the belief and practice in Judaism and Christianity respectively
      -Blood was shed as a symbol of salvation in both cases
      -In both cases God used individual in liberating the people
      -In both cases they remember God’s love for His people
    1. Why idolatry was widespread in Israel during the time of Elijah (7mks)
      -The division of the kingdom which cut off the northern tribes from the temple worship in Jerusalem
      -The Israelites were attracted to the visible gods as opposed to their unseen Yahweh
      -The kings supported idol worship
      -Yahweh’s prophets had been killed at the command of Jezebel
      -Many false prophets and prophetess of ball were brought by Jezebel
      -The altars meant for Yahweh’s worship had been destroyed
      -Israelites intermarried with the neighboring nations which practiced idolatry
      -The Canaanite religion looked superior to Yahwehism
      -The kings and priests had failed to teach the Israelites the covenant way of life
    2. Activities of Jeroboam to led the northern kingdom away from God     (7mks)
      -He stopped the Israelites from going to worship in Jerusalem
      -He made two golden calves images to represent Yahweh
      -He made the people offer sacrifices to the idols
      -He made Dan and Bethel centers of worship
      -He built places of worship on hilltops
      -He chose priests who did not belong to the Levites
      -He instituted his own religious festivals
      -He worshipped idols
      -He changed the Israelites calendar
    3. Ways in which the church worship is abused today   (6mks)
      -Misinterpretation of the Bible for personal reasons
      -Using the pulpit as a political platform
      -Quarrels and fights bin the church between rival groups
      -Attending the church services indecently dressed
      -Charging a fee for prayers or faith-healing
      -Rejecting preachers for condemning evil in the church
      -Erotic and pop singing and dancing in the church
      -Embezzling church offerings and dues
      - Hypocrisy among the worshippers
      -Turning away some believers
    1. Discuss how the prophetic messages were written   (5mks)
      -The prophets themselves may have written the prophetic messages
      -The prophets may have dictated the message to a scribe to write it down
      -God dictated to the prophets what was to be put down
      -The disciples of the prophets preserved their masters’ teachings as oral traditions and passed it over to subsequent generations
      -The disciples of the prophets treasured recollections of the prophet’s life as well as their oracles and incorporated them in the historical books of the Bible
      -The scribes reorganized the prophet’s teaching according to subject matter
      -The collection, compiling and writing of the prophetic messages was accomplished over a long period of time
    2. Describe Amos’ teaching on the day of the lord   (8mks)
      -Full of darkness/gloom
      -Disaster and terror
      -Mourning and wailing
      -Israel’s defeat by her enemies
      -Earthquakes and floods
      -Hunger and thirst for lord’s word
      -God’s judgment on Israel’s sin
      -Fainting as they look for the word of God
    3. State ways in which the church carry out its prophetic role  (7mks)
      -Preaching the good news
      -Translating the Bible into local languages
      -Condemning the evils in the society
      -Providing guidance and counselling
      -Providing civic education
      -Producing religious programs in the electronic media
      -Distributing Bibles and other religious literature to the people
      -Providing medical services and facilities
      -Advocating for laws which are not discriminating
    1. Describe the call of Jeremiah   (7mks)
      -Jeremiah was called by God during the reign of king Josiah. God told him that He had consecrated and appointed him a prophet to all nations before he was born.
      -Jeremiah was hesitant and said he did not know how to speak because he was young. God touched Jeremiah’s mouth to put His words in him and assured him of His protection
      -His prophetic mission would involve God’s judgment on Judah because of her sins and later restoration of the kingdom
      -Jeremiah call was illustrated through two visions; the vision of a branch of the almond tree and a boiling pot tilted from the north. Jeremiah obeyed God’s call.
    2. The fall of Jerusalem and the exile of the Israelites   (8mks)
      -Jerusalem was attacked and invaded by the Babylonians during the reign of king Zedekiah in 587 BCE
      -The city was under siege for 30 months
      -The Israelites army inside the city was weakened by famine and was smashed by the strong Babylonians
      -King Zedekiah and his court officials tried to escape to Rabbah but were captured and taken to Nebuchadnezzar
      -Nebuchadnezzar ordered the killing of Zedekiah’s sons and his officials, Zedekiah’s eyes were gouged out
      -Zedekiah was frog-marched and dragged into exile
      -The city was looted, houses burnt down and the temple destroyed
      -The royal officials, priests, army officers, craftsmen and middle class residents were taken to captivity in Babylon
      -The land and the city was given to the poor people of Judah
      -The Babylonians appointed Gedaliah to be the Governor of Judah
    3. Ways which Christians can help to reduce human suffering   (7mks)
      -Donating food and clothing to the victims of suffering
      -Voting out corrupt leaders
      -Advocating for laws which are not discriminating
      -Providing civic education on the rights of individuals
      -Providing relief-aid to victims of war and famine stricken areas
      -Creating job opportunities
      -Condemning acts which lead to suffering
      -Being just and fair to others
      -Providing guidance and counselling to the victims of suffering
    1. Meaning of life and its wholeness in ATS   (6mks)
      -God is the source of life
      -Human life has a rhythm of nature which nothing can destroy
      -Individuals have to go through different levels in life
      -Life is not only the physical existence but also spirit
      -All efforts are made to protect and increase life
      - Life is enhanced through observance of rituals, taboos and regulations
      -Rites of passages incorporate a person into fullness of life
      -Every person has a duty to promote life into fullness of life
      -Every person has a duty to promote life through marriage and procreation
      -People always expresses their appreciation to God as the source of life
    2. Ways in which African communities show appreciation to God as the source of life (7mks)
      -Giving thanks offerings after a good harvest
      -Naming children after God
      -Offering sacrifices to God
      -Taking care of the environment
      -Praying to God for protection, providence and sustenance
      -Dancing and singing songs of praise
      -Avoiding murder
      -Associating certain animals and birds with God
      -Invoking God’s name frequently
      -Giving God’s blessings in the name of God
    3. How Christians show respect for life today   (7mks)
      -Conserving the environment
      -Discouraging capital punishment
      -Avoiding pollution of the environment
      -Providing charitable services
      -Condemning abortions
      -Discouraging child abuse
      -Sharing natural resources with the less fortune
      -supporting medical research and services to improve health
      -Condemning abuse of drugs and alcohol
      -Preaching peace and love
      -Discouraging euthanasia
      -Donating relief aid to drought stricken areas


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