CHEMISTRY PAPER 3 - KCSE 2019 NYANDARUA PRE MOCK EXAMINATION

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  1.  
    1. You are provided with
      • 4M sodium hydroxide solution labeled solution x
      • 2M Hydrochloric acid labeled as solution Z
      • 0g of impure anhydrous sodium carbonate labeled solid P

        You are required to determine the percentage purity of solid P.
        Procedure
      • Using 100ml measuring cylinder, measure 80cm3 of solution Z and place it in a 250ml beaker.
      • Add all the solid P to the acid in the beaker and stir with a glass rod until effervescence stops.
      • Transfer the content of the beaker carefully into a 250ml volumetric flask and add distilled water upto the mark.
      • Label this solution Y
      • Fill a burrete with solution Y.
      • Using a clean pipette and pipette filler, put 25cm 3 of solution X into a conical flask.
      • Add three drops of phenolphthalein indicator and titrate using solution Y.
      • Repeat the titration two more times and complete the table below

        Table 1
         

        I

        II

        III

        Final burette reading (cm3)

             

        Initial burette reading (cm3)

             

        Volume of solution Y used (cm3)

             
        1. Calculate
          1. Average volume of solution Y used (1mk)
          2. Number of moles of solution X in 25cm3 (1mk)
        2. Concentration of solution Y in moles per litre. (2mks)
          1. Number of moles of HCl in 250cm3 of solution (1mk)
          2. Original number of moles in 80cm3 of solution Z             (1mk)
          3. Number of moles of HCl that reached with the carbonates (1mk)
          4. Number of moles of sodium carbonate (1mk)
          5. Mass of sodium carbonate used (1mk)
          6. The percentage purity of solid P (1mk)
  2. You are provided with 4.0g of oxalic acid labeled solid Q. You are required to determine the solubility of solid Q at different temperature.

    Procedure
    • Transfer all solid Q into a clean dry boiling tube.
    • Using a burette add 4cm3 of distilled water to solid Q in the boiling tube.
    • Heat the mixture while stirring with the thermometer until all the solid dissolves.
    • Allow the solution to cool while stirring with the thermometer and note the temperature at which crystals start to appear record the temperature in table 2.
    • Add 2cm3 of water into the mixture in the boiling tube and repeat the procedure. Continue adding 2cm3 portions of water until total volume of water is 12cm3. Note the temperature at which crystallization occurs in each case and record the temperature in table 2.

      Table 2

      Volume of distilled water in the boiling tube (cm3)

      Temperature on 0c at which crystals first appear

      Solubility of solid Q in g/100g of water

      4

         

      6

         

      8

         

      10

         

      12

         
      1. Complete the table 2 by calculating the solubility of solid Q in g/100g of water(5mks)
      2. On the grid provided plot a graph of solubility of solid Q against temperature(3mks)
      3. Determine the solubility of solid Q at 550 (1mk)
  3. You are provided with solid T. Carry out the tests below and record your observations and inferences in the spaces provided.
    1. Place about a third of solid T in a dry test tube and heat it strongly. Test any gas produced with most red and blue litmus paper
      Observations       
      Inferences
    2. Dissolve the remaining solid in distilled water and divide the solutions in to four portions
      Observations       
      Inferences
    3. To the 1st portion, add sodium hydroxide drop wise until in excess
      Observations       
      Inferences
    4. To the second portion, add ammonia solution drop wise until in excess
      Observations       
      Inferences
    5. To the third portion, add a few drops of dilute sulphuric (vi) acid
      Observations       
      Inferences
    6. To the fourth portion, add a few drops of acidified barium nitrate solution
      Observations       
      Inferences
  4. You are provided with solid R. Carry out the tests below and record your observations and inferences in the spaces provided.
    Place all solid R into a boiling tube. Add 10cm3 of distilled water and shake well. Use 2cm3 portions of the mixture for the following reactions.
    1. Test the first portion with blue and red litmus papers.
      Observations       
      Inferences
    2. To the second portion, add three drops of bromine water
      Observations       
      Inferences
    3. To the third portion, add 2 drops of acidified potassium manganese (vii) and shake well
      Observations       
      Inferences
    4. Warm the fourth portion slightly and add a little solid A, sodium hydrogen carbonate
      Observations       
      Inferences


MARKING SCHEME

  1. Calculate
    1. Average volume of solution Y used (1mk)
      24.0+24.0+24.0
                3
      = 24.0 cm3
    2. Number of moles of solution X in 25cm3 (1mk)
      25x0.4
      1000
      = 0.01 moles
    3. Concentration of solution Y in moles per litre. (2mks)
      NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) à NaCl(aq) + H2O(l)
      0.01 moles à 24.0 cm3
      1000x0.01
          24.0            
      = 0.4167M
    4. Number of moles of HCl in 250cm3 of solution (1mk)
      0.01 moles= 24.0cm3
               ?        = 250 cm3
      250x 0.01
          24.0                  
      = 0.1042 moles
    5. Original number of moles in 80cm3 of solution Z             (1mk)
      2x80
      1000
      = 0.16 moles
    6. Number of moles of HCl that reached with the carbonates (1mk)
      0.16- .1042
      = 0.0558 moles
    7. Number of moles of sodium carbonate (1mk)
      Na2 CO3(s) +2HCl (aq)2NaCl (aq) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l)
      = ½ x 0.0558
      = 0.00279 moles
    8. Mass of sodium carbonate used (1mk)
      0.0279 x 106
      = 2.9574g
    9. The percentage purity of solid P (1mk)
      2.9574 x 100
         5
      = 59.148%
  2.  
  3. Volume of distilled water in the boiling tube (cm3)

    Temperature on 0c at which crystals first appear

    Solubility of solid Q in g/100g of water

    4

    69.0

    112.50

    6

    59.0

    75.0

    8

    54.0

    56.25

    10

    48.0

    45.00

    12

    44.0

    37.50

    Complete the table 2 by calculating the solubility of solid Q in g/100g of water (5mks)
    C.T 3 mks. (correct arithmetic each mark ½ mk)
    Trend (reducing temperature) 1mk
    Decimal place (consistent) 1 mk                                                                              
    1. On the grid provided plot a graph of solubility of solid Q against temperature (3mks)
      Provide graph paper. Labeling ½ mk
      Scale ½ mk
      Plotting 1mk
      Curve 1mk
    2. Determine the solubility of solid Q at 550 (1mk)
      Showing on the graph ½ 66g/ 100 of water
  4.  
    1. Place about a third of solid T in a dry test tube and heat it strongly. Test any gas produced with most red and blue litmus paper
      CHEM3FULL
    2. Dissolve the remaining solid in distilled water and divide the solutions in to four portions
      CHEM3BFULL
    3.  
      CHEM3BCDFULL
  5. chem4fulll

    chem4full

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