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    1. Explain the Jewish expectations concerning the messiah                                                  (7mks)
    2. State 7 similarities in the annunciation of the birth of John the Baptist and that of Jesus Christ.(7mks)
    3. Identify 6 lessons Christians learn from the annunciation of the birth of John the Baptist. (6mks)
    1. State the teachings of John the Baptist as the forerunner of Jesus Christ. (8mks)
    2. Outline what Jesus said about John the Baptist to his disciples                                         (6mks)
    3. Explain ways in which church leaders should respond to members who oppose them in their work(6mks)
    1. Describe the incident in which Jesus had the last supper with his disciples (7mks)
    2. Give 6 reasons why Jesus used bread and wine during the last supper                             (6mks)
    3. Outline the importance of celebrating the Holy Communion in the church today.           (7mks)
    1. Identify 5 ways in which the work of the Holy Spirit was manifested on the day of Pentecost(5mks)
    2. Identify the role played by the youth in church today (7mks)
    3. State 8 challenges that hinder the church from carrying out its mission effectively (8mks)
    1. Give seven advantages of a monogamous marriage.                                                          (7mks)
    2. Outline the importance of children in both Christianity and traditional African communities.(7mks)
    3. Identify 6 ways through which Christians help to minimize conflicts between parents and their children in Kenya today. (6mks)
    1. Identify the main sources of Christian ethics            (5mks)
    2. Explain the Christian teachings on human sexuality (8mks)
    3. How is the church helping the youth to deal with the temptation of pre-marital sex? (7mks)


    1. Jewish expectations of the messiah.
      • He would be a descendant of David/ A royal descendant.
      • Would come after the return of Elijah
      • A political leader/one who would overthrow the roman rules.
      • Who would convert Jerusalem to be the centre of rule.
      • Would not associate with the poor and sinners
      • He would make Judahism a superior religion
      • He would perform miracles.
      • His kingdom would be preceded by cosmic sign’s
      • He would conquer the enemies of Israel
      • He would rule the whole world.
        (7 x 1 = 7mks)
    2. Similarities in the annunciation of birth of John and Jesus.
      • In both the message was delivered by the same angel and missions specified by the same angel.
      • In both signs were given to confirm the messages.
      • In both the children were to be Gods servants.
      • In both the children were to be Gods servants
      • In both the births were to be through divine intervention.
      • In both the names of the children were given before birth.
      • In both their missions/qualities wee given.
      • In both they were the first borns of their parents.
    3. Lessons from the annunciation of the birth of John
      • Children are gifts from God
      • They should be persistent in prayer.
      • They should have faith in God
      • Doubting Gods message can lead punishment circumstances they are in.
      • Christians should be patient.
      • God has a purpose for their lives.
        6 x 1 = 6mks
    1. Teachings of John as the forerunner of Jesus
      • The need for repentance for forgiveness of sins
      • He condemned the hypocrisy of the jews.
      • He told people about the coming judgement
      • He taught people to be charitable.
      • He condemned the oppressions of the poor/false accusation.
      • He told tax collectors to be honest/contented with their wages.
      • The messiah who would come was greater than him
      • He told people that the messiah would baptize with holy spirit.
        8 x 1 = 8mks
    2. What Jesus said about John to his disciples
      • John was the greatest prophet.
      • John’s mission had been prophesied in the scriptures
      • John was his forerunner.
      • John lived in the wilderness.
      • He led a simple life.
      • He said that John was a nazarite
      • The people had accused John of being possessed by a demon
        6 x 1 = 6mks
    3. Ways in which church leaders should respond to those who oppose them.
      • Investigate the reason for their opposition.
      • They should forgive them/seek reconciliation
      • Pray for those who oppose them.
      • Include them in fellowships/church activities
      • Look for opportunities to help them especially when in problems.
      • Review/change their approach to issue.
        6 x 1= 6marks
    1. The incident when Jesus had the last supper with his disciples.
      • Jesus sat with his disciples at one table
      • He told them that he had desired to share the meal with them before his death.
      • Jesus took the bread/broke it/gave them/
      • He then took a cup of wine and said. This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
      • He told the disciples that one of them was going to betray him.
      • The disciples questioned who would betray Jesus.
      • The disciples argued among themselves about who would be the greates.
      • Jesus told them that the greatest is the one who serves.
      • Jesus told Simon that he would deny him.
      • Jesus told Simon that they had already prayed for him to strengthen the others.
      • Jesus advised the disciples to have their bags/swords/purses.
        7 x 1 = 7 marks
    2. Reasons why Jesus used bread and wine during the last supper
      • Bread was a common meal for the Jews.
      • Unleavened bread was used during the Jewish celebration of the Passover.
      • The wine was also a common drink for the Jews.
      • The bread represented his body which would be broken for the forgiveness of sins.
      • The wine represented his blood which would be shed for the sealing of the new covenant.
      • He used bread to demonstrate that the was the bread of life.
      • The bread and wine was a sign of the messianic banquet.
        6 x 1 = 6 marks
    3. Importance of celebrating the holy communion in church today.
      • To remember the death and resurrection of Jesus.
      • It is a foretaste of the messiah banquet.
      • To experience the Holy Spirit.
      • To anticipate the second coming of Christ
      • To renew their faith in God.
      • It encourages the spirit of sharing
      • It gives Christians an opportunity to thank God for salvation.
      • It gives Christians an opportunity to repent.
      • It unites Christians in the church
      • It demonstrates obedience to the command of Jeus.
    1. Ways in which the work of the holy spirit was manifested on the day of Pentecost.
      • The disciples spoke in tongues.
      • The holy spirit empowered peter to preach to the crowd.
      • The holy spirit empowered Peter to remember the old testament teachings.
      • The holy spirit gave Peter courage to defend the apostles.
      • The holy spirit convicted the multitude of their sin’s.
      • The holy spirit enabled 3000 souls to be converted
        5 x 1 = 5marks
    2. Role played by the youth in church today.
      • Leading in praise and worship
      • Participate in choir
      • Cleaning and decorating the church
      • They pray/intercede for the body of Christ.
      • Preaching/teaching the word of God
      • Participate in ushering
      • Participate in church projects
      • Reading the bible in church
        7 x 1   = 7mks
    3. Challenges that hinder the church from carrying out its mission effectively.
      • Inadequate finances to carry out the mission
      • Few members who are dedicated to the work.
      • Some church members lack knowledge of the scriptures.
      • Poor leadership skills
      • Interference from other religions/non-believers
      • Doctrianal defferences
      • Greed for power and wealth.
      • Political interference in their work.
      • Poor infrastructure/language barrier/insecurity.
      • All forms of discrimination.
    1. Advantages of a monogamous marriage
      • It promotes intimancy
      • It minimizes wrangles/conflicts on ownership of property
      • It enhances security among family members
      • It enhances undevided love.
      • It upholds the dignity/honour/confidence of family members
      • It reduces the risk of contracting HIV/AIDs other SYIs
      • Catering for family needs is easier.
      • It reduces delinquency among family members
        7 x 1 = 7mks
    2. Importance of children in both Christian and T.A communities
      • They take care of their parents during old age.
      • Ensure continuity of the community
      • Inherit their parents property
      • Are a sign of God’s blessing
      • Provide labour for the family
      • Cement the marriage relationship.
      • Raise the status of the parents.
      • Are a source of joy and happiness
      • Are a source of wealth.
        7 x 1 = 7 marks
    3. Ways through which Christians help to miniminse conflicts between parents and children in Kenya today.  
      • Guidance and counseling/advising them.
      • Praying for families
      • Making fair judgment in resolving the conflicts
      • Setting a good example to others in the society
      • Teaching the word of God concerning families
      • Encouraging/campaigning for monogamous marriages.
      • Offering financial help to families that are poor.
        6 x 1 = 6 marks
    1. Source of Christian ethics
      • The bible which is universally accepted as the word of God.
      • Human reason and experience
      • The church community.
      • Natural laws and conscience
      • Situation ethics
      • Authoritative Christian literature
        5 x 1 = 6marks
    2. Christian teachings on human sexuality
      • Human sexuality is a gift from God.
      • Sex is sacred as it was instituted by God
      • Man and woman were created for companionship
      • A woman was created to complement man.
      • A man and woman share the image of God and likeness of God.
      • Man and woman become one flesh in marriage.
      • Sexual intercourse is life giving thus meant for pro-creation
      • Human beings have the ability to control their sexual desires.
      • All forms of irresponsible sexual behaviour are condemned.
      • Marriage is complete with or without children
        8 x 1 = 8marks
    3. How the church is helping the youth to deal with the temptation of pre-marital sex
      • Praying for them to avoid pre-marital sex
      • Advising them to avoid staying alone in places with someone of the opposite sex
      • Teaching them the biblical scriptures that condemn irresponsible sex.
      • Providing activities to them to avoid idleness
      • Preaching to them on Gods command of purity until marriage.
      • Being role models
      • Involving them into pre-marital campaigns
      • Advising them to abstain
        7 x 1 = 7marks 
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