History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Kangundo Subcounty Pre Mock Exams 2021/2022

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INSTRUCTIONS
This paper consists of three sections, A, B and C
Answer all the questions in the section A, three questions in section B and two questions in section C

SECTION A (25 MARKS) Answer all the questions from this section

  1. Give the main method used by Anthropologists to gather their historical data (1 mk)
  2. Identify the method used in making of the Sangoan tools (1mk)
  3. Identify two external causes for Lewanika's collaboration with the British ( 2mks)
  4. Identify the charted company that Britain used to administer parts of West Africa (1mk)
  5. Give two reasons why the location of the Samori Toure's second empire contributed to his defeat by the French ( 2mks)
  6. Identify two ancestors of man associated with the making of oldwan tools (2mks)
  7. List two inventions which Jethro Tull a British Farmer invented. (2mks)
  8. State two regions where salt was mined during the Trans-Saharan trade (2mks)
  9. State two ways in which knowledge of Iron working led to the rise of kingdoms in pre-colonial period (2mks)
  10. Outline two roles played by the African ex-soldiers in the growth of nationalism after 1945 (2mks)
  11. State one ways through which the European nations maintained peace among themselves during the partition of African continent (1 mk)
  12. State two duties of native affairs department in Zimbabwe during the colonial period (2mks) 
  13. Name the underground movement that spearhead the armed resistance in South Africa during the apartheid system (1mk)
  14. Identify two weapons used during cold war (2mk)
  15. Identify two vessels used in space explorations (2mks)

    SECTION B (45 marks)
    Answer any three questions from this section
  16.      
    1. Identify three reasons why African slaves were more preferred than other races during the Trans-Atlantic trade ( 3mks)
    2. Explain six factors which contributed to the decline of Trans-Saharan trade (12 mks)
  17.    
    1. Name three advantages of the use of radio over newspaper in Modern society (3mks)
    2. Describe six contributions of TV to economic development (12mks)
  18.      
    1. Identify three communities in southern Tanganyika that took part in Majimaji uprising (3mks)
    2. Explain six reasons why Africans in Southern Tanganyika were defeated by Germans in 1907 (12 mks)
  19.       
    1. Other, than Nigeria name other three Britain colonies in West Africa. ( 3mks)
    2. Explain six reasons why the British used direct rule in Zimbabwe (12mks)

      SECTION C (30 marks
      Answer any two questions
  20.    
    1. Name three political parties that struggled for independence in Ghana (3ks)
    2. Explain six factors that contributed to Nationalism in Ghana (12mks)
  21.      
    1. Give five reasons for the failure of the peace settlement after the First World War (Smks)
    2. Discuss five causes of Second World War (10mks)
  22.    
    1. Name three founders of Non-Aligned Movement (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors that undermined the activities of Non-Aligned Movement (12mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Give the method used by anthropologist to gather their historical data. (1x1mk)
    Observation
  2. Identify the method used in making Sangoan tools (1x1=1mk)
    Levallois technique
  3. Identify two external reasons for Lewanika's collaboration with British
    • Raiding or attack by the Ndebele
    • Influence by Khama paramount chief of Ngwato who sought British protection in 1885
    • Feared the Portuguese from East, Germans from West and Boers from South hence needed protection.
    • Encouraged by missionaries to seek British protection i.e. Francois Coillard. (2x1=2mks)
  4. Identify the charted company that British used to administer parts of West Africa
    The Royal Niger Company under Fredrick Lugard
  5. Give two reasons why the location of Samori Toures second empire contributed to his defeat by the French
    • Was cut off from Bure gold fields which denied him important sources of revenues for sustaining the army.
    • His second empire was checked by the British occupation of Asante in 1896
    • He was exposed to war with communities he had earlier attacked
    • He was cut-off from free-town where he had secured arms. (Any 2x1=2mks)
  6. Identify two ancestors of man associated with the making of oldowan tools.
    Australopithecus
    Homohabilis
  7. List two inventions which Jethro Tull British farmer invented
    Seed drill (1707)
    Horse-drawn hoe(1707)
  8. State two regions where salt was mined duting trans-saharan trade
    • Taghaza
    • L.Chad
    • Medan
    • Bilma
  9. State two ways in which knowledge of iron working led to the rise of kingdoms in pre-colonial period
    • Iron arms used in war led to the rise of kingdoms
    • It was used as Trade commodities to generate income to pay warriors
  10. Roles played by African ex-soldiers in the growth of African nationalism.
    • Broke the myth concerning European supremacy
    • They taught Africans how to repair weapons
    • They taught Africans how to use weapons
  11. State one way through which the European nations maintained peace among themselves
    • By signing treaties
    • By organizing the Berlin conference to lay down the guiding principles of partition
  12. State two duties of native affairs department in Zimbabwe during the colonial period
    Allocation of land to Africans
    • Collection of taxes
    • Recruiting African labour
  13. Name the underground movement that spearheaded the armed resistance in south Africa during the apartheid system
    Umkhoto We Sizwe spear of the nation)
  14. Identify two weapons used during cold war
    • Propaganda
    • Economic sanctions
    • Financial aid to enemies of opposing side
    • Military aid to enemies of opposing side
  15. Identify two vessels used in space exploration
    • Rocket
    • Satellites
    • Space shuttles

      SECTION B (45 MARKS)
      Answer any three questions
       
  16.    
    1. identify three reasons why Africans slaves were more preferred than other races during the trans-Atlantic trade
      • The supply of African slaves was high
      • Regarded as immune to tropical diseases
      • Their complexion prevented them from escaping easily
      • They could be subjected to any form of indignation
      • Both men and women could work
      • They were cheap to acquire
    2. Explain six factors which contributed to the decline of Trans-Saharan trade (12 mks)
      • The mine fields got exhausted and this discouraged the traders from coming to West Africa
      • Political instability in the region brought about anarchy and insecurity following the fall of empires
      • The invasion of Songhai by the Almoravids and Tuaregs who spread Islam through Jihads increasing insecurity along trader routes
      • The Moroccan invasion of Western Sudan in the 16th century undermined trading activities
      • The growth of Trans-Atlantic Trade attracted some Trans-Saharan Traders thus weakening it.
      • The colonization of North Africa and West Africa took over the resources thus weakening it
      • The invasion of North Africa by Turks created insecurity along the trade routes thus undermining the trade .
      • The Tuaregs started robbing the traders
      • The abolition of slave trade affected the trade
      • Increased possession of fire arms intensified warfare between trading centres
  17.    
    1. Name three advantages of the use of radio over newspaper in Modern society (3mks)
      • Sends messages to distance places in the shortest time possible
      • It's cheap
      • Serves a large number of people at the same time
      • Accepted by many as it uses local and foreign languages
    2. Describe six contributions of TV to economic development (12mks)
      • Has promoted business and trade through advertisement
      • Created employment opportunities
      • Has generated revenue for the government through taxation
      • Has educated the masses on economic issues
      • Color circuit has enhanced security in business premises
      • Has provided a variety of entertainment through various entertainment programs thus generating income
      • Has facilitated cultural development/borrowing through music and drama
  18.      
    1. Identify three communities in southern Tanganyika that took part in Majimaji uprising (3mks)
      • Zaramo
      • Matumbi
      • Ndendeule
      • Ngindo
      • Lugulu
      • Wamwera
      • Pogoro
    2. Explain six reasons why Africans in Southern Tanganyika were defeated by Germans in 1907 12 mks)
      • Germans had strong weapons like guns while Africans were unarmed (inferior weapons)
      • Disunity among Africans, some communities supported Germans against fellow Africans
      • The capturing of African leaders demoralized the fighters
      • Failure of the traditional religion to protect them against the bullets
      • Germans use of scorched earth policy starved the Africans Africans were disorganized
  19.    
    1. Other than Nigeria name other three Britain colonies in West Africa. ( 3mks)
      • Ghana
      • Gambia
      • Serria leone
    2. Explain six reasons why the British used direct rule in Zimbabwe (12mks)
      • The indigenous/local political institutions based on Induna system had been destroyed during British occupations of Zimbabwe
      • They desired to control the economy of Zimbabwe to maximize profit
      • To ensure complete control of the Africa/to end Africa resistance
      • The existence of British south Africa company personnel on the spot which were familiar with the areas
      • The British South Africa company had enough finance to pay administrative officers
      • The Chimurenga appraising 1896-1897 had eroded European confidence in traditional African leadership in the colony.

        SECTION C (30 marks)
        Answer any two questions
  20.    
    1. Name three political parties that struggled for independence in Ghana (mks)
      • Convection People Party (CPP)
      • United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC)
      • National League of Gold Coast
    2. Explain six factors that contributed to Nationalism in Ghana (12mks)
      • Discontentment of the World War two ex-servicemen
      • The granting of independence of India and Pakistan inspired the Ghanaian nationalism
      • The colonial system of education produced many school leavers who were jobless and frustrated
      • Exploitation of Ghanaian minerals and agricultural produce by British
      • High prices of essential goods in towns Africans were denied import and export licenses
      • They were inspired by the Pan-African movement
      • Their morale was boosted by UNO which supported decolonization
  21.      
    1. Give five reasons for the failure of the peace settlement after the First World War (5mks)
      • German was wholly blamed for the war and punishment was too harsh and she resented it
      • Interest of the colonized people was not considered by the allies as the colonial benefits were handed over to France and Britain as mandates of league of nation.
      • Italy was a major power yet she was given a row deal in the peace settlement as she only got Stria which formerly belonged to Austalia
      • Interest of the minority were not considered e.g. Australia/German union was disallowed yet the Australians were for it
      • The USA senate did not support it as the USA constitution did not allow commitment to such organization like League of Nation which was proposed by Woodrow
    2. Discuss five causes of Second World War (10mks)
      • Growth of nationalism Great depression of 1929-1931
      • Violation of Versailles treaty by German
      • The policy of appeasement adopted by France and Britain
      • The weakness of the league of nation which failed to prevent rearmaments of German
      • Rise of dictators in Europe e.g. Adolf Hitler of German
      • Formation of alliances by Western Europe which created mistrust
      • Hitler ambition to revive Germans lost glory encouraged him to engage in acts of aggression against several European nation
  22.    
    1. Name three founders of Non-Aligned Movement (3mks)
      • Jawaharlal Nehru of India
      • Abdel Nasser of Egypt
      • Marshal Tito of Yogoslavia
      • Surkano of Indonesia
      • Choo-en-lai of china
    2. Explain six factors that undermined the activities of Non-Aligned Movement (12mks)
      • Political instability e.g. civil wars
      • Ties with former colonial masters making it so difficult for member state to pursue independent line
      • Border dispute e.g. North and South Korea
      • National interest are placed first before those of NAM
      • Lack of adequate funds by member countries due to poverty
      • Divided loyalty-some member states are also members of other organization
      • Lack of permanent institution framework to coordinate its activities especially secretariat

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