CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - MECS Cluster Joint Pre Mock Exams 2021/2022

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CRE
PAPER 1

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

  • Write your name and admission number in the spaces provided above.
  • Sign and write the date of examination in the spaces provided above.
  • This paper consists of six questions.
  • Answer any five questions in the spaces provided at the end of question 6.
  • Each question carries 20 marks.
  1.          
    1. Give ways in which teaching of CRE in secondary schools can lead to national unity in Kenya (7 marks)
    2. Identify SEVEN reasons why human beings are considered a special creation of God (7 marks)
    3. Outline SIX ways in which human beings have interfered with God’s creation. (6 marks)
  2.       
    1. Describe the covenant ceremony between God and Abraham in Gen 15:1-19(8 marks)
    2. What conditions were given to the Israelites during the renewal of the Sinai Covenant? (6 marks)
    3. Identify SIX challenges that Christians face while practicing their faith in Kenya today. (6 marks)
  3.       
    1. Outline EIGHT achievements of King Solomon as a king of Israel. (8 marks)
    2. Identify SEVEN factors which lead to the division of the Kingdom of Israel after the death of King Solomon. (7 marks)
    3. Give FIVE reasons why a leader may be rejected in the society today. (5 marks)
  4.        
    1. Explain FOUR categories of true prophets in the Old Testament. (8 marks)
    2. Identify SEVEN religious malpractices that the Israelites engaged in during the time of prophet Amos. (7 marks)
    3. Give Five reasons as to why Christians find it hard to help the needy in Kenya today (5 marks)
  5.       
    1. Outline SIX problems Nehemiah faced as a governor of Judah (6 marks)
    2. Describe the leadership qualities demonstrated by Nehemiah (7 marks)
    3. State SEVEN ways in which Christians observe the day of worship (7 marks)
  6.         
    1. Identify SEVEN rituals performed during marriage in the traditional African communities. (7 marks)
    2. Give SIX ways in which a marriage partner is chosen in Traditional African Society (6 marks)
    3. Outline SEVEN factors contributing to harmony and mutual responsibility in African communities. (7 marks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1.        
    1. Give SEVEN ways in which teaching of CRE in secondary schools can lead to national unity in Kenya (7 marks)
      • It enables the learners to develop a sense of belonging.
      • It enables the learners to get into careers through which they bring socio-economic changes in society.
      • It teaches learners that each person is created in Gods image and fearfully and wonderfully made.
      • It makes learners acquire basic principles of Christian living.
      • It promotes unity in schools because of similar syllabus.
      • It enables the learners to be tolerant and to appreciate others.
      • It enables the learner to appreciate their own cultural heritage and that of others. viii) It encourages respect to authority/laws of the country.
      • It teaches on social equality of all races, tribes.
        7 x 1=7mks

    2. Identify SEVEN reasons why human beings are considered a special creation of God (7 marks)
      • They are created in the image and likeness of God.
      • They are created by God himself.
      • They have the breath of life from God.
      • They are co-creators with God through Procreation.
      • They have authority/dominion over the rest of God’s creation.
      • They communicate / fellowship with God.
      • They are given ability to think / make choices.
      • The environment is created for the benefit of human beings.
      • They have a duty to care for God’s creation.
      • They are social beings / live in marriages / provide companionship for each other.
      • He was given the privilege by God to name the animals.
        (7 × 1 = 7 marks)

    3. Outline SIX ways in which human beings have interfered with God’s creation (6 marks)
      • Cutting down trees carelessly without replacing them.
      • Over cultivating / overgrazing leading to desertification
      • Polluting land, water, air
      • Practice of Euthanasia interference with life which is sacred.
      • Use of weapons of Mass destruction which destroys life
      • Pervasive sexual behavior undermines Gods purpose of sex
      • Use of contraceptives in family planning. God command to multiply
      • Drug and substance abuse destroys human life which is sacred
        6 x1=6 marks

  2.               
    1. Describe the covenant ceremony between God and Abraham in Gen 15:1-19 (8 marks)
      • Abraham was in doubt for the promise of a son.
      • God assured him that his own son would inherit him and not Eliezer of Damascus.
      • God showed Abraham the many stars and confirmed that his descendants would be as the stars.
      • God asked Abraham to bring a heifer, a she goat, a ram each three years old, a dove and a pigeon.
      • Abraham cut the animal into two and arranged the halves in two rows.
      • The birds were not cut.
      • He drove away the birds of prey that targeted the carcasses.
      • At sunset Abraham fell into deep sleep.
      • God spoke to him giving the promise that his descendants would be slaves for four hundred years but He would set to liberate them
      • Abraham was promised a long peaceful life.
      • Abraham saw God pass through the carcasses in form of a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch.
        (8x1=8marks)

    2. What conditions were given to the Israelites during the renewal of the Sinai covenant (6 marks)
      • To obey what God commands them to do.
      • Not to make treaties with the foreigners.
      • To destroy altars and worship places of false gods of the Canaanites.
      • Not to make cast Idols.
      • To keep the feast of unleavened bread.
      • To rest on the Sabbath day.
      • To dedicate their male firstborns to God.
      • To offer their first fruits to God.
      • To observe the feast of weeks (Pentecost)
        (Any 6 × 1 = 6marks)

    3. Identify SIX challenges that Christians face while practicing their faith in Kenya today (6 marks)
      • The emergence of splinter groups within the church.
      • The emergence of cults which practice ungodly activities.
      • The emphasis on materialism by the churches.
      • Lack of role models
      • Open conflict among / between the leaders and the church members.
      • Misuse of resources by the leaders.
      • Rise of state church conflict.
      • Confusion among Christians due to different interpretation of the Bible.
      • Church leaders not having time for all members.
      • Negative effects of mass media / modern technology
      • Permissiveness / drug abuse.
        (First 6 × 1 = 6marks)

  3.     
    1. Outline EIGHT achievements of King Solomon as a king of Israel (8 marks)
      • He build a temple for God
      • He established trade with other nations.
      • He initiated industrial activities and exploited minerals in Edom.
      • He divided the kingdom into 12 administrative districts for effective exploitation and distribution of resources.
      • He had a large army of forces on chariot
      • He gained a reputation for wisdom in settling disputes
      • He prayed God for wisdom in making decisions
      • He was a poet and composed proverbs for religious purposes
      • He initiated ambitious building programs for Jerusalem and other cities.
        8 x1 = 8mks

    2. Identify SIX factors which lead to the division of the Kingdom of Israel after the death of king Solomon (6 marks)
      • The introduction of foreign gods by the wives of King Solomon.
      • The building of high places for foreign gods in Israel by King Solomon.
      • Failure of King Solomon to keep the covenant with God not to worship foreign gods.
      • Oppression of Israelites through over taxation introduced by Solomon.
      • Introduction of forced labour in Israel by King Solomon.
      • Rehoboam’s rejections of the elder’s advice to rule Israel less harshly.
      • The readiness of Jeroboam to lead the rebellious tribes.
      • Rehoboam following the advice of the young men to rule Israel more harshly than Solomon.
        6 x1 = 6mks

    3. Give SIX reasons why a leader may be rejected in the society today (6 marks)
      • When one fails to address the problem of his subjects
      • When he/she practices discrimination
      • Due to misappropriation of public funds and facilities.
      • Old age and ill health
      • If the leader fails to promote peace and Harmony in the society.
      • If the leader is immoral and corrupt.
      • If the leader is associated with people of questionable behavior.
        6 x 1 = 6 mks
  4.         
    1. Explain FOUR categories of true prophets in the Old Testament (8 marks)
      • Early prophets -lived together in communities under a certain prophet who acted as their leader. They were called for specific duties.
      • Canonical prophets- Are prophets whose messages were recorded in books bearing the individual names. Professional prophets- are prophets who earned their living through the work of prophecy.
      • Cultic prophets- are prophets who served in the places of worship and they were experts in prayers thus brought people’s petitions to God.
      • Major prophets-whose messages are long and detailed.
      • Minor prophets-whose messages are short and brief.
      • Non-canonical prophets- their prophecies were not recorded under their names.
        4 x 2 = 8 marks

    2. Identify SEVEN religious malpractices that the Israelites engaged in during the time of prophet Amos (7 marks)
      • Insincere worship - they pretended to worship but were corrupt.
      • Empty sacrifices –held elaborate offerings/ sacrifices to show off but not to show the love for God.
      • Worship of idol gods/sacrificing to the idols
      • made images of them
      • Practiced Temple prostitution – this defiled Temple.
      • Practiced syncretism –mixed worship of Yahweh with idols.
      • Failure to obey Gods commands /failure to respect God.
      • False prophecy e.g. Amaziah/Rejected Gods prophets
      • They profaned the name of God(Yahweh)
      • They had many idol places of worship like Bethel, Gilgal and Samaria.
      • They misused Sabbath by doing business on it.
        7x1=7mks

    3. Reasons as to why Christians find it hard to help the needy in Kenya today.(5mks)
      • they have too many personal needs some which are to urgent
      • people lack what to share due to inadequacy
      • it’s difficult to identify the genuine case
      • there is poor communication and infrastructure in some parts of Kenya making it impossible to reach the needy
      • the misappropriation of resources meant for assisting the needy discourages Christians from helping them.
      • Tribal/ ethnic feeling hinders many from giving assistance to the needy from other tribes
      • Political affiliations influence Christians from helping the needy
      • The denominational differences make some Christians not to be ready to share with the need who might not be of their denomination
        5 x1=5mks
  5.   
    1. Outline SIX problems Nehemiah faced as a governor of Judah (6 marks)
      • Lack of cooperation in the rebuilding of Jerusalem from the Nobles of Tekoa and some manual workers.
      • Opposition from the leaders of the neighboring Samaria.
      • Plots against Nehemiah’s life by Sanballat and Tobias.
      • False accusation of treason and blasphemy.
      • Harassment of Jews as minority group by their enemies.
      • Ridiculing of the building project by Sanballat.
      • Fear and discouragement among the Jews due to the ridicule suffering at the hands of their enemies.
      • There was poverty and famine in Judah forcing the poor to sell their children and land in order to buy food
      • Exploitation of the poor by the rich
        (6x1=6 marks)

    2. Describe the leadership qualities demonstrated by Nehemiah (7 marks)
      • Nehemiah demonstrated patriotism when he sympathized and identified with the suffering of the people in Judah.
      • He used diplomacy to convince king Artaxerxes to allow him to go back to Judah to reconstruct the wall
      • Effective planning enabled him safe passage to Judah and to complete the work of rebuilding
      • As a team player, he mobilized the workers, inspired them and worked with them.As an innovator, he initiated the rebuilding of the wall and brought the work to completion
      • Hard work and dedication enabled him to reconstruct the wall with 52 days as he had planned.
      • He was mindful and compassionate of the poor when they raised complaints.
      • He used wisdom to know the treachery of his enemies
      • He had the courage and strong will to complete the reconstruction of the wall despite threats.
      • He was prayerful and sought Gods guidance and protection against his enemies
      • As a reformist he improved the lives of the poor, purified the temple and restored the Jewish community
        (7x1 = 7mks)

    3. State SEVEN ways in which Christians observe the day of worship (7 marks)
      • Repenting their Sin.
      • Going to church
      • Visiting the needy
      • Engaging in Bible study
      • Giving church contributions
      • Participating in singing for the Lord
      • Attending fellowships
      • Reading Christian literature.
      • Listening to preaching
      • Offering guidance and counseling services
      • Solving family problems.
      • Resting from routine work.
      • Preaching to others
        (7x1=7mks)
  6.     
    1. Identify SEVEN rituals performed during marriage in the traditional African communities (7 marks)
      • Choosing of a marriage partner in order to meet the expectations of the clan, family or community.
      • Marriage negotiations-In order for the two families to agree on the required gifts.
      • Courtship-To give each of the partners time to know and understand each other and the expectations of their families and clans
      • Payment of dowry- In order for the partner and their parents to show acceptance and commitment e.t.c
      • Exchange of gifts. This was in order to appreciate the parents / guardians
      • Feasting in order to celebrate.
      • Singing and dancing to celebrate and appreciate your partner.
      • Offering of sacrifices to involve God.
      • Bathing together in medicinal water in order for the partners to bond.
      • Breaking virginity as a proof of the girl’s chastity.
      • Seclusion in order to be taught on the duties of a good wife / husband.
        (Any 7 × 1 = 7marks)

    2. Give SIX ways in which a marriage partner is chosen in Traditional African Society (6 marks)
      • A relative / mediator identifies a girl from a family / suggests to the family of the young man.
      • Parents make the decisions for children when still young.
      • Parents of the boy visits the parents of a girl to ask for her hand in marriage.
      • The young people could court and choose who to marry.
      • The first wife chooses a girl for her husband.
      • The young man and his age mates takes a girl away for marriage.
      • Bride price could be paid to a family well in advance.
      • A young girl can be given as a gift to another family.
      • One would inherit a brother’s wife.
      • A young girl could be given as a way of settling a dispute / replace one who had died / settling debts.
        (Any 6 × 1 = 6marks)

    3. Outline SEVEN factors contributing to harmony and mutual responsibility in African communities (7 marks)
      • Communal ownership of property and land.
      • Division of labor which ensures everybody is occupied.
      • A belief in a common ancestry
      • Observance of taboos and social norms
      • Participating in leisure activities
      • Common religious beliefs and practices
      • Political organization and sharing of power
      • Participation in the rites of passage.
      • Observation of rules and regulations
      • Communal work.
      • Common settlement in a given geographical location.
        (7x1=7 mark)

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