IRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Bunamfan Cluster Pre Mock Exam 2022

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Instructions To Candidates

  • This paper consists of SIX questions
  • Answer any FIVE questions in the spaces provided at the end of question six
  • Candidates should answer the questions in English


Questions

  1.      
    1. Explain the differences between Makkan and Madina Surahs (7marks)
    2. State the benefits of translating the Quran into other languages (7marks)
    3. Explain the circumstances that led to the revelation of suratul hujurat (6marks)
  2.   
    1. Describe the ways in which angel Jibril assisted Prophet Mohammad in his mission (7marks)
    2. Give the reasons why the Quran was revealed in the Arabic (6marks)
    3. State the teachings on interpersonal relationships between Muslims according to suratul Hujurat (7marks)
  3.    
    1. The prophet said “The strong man is not the good wrestler, the strong man is in fact the person who controls himself at the time of anger In reference to the above Hadith explain in which ways Muslim can manage Anger (7marks)
    2. Give reasons why Muslims should care for animals (7marks)
    3. What are the characteristics of weak (dhaif) Hadith (6 marks)
  4.          
    1. Discuss The significance of tawba to a Muslim (8marks)
    2. Outline the six achievements of imam Malik (6marks)
    3. State six conditions that necessitate the performance of ghusl (6 marks)
  5.  
    1. Explain five differences between the Islamic Sharia and secular Laws (10marks)
    2. List five punishments of crimes under hudud laws (5marks)
    3. State the conditions to be fulfilled for one to be considered a mujtahid (6marks)
  6.        
    1. Explain the significance of divine guidance in the life of a muslim (7marks)
    2. Give the meaning of the following attributes of Allah (6marks)
      Al hayyu
      Al qayyum
      Al Razzaq
      Al Rahim
      As-Swamad
      Al quddus
    3. State the different interpretations of the term Imamah (7marks)


Marking Scheme

  1.      
    1. Differentiate between Makkan and Madina Surah (7marks)
      • Makkan Surahs are generally short whole Madina Surahs are long
      • Makkan surahs are many 86 in number whole Madinan surahs are few 28
      • Makkan surahs were revealed before Hiftar to madina whole madinan surahs were revealded after Hiftar / 13years vs 10years
      • Makkan surahs mention believers and their qualities while Madina surah mention munatizun
      • Makkan surahs emphasizes on building of Iman while madina surahs emphasize of implementation by believers
      • Makkan surahs are poetic and rhythimic in style while madina surahs mostly are in prose
      • Makkan surahs address humanity as oh you mankind while madina address believers as oh you who believe.7x1
    2. State the benefits of translating the quran into other languages (7marks)
      • Makes it easy for people to study and compare the quran with other books/ Islam with other religions
      • Those who translate the quran are highly rewarded
      • Helps non Arab Muslims read and understand the quran thus become better practicing Muslims
      • It makes it easy to teach those who do not understand Arabic
      • It enables people to easily refer to the quran
      • It helps people understand quran in their own language
      • It helps enrich the other language in which it is translated into
      • Acts as a source of knowledge for researchers, preachers, students and teachers 7x1
      • Give the reasons why the quran was revealed in the Arabic (6marks)
      • To challenge the arabsa who thought were good at poetry
      • The prophet was Arab Hence he needed to understand the message before spreading It
      • To make easy to memorise it and preserve it
      • The first audiuence of the quran werw arabs they had to understand the message before accepting it
      • Because the Arabic language is a patlying lang / single root word can give different words
      • The Arabic language is rich in its vocabulary gence few words can capture broad messages
  2.         
    1. Describe the ways in which angel Jibril assisted prophet Mohammad in his mission (7marks)
      • Taught the prophet how to read the quran
      • Guided the prophet on the arrangement of the quran-guided the prophet in spiritual observances
      • Comforted the prophet during hardships
      • Protected him from his enemies
      • Helped the prophet memorize the quran
      • Brought down the quran in portions
      • Visited the prophet to revise the quran during the month of ramathan
      • Accompanied the prophet on Isra wal miiraj
      • Assisted the prophet in the battles
    2. Explain the circumstances that led to the revelation of suratul hujura(6marks)
      • After the conquest of makka many arab tribes sent delegates to the prophet to make alligience and accept islam
      • The Bedwins appeared unpolished in the speech and actions
      • They addressed the prophet loudly and in a disrespectful manner
      • Their approach to the prophet displeased Allah
      • Allah revealed this surah to reprimand them to lay down a general code of behavior for Muslims and for all people . 6x1
    3. State the teachings of interpersonal relationships between Muslims according to suratul Hyurat (7marks)
      • They reconcile disputing parties
      • Believers are nothing less than brothers
      • They verfy information before taking any action
      • They dont refer to another by insulting nicknames
      • Muslims dont defame each Other
      • Muslim are prohibited from scoffing one another
      • they are not suspicious of each other
      • they dont spy on one another 7x1
  3.                
    1. The prophet said "The strong man is not the good wrestler, The strong man is in fact the person who controls himself at all the time of anger ".
      In reference to the above Hadith explain in which ways Muslim can manage Anger (7marks)
      • Remembering Allah through ADkar
      • Taking Udhu/bath
      • Changing positions if standing sit
      • Walk away from provoking situation
      • By seeking refuge against the shaitan
      • By forgiving those who offended you
      • By keeping silent
      • Avoiding nessesary arguments
      • By avoiuding aggressive people
      • Performing a prayer
      • Drinking water 7x1
    2. Give reasons why Muslims should care for animals (7marks )
      • It divine responsility to take care for animals
      • Treating animals kindly is rewarded by Allah
      • Animals are source of beauty to the environment e.g birds
      • Animals Provide us with Sustainance /food
      • As any other creature Allah ,they have a right to life and to b cared for
      • They are allahs creature They Worship Him
      • Those who mistreat animals will be punished by allah
      • Animals are a sign of Allahs Existance. 7x1
    3. What are the characteristics of weak dhaifa Hadith (6 marks)
      • One promises big rewards for small deeds
      • One of the narrator is known to be a liar
      • The Hadith contradict the fundamental principals of islams
      • The Hadith Does Not trace back to the prophet
      • The chain of transmission is broken
      • The ghadith does not quote what the prophet said /didIt give Gives details of future events e.g Date and time 6x1
  4.          
    1. Discuss The significance of twaba to A Muslim (8marks)
      • It erases ones sins Regardless of Magnitude
      • Improves A Muslims relationship With fellow human beings as well as allah
      • It was draw us closer to Allah
      • It deters us from committing further sins
      • It indicates the piety and God fearing in us .
      • It teaches us to forgive others too
      • It instills in a Muslim humility and humbles in accepting thiermistakes
      • It shows the authority and greatness of allah as the only who accepts Twaba
      • It gives Muslim Peace of Mind When One and believe Allah will dfo0rgive theirs sins 7x1
    2. Outline the six achievements of imam Malik (6marks)
      • He Authored several books in the field of fiqh
      • He founded the mahks School Of fiqh
      • He formulated the principles of fiqh (isulul Fiqh)
      • He introduced the principles of istislah
      • He motivated and Inspired Many young Scholars to study Islamic Jurispredence
      • He taught students Who became prominent And competent scholars eg Imam Shafii
      • He organized regular fiqh classes in the mosque where various issues of law were discussed 6x1
    3. State six conditions that necessitate the performance of ghusl (6 marks)
      • After Wilad /Child Birth
      • After sexual intercourse
      • After ejaculation Of sperms /wet dreams
      • After Nifas
      • After Mensturation
      • When one dies 6x1
  5.         
    1. Explain five differences between the Islamic Sharia and secular Laws(10marks)
      • Sharia laws are from Allah while secular laws are man made
      • sharia laws are universal while secular laws are suitable inly to a particular state or cmmunity
      • sharia are perfect while secular are far from perfection hence need reviews from time to time
      • changing sharia laws is considered blasphemous while secular laws can be amendended to suite one
      • one cannot break sharia laws and get away with them while secular laws one can break them and easily get away with them 5x2
    2. List five crimes and their Punishment under hudud laws
      • Zinaa-fornication-100 lashes
      • Adultury –stonning to death
      • Sariqa/theft –Chopping off the wrist
      • Ridaa/Apostacy –death
      • Highway robbery –Exile /chopping hand &leg opposite side /crusification
      • Murder –Death
      • Qudhf/Slander -80 lashes
      • Drinking alcohol -40/80 lashes
    3. State the conditions to be fulfilled for one to be considered a muhtajid (6marks)
      • Must be a Muslim /pions
      • Must be Matured and sane
      • Must be modest and Upright
      • Must have the knowledge of the Islamic Sharia
      • Must be well versed with the Quran and its science
      • Must be well Versed with the sunnah of the prophet
      • Must be well versed with the knowledge of the jihad
      • Must be well versed with the Arabic Language
      • Have the knowledge of the pattern of the behavior ,customs and tradition of the locals
      • Must be conversant with the biography of the prophet
  6.       
    1. Explain the significance of divine guidance in the life of Muslims (7marks)
      • To guide mankind to the will of Allah Giving Man confidence and trust in Allah
      • Provides Mankind with the knowledge of twahid and allahs attributes
      • Provides Mankind with ther knowledge of the unseen world,e.g paradise ,angels e.t.c
      • Directs people to the true worship of Allah
      • Provides Belivers with the hope for the future and warns disbelievers of the punishment of allah
      • To restore the authentic message of the to the humanity
      • Provides regulation to the human life that gurantees prosperity in this world and here after
      • To provide mankind with skills and knowledge so as to execute Allahs mandate as his vigrant
      • Helps man to understand and appreciate god as the essence behind all that exists
    2. Give the meaning of the following attributes of Allah (6marks)
      • Al hayyu –the living /alive
      • Al qayyum-the existing
      • Al Razzaq- the forgiver
      • Al Rahim - the most mercifull
      • As –Swamad – the self sufficient
      • Al quddus-most holy /pure/perfect
    3. State the different interpretations of the term Imams (7 marks)
      • One who leads the congregation prayers and leads Sermons
      • Any person in the leadership positions
      • The compilers of Hadith e.g Imam bukhak
      • Leaders /founders of the schools taught by Imams e,g Imam Malik
      • Muslim Scholars e.g Imam Ghazali
      • Prophet Ibrahim
      • All the prophets of Allah/Prophet Muhammad.

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