Chemistry Paper 1 Questions - Maranda Pre-Mock Examinations 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. The samples of equal volumes of water were put in 100cm conical flasks and heated for 5 minutes on a Bunsen flame. It was observed that sample I registered a lower temperature than sample II
    1. Identify the flames (2 marks)
    2. State one disadvantage of using flame I for heating (1 mark)
  2. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow. The diagram shows the method used to separate component of mixture P
    1. Name X (1 mark)
    2. What is the name given to the method used in separation of mixture P
    3. What would happen if the inlet and outlet of water were interchanged
    4. Which physical property is used to separate mixture P (1 mark)
  3.    
    1. State why a water molecule H2O can combine with H+ion to form H3O+ion (1 mark)
    2. Using dots) and crosses (*) show the bonding in H3O+ (1 mark)
  4. The pH values of some solutions are given below
    pH 14.0 1.0 8.0 6.5 7.0
    Solution M L N P Z
    1. Identify the solution with the lowest concentration of hydrogen ion. Give reason for your answer(1 mark)
    2. Which solution would be used as an anti-acid for treating stomach upset. Give a reason for your answer (2 marks)
  5. The data below gives the electronic configuration of some selected atoms and ions
    Atom/ion A2+ B C2- D2+ E F- G+ H
    Electronic configuration 2 2.4 2.8 2.8.8 2.8 2.8.8 0 2.8.2
    1. Select an atom that is a noble gas
    2. Select an lement that belongs to the second group and the fourth period. (1 mark)
    3. Write the formula of the compound formed when D and F react (1 mark)
  6. The diagram below shows the acidic and basic oxides fit into the general family of oxides.
    1. State the name given to the type of oxide that would be placed in the shaded area.(1 mark)
    2. Give the name of any oxide that would be placed in the shaded area. Explain (2 marks)
  7. Zinc metal and hydrochloric acid reacts according to the following equation
    Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) → ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)
    3.26g of Zinc metal were reacted with 100cm of 0.2M hydrochloric acid
    1. Determine the reagent that was in excess
      (Zn=65.2; Molar gas volume at s.t.p 22.4 liters) (2 marks)
    2. Calculate the total volume of hydrogen gas that was liberated at s.t.p (1 mark)
  8. Give the IUPAC names of the following compounds
    CH2CH2CH2CHCH3 (1)
                     I
                   CH3
    1. (1 mark)
    2. CH3CH=CHCI(1 mark)
    3. CH3CH2COOCH2CH2CHCH3 (1 mark)
  9. 0.9g of potassium chloride and potassium carbonate mixture completely reacted with 25cm of 0.2M hydrochloric acid
    1. Determine the number of moles of the acid used (1 mark)
    2. Calculate the mass of potassium chloride in the mixture (K-39.0; C-12.0;0-16.0) (2 marks
  10. Study the flow chart below and answer the questions that follow
    1. Identify metal M:..(1 mark)
    2. Colourless gas: (1 mark)
    3. Write an equation that leads to the formation of white precipitate in process (1 mark)
  11. The diagram below shows a wooden splint that was placed horizontally across the middle part of a non-luminous flame.
    1. Explain the observation made (1 mark)
    2. Explain why non-luminous flame is preferred for heating than the luminous flame.(2 marks)
  12. Few drops of hydrochloric acid were added into a test tube containing lead (II) Nitrate solution
    1. State one observation made. Explain (2 marks)
    2. Write an ionic equation of the reaction that occurred in the test tube (1 mark)
  13. A compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen contains 57.15% carbon, 4.76% hydrogen and the rest oxy gen. If its relative molecular mass is 126, find its molecular formula. (C-12, H = 1,0-16) (3 marks)
  14. Study the information in the table below and answer the questions that follow.
    Salt  Solubility g/100g of water
      At 40°C At 60°C
    CuSO4 28 38
    Pb(NO3)2 79 98
    A mixture containing 35g of CuSO4, and 78g of Pb(NO3)2 in 100g of water at 60°C was cooled to 40°C.
    1. Which salt crystallized out? Give a reason. (2 marks)
    2. Calculate the mass of the salt that crystallized out. (1 mark)
  15.      
    1. Distinguish between strong and concentrated acid (1 mark)
    2. A solution of ammonia in methylbenzene has no effects on red litmus paper while a solution of ammonia in water turns red litmus paper blue. Explain (2 marks)
  16. Name the process which takes place when
    1. Iodine changes directly from solid to gas (1 mark)
    2. Fe2+(aq) changes to Fe3+(aq) (1 mark
    3. White sugar changes to black when mixed with concentrated sulphuric (VI) acid (1 mark)
  17. In the last stage of the Solvay process, a mixture of sodium hydrogen carbonate and ammonium chloride is formed
    1. State the method of separation used (1 mark)
    2. Write an equation showing how lime is slaked (1 mark)
    3. Name the by-product recycled in the above process (1 mark)
  18. The diagram below is a section of a model of the structure of element K
    1. State the type of bonding that exist in K (1 mark)
    2. In which group of the periodic table does element K belong. Give a reason (2 marks)
  19. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow
    1. State two observations made in the above experiment when sodium react with water (2 marks)
    2. Write a chemical equation for the reaction that takes place (1 mark)
  20.    
    1. Explain why permanent hardness in water cannot be removed by boiling (1 mark)
    2. Name two methods that can be used to remove permanent hardness from water (2 marks)
  21. Dilute sulphuric (VI) acid was added to a compound X, of magnesium. The solid reacted with the acid to form a colourless solution, Y and a colourless gas Z which formed a white precipitate when bubbled through lime water.
    Name
    1. Compound X (1 mark)
    2. Solution Y (1 mark)
    3. Colourless gas Z (1 mark)
  22. Study the diagram below and use it to answer the questions that follow.
    1. State the observation made in the combustion tube. (1 mark)
    2. Write an equation for the reaction that took place in the combustion tube(1 mark)
    3. Name gas P (1 mark)
  23. Sulphur exists in two crystalline forms.
    1. Name one crystalline form of Sulphur. (1 mark)
    2. State two uses of Sulphur. (2 marks)
  24. Bond energies for some bonds are tabulated below:
    BOND BOND ENERGY KJ/mol
    H-H 436
    C=C 610
    C-H 410
    C-C 345
    Use the bond energies to estimate the enthalpy for the reaction. (3 marks)
    C2H4(g) + H2(g) → C2H6(g)
  25. Study the set up below and answer the questions that follows
    State all the observations that would be made when the circuit is completed (3 marks)
  26. Describe how solid samples of salts can be obtained from a mixture of lead (II) chloride, sodium chloride and ammonium chloride. (3 marks)

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