Home Science Questions and Answers - Form 1 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

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BUSINESS STUDIES
FORM 1
MID TERM 2

INSTRUCTIONS:

  • This paper has Section A and B
  • Answer all the questions in this paper.

SECTION A
Answer all the questions in this section

  1. Mention three dangers that may arise due to misuse of cosmetics. (3mrks)
  2. Name the three types of skin. (3mrks)
  3. Give three functions of teeth. (3mrks)
  4. List down any three parts of a tooth that you know. (3mrks)
  5. What is the difference between a burn and a scald? (2mrks)
  6. Mention six items found in the first aid kit. (3mrks)
  7. State three benefits of home science to an individual. (3mrks)
  8. What is manicure and pedicure? (2mrks)
  9. Explain three ways you can use to prevent athletes foot. (3mrks)
  10. Mention any two diseases associated with teeth. (2mrks)
  11. Explain how you would thoroughly clean your handkerchief. (8mrks)
  12. What are cosmetics? (2mrks)
  13. Give the meaning of the following terms:
    1. Accessories (2mrks)
    2. Adolescence (2mrks)

SECTION B:
Answer all the questions in this section

  1. List down five practices carried out in personal hygiene in order to take care of the skin. (5mrks)
  2. State five attributes of good grooming. (5mrks)
  3. Explain four practices we should avoid in order to care for our teeth. (4mrks)
  4. Suggest four ways of preventing cuts at home. (4mrks)
  5. State four courses related to home science in which one can pursue at the university level. (4mrks)
  6. State the function of the following parts of the skin:
    1. Sebaceous glands. (2mrks)
    2. Blood capillaries. (2mrks)
    3. Nerve endings. (2mrks)
  7. Explain three factors to have in mind while choosing clothes for a slim figure. (6mrks)
  8. Describe how you would thoroughly clean your natural hair. (8mrks)
  9. Suggest three ways of preventing young children from drowning. (6mrks)
  10. Explain four points on importance of the skin to our bodies. (8mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Dangers due to misuse of cosmetics:
    • Bleaching
    • Skin irritation
    • Pimples, rashes
    • Wounds
    • Cancer (skin)
    • Kidney failure (due to mercury)
    • Illness (3mrks)
  2. Types of skin:
    • Normal
    • Oily
    • Dry (3mrks)
  3. Functions of teeth:
    • Aids in speech
    • Improves facial appearance
    • Aids digestion (3mrks)
  4. parts of a tooth:
    • Enamel
    • Dentine
    • Pulp cavity
    • Cement (3mrks)
  5. Difference between a burn & and a scald:
    • Burn is caused by dry heat while a scald is caused by moist heat. (2mrks)
  6. Items found in first aid kit:
    • Sterilized dressing
    • Scissors
    • Clean water
    • Safety pins
    • Disposable gloves
    • Creams
    • Adhesive tape
    • Bandages
    • Methylated spirit
    • Cotton wool e.t.c
      (6x ½ =3mrks
  7. Benefits of home science to an individual:
    • One gets knowledge and skills necessary to improve one’s life.
    • One is able to engage in income generating activities.
    • Helps one to adapt to environmental, social and economical changes in life.
    • Improves one’s personal hygiene.
    • It’s a career subject.
    • One becomes a wise first aider/consumer/mother etc. (3mrks)
  8. Manicure & pedicure:
    • Manicure is the care of finger nails while pedicure is the care of toe nails. (2mrks)
  9. Preventing athletes foot:
    • Keep feet clean and dry especially between the toes.
    • Wash feet in disinfected water and apply talcum powder.
    • Avoid sharing shoes and socks.
    • Avoid wearing wet shoes and socks. 1x3=3mrks
  10. Diseases associated with teeth:
    • Dental cavities
    • Sensitive teeth
    • Gum disease (Gingivitis) (2mrks)
  11. Thorough cleaning a handkerchief:
    • Remove any blood stain
    • Briefly soak in cold salty water.
    • Rinse out of salty water and wash in hot soapy water.
    • Use friction method.
    • Repeat until clean.
    • Rinse in hot clean disinfected water.
    • Remove excess water
    • Dry in direct sunlight secured with pegs
    • Iron with hot iron both sides.
    • Air fold and store. (1x8=8mrks)
  12. What are cosmetics?
    • Beauty preparations to enhance one’s appearance. (2mrks)
  13. Meaning of :
    • Accessories – items worn with clothing to highlight points of interest. (2mrks)
    • Adolescence – period between childhood and adulthood. (2mrks)
  14. Practices in self hygiene to take care of the skin:
    • Wash body regularly.
    • Use a towel/piece of cloth to dislodge dirt from the skin.
    • Use cosmetics well.
    • Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals.
    • Drink plenty of fluids.
    • Don’t share personal items.
    • Dry between toes well
    • Use suitable deodorants.Rinsing body and drying well. e.t.c (1x5=5mrks)
  15. Attributes of good grooming:
    • Eating a balanced diet
    • Enough sleep
    • Cleanliness
    • Dressing well
    • Good interpersonal skills
    • Exercises
    • Good posture e.t.c (1x5=5mrks)
  16.  Practices to take care of our teeth:
    • Avoid sugary foods
    • Avoid eating refined foods as they stick to the teeth
    • Don’t share tooth brushes
    • Avoid use of tooth picks but use dental floss
    • Don’t drink fizzy drinks
    • Don’t open soft drinks with your teeth (4mrks)
  17. Ways of prevent cuts at home:
    • Keep knives with handles facing you.
    • Keep sharp objects away from children
    • Keep compound free from sharp objects.
    • Dispose broken pots bottles appropriately.
    • Wash knives separately. (4mrks)
  18. Courses related to home science:
    • B SC diatetics
    • Bed home economics (teacher)
    • Bachelor of home economics family and consumer studies.
    • B A arts
    • BSC in hotel management
    • BSC food technology
    • BSC clothing and textiles. (4mrks)
  19. Functions of the skin:
    • Sebaceous glands – produce sebum/oil
    • blood capillaries – supply oxygen to various body parts.
    • supply nutrients to the various body parts.
    • transport excess water and salts to the skin for elimination
    • Nerve endings – sense stimuli from outside the body such as pain, touch, temperature, pressure
  20. Slim figure clothes should be:
    • Light coloured
    • Should be patterned
    • Should have horizontal lines
    • Should not be tight
    • Should be bulky and fluffy
    • Choose coloured and patterned tops that are different from the bottom 3x2=6mrks
  21. Cleaning natural hair:
    • Wet hair with warm water
    • Use shampoo/soap
    • Massage scalp gently with finger tips
    • Rinse thoroughly with warm water
    • Apply hair conditioner
    • Dry with clean dry towel
    • Apply suitable hair oil/food
    • Comb and set to preferred hair style 1x8=8mrks
  22. Ways of preventing drowning:
    • Cover all stored water
    • Drain all pods of water around the home
    • Turn of water taps after use
    • Keep bath tabs unplugged
    • All manholes should be covered
    • Caution children against playing with water
    • Don’t leave children to swim alone 3x2=6mrks
  23. Importance of skin:
    • Protection against injury and germs
    • Stores fat
    • Retains body fluids
    • Sensory organ
    • Maintains constant body temperatures
    • Synthesis of vitamin D
    • Excretory organ. 4x2 marks

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