History Questions and Answers - Form 1 End Term 3 2022 Exams

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SECTION A (50 Marks)
Answer All the Questions from this Section

  1. Define the following terms (2 Marks)
    1. History
    2. Pre-history
  2. State the three arms of government (3 Marks)
  3. Distinguish between absolute and constitutional monarchy (2 Marks)
  4. Which human species invented fire (1 Mark)
  5. Name the three sub- species of Homo sapiens (1 Mark)
  6. Identify three hominids in the evolution of man before the Australopithecus (3 Marks)
  7. Identify two theories that attempt to explain the origin of agriculture (2 Marks)
  8. Name the two rivers that sorrounded Mesopotamia (2 Marks)
  9. Give three importance of the dog to early man (3 Marks)
  10. What is the name given to the Maasai and Samburu speakers (1 Marks)
  11. Name three Highland Nilotes in Mount Elgon (1 Mark)
  12. State any two groups of Bantu who circumcised boys only (2 Marks)
  13. Give three functions of the age-sets among the Bantus (3Marks)
  14. What was the name given to the council of elders among the agikuyu (1 Mark)
  15. Identify three earliest visitors to the East African Coast (3 Marks)
  16. Identify two positive impacts of the Portuguese rule on the East African Coast (2 Marks)
  17. Name two crops introduced by the Portuguese (2 Marks)
  18. Name three rights provided in the Kenyan Bill of Rights (2 Marks)
  19. Name two responsibilities of a good citizen (3 Marks)
  20. What is National Intergration (1 Mark)
  21. What is the importance of national intergration (2 Marks)
  22. State three factors which promote national unity (3 Marks)
  23. Name the basic needs of a citizen (3 Marks)
  24. Mention two issues that cause conflicts (2 Marks)

SECTION B (20 Marks)
Answer Any Two Questions from this Section

  1. Explain five factors which undermine national unity in Kenya (10 Marks)
  2. Describe five ways in which the discovery of fire by early man improved his way of life (10 Marks)
  3. Describe five factors that to the development of Agriculture in America before 1800 (10 Marks)
  4. What are the causes of food shortages in Kenya? (10 Marks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A (50 Marks)
Answer All the Questions from this Section

  1. Define the following terms (2 Marks)
    1. History
      • It is an account of the things that took place in the past.
    2. Pre-history
      • Study of history before the art of writing was invented
  2. State the three arms of vernment (3 Marks)
    • Executive
    • Legisature
    • Judiciary
  3. Distinguish between absolute and constitutional monarchy (2 Marks)
    • In constitutional monarchy, there are rules to be followed and those who break them are dealt with accordingly.
  4. Which human species invented fire (1 Mark)
    • Homo erectus
  5. Name the three sub- species of Homo sapiens (1 Mark)
    • The Rhodesian man
    • Neonderthal man
    • Cro-magnon man
  6. Identify three hominids in the evolution of man before the Australopithecus (3 Marks)
    • Aegyptopithecus
    • Dryopithecus
    • Ramapithecus
  7. Identify two theories that attempt to explain the origin of agriculture (2 Marks)
    • Diffusion theory
    • Independent theory
  8. Name the two rivers that sorrounded Mesopotamia (2 Marks)
    • Euphrates
    • Tigris
  9. Give three importance of the dog to early man (3 Marks)
    • Used in hunting
    • Driving away dangerous animals
    • Herding of animalsa like goats
  10. What is the name given to the Maasai and Samburu speakers (1 Marks)
    • Maa speakers
  11. Name three Highland Nilotic group that remained in Mount Elgon (1 Mark)
    • Bok
    • Bongomek
  12. State any two groups of Bantu who circumcised boys only (2 Marks)
    • Akamba
    • Abaluhya
  13. Give three functions of the age-sets among the Bantus (3Marks)
    • To defend the community from external attacks
    • To build huts
    • To raid
  14. What was the name given to the council of elders among the agikuyu (1 Mark)
    • Kiama
  15. Identify three earliest visitors to the East African Coast (3 Marks)
    • Egyptians
    • Phoenicians
    • Indonesians
  16. Identify two positive impacts of the Portuquese rule on the East African Coast (2 Marks)
    • They introduced new crops
    • They build historical monuments like fort jesus
  17. Name crops introduced by the Portuguese (2 Marks)
    • Maize
    • Cassava
  18. Name three rights provided in the Kenyan Bill of Rights (2 Marks)
    • Right to life
    • Right to own property
    • Right to education
  19. Name two responsibilities of a good citizen (2 Marks)
    • Abide by law
    • Protect life
    • Report law breakers
  20. What is National Intergration (1 Mark)
    • Refers to the process of bringing together various communitie to make one nation.
  21. What is the importance of national intergration (2 Marks)
    • It develops unity
    • Promotes peaceful co-existence
    • Promotes easier, effective and accurate communication.
  22. State three factors which promote national unity (3 Marks)
    • Education
    • National activities
    • Common language
  23. Name the basic needs of a citizen (3 Marks)
    • Food
    • Shelter
    • Clothing
  24. Mention two issues that cause conflicts (2 Marks)
    • Economic issues
    • Social issues
    • Political issues

SECTION B (20 Marks)
Answer Any Three Questions from this Section

  1. Explain five factors which undermine national unity in Kenya (10 Marks)
    • Racism
    • Religious conflicts
    • Tribalism/ ethnicity
    • Nepotism
    • Political ideologies
    • Party membership
    • Corruption
    • Greed
    • Poverty
    • Ignorance
  2. Describe five ways in which the discovery of fire by early man improved his way of life (10 Marks)
    • Warming himself during the cold night
    • The flame of fire gave him light
    • Fire provided man with protection by keeping away dangerous animals
    • He used fire to cook and soften his food
    • Fire was used to harden the tips of his tools
    • He used fire to hunt by scaring away animals at night into traps
    • He used fire to preserve food by drying it
    • Fire was a means of communication
    • Made it possible for man to move from savannah toother cool environments
  3. Describe five factors that to the development of Agriculture in America before 1800 (10 Marks)
    • Good climate that favoured Agriculture
    • Availability of water for Agriculture
    • Pressence of European immigrants who came with improved farming knowledge and techniques.
    • Good fertile soils that favoured agriculture
    • Availability of indigenous crops.
  4. What are the causes of food shortages in Kenya? (10 Marks)
    • High population growth rate
    • Overeliance on foreign aids
    • Poor government policies
    • Overdependence on cash crops
    • Poor storage facilities
    • Lack of enough capital
    • Infertile soils
    • Poor farming methods
    • Poor choice of seeds
      (Any five; well explained)

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