History Questions and Answers - Form 1 Term 2 Opener Exams 2022

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QUESTIONS
SECTION A (20 MARKS)

  1. Define the following terms:
    1. History (2mks)
    2. Government (2mks)
    3. Stone age (2mks)
    4. Agriculture (2mks)
  2. Identify Three aspects of history that you have studied (3mks)
  3. Give three importance of studying:
    1. History (3mks)
    2. Government (3mks)
  4. State three theories that explain the origin of human beings (3mks)

SECTION B (50 MRKS)

  1. Give five limitations of using oral tradition as a source of information in history & government. (5mks)
  2. How does an archaeologist locate a historical site? (5mks)
  3. State five methods used by scientist to date fossils remain and artifacts. (5mks)
  4. Identify five unwritten sources of information on history and government. (5mks)
  5. Give five reasons why Africa is believed to be the cradle of mankind (5mks)
  6. State six uses of fire by early man (6mks)
  7. State five factors that led to the development of early agriculture in Mesopotamia (5mks)
  8. Identify four distinct stage of evolution according to Charles Darwin (4mks)
  9. State four types of Australopithecus that have been identified. (4mks)
  10. Give two features of homo sapiens sapiens. (2mks)
  11. State four advantages of written sources of information in history and government. (4mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Define the following terms:
    1. History (2mks)
      It is a branch of knowledge dealing with past events
    2. Government (2mks)
      Refers to a group of people within a state or country given authority to organize, direct and control the affairs of that state or country.
    3. Stone age (2mks)
      Refers to the very early period of human history when man’s tools and weapon were mainly made of stone.
    4. Agriculture (2mks)
      It is an act of livestock keeping & growing of crops
  2. Identify Threes aspects of history that you have studied (3mks)
    • Social history
    • Economic history
    • Political history
  3. Give three importance of studying:
    1. History (3mks)
      • Know the origin of mankind, development and progress
      • Appreciate the achievement and learn from the failures of mankind
      • Understand how human beings depend on and relate with each other.
      • Understand how human beings depend on and relate with each other
    2. Government (3mks)
      • Understand how laws are made and enforced
      • Learn how to programs are formulated and implemented
      • Learn how government raises and spends revenue
      • Learn how  power vested in different organs of the government are exercised 
  4. State the theories that explain the origin of human beings (3mks)
    • The creation theory
    • The Mythical or traditional theory
    • The evolution theory

SECTION B

  1. Give five limitations of using oral tradition as a source of information on history & government. (5mks)
    • Time consuming
    • It is expensive
    • One might omit/some importance information
    • May not provide exact date of events since it depends on human memory
    • Information may be exaggerated
  2. How does an archaeologist locate a historical site? (5mks)
    • They look for areas where tectonic forces (faulting) or erosion have occurred, exposing surfaces that may clues of finding fossils and artefacts.
    • Sometimes vision may help them find on the surface a small part of an early settlement.
    • Historical research is also useful in identifying a site.
    • An archaeologist may also be use his long experience and skills
    • During cultivation and building construction, farmers and builders may accidentally expose ancient objects.
  3. State five methods used by scientist to date fossils remain and artifacts. (5mks)
    • Geological period
    • Chemical dating (a) Radio – carbon dating, b) Potassium – argon)
    • stratigraphy
    • Fission – track dating
    • Lexico – Statistic dating
    • Statistical dating
  4. Identify five sources of information on history and government. (5mks)
    • Oral traditions
    • Linguistics
    • Anthropology
    • Genetic study
    • Archaeology and paleontology
  5. Give five reasons why Africa is believed to be the cradle of mankind (5mks)
    • The Africans savannas were ideal for primates
    • The moist, warm and varied African climate supported animal and plant life.
    • Many archaeological sites have been discovered I n the great lakes and region of East Africa
    • There are many all Season Rivers located, making it possible for early man to spread to othe region as the continents were drifting.
    • Africa is at the center of Pangea
  6. Explain how early human beings used fire (6mks)
    • Fire provided warmth in the night and during cold spells
    • It provided lighting at night
    • Cook roots and roast meat
    • It was used for hunting
    • Frightening or keeping away wild animals
    • Improving tools, hardening tips of the wooden tools
    • Means of communication
    • Food preservative e.g drying fish & meat
    • Made migration possible (more out of warm savannah)
  7. State the factors that led to early agriculture in Mesopotamia (5mks)
    • The region was endowed with indigenous crops and animals such as barleys and goats
    • Fertile soils consisting of silt deposits
    • Heavy rains experienced/ river waters used for irrigation
    • Good climate that supported crop growing 
    • Availability of labour
  8. Identify four distinct stage of evolution according to Charles Darwin. (4mks)
    • Mutation
    • Natural selection
    • Isolation 
    • Adaptation
  9. State four types of Australopithecus that have been identified (4mks)
    A. anamensis
    A. afarensis
    A. robustus
    A. africanus
  10. Give two features of homo sapien sapiens. (2mks)
    • Made weapons
    • Grew crops
    • Built huts
    • High brain capacity
    • Made tools of stool, ivory, wood etc
    • Made garments Art of catching fish
  11. State four advantages of written sources of information in history and government (4mks)
    • Preserve history since events are recorded for future reference
    • Can reach ta all literate people all over the world
    • Less costly compared to others like archaeology
    • Can be translated into different languages
    • Reliable since biases can be limited
    • Cannot be easily altered or changed

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