Instructions to Candidates
 This paper has two sections; section A and section B
 Attempt all the questions in this paper
 Use of calculators and KNEC mathematical tables may be used except where stated otherwise.
SECTION A
Answer all questions
 Using logarithms tables only, evaluate. (4 Marks)
 Solve the equation (3 Mks)
x − 2 − 3 − x = x − 2
3 4 2  A tourist arrived in Kenya with sterling pound (€) 4680 all of which he exchanged into Kenyan shillings. He spent ksh. 52,352 while in Kenya and converted the rest of the money into US dollars. Calculate the amount he received in US dollars. The exchange rates were as follows. (3mks
Currency Buying Selling
USṨ 65.20 69.10
Sterling pound € 123.40 131.80  Solve for the value of x (3 Mks)
2^{3x−2 }× 8^{x} = 4^{(x+1)}  A line passes through the point whose coordinates are A(1,3) and B (2,1) find the equation of the line (3 Mrks)
_{. .}  Express 1.523 as a fraction. (3mks)
 Use reciprocal and square tables to evaluate, to 4 significant figures, the expression. . (3Marks)
1 – 4.151^{2}
0.3654  The diagonal of a square measures 44cm.Calculate the perimeter of the square. 3mrks
 Calculate; (3mks)
2.61 x 21.83 x 0.073
61.72 x 11.73  Patrick spent ^{2}/_{5} of his salary on food, ^{1}/_{3} of the remainder on electricity and saved the rest.
 What fraction of his salary did he save? (2mrks).
 If he spent Sh. 1,200 on food, how much did he spend on electricity? (2Mks)
 Solve the following simultaneous equation (3 Mks)
5x+6y=28
3x+4y=18  Two similar containers have base areas of 750 cm2 and 120cm2 respectively. Calculate the volume of the larger container in liters given that the volume of smaller container is 400 cm3 (3 Mrks).
 If r=5, s=2, and t=3, find the value of; (3mks)
 A farmer has three containers of capacity 12L, 15L and 21L, calculate the capacity of:
 The smallest container which can be filled by each one of them an exact number of times (2 Mrks).
 The largest container which can fill each one of them an exact number of time.(2 Mks)
 Given that tan x = ¾, find Cos(90 − x) (2 Mks).
 The two arms of a pair of compass of dividers are spread so that the angle between them is 450.Find the area of the sector formed if the length of the arm is 8.4cm.Take π = ^{22}/_{7}.(3marks)
SECTION II (50 MARKS)
Answer all questions
 An amount of money was shared among five girls, Alice, Jane, Brenda, Mary and Ivy. Alice got ^{1}/_{8} of the total amount while Jane got ^{2}/_{5} of the remainder. The remaining amount was shared equally among Brenda, Mary and Ivy each getting ksh.490.
 How much did Jane get? (3mks)
 How much was shared among the three girls. (3mks)
 Alice, Jane and Ivy invested their money and earned a profit of ksh.3640. a half of the profit was left to maintain the business and the rest shared according to their investments. Calculate how much each got. (4mks)
 A surveyor recorded the measurements of a field book using xy=400m as the base line as shown below
 Use a scale of 1 cm to represent 50 m to draw the map of the field. (5 Mks)
 Find the area of the field in hectares (5 Mks)

 On the grid provided, draw the square whose vertices are A(6,2) B(7,2) C(7,1) and D(6,1). (2mrks)
 0n the same grid draw;
 A’B’C’D’, the image of ABCD under an enlargement scale factor 3centre (9,4). (4mrks)
 A”B”C”D”, the image of A’B’C’D’ under a rotation of +900 about (0,0). (4 mrks)
 A pail is in the shape of a container frustrum with base radius 6cm and top radius 8cm. The slant height of the pail is 30cm as shown below. The pail is full of water.
 Calculate the volume of water in the pail. (6mks)
 All the water is poured into a cylindrical container of circular radius 7cm, if the cylinder has the height of 35cm, calculate the height of the cylinder above the water level, which is not in contact with water. (4mks)
 The sides of a triangular plot of land are 170m, 190m and 210m, but the altitudes of the plot as well as the angles are not known. Find
 The area of the plot in Hectares 5mks
 The angles of the plot 5mks
Marking Scheme
 Multiply by lcm of 3, 4 and 2
(x − 2) (12)^{4} − (3 − x) (12)^{3} = (x − 2) (12)^{6}
3 4 2
4x − 8 − 9 + 3x = 6x − 12
7x − 17 = 6x − 2
x = 5  £ 4650 × 123.40 Ksh = 577512
spent = 52352
Balance = 525, 160
= 525160 = Us $ 7600
69.10
Us dollars = 7600  2^{3x − 2} × 2^{3x} = 2^{(2x+1)}
2^{3x − 2} × 2^{3x} = 2^{2x+2}
2^{3x − 2 + 3x} = 2^{2x+2}6x − 2 = 2x + 2
4x = 4
4 4
x = 1  G = Δy = −1−3 = −4 = 4
Δx −2−1 −3 3
Taking a point A (1,3)
and point (x,y)
4 = y − 3 = 4 (x − 1)
3 x − 1  let 1.523523 = r
1523.523 = 1000r
1000r = 1523.523523
999r = 1.523523
r = 1522 or 1 ^{523}/_{999}
999  1 − 4.151^{2}
0.3654
1 ⇒ 2.737
0.3654
4.151^{2} ⇒ 17.23
2.737 − 17.23
= −14.494  44^{2} = x^{2}+x^{2}
44^{2} = 2x^{2}
1936 = 2x^{2}
2 2
x^{2} = 968
x = 31.11
P = L+L+L+L
= 31.11 × 4
= 124.45 cm  2.61 × 21.83 × 0.073 × 10^{7}
61.72 × 11.73 × 10^{7}
= 0.00575  Food = ^{2}/_{5}
Electricity = 1 − ^{2}/_{5} = ^{3}/_{5} × ^{1}/_{3} = ^{1}/_{5}
Saving = 1 − [^{2}/_{5} + ^{1}/_{5}] = ^{2}/_{5}
^{2}/_{5} → 1200
^{1}/_{3} → ?
^{1}/_{5} × 1200
^{ 2}/_{5}  [5x +6y = 28]3
[3x + 4y = 18]5
15x + 18y = 84
15x + 20y = 90
− 2y = −6
y = 3
5x + 18 = 28
5x = 10
x = 2
y = 3
x = 2  A.S.F = ^{750}/_{120} = ^{25}/_{4}
L.S.F = ^{25}/_{14}
V.S.F = ^{125}/_{8}
V_{1 }_{ = 125}
400 8
V_{1} = 400 × 125 = 6250
8 1000
= 6.25 litres  5^{2} + 2^{2} − 3 = 25 + 4 − 3
3^{3} 27
= 26
27 
 L.C.M of 12, 15 and 21
= 420  G.C.D = 12, 15 and 21
= 3
 L.C.M of 12, 15 and 21
 2 ≥ 3 − x > 5
2 ≥ 3 − x
x ≥ 3 − 2 → x ≥ 1
3 − x > 5
− x < 5 − 3 → x < 1
x < 2
1 ≤ x < 2 
 Alice = ^{1}/_{8}
Jane = ^{2}/_{5} of {1 − ^{1}/_{8}} = ^{7}/_{20}
{Brenda, Mary, Ivy} → @490 × 3 = 1470
= ^{21}/_{40}
^{21}/_{40} → 1470
^{7}/_{20} →
= 1470 ×^{7}/_{20}
_{ }^{21}/_{40}  Amount shared
= 490 × 3
= 1470  Alice amount = ^{1}/_{8} × 2800 = 350
Ivy = 490
Jane = 980
1820
Profit shared = ^{3640}/_{2} = 1820
Alice = 350 × 1820 = 350
1820
Jane = 980 × 1820 = 980
1820
Ivy = 490 × 1820 = 490
1820
 Alice = ^{1}/_{8}


 A  Right angled Δ A = ^{1}/_{2}bh = ^{1}/_{2} × 1 × 4.5 = 2.25 cm^{2}
B  Trapezium = ^{1}/_{2}(a+b)h = ^{1}/_{2}(3 + 4.5)2.4 = 9cm^{2}
C  Rectangle = L × W = 0.8 × 3 = 2.4 cm^{2}
D  Right angled Δ A = ^{1}/_{2}bh = ^{1}/_{2} × 3 × 3.8 = 5.7 cm^{2}
E  Right angled Δ A = ^{1}/_{2}bh = ^{1}/_{2} × 1.6 × 4 = 3.2 cm^{2}
F  Trapezium = ^{1}/_{2}(a+b)h = ^{1}/_{2}(5 + 4)3 = 13.5cm^{2}
G  Right angled Δ = ^{1}/_{2} × 3.4 × 5 = 8 cm^{2}
total area = 44.55 cm^{2}
1 cm rep 50 m
1 cm^{2} rep 2500 m^{2}
11135 m^{2} = 11.1375 ha
10,000



 8 = 30 + x
6 x
8x = 180 + 6x
2x = 180
x = 90 cm
h^{2} = 90^{2} − 6^{2}
h = 89.80 cm
H^{2} = 120^{2} − 8^{2}
H = √(400 − 64)
H = 119.75cm
V_{1} = ^{1}/_{3} × ^{22}/_{7} × 8 × 8 × 119.75 = 8027.61
V_{2} = ^{1}/_{3} × ^{22}/_{7} × 6 × 6 × 89.80 = 3386.74
Volume of the frustrum = V_{1} − V_{2}
= 8027.61 − 3386.74
= 4640.87 cm^{3}  V = 4640.87
V of the cylinder = πr^{2}h
^{22}/_{7} × 7 × 7 × h = 4640.87 cm^{2}
h = 4640.87 = 30.14cm
154
height above the water level
= 35cm − 30.14 cm
= 4.86 cm
 8 = 30 + x

 A = √(S(s−a)(s−b)(s−c))
s = ^{1}/_{2} [170 + 190 + 210]
= 285
A = √(285(285−210)(285−190)(285−170)
A = √(285 (75)(95)(115)
A = √233521875
= 15,281.4225 m^{2}
10000
= 1.528 ha  A = ^{1}/_{2}ab sin C
sin C = Area = 15281.42
^{1}/_{2}ab ^{1}/_{2}×210×190
sin C = 0.76598
∠ C = 49.99^{o}
sin B = Area
^{1}/_{2}ac
15281.42
^{1}/_{2} × 210 × 170
= ∠ 58.88^{o}
∠ A = (180 − (49.99+58.88))
= 71.13^{o}
 A = √(S(s−a)(s−b)(s−c))
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