Homescience Questions and Answers - Form 2 Mid-term Exams Term 1 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. Define First Aid.(1mark)
  2. What is RICE in Sprain treatment? (5marks)
  3. List three types of mops. (3marks)
  4. Give three points on care of a sewing machine .(3marks)
  5. Explain three ways of disposing refuse at home giving examples in each case. (6 marks)
  6. Distinguish between refuse disposal and household refuse. (2marks)
  7. Give three reasons for pro[per drainage in the house. 93marks)
  8. State three causes poor sanitization(3mks)
  9. Name two water borne diseases and two air bone diseases caused by poor sanitization(2mks)
  10. Mention two signs of bilharzias(2mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. Define First Aid.(1mark)
    • The immediate help given to a person who has had an accident to sudden illness before seeking medical attention.
  2. What is RICE in Sprain treatment? (5marks)
    • Rice is a procedure which is used for the treatment of sprains and other soft tissue injuries
      R-rest the injured part
      I-apply ice or cold compress to minimize swelling
      C-compress the injured part with a bandage to decrease swelling.
      E-elevate the injured part above the level of the heart to reduce swelling.
  3. List three types of mops. (3marks)
    • Dry mob-used for dusting floor surfaces after sweeping
    • Damp mobs-used for dusting furniture
    • Wet mops-used to clean tiled floors.
    • Polishing mob-used for polishing and buffing polished floors
  4. Give three points on care of a sewing machine .(3marks)
    • After use place a piece of cloth between the presser foot and feed clog to soak up excess oil
    • Cover the machine with a cloth or its lid to protect from dust.
    • Clean and oil it regularly with oil recommended by its manufacturer
    • Learners should use the machine under supervision.
    • Dust and wipe the machine before use
    • Do not machine over pins to avoid breaking the needle.
  5. Explain three ways of disposing refuse at home giving examples in each case. (6 marks)
    • Making compost manure-this is done using organic refuse such as vegetables remains food waste, grass
    • Burying-this is suitable for disposing inorganic refuse such as old tins, broken glass,pot,dead animals.
    • Burning-this method is ideal for disposing some inorganic and organic waste such as papers, dry leaves, dead animals.
    • Recycling-polythene bags can be reused by chemically treating the materials and obtaining a new product e.g waste paper is recycled to make toilet roles.
    • Disposal into dumping site-urban areas have waste disposal sites where waste is sorted out and disposed off accordingly
  6. Distinguish between refuse disposal and household refuse. (2marks)
    • Refuse disposal is getting rid of waste matter in the house.
    • Household refuse-this is soilid waste comprising of garbage and rubbish such as bottle cans,old clothing,food scarps,food packaging,newspapers etc from home.
  7. Give three reasons for pro[per drainage in the house. (3marks)
    • To keep the house free from bad smell
    • To keep the house dry
    • To destroy breeding palces for pests
    • To avoid stagnant water around the house that becomes favourable condition for breeding of micro-organisms.
    • To keep the surrounding neat
  8. State three causes of poor sanitization(3mks)
    • Congestion-increase in population causes overcroeding that causes pressure on public facilities such as sewage system.
    • Air water and land pollution from industries and domestic waste.
    • Poor personal hygiene.
    • Ignorant of dangers of careless disposal of waste on the environment.
  9. Name two water borne diseases and two airbone diseases caused by poor sanitization(2mks)
    • Water borne-amoebic,dysentery,typhoid,cholera.
    • Airbone diseases-tuberculosis,influenza.
  10. Mention two signs of bilharzias(2mks)
    • Itching of the feet at the point of entry of parasite.
    • High fever
    • Skin rashes.
    • Anaemia due to loss of blood.
    • Abdominal pains.
    • Presence of blood in the urine and stool

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