Mathematics Questions and Answers - Form 2 End Term 1 Exams 2022

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INSTRUCTIONS TO THE CANDIDATES:-

  • Write your name and index number in the spaces provided above.
  • Sign and write the date in the space provided above.
  • This paper consists two sections: Section I and Section II.
  • Answer all the questions in Section 1 and any two questions from Section II.
  • All working and answers must be written on the question paper in the spaces provided below each question.
  • Show all the steps in your calculations, giving your answers at each stage in the spaces provided below each question.
  • Non-programmable silent electronic calculators and KNEC mathematical tables may be used, except where stated otherwise.
  • Marks may be given for correct working even if the answer is wrong.
  • Candidates should check the question paper for error and omissions.

For Examiners’ Use Only.

Section I

Questions

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Total

Marks

                                 

Section II

Questions

17

18

19

20

21

22

Total

 

Marks

           


QUESTIONS

SECTION A (50 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section

  1. Simplify (3mks)
    (3 ¹/₅ - 2 ¹/₂) ÷ 6 ¹/₂
              3 ¹/₃
  2. Solve the following simultaneous equation 3mks
    x+2y=7
    x-y=1
  3. Use logarithms to evaluate the following √30.07893 (4mks)
                                                                      37.8 × 43.31
  4. Awinja is 100m from the foot of a tower and the angle of elevation of the tower from her position is 49º. Find the height of the tower (2mks)
  5. What is the total value of digit six in the solution to 1725 -125 + 6591 ÷ 39 x 5 of 90? (3mks)
  6. A square ABCD is such that A(-3,4) C(2,3). Equation of line AB is 3y-2x=18 and equation of line CD is 3y-2x=5. Determine
    1. Equation of line BC in the form y=mx+c (2mks)
    2. Equation of line AD in the form y=mx+c (2mks)
  7. A Kenyan bank buys and sells foreign currencies using the rates shown below.
                                          Buying                Selling
                                            (Ksh)                  (Ksh)
    1 Euro                             86.25                  86.97
    100 Japanese Yen          66.51                  67.26
    A Japanese travelling from France arrives in Kenya with 5000 Euros, which he converts to Kenya shillings at the bank. While in Kenya he spent a total of Ksh.289,850 and then converted the remaining Kenya shillings to Japanese Yen at the bank. Calculate the amount of Japanese Yen that he received. (3marks)
  8. A square brass plate is 2mm thick and has a mass of 1.05kg. The density of brass is 8.4g/cm3. Calculate the length of the plate in centimeters. (3mks)
  9. Solve the equation -3x+2=x+6 (3mks)
  10. The G.C.D of three numbers is 30 and their L.C.M IS 900. If two of the numbers are 150 and 60, what are other three possible third numbers? (3 marks)
  11. Juma, Ali and Hassan share the profit of their business in the ratio 3: 7: 9 respectively. If Juma receives kshs 60, 000. How much profit did the Hassan get? (3 marks)
  12. Use tables of logarithms to evaluate         0.3     + √0.4983 (4 marks)
                                                                  0.0351
  13. John who runs a clothing shop bought a shirt at Ksh. 500 and marked it at Ksh. 600. A customer bought it at Ksh. 550 after engaging John in a lengthy negotiation process. What was the customer’s percentage discount. (3mks)
  14. Line L passes through P(8,6) and perpendicular to the line 3y + 2x + 6 = 0. Find the equation of line L and write it in the form y = mx + c. (3 marks)
  15. Evaluate without using a calculator. (3 marks)
    -2(+5+3)-9 ÷3+5
       -3×-5-2×4
  16. Express 0.73 ̇ as fraction. (3 marks)

SECTION II (20 MARKS)
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided

  1. A trader sold an item at sh. 10,625 after allowing his customers 15% discount on the marked price of the item. In so doing he made a profit of 25%
    1. Calculate the marked price of the item. (3marks)
    2. Calculate the price at which the trader had bought the item (2 mark)
    3. If the trader had sold the item without giving a discount, calculate the percentage profit he would have made. (3 marks)
    4. To clear his stock the trader decides to sell the remaining items at a loss of 10%. Calculate the price at which he sold each item. (2 marks)
  2. The table below shows measurements of a farm in a fields book. XY=2000m
                   Y
                1800       G 100
    F           200          1600
                1200       E 300
                  900       D 100
    C 150    600
                  300        B 200
    A 200     100
                    X
    1. Using a scale 1cm rep 100m. Sketch the map of the farm (2mks)
    2. Calculate the area of the farm in hectares. (8mks)
  3. Four towns R,T,K and G are such that T is 84km directly to the north of R and K is on bearing of 295º from R at a distance of 60km. G is on a bearing of 340º from K and at a distance of 30km.
    1. Using the scale of 1cm to represent 10km make an accurate scale drawing to show the relative positions of the towns.(3mks)
    2. Find:-
      1. The distance and the bearing of T from K (3mks)
      2. The distance and the bearing of G from T. (3mks)
      3. The bearing of R from G (1mk)
  4. The points A(2,6) B(1,1) C(3,4) and D (5,3) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD.
    20 ugtauygyauda
    1. Plot points A,B,C and D on the graph provided and join them to form quadrilateral ABCD(2mks)
    2. Locate and write down the coordinates of A', B', C' and D' and to the image of ABCD under a rotation of positive 90o centre (0,0) on the same grid (3mks)
    3. Reflect A'B'C'D' on the x-axis and draw the image of quadrilateral A'' B'' C'' D'' (3mks)
    4. Draw the mirror line MM for the reflection of ABCD whose image is A'' B'' C'' D'' (2mks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A (50 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section

  1. Simplify (3mks)
    (3 ¹/₅ - 2 ¹/₂) ÷ 6 ¹/₂
              3 ¹/₃
    BODMAS"
    2 ¹/₂ = ⁵/₂ × ³/₁₀
    3 ¹/₃
    = ³/₄
    3¹/₅  - ³/₄ =
    ¹⁶/₅ -  ³/ = 64 - 15
                      20
    = 49
       20
    49 ÷ 6¹/₂
    20
    49 × 2 = 49
    20   13   130
  2. Solve the following simultaneous equation 3mks
    x+2y=7 ..........................(i)
    x-y=1 .............................(ii)
    x = 1 + y
    Replacing in eqt (i)
    (1 + y) + 2y = 7
    1 + 3y = 7
    3y = 6
    y = 2
    x = 1 + y
    = x = 1 + 2
    = 3
    x = 3 ; y = 2
  3. Use logarithms to evaluate the following √30.07893 (4mks)
                                                                      37.8 × 43.31
    No  Std Form  Log 
     30.07893  3.008 × 101  1.4781
     37.8  3.78 × 101  1.5775
     43.81  4.381 × 101  1.6416
         3.2191
     10-2 ×    ant .2590
         ←
    1.4781
    3.2191
    2.2590
  4. Awinja is 100m from the foot of a tower and the angle of elevation of the tower from her position is 49º. Find the height of the tower (2mks)
    4 augduyagd
    SOHCAHTOA
    Tan 49 =  h 
                 100
    h = 100 Tan 49º
    = 115m
  5. What is the total value of digit six in the solution to 1725 -125 + 6591 ÷ 39 x 5 of 90? (3mks)
    = 1725 - 125 + 7650
    = 77650
    ⇒ 6 × 100 = 600
  6. A square ABCD is such that A(-3,4) C(2,3). Equation of line AB is 3y-2x=18 and equation of line CD is 3y-2x=5. Determine
    1. Equation of line BC in the form y=mx+c (2mks)
      6 uhauyhudyad
      BC 6 juyaguydga CD
      Eqtn CD
      3y = 2x + 5
      y = ²/₃x + ⁵/₃
      m1m2 = -1
       ²/₃xm2 = -1
      m2 = - ³/₂
      (x,y) (2,3)
      y - 3 =
      x - 2   -2
      -2(y - 3) = 3x - 6
      -2(y - 3) = 3x - 6
      y = 3/2x + 6
    2. Equation of line AD in the form y=mx+c (2mks)
      AD II BC 
      m = -3/2
      A (-3,4) (x,y)
      y - 4 =
      x + 3  -2
      -2(y - 4) = 3x + 9
      -2y + 8 = 3x + 9
      y = -3/2x - 1/2
  7. A Kenyan bank buys and sells foreign currencies using the rates shown below.
                                          Buying                Selling
                                            (Ksh)                  (Ksh)
    1 Euro                             86.25                  86.97
    100 Japanese Yen          66.51                  67.26
    A Japanese travelling from France arrives in Kenya with 5000 Euros, which he converts to Kenya shillings at the bank. While in Kenya he spent a total of Ksh.289,850 and then converted the remaining Kenya shillings to Japanese Yen at the bank. Calculate the amount of Japanese Yen that he received. (3marks)
    1 Euro ⇒ 5000 Euro
    sh 86.25
    sh 431 250 - 289850
    = sh 141 400
    100 J.Y = sh 67.26
    x = 141 400
    ⇒ sh 210 228.962
  8. A square brass plate is 2mm thick and has a mass of 1.05kg. The density of brass is 8.4g/cm3. Calculate the length of the plate in centimeters. (3mks)
    8 uygauyghudya
    D = m/v
    v = m/D = 1050/8.4 g
    = 125 cm3
    x2 × 0.2 =125
    x2 = 1250 = 625
              2
    x = √625 = ± 25
    x = 25 cm
  9. Solve the equation -3x+2=x+6 (3mks)
    -3x + 2 = x + 6
    -3x - x = 6 - 2
    -4x = 4
    x = -1
  10. The G.C.D of three numbers is 30 and their L.C.M IS 900. If two of the numbers are 150 and 60, what are other three possible third numbers? (3 marks)
    150 = 2 × 3 × 52
    60 = 22 × 3 × 5
    G.C.D = 2 × 3 × 5
    LCM = 22 × 32 × 52
    other numbers
    2 × 32 × 5 = 90
    2 × 3 × 52 = 150
    2 × 32 × 52 = 450
  11. Juma, Ali and Hassan share the profit of their business in the ratio 3: 7: 9 respectively. If Juma receives kshs 60, 000. How much profit did the Hassan get? (3 marks)
    3/19 = 60000
    9/19 = x
    3x = 60000 × 9
    x = 60000 × 9
                 3
    x = 180,000
    squares, squareroot & receiprocals
  12. Use tables of logarithms to evaluate         0.3     + √0.4983 (4 marks)
                                                                  0.0351
    0.3 × (1/0.0351) + (49.83 × 10-2)½
    0.3 × 102 × 0.2849
    8.547 + 7.059 × 10-1
    =9.2529
  13. John who runs a clothing shop bought a shirt at Ksh. 500 and marked it at Ksh. 600. A customer bought it at Ksh. 550 after engaging John in a lengthy negotiation process. What was the customer’s percentage discount. (3mks)
    600 - 550 = 50
    50/600 × 100 = 8.333%
  14. Line L passes through P(8,6) and perpendicular to the line 3y + 2x + 6 = 0. Find the equation of line L and write it in the form y = mx + c. (3 marks)
    3y + 2x + 6
    3y = -2x - 6
    y = -2x + 2
            3
    m1m2 = -1
    m1x - 2/3 = -1
    m1 = 3/2
    p(8,6) (x,y)
    y - 6 = 3
    x - 8    2
    2y - 12 = 3x - 24
    2y = 3x - 12
    y = 3/2x - 6
  15. Evaluate without using a calculator. (3 marks)
    -2(+5+3)-9 ÷3+5
       -3×-5-2×4
    BODMAS
    -2(8) - 3 + 5
        15 - 8
    N = -14
    D = 7
    -14/7
    = -2
  16. Express 0.73 ̇ as fraction. (3 marks)
    let r = 0.73333
    10r = 7.3333
    100r = 73.3333
    100r = 73.3333
    10r = 7.3333
    90r = 66
    r = 66
         90
    =11
      15

SECTION II (20 MARKS)
Answer any two questions in this section in the spaces provided

  1. A trader sold an item at sh. 10,625 after allowing his customers 15% discount on the marked price of the item. In so doing he made a profit of 25%
    1. Calculate the marked price of the item. (3marks)
      10625 × 100 = 12500
         85
    2. Calculate the price at which the trader had bought the item (2 mark)
      10625 × 100 = 8500
       1.25
    3. If the trader had sold the item without giving a discount, calculate the percentage profit he would have made. (3 marks)
      12000 - 8000 = 4000
      4000
       × 100
      8500
      = 47.06%
    4. To clear his stock the trader decides to sell the remaining items at a loss of 10%. Calculate the price at which he sold each item. (2 marks)
      8500 × 0.9 = sh.7650
  2. The table below shows measurements of a farm in a fields book. XY=2000m
                   Y
                1800       G 100
    F           200          1600
                1200       E 300
                  900       D 100
    C 150    600
                  300        B 200
    A 200     100
                    X
    1. Using a scale 1cm rep 100m. Sketch the map of the farm (2mks)
      18 auigudyhgauyd
    2. Calculate the area of the farm in hectares. (8mks)
      1  ⇒½ × 100 × 200 = 10000m2
      2  ⇒½ (200 + 150) × 500 = 87 500m2
      3  ⇒½ (150 + 200) × 1000 = 175 000
      4  ⇒½ (400) × 200 = 40000
      5  ⇒½ (300) × 200 = 30000
      6  ⇒½ (100 + 200) × 600 = 90000
      7  ⇒½ (100 + 300) × 300 = 60000
      8  ⇒½ (300 + 100) × 600 = 120 000
      9  ⇒½ (200) × 100 = 10000
                                     622500
      = 62.25 ha
  3. Four towns R,T,K and G are such that T is 84km directly to the north of R and K is on bearing of 295º from R at a distance of 60km. G is on a bearing of 340º from K and at a distance of 30km.
    1. Using the scale of 1cm to represent 10km make an accurate scale drawing to show the relative positions of the towns.(3mks)
      19 hyaguydguyad
    2. Find:-
      1. The distance and the bearing of T from K (3mks)
        8.1 cm × 10 
        = 81 km
      2. The distance and the bearing of G from T. (3mks)
        7.3 cm ⇒ 73km
        Bearing 245º
      3. The bearing of R from G (1mk)
        = 131º
  4. The points A(2,6) B(1,1) C(3,4) and D (5,3) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD.
    20 ahiduhaihd
    1. Plot points A,B,C and D on the graph provided and join them to form quadrilateral ABCD(2mks)
    2. Locate and write down the coordinates of A', B', C' and D' and to the image of ABCD under a rotation of positive 90o centre (0,0) on the same grid (3mks)
    3. Reflect A'B'C'D' on the x-axis and draw the image of quadrilateral A'' B'' C'' D'' (3mks)
    4. Draw the mirror line MM for the reflection of ABCD whose image is A'' B'' C'' D'' (2mks)

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