Biology Questions and Answers - Form 2 End Term 2 Exams 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1.                      
    1. What is respiration? (1mk)
    2. State any two importance of respiration (2mks)
  2.                                  
    1.                          
      1. Name the blood vessel that supplies the cardiac muscles with its requirements(1mk)
      2. State the corgenical defect of the above blood vessel resulting from prolonged large intake of cholesterol in the blood (1mk)
    2. What is the importance of the thicker muscular wall of the left ventricle of a mammalian heart? (2mks)
  3.                
    1.          
      1. Name the respiratory surface in insects (1mk)
      2. State any one feature that adapts the structured named in a (i) above to its functions (1mk)
    2. Why are the fish gills highly vascularized? (1mk)
  4.                              
    1.                              
      1. what would happen if a person secreted less ADH? (1mk)
      2. Name the condition described in a(i) above (1mk)
    2. What is the role of the loop of Henle in homeostasis? (1mk)
  5.                              
    1. Name the products of anaerobic respiration in plants (1mk)
    2. Give any two economic importance of the products named in (a) above (2mks)
  6. The diagram below illustrates part of phloem tissue
    6bauydad
    1. Name the parts labeled (2mks)
      X
      Y
    2. State the function of the part labeled Z (1mk)
  7. Name the monosaccharides that make up the disaccharides below
    1. Sucrose (1mk)
    2. Lactose (1mk)
    3. Maltose (1mk)
  8. State one use of the following excretory products of plants (2mks)
    1. Latex
    2. Colchicine
  9.                            
    1. Define respiratory quotient (1mk)
    2. Given the equation below, calculate the respiratory quotient (RQ) (2mks)
      C6H12O6+6O2 → 6H2O+6CO2+2880kJ
  10. State the importance of the following
    1. Reversed stomatal rhythm to desert plants (1mk)
    2. Closing of stomata on a hot dry sunny day (1mk)
    3. How does wind affect transpiration rate? (1mk)
  11. The diagram below represents the pathway of water from soil into the plant
    11asuygdad
    1. Name the structures labeled T and S
      T:(1mk)
      S:(1mk)
    2. State two ways in which the structure labeled R is adapted to its functions (2mks)
  12. A student added equal amounts of blood to equal volumes of salt of different concentrations She observed and counted the red blood cells at the beginning of the experiment and at end of the experiment The results were as shown:-

    Set up

    Concentration of salt

    Beginning

    After 30 mins

    A

    0.1mol

    500

    500

    B

    0.01mol

    500

    250

    Account for the results in:
    1. Set up A (2mks)
    2. Set up B (2mks)
  13. Below is a dental formula of certain organisms Use it to answer the questions that follow
    I 0/3,              C 0/1,                PM 3/2,                     M 3/3
    1. Calculate the total number of teeth in the mouth of the organisms (2mks)
    2. Name the organisms (1mk)
    3. Identify the mode of nutrition of the organisms (1mk)
  14.                            
    1. Give a reason why glucose does not normally appear in urine even though it is filtered in mammalian Bowman’s capsule (2mks)
    2. Which hormones are involved in the salt-water balance in human body? (2mks)
  15.                                
    1. State two functions of the blood other than transport (2mks)
    2. Name one defect of the circulatory system in humans (1mk)
  16.                      
    1. State two ways in which human body is naturally protected against harmful bacteria (2mks)
    2. State one way in which the composition of blood in the pulmonary artery and that of pulmonary vein differ (1mk)
  17. Describe the path taken by Carbon (IV) Oxide released from the tissues of a cockroach into the atmosphere (2mks)
  18. Form One student set up an experiment shown below to investigate a certain physiological process The set up was left for 30 minutes
    18zuygdada
    1. Name the process under study (1mk)
    2. State the expected results after 30 minutes (1mk)
    3. Explain your answer in (b) above (3mks)
  19. Explain why it is important to stain specimen to be observed under a light microscope (2mks)
  20. What is wilting? (2mks)
  21. State the significance of the following steps while testing for disaccharides in food sample (2mks)
    1. Addition of dilute hydrochloric acid
    2. Addition of sodium bicarbonate
  22.                              
    1.                              
      1. Name the fluid produced by sebaceous gland (1mk)
      2. State two function of the fluid named in 5 a) (i) above (2mks)
    2. Explain malpighian layer of the skin is adapted to perform its function (1mk)
  23. Outline three functions of colon (3mks)
  24. Explain four reasons why the study of biology is important ( 4mks)
  25. Define the term physiology (1mk)

MARKING SCHEME

  1.                                
    1.                                  
      1. The break down of glucose /food nutrient in the cells to release energy;
      2. Produce energy for cell division;
        • Produce energy for transmission of nerve impulse;
        • Produce energy for maintenance of body temperature;
        • Produce energy for active transport/secretion;
  2.          
    1.                                                
      1. Coronary artery;
      2. Coronary thrombosis;
    2. Generate higher/sufficient pressure with which blood is pumped to the body tissues;
  3.                          
    1.                        
      1.  Tracheole;
      2. Moist to dissolve diffusing gases;
        • Highly branched to increase S.A for diffusion of diffusing gases;
        • One – cell thick/thin wall ti shorten distance covered by diffusing gases;
    2. Rapid transport of diffusing gases; to maintain a steep diffusion gradient for efficient gaseous exchange;
  4.                        
    1.                      
      1. Production of large amount of urine/diuresis;
      2. Diabetes insipidus;
    2. Osmoregulation;
  5.                            
    1. Alcohol ,Carbon (IV) Oxide and energy;
    2. Brewing;
      Baking;
  6.                        
    1. X – sieve pore;
      Y – Cytoplasmic strands /filaments;
    2. Has (numerous) mitochondria that provides energy for translocation;
      Provides food nutrient to the sieve element;
  7. Glucose and fructose;
    Glucose and galactose;
    Glucose and glucose
  8.                                  
  9.                              
    1. Is the ratio of carbon dioxide produced to Oxygen used during respiration;
    2. RQ= CO2produced = 6 = 1.0
                oxygenized      6
  10.                      
    1. Help plants conserve water during the day allowing maximum gaseous exchange at night;
    2. Reduce amount of water loss;
    3. Windy conditions blow away water from leaf surface increasing transpiration rate;
  11.                              
    1. T – Xylem vessel;
      S – Endodermis;
    2. Root hair cell;
      Narrow and elongated to increase surface area for absorption of water and mineral salts.
      Thin to reduce diffusion distance.
  12.                                          
    1. A – Concentration of salt was isotonic; to that of the cytoplasm of the Red blood cells hence no change;
    2. B – most cells haemolysed; due to hypotonic salt solution;
  13.                            
    1. (3 + 3 + 3 + 1 + 2 + 3) x 2
      = 15 x 2 = 30; teeth
      Or (I 0/3, C 0/1, PM 3/2, M 3/3) x 2; 30
    2. Herbivore
    3. Heterotrophic;
  14.                              
    1. Its actively reabsorbed back to blood system within the proximal convoluted tubule;
    2. Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
      Aldosterone
  15.                        
    1.                      
      • Regulation of body temperature.
      • Regulation of pH of fluids;
      • Defence against disease-causing micro-organism / pathogens; rej. diseases;
      • Prevent bleeding / enhancing clotting;
    2. Coronary thrombosis / varicose veins / arteriosclorosis / Antheroma / cerebral thrombosis;
  16.                      
    1. Presence of antibodies; and white blood cells in blood that kill / destroy pathogens;
    2. Higher concentration of oxygen in pulmonary vein / higher concentration of carbon (IV) oxide in pulmonary artery;
    1. Haemocoel  → Trachea  → Ostia →  Spiracles
      √Naming
      √For the arrows direction
  17.                      
    1. Osmosis;
    2. The visking tubing will become turgid / increase in volume / bulge / become big / expand;
    3. Water moves from beaker into visking tubing; by osmosis; the semi-permeable tubing;
      making tubing turgid, big, expand / bulge, increase in volume
  18. Different structures absorbs stain differently hence become more distinct/clearer, visible.
  19. Rate of water absorption is more than water loss/transpiration and plant droops
  20.                          
    1. Hydrolyse (breaks down disaccharide/Non reducing sugar to monosaccharide/reducing sugar
    2. Neutralize the dilute hydrochloric acid
  21.                                  
    1.                        
      1. Sebum
      2. antiseptic -kill pathogens
        Makes skin hair be soft/oily
        Makes hair flexible/waterproof
    2. actively dividing cells giving rise to the granular layer
      contain melanocyte cells that produce melanin that gives the skin its colour/protects skin against ultra violet rays.
  22.                        
    • absorption of water
    • Packaging of indigestible food material to form feaces
    • Secretion of mucus
    • Absorption of mineral salts
  23. Helps to solve environmental problems, enable one to into certain careers, enables one to develop scientific skills, facilitate international cooperation.
  24. Study of body functions

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