Home Science Questions and Answers - Form 2 Mid Term 2 2022

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INSTRUCTIONS.

  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.


QUESTIONS

  1. State two type of kitchen plan. (2mks)
  2. Name three major causes of fire outbreak in the home. (3mks)
  3. List four factors to consider when renting a house. (4mks)
  4. State the use of each of the following small kitchen equipment. (3mks)
  5. State one use of each of the following laundry agents. (5mks)
    1. Salt
    2. Fabric conditioner
    3. Laundry starch
    4. Washing soda
    5. Bleaches
  6. State two methods of washing clothes. (3mks)
  7. State three principles of stain removal. (3mks)
  8. Differentiate between sponging and spotting. (2mks)
  9. Describe how to launder a chewing gum stain on polyester fabric. (6mks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1. State two type of kitchen plan. (2mks)
    • U – plan
    • L – plan
    • One wall
    • Corridor plan
  2. Name three major causes of fire outbreak in the home. (3mks)
    • Parafine lamps
    • Candles
    • Cigarettes
    • Open fire
    • Leaking gas
    • Matches
    • Faulty electrical apliances
  3. List four factors to consider when renting a house. (4mks)
    • A house related should be within the financial means of the family.
    • It should suit the family requirements in relation to side and composition.
    • It should be located near social amenities such as roads, hospital and schools.
    • It should be located in a safe environment.
  4. State the use of each of the following small kitchen equipment. (3mks)
    • Egg slicer;- slices hard boiled eggs.
    • Grater ;- flakes or shreds carrots and vegetables.
    • Colander drains liquid from food.
  5. State one use of each of the following laundry agents. (5mks)
    1. Salt
      • Removes blood stains
      • Dissolves mucus
      • Fixes colour in loose coloured clothes
      • Disinfects clothes
    2. Fabric conditioner
      • Make fabric soft
      • Gives a pleasant smell
      • Prevents static electricity
      • Makes ironing easier
    3. Laundry starch
      • Stiffens articles
      • Gives articles a glossy appearance
      • Reduces greasing, making ironing easier
      • Makes clothes dirt resistant
    4. Washing soda
      • Softens hard water
      • Removes stains
      • Emulsifies grease
    5. Bleaches
      • Removes stains from white cottons and linens.
      • Whitens white cotton and linens
  6. State two methods of washing clothes. (3mks)
    • Kneading and squeezing
    • Friction method.
  7. State three principles of stain removal. (3mks)
    • If the stain is acetic an alkali will remove it.
    • If the stain is alkali an acid will remove it
    • A water based stain can be removed with water.
    • Alcohol will remove alcohol based stain
    • Grease stains can be removed using detergents or solvents
  8. Differentiate between sponging and spotting. (2mks)
    • Sponging-; is treatment given to woolen garments and clothes made of heavy dark coloured fabrics that are soiled on the surface only.
    • Spotting-; treatment given to dark-coloured garments which happen to accidentally get soiled on small areas and need to be cleaned immediately.
  9. Describe how to launder a chewing gum stain on polyester fabric. (6mks)
    • Collect all the equipments required.
    • Put ice cube on the affected areas.
    • Scrap off the gum.
    • The remaining particles use a piece of cloth in which paraffin has been added.
    • Soak in cold water to loosen dirt.
    • Wring the soaking water.
    • Wash with warm soapy water using kneading and squeezing method.
    • Rinse in warm water to remove dirt and soap traces.
    • Final rinse in cold water to freshen.
    • Add fabric conditioner on the last rinse to prevent generation or build-up of static electricity.
    • Drip dry under the shade.
    • Use warm iron to remove creases.
    • Air to dry completely.
    • Fold and store appropriately.

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