English Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 1 Exams 2021

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Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow:-

THE DETOX DEBATE

Detox kits and supplements are recent health feds. But can they really help you lose weight fast? Online weight loss coach Adrew Cate investigates.

We’ve heard a lot about the need to detox lately. It is the term used to describe a strict program of elimination and supplementation that’s meant to rid your body of impurities, cleaning your liver and kidneys, and flushing your bowel. It’s suggested that toxins build up from consuming too much fat, sugar, alcohol, caffeine, preservatives, and pollution.

There’s no shortage of detox books, kits, and programs claiming to help you shed weight, improve your well being, cause your skin to radiate, and make you feel younger. The kits usually contain a dietary program, which is supplemented with a variety of vitamins, minerals, tonics, digestive aids, and laxatives. They are particularly popular in January as people feel the urge to begin the New Year afresh after overindulging during the festive season.

People will make drastic changes when they go on a detox diet and often feel better for starting a structured regime. However, detox kits made up of herbal laxatives and diuretics are unnecessary and have generally to have no blood of fats, alcohol, and other nasties – all without the help of a fancy box from your local pharmacy. There is no scientific evidence to support specific detox diets, programs, or supplement kits. However, there’s no debate about the fact that eating less junk food, cutting out cigarettes and your alcohol intake, etc will benefit your health. For example, drinking more water and cutting out caffeine will improve your hydration levels, while reducing your portion sizes and increasing your vegetable intake will improve bowel function. These changes will enhance your well-being, but there’s nothing magical about the detox diet itself. Rather, it’s the associated lifestyle changes that benefit your health.

Detox kits that contain laxatives and diuretics to encourage you to fast could, potentially, do more harm than good. Laxatives speed up your bowel motions, but also prevent the absorption of nutrients, while diuretics can result to partial dehydration.

The fasting components of a detox should only be minimal, and not extend beyond a day or two. By eating next to nothing, you are not getting enough nutrients for the essential functions of your body. Supplements are no substitute for real food, and relying solely on them can result in vitamin deficiencies. Fasting is also known to slow down your metabolic rate, which encourages your body to store fat, making it harder to lose body fat in the future.

If you’ve spent weeks, months or years overindulging drinking and smoking you can’t hope to fix yourself in a few days. Detox diets aren’t an instant cure to health and wellness. Short-term changes to your diet and lifestyle over the long term, there’s no point starting them, as they won’t have any serious impact upon your health.

  1. What is detoxing? (2 mks)
  2. From the information given in the passage, what builds up toxins in the body? (2 mks)
  3. Give the contents of the detox kit. (2 mks)
  4. When do detox kits sell most? (1 mk)
  5. In about 80 words, summarize the writer’s arguments on whether we need to detox or not.   (5mks)
    Rough copy
    Fair copy
  6. Outline the dangers of detox diets. (3 mks)
  7. Add a question tag to the following statement. (1 mks)
    Detox diets aren’t an instant cure to health and wellness, ……………………..
  8. We’ve heard a lot about the need to detox lately. (Rewrite the sentence as a question without changing the meaning). (1 mks)
  9. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in this passage. (3 mks)
    • Laxatives
    • Overindulging
    • Deficiencies

Read the story below and then answer the questions that follow;

KAHURU THE CROW
One day Wamabuku, the rabbit decided to give a party. He invited all the other animals that had invited him before to similar parties. For the party Wamabuku had slaughtered many fat goats and cows. On the day of the party, Wamabuku got all his servants to decorate his house for the fiesta. All the animals arrived in rapid succession – Wamuthige the hyena and his family, Wamacege the porcupine, Kahuru the crow and many others.

The animals ate the meat to their satisfaction. After the meal they began to dance. In the evening, the party was over and animals prepared to leave. Wamuthige the hyena and his family being greedy animals decided to get more meat from Wamabuku was surprised at their greed and decided to teach them a lesson. Wamabuku told the hyena that only the “undesirable” fat meat was remaining. Since hyena love fat meat their mouths became moist with saliva.

Wamabuku then sent his servants to the garden to collect all his young thriving gourds. The gourds were split into halves. The succulent white inside called “mego” was removed. Since it is exceedingly bitter so liquid fat was poured over the ‘mego’. The hyenas were shown the melting mego. At the sight, the hyenas became panicky.

Wamuthige, after some thinking, called “Kahuru,” he said, please get a thread and needle. Then come and knit out outlets tight so that when we have eaten all this melting meat, we shall not water any. It is so sweet and we can’t afford to have delicacies waster.” 

Kahuru, being a kind-hearted family, went to fetch a needle and thread. Meanwhile the hyenas ate nearly all the mego. When Kahuru returned with the needle and thread he was asked to start his operation on the hyenas.

The mego in the hyenas stomachs had intermingled with the meat and other food. All the hyenas were suffering from flatulence. When Kahuru started, the hyenas started to get stouter and stouter due to the air in their stomachs. The hyenas brought their hindquarters as near to Wakahuru as possible so that Wakahuru did not miss any.

When the hyenas were so swollen up that they could swell not more all their back openings burst with pressure. All the stuff from inside the hyenas liquid and solid, was deposited on him. So much was put there, that he lay covered all over and helpless. The hyenas left without helping Kahuru from his disgrace. Kahuru did not know what had happened and anyway, he was not to blame.

That night, the rain fell in abundance and drenched the countryside. Kahuru was cleaned. He flew to the nearest tree and perched there. In the morning he found he could see and flew to his home.

A few weeks later Kahuru decided to give a feast especially for the hyenas. He notified Wamuthige, who collected all the hyenas. The party was to be in Kahuru’s home. Kahuru was to carry all the hyenas up, since hyenas don’t fly. Kahuru chose a spot where the hyenas could assemble, and told them to hold each other by the tail. Then Kahuru would take Wamuthige who would be in the front. Thus all the other hyenas would be pulled behind in along string.

While they were waiting, the hyenas hanced, singing.
     We are going up high to eat fat, fat meat,
     And when we say ‘fat’
     We mean meat purely white

When Kahuru arrived and picked up the first hyena all others followed still singing happily. When they had flown up many miles, Kahuru shouted at the last hyena, “Can you still see the ground?” “Yes,” was the reply. They flew on, still singing until they could see the ground no longer.

Then Kahuru told the hyenas to stop singing and make ready for “white” meat. Then all of a sudden, he let Wamuthige go, and through the air the hyenas dropped. The fall was a great one. Kahuru flew down, and from a safe distance, jeered teasingly at the groaning, fractured cripples. Then he flew happily back to his home.
QUESTIONS:

  1. Classify this narrative. Give reasons (2 mks)
  2. Identify three features in the narrative and explain the effect of each. (3 mks)
  3. State and explain the character trait of
    1. Wamuthige (1 mks)
    2. Kahuru (1 mks)
  4. What do we learn about the socio-economic activities of the people from whom this narrative was taken? (4 mks)
  5. What is the function of a song in this narrative. (4 mks)
  6.  
    1. Give one moral lesson that we learn from this narrative. (1 mks)
    2. Suggest a proverb to summarize the lesson you have given. (2 mks)
    3. State two performance techniques that would be used to make this narrative enjoyable.       
      (2 mks)

BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH

Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow 25 marks

Nasila River – cool, smooth and silent – swirled quietly about the boulders that were half submerged in it. It was deep and wide. She stood at its bank for a long time, staring down, into the water. Could the answer to her woes be in that river? Yes, it could be! Just a swift, cold shock as she fell into the water and then there would be peace. Yes, peace all over, from her father, from Oloisudori and from the fact that she had failed to get admission to Egerton University. As the idea floated in her mind, she felt a tap on her shoulder. Shocker, she turned around. It was Olarinkoi.

“What are you doing here at the river side”? he asked with little interest.

“Nothing,” Resian said nonchalantly. “I am just relaxing.”

“Don’t be foolish, little girl,” Olarinkoi said seriously. “You may not want to tell me what is happening, but Iam not foolish and I can put one and one together. Oloisudori’s men are now looking for you everywhere. They have instructions to seize you and take you to Nakuru to be his wife.

“Just leave me,” Resian said angrily, “Go tell them to come and find me here.”

“Listen, you stupid girl,” Olarinkoi said in his caustic language. “If you do not want to marry Oloisudori, I can rescue you the way I rescued you from those vagabonds who had accosted you and your sister. I know where Minik ene Enkoitoi the Emakererei lives and where she keeps girls rescued from the situation you are now in. There is no need to despair in life. There is always another chance.”

That could be something to consider, Resian thought, new hope rising in her heart. Yes, it would be wonderful to be received by Emakererei. And who knows, there could still be a chance to enrol at the Egerton University, through Emakererei.

“How could we ever get there?” asked Resian a flicker of hope lighting her heart. “I hear it is very very far from here.”

“Yes it is far,” confirmed Olarinkoi. “But where there is hope things always work out. The Maa people say home is never far for one who is still alive.”

  1. Place this excerpt in its immediate context. (4 Marks)
  2. Describe the incident that Olarinkoi claims to have rescued Taiyo and her sister. (2Marks)
  3. Discuss a thematic concern found in the excerpt. (2 marks)
  4. What does the author imply when he says, “could the answer to her woes be in that river?” (2 marks)
  5. Explain the irony in the excerpt. (2 marks)
  6. Apart from irony, comment on any other two aspects of style that the writer has used in the excerpt. (4 marks)
  7. From elsewhere in the novel, state the prophecy that Olarinkoi is trying to fulfill when he plans to rescue Resian. (3 marks)
  8. Comment on the character of Olarinkoi later in the novel. (2 marks)
  9. What is the attitude of Resian towards Oloisudori’s proposal? (2 marks)
  10. Give the meaning of the following words. (2 marks)
    1. Nonchalantly ..
    2. Put one and one together ..

“What are you doing here at the river side”? he asked with little interest.

“Nothing,” Resian said nonchalantly. “I am just relaxing.”

“Don’t be foolish, little girl,” Olarinkoi said seriously. “You may not want to tell me what is happening, but Iam not foolish and I can put one and one together. Oloisudori’s men are now looking for you everywhere. They have instructions to seize you and take you to Nakuru to be his wife.

“Just leave me,” Resian said angrily, “Go tell them to come and find me here.”

“Listen, you stupid girl,” Olarinkoi said in his caustic language. “If you do not want to marry Oloisudori, I can rescue you the way I rescued you from those vagabonds who had accosted you and your sister. I know where Minik ene Enkoitoi the Emakererei lives and where she keeps girls rescued from the situation you are now in. There is no need to despair in life. There is always another chance.”

That could be something to consider, Resian thought, new hope rising in her heart. Yes, it would be wonderful to be received by Emakererei. And who knows, there could still be a chance to enroll at the Egerton University, through Emakererei.

“How could we ever get there?” asked Resian a flicker of hope lighting her heart. “I hear it is very very far from here.”

“Yes it is far,” confirmed Olarinkoi. “But where there is hope things always work out. The Maa people say home is never far for one who is still alive.”

  1. Place this excerpt in its immediate context. (4 Marks)
  2. Describe the incident that Olarinkoi claims to have rescued Taiyo and her sister. (2Marks)
  3. Discuss a thematic concern found in the excerpt. (2 marks)
  4. What does the author imply when he says, “could the answer to her woes be in that river?” (2 marks)
  5. Apart from irony, comment on any other two aspects of style that the writer has used in the excerpt. (4 marks)
  6. Explain the irony in the excerpt. (2 marks)
  7. Comment on the character of Olarinkoi later in the novel. (2 marks)
  8. What is the attitude of Resian towards Oloisudori’s proposal? (2 marks)
  9. Give the meaning of the following words. (2 marks)
    1. Nonchalantly ..
    2. Put one and one together ..

GRAMMAR

Use the correct form of words in brackets to complete each of the following sentences (3mks)

  1. Nobody expected the company to make ___________________________ (lose)
  2. The three_______________ (passer-by) were arrested.
  3. She has spent a lot of time______________________ (beautiful) her compound.

Correct the errors in the following sentences

  1. It is an important occassion
  2. The cite was lovely
  3. It is embracing to mispronounce words (3mks)

Fill in the blank forming adjectives from the given in brackets.

  1. John was _______________________ of his neighbours success (envy)
  2. I felt ________________________ about not being able to help (awe)
  3. He took a _________________ leave after the father died (compassion) (3mks)

Fill the blank spaces with the correct preposition

  1. I am indebted _________________ him for the help he gave me.
  2. She has always confided_______________ him.
  3. The ailing man has been in bed__________________ the whole week. (3mrks)

Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given. Do not change the meaning.

  1. He threatened us. He was insolent
    (Begin: Not only)
  2. You will only succeed if you work hard
    (Rewrite using unless)
  3. When the people burst into the councilors office he had not even sat down.
    (Begin hardly)

Marking Scheme

The Detox Debate

  1. It is the term used to describe a strict program of elimination and supplementation that’s meant to rid your body of impurities, cleaning your liver and kidneys, and flushing your bowel.
  2. consuming too much fat, sugar, alcohol, caffeine, preservatives, and pollution.
  3. The kits usually contain a dietary program, which is supplemented with a variety of vitamins, minerals, tonics, digestive aids, and laxatives.
  4. In January as people feel the urge to begin the New Year afresh after overindulging during the festive season.
  5.   
    • Eating next to nothing means you are not getting enough nutrients for the essential functions of your body.
    • Supplements can result in vitamin deficiencies.
    • Fasting is also known to slow down your metabolic rate, which encourages your body to store fat, making it harder to lose body fat in the future.
  6. Are they?
  7. Haven't we heard a lot about the need to detox lately?
  8.  
    1. Laxatives -These are substances that speed up bowel motions
    2. Overindulging- to have too much of something enjoyable, especially food or drink.
    3. Deficiencies - a lack or shortage.

Kahuru The Crow

  1.  A fable narrative.
    • The characters are animals that are personified.
    • The story teaches a lesson about greediness
  2.   
    • Personification- humanized characters making the characters come to live and interesting.
    • Use of a song. to break monotony.
    • Sacarsm the hyenas singing in celebration not kowing they were being taught a lesson 
  3.  
    1.  Wamuthige- generous, holds parties for fellow animals. He is also wise as he teaches the hyenas a lesson for their greediness.
    2.  Kahuru- Cunning- He tricks the hyena into coming for a party when in real sense he wants to teach them a lesson.
  4.   develops a sense of unity, community and togetherness
  5.  
    • Break monotony
    • give climax to the story
    • captures the attention of listeners by making the story more interesting.
  6.  
    1.  It is not good to be greedy

EXCERPT (BLOSSOMS OF THE SAVANNAH 25 MARKS

  1. Place this excerpt in its immediate context. (4 Mks)
    • Before
      • – at the shop-Resian is told by her father of Oloisudori’s intention to marry her
      • She refuses, shouts cries and screams and accuses her father of betrayal
      • her father slaps her twice but still refuses
      • she insists that she will not marry Oloisudori and must go to university
      • She turns and walks to the door and leaves the shop
      • walks towards Nasila River
    • After
      • Olarinkoi promises to take her to a family in Nasila to spend the night
      • He organizes transport so that they leave early the following day
      • Early the following day, Resian is woken up by the kind-hearted old woman who accommodated her, with hot porridge
      • A pick-up hoots outside the old woman’s house
      • Olarinkoi tells Resian to climb onto the back of the pick-up and they leave
  2. Describe the incident that Olarinkoi claims to have rescued Taiyo and her sister. (4Mks)
    • The two sisters were walking back home from the shop late in the afternoon (3 oclock). Two men appeared and blocked the road. One tried to Drag Taiyo into the bush while the other wrestled Resian. Suddenly a stranger appeared (Olarinkoi) appeared and fought the two men thereby becoming the hero of the day.
  3. Discuss a thematic concern found in the excerpt. (2 mks)
    • Determination – Resian is determined not to be married to Oloisudori, hence decides to run away.
    • Hope – “ who knows there could still be a chance to join Egerton university.”
    • Education - “ who knows there could still be a chance to join Egerton university.”
      Any other relevant with illustration)
  4. What does the author imply when he says, “ could the answer to her woes be in that river?” (2 Mks)
    • Means that Resian is thinking of ending her life by drowning in river Nasila.
  5. Explain two styles that the writer has used in the excerpt. (4 Mks)
    • Dialogue- …illustration…- indicates the urgency of Resian’s problem and possible solution/breaks monotony of narration
    • Description- river Nasila is described…cool, smooth, silent swirled quietly – to symbolize the peace that can be found by the river side
    • Historical allusion – Egerton university- makes the story real/believable
    • Local words/dialect- Emakererei, maa- shows origin of the story/setting
    • Proverb – home is never far from one who is still alive. – brings to view the rich heritage in language/ points to Resian’s start of a new home.
  6. Explain the irony in the excerpt. (3 Mks)
    • Olarinkoi claiming to take Resian to safety while in the real sense he is forcefully taking her to be his wife.
    • From elsewhere in the novel, state the prophecy that Olarinkoi is trying to fulfil when he plans to rescue Resian. (3 Mks)
    • Olarinkoi’s mother had prophesied that Ole Kaelo would relocate to Nasila, and bring along with him his intoiyie nemengalana, her son Olarinkoi would move to that home, live with the Kaelo’s for some time and eventually bring one of his daughters to be circumcised and be given to him as his wife.
  7. Comment on the character of Olarinkoi later in the novel. (3 Mks)
    • Unreliable/traitorous/untrustworthy/pretentious/inhumane/insensitive/brutal/inconsiderate etc
  8. What is the attitude of Resian towards Oloisudori’s proposal? (2 Mks)
    • Contemptuous/hateful
  9. Give the meaning of the following words. (2 Mks)
    • Nonchalantly – casually, relaxedly, calmly, in a calm manner, half-heartedly, disinterestedly
    • Put one and one together - Guess the truth about the situation from what you have seen or heard/ understand something by using situation you have

GRAMMAR

Correct form of words

  1. Loss
  2. Passers- by
  3. Beautifying

Correct the errors

  1. Occasion
  2. Site
  3. Embarrassing

Forming Adjectives

  1. Envious
  2. Awful
  3. Compassionate

Correct preposition

  1. to
  2. In
  3. For

Rewriting sentences according to the instructions

  1. Not only did he threaten us but was also insolent
  2. Unless you work hard, you will not succeed
  3. Hardly had the councilor arrived, than the people burst in his office.

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