History Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

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INSTRUCTIONS TO STUDENTS

  • This paper consists of THREE sections: A, B & C.
  • Answer ALL the Questions in Section A, THREE Questions from Section B & TWO Questions from Section C.

SECTION A (25MKS)
Answer all questions in this section

  1. Give two ways in which the study of history and government in Kenya promotes national  (2mks)
  2. Identify two economic activities which the Maasai acquired as a result of interaction in the 19th century (2mks)
  3. Name the dispersal point of the western Bantu (1mk)
  4. Identify one technological factor that facilitated the coming of Arabs (1mk)
  5. State one way in which freed slaves promoted the spread of Christianity in Kenya (1mk)
  6. Define dual citizenship (1mk)
  7. Identify the treaty that marked the end of the process of scramble for and partition in East Africa (1mk)
  8. State two reasons why Africans were not allowed to grow cash crop in colonial Kenya   (2mks)
  9. Identify two groups that offered education in Kenya during the colonial period (2mks)
  10. State the significance of the Devonshire white paper to Africans (2mks)
  11. Give two characteristics of the early political organization formed in Kenya before 1939   (2mks)
  12. Name the first African to be appointed as a minister by the colonial government (1mk)
  13. Identify one problem which independent school faced during the colonial period (1mk)
  14. Identify two groups in Kenya that monitor human rights (2mks)
  15. State two ways in which women mobilized support for the Mau Mau fighters in Kenya   (2mks)
  16. Give the main reason why the government of Kenya introduced the constituency development fund (CDF) (1mk)
  17. State the main reason for convening the 2nd Lancaster House Conference (Imk)

SECTION B (45MKS)
Answer any three questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. State five economic activities of the Agikuyu during the pre-colonial period. (Smks)
    2. Explain five effects of the migrationand settlement of the Eastern Cushites in Kenya (10mks)
  2.  
    1. State three reasons why Christian missionaries established mission stations in Kenya (3mks)
    2. Which factors undermined Christian missionary activities in Kenya during the 19th century (12mks)
  3.  
    1. Identify the methods used by the British to occupy Kenya (3mks)
    2. Explain the result of the Mumias Collaboration with the British (12mks) 
  4.  
    1. Identify three functions of the governor during the colonial period (3mks) 
    2. Discuss six challenges encountered by the trade unions in Kenya during the colonial period (12mks)

SECTION C (30MKS)
Answer any two questions in this section.  (5mks)

  1.  
    1. Identify three importance of democracy in Kenya (3mks)
    2. Explain six rights of an arrested person in Kenya (12mks)
  2.  
    1. State the provisions of the National Accord and Reconciliation Act of 2008 
    2. Explain the features of the independence constitution of 1962 (10mks)
  3.  
    1. State three conditions that every human right must fulfill (3mks)
    2. Discuss six values of good citizenship in Kenya (12mks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A ( 25MKS) 
Answer all questions in this section 

  1. Give two ways in which the study of history and government in Kenya promotes national unity. (2mks)
    • Inspires strong feelings of one’s heritage 
    • Inspires a sense of belonging to a particular country 
  2. Identify two economic activities which the Maasai acquired as a result of interaction in the 19th century  (2mks) 
    • Iron making  
    • Crop cultivation 
  3. Name the dispersal point of the western Bantu (1mk) 
    • Mt Elgon 
  4. Identify one technological factor that facilitated the coming of Arabs (1mk) 
    • Boat making knowledge 
    • Knowledge of map reading 
    • Knowledge of reading compass points 
    • Knowledge of navigation 
  5. State one way in which freed slaves promoted the spread of Christianity in Kenya (1mk)
    • Used mother tongue to spread Christianity and reach out fellow Africans 
  6. Define dual citizenship (1mk) 
    • A citizen that have citizenship of two countries at the same time 
  7. Identify the treaty that marked the end of the process of scrumble for and pertition in East Africa  (1mk) 
    • Heligoland treaty/ 2nd Anglo-human agreement (1890) 
  8. State two reasons why Africans were not allowed to grow cash crop in colonial Kenya (2mks) 
    • African grown cash crops would be prone to diseases 
    • African labour would not available for European farms 
    • Africans would bring unnecessary corruption 
    • Africans lacked knowledge on cash crop cultivation 
  9. Identify two groups that offered education in Kenya during the colonial period (2mks)
    • Christian marriages 
    • Colonial government 
    • Africans  
    • Asians  
  10. State the significance of the Devonshire white paper to Africans (2mks) 
    • It denied the Asians the right to settle in the highlands 
    • It intensified the rivalry between Indians and the settlers 
    • It led to appointment of John Arthur to represent African interest in the legislative council
  11. Give two characteristics of the early political organization formed in Kenya before 1939 (2mks)
    • Ethnic based 
    • Had similar grievances 
    • Non violent 
    • Led by mission educated young men  
  12. Name the first African to be appointed as a minister by the colonial government (1mk)
    • Beneiah Apollo Ohanga 
  13. Identify one problem which independent school faced during the colonial period (1mk)
    • Harassment from the missionaries and the colonial government 
    • Lack of trained personnel to run the schools
    • Inadequate funds 
    • Many leadership wrangles 
    • Competition from mission schools 
  14. Identify two groups in Kenya that monitor human rights (2mks) 
    • Law enforcement officer (police) 
    • Professionals such as teachers, lawyers and judges 
    • Trade unions 
    • Journalists 
    • Religious organizations 
    • Kenya National Human Rights and Equity Commission 
  15. State two ways in which women mobilized support for the Mau Mau fighters in Kenya (2mks)
    • Ridiculed men who were resistant to join the movement 
    • Composed songs 
    • Ridiculed home guards and other colonial agents 
  16. Give the main reason why the government of Kenya introduced the constituency development fund (CDF)  (1mk) 
    • To speed up development/ uplift the living standards of the people 
  17. State the main reason for convening the 2nd Lancaster House Conference (1mk) 
    • To draft the independence constitution 

SECTION B (45MKS) 
Answer any three questions in this section. 

  1.  
    1. State five economic activities of the Agikuyu during the pre-colonial period. (5mks)
      • Crop cultivation 
      • Practiced iron working 
      • Hunting and gathering 
      • Livestock keeping e.g cattle, sheep and goat 
      • Involved in trading activities 
      • Involved in craftsmanship e.g pottery, basketry  
    2. Explain five effects of the migrationand settlement of the Eastern Cushites in kenya (10mks)
      • Increased warfare for the control of limited resources e.g between Oromo and the Bantu
      • Displacement of some countries who had settled in the region e.g Bantu from Shungwaya
      • Increased cultural interaction with neighboring communities e.g word borrowing with the Bantu
      • Intermarriage with neighboringcommunitiese.g the samburu and the bantu 
      • Formation of new military alliances in the region e.g the rendile and the samburuagainst the turkana
      • Redistribution of the population in the region where they settled  
      • Assimilation and adoption of some communities who had settled in the region earlier e.g the bantu
  2.  
    1. State three reasons why Christian missionaries established mission stations in Kenya (3mks)
      • Serve as centers for converting Africans 
      • Training for the catechist 
      • Centre for the spread of the Western European culture 
      • Served as a centre for settlement of freed slaves 
      • Centre where Africaans were taught basic literacy 
    2. Which factors undermined Christian missionary activities in kenya during the 19thcentury (12mks)
      • Tropical diseases such as malaria claimed the lives of many missionaries 
      • Islam posed stiff competition at the coast
      • Missionaries faced resistance from African countries e.g the Akamba 
      • Poor transport hindered missionary work 
      • Missionaries lacked a common language of communication with the Africans  
      • Rivalry between different missionary groups created misunderstanding among Africans e.g
      • Inadequate funds hindering the activities of the missionaries 
      • They faced hostility from the slave raiders and traders who benefited from the slave trade
      • Inadequate personnel compared to the vast population of the East African coast and the interior
      • Missionaries are deserted by their men e.gDavid Livingstone  
  3.  
    1. Identify the methods used by the British to occupy Kenya (3mks) 
      • Signing of treaties 
      • Collaboration 
      • Establishing operational bases  
      • Military expedition  
    2. Explain the result of the Mumias Collaboration with the British . (12mks)
      • Nabongo was made paramount chief this consolidated his power in the whole Western Keny
      • Mumias worriers were used by the British to perpetrate British rule by subdividing Luo Bantus in Nandi
      • Mumias became the centers of colonial administration in Western Kenya up to 1920
      • Mumias bought material benefits through the trade e.g he acquired firearms 
      • Some of Nabongo’s chiefs were used as by the British to rule over Western Kenya
      • Mumia was able to expanded his kingdom with British support 
      • Wanga lost their independence after the British declared Kenya this colony in 1920
      • Mumia and his people benefited from the Western education and religion. 
  4.  
    1. Identify three functions of the governor during the colonial period (3mks)
      • Head of the colony 
      • Head of executive council 
      • Asserted to laws from the legislative council 
      • Reported to the colonial secretary 
    2. Discuss six challenges encountered by the trade unions in kenya during the colonial period (12mks)
      • Harassment from both the white settlers and the colonial government 
      • Migrant labour system inhibited most Africans to join trade unions 
      • Ignorance among the African settlers on the importance of trade unions 
      • Shortage of funds undermined effective running of most unions 
      • Leadership wrangles which prevented efficient operation of the unions  
      • Strong ethnic influence in choosing the trade union leaders rather than competence

SECTION C (30MKS) 
Answer any two questions in this section. 

  1.  
    1. Identify three importance of democracy in kenya (3mks) 
      • It fosters unity and equality among all people 
      • Balances the liberty of the individual with the power of the state 
      • It has moral and educative value 
      • It promote peace and stability in the country 
      • It promotes patriotism and nationalism among the citizens 
      • The interests of the citizen is paramount 
    2. Explain six rights of an arrested person in kenya (12mks) 
      • To be informed promptly in a language that person understands of the  reason for the arrest
      • To remain silent 
      • To communicate with an advocate and other persons whose assistance is necessary
      • Not to be competed to make any confession that could be used in evidence against the person
      • To be held separately from pensions who are serving a sentence  
      • To be brought before a court not later than 24hrs after being arrested 
      • To be charged or to be informed of the reason for the extension of the detention or release
      • To be released on bond or bail pending a charge or trial  
  2.  
    1. State the provisions of the National Accord and Reconciliation Act of 2008 (5mks)
      • A grand coalition government would be established 
      • Executive authority would be divided between PNU and ODM 
      • Mwai Kibaki was to retain the presidency while Raila Odinga would occupy the office of the prime minister
      • Two deputy prime minister positions would be created 
      • Divisions of an expanded list of cabinet post based on proportional representation in parliament
    2. Explain the features of the independence constitution of 1962 (10mks) 
      • A federal government was adopted with six regions  
      • The national assembly was bicameral consisting of the senate and the house of the representatives
      • It defined citizenship status of all people in the country 
      • It created the post of the prime minister to head the government  
      • It created the post of the governor representing the queen of England as the head of state
      • It safeguarded the interest of the minority groups like the Europeans and Asians 
      • A bill of rights spelling out the fundamental rights and freedoms of all citizens  
      • It led to formation of an independent electro commission that would ensure impartiality and honesty during election
      • It provided for an independent and imperialjudiciary to ensure justice is done 
  3.  
    1. State three conditions that every human right must fulfill (3mks) 
      • A condition of life  
      • A social character 
      • Equally enjoyed by all members of the society 
    2. Discuss six values of good citizenship in kenya (12mks) 
      • patriotism through placing the interest of the country above own selfish interest 
      • participation in activities that foster national unity like trade and agriculture 
      • participation in democratic processes by offering one self to contest elections or voting 
      • maintenance and protection of human dignity  
      • non discrimination on basis of race gender and ethnicity 
      • respect for social justice e.g protesting against grabbing of public land 
      • respect for equality of all citizens  
      • respect for human rights 
      • support for good governance e.g by paying taxes 
      • maintaining high level of integrity by detesting from corrupt practices  
      • supporting the government by taking part in projects that ensure sustainable development

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