History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

  • This paper consists of three sections A, B and C.
  • Answer all questions in section A, three questions from section B , and two questions from section C 

SECTION A( 25 MARKS)
Answer all questions in this section. 

  1. Name the main source of African history. (1mk)
  2. Name two chemical methods of dating fossils. ( 2mks)
  3. Give the main significance ofFayum depression to the history of man ( 1mk)
  4. Give the first stage of evolution according to Charles Darwin. ( 1mk)
  5. State two natural factors for the success of early Egyptian agriculture ( 2mks)
  6. State two limitations of open field system of farming as practiced in Europe.( 2mks) 
  7. Name two areas in Africa where slaves were obtained from during the trans-Atlantic trade.( 2mks)
  8. Name one port which developed in west Africa as a result of trans- Atlantic slave trade. ( 1mk)
  9. Give two limitations of using rafts as a means of transport. ( 2mks)
  10. Give the main factor for the growth and development of joharnsberg as a modern urban centre
  11. Identify two reasons why the Berlin conference of 1884-1885 was convened (2mks) 
  12. Give one reason why African communities were against the use of akidas and jumbes in Tanganyika by the German administration. ( 1mk)
  13. Name two French colonies in north Africa ( 2mks)
  14. Give one way in which the rise of nationalism undermined the policy of assimilation in French WestAfrica. (1mk)
  15. Give the main difference between assimilation and association policies of administration as used by the French. (1mk)
  16. Name the treaty signed between SamoriToure and the French in 1886 (1mk)
  17. Name the chartered company used by the British to administer the west African colonies (1mk)

SECTION B (45MKS)
Answer any three questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. Give five reasons why Africa is considered as the cradle of man (5mks)
    2. explain five importance of rock art to early human beings. (10mks)
  2.  
    1. State three results of the construction of the Suez Canal (3mks)
    2. Explain six ways through which modern society has benefited from the development in transport. (12mks)
  3.  
    1. State five problems faced by trader in Trans-Saharan trade. (5mks)
    2. Explain five positive impact of Trans –Saharan trade on the people of West Africa.(10mks)
  4.  
    1. State three uses of atomic energy today (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors which delayed industrialization among European nations before 1850. (12mks)

SECTION C. (30MKS)
Answer any two questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. State three limitations of SamoriToure’s second capital during his resistance (3mks)
    2. Explain six reasons why Samori’s resistance was protracted (12mks)
  2.  
    1. State five economic reasons which facilitated European colonization of Africa (5mks)
    2. Explain five results of the Berlin conference of 1884-1885 (10mks)
  3.  
    1. State three duties of Emirs in British Nigeria (3mks)
    2. Explain six reasons indirect rule failed in Southern Nigeria. (12mks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A ( 25MKS)
Answer all questions in this section

  1. Name the main source of African history. (1mk)
    • Oral traditions.
  2. Name two chemical methods of dating fossils. ( 2mks)
    • Radio carbon dating
    • Potassium argon dating.
  3. Give the main significance of Fayum depression to the history of man ( 1mk)
    • Is where the remains of egyptopithecus were found
  4. Give the first stage of evolution according to Charles Darwin. ( 1mk)
    • Mutation.
  5. State two natural factors for the success of early Egyptian agriculture ( 2mks)
    • Availability of fertile silt soils.
    • Availability of water for irrigation existence of naturally growing indigenous crops.
  6. State two limitations of open field system of farming as practiced in Europe.( 2mks) 
    • Wasted arable land
    • Led wastage of labour and time
    • Discouraged mechanization.
    • Discouraged selective breeding
    • Encouraged spread of diseases and parasites.
  7. Name two areas in Africa where slaves were obtained from during the trans-atlantic trade.( 2mks)
    • Benin
    • Nigeria
    • Congo
    • Angola
    • Gambia.
  8. Name one port which developed in west Africa as a result of trans- atlantic slave trade. ( 1mk)
    • Lagos.
    • Whydah.
    • Dakar.
    • Elmina
    • Goree.
    • Sekondi.
  9. Give two limitations of using rafts as a means of transport. ( 2mks)
    • Carried limited loads
    • Not safe/ could sink easily.
    • Required intensive labour to move upstream
  10. Give the main factor for the growth and development of joharnsberg as a modern urban centre
    • Discovery of gold.
  11. Identify two reasons why the Berlin conference of 1884-1885 was convened (2mks)
    • For smooth /peaceful partition of Africa.
    • To find out European opinion on abolition of slave trade.
  12. Give one reason why African communities were against the use of akidas and jumbes in Tanganyika by the German administration. ( 1mk)
    • They were cruel and brutal
    • They looked down upon Africans since they were educated.
    • They collected the taxes harshly.
  13. Name two French colonies in north Africa ( 2mks)
    • Algeria
    • Tunisia
    • Morocco.
  14. Give one way in which the rise of nationalism undermined the policy if assimilation in French west Africa. (1mk)
    • Nationalists created awareness on the value and conservation of African culture
    • Nationalists stressed on the need of unity in the decolonization process
  15. Give the main difference between assimilation and association policies of administration as used by the French . (1mk)
    • Assimilation policy undermined African cultures while association policy preserved them
  16. Name the treaty signed between samoritoure and the French in 1886 (1mk)
    • Bisandugu treaty
  17. Name the chartered company used by the British to administer the west African colonies (1mk)
    • The royal Niger company

SECTION B (45MKS)
Answer any three questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. Give five reasons why Africa is considered as the cradle of man (5mks)
      • Existence of many archeological sites in Africa
      • The warm Africa climate was ideal for primates
      • The African savannas provided food for man
      • The several permanent rivers supplied water in all seasons
      • Africa was centrally positioned before the continental drift
    2. explain five importance of rock art to early human beings . (10mks)
      • Demonstrated that man was developing belief in magic
      • Some were done for ritualistic purpose
      • Some were done for esthetic value / for decoration and beauty
      • Helped man in preservation of his cultural heritage
      • Some were done for leisure
      • They showed symbolic representation of human relationships
  2.  
    1. State three results of the construction of the Suez Canal (3mks)
      • Shortened trade routes between Europe and far East
      • Boosted industrial development in Egypt
      • Led to colonization of Egypt by British
      • Promoted international trade between Africa and Europe and Asia
    2. Explain six ways through which modern society has benefited from the development in transport. (12mks)
      • Development of urban centres along transport lines
      • Has led to expansion of trade
      • Enhanced industrial development through transportation of raw materials and finished products Has created employment opportunities to many people
      • Has enhanced security of some countries
      • Has boosted the tourism sector by facilitating accessibility to tourist sites
      • Has facilitated provision of emergency societies to rescue flood and accident victims
      • Act as a source of revenue for government through sale of licenses
  3.  
    1. State five problems faced by trader in Trans-Saharan trade. (5mks)
      • Long tiresome journeys
      • Attack from the hostile desert community
      • Attack from dangerous desert/wild animals
      • Extreme desert temperature
      • Lose of direction in the desert
      • Scarcity of food and water
      • Some were buried alive by sand storms
      • Caused barrier due to lack of a common language
    2. Explain five positive impact of Trans –Saharan trade on the people of West Africa.
      • Led to Urbanization e.gGao, Taghaza , Timbuktu
      • Led to growth of strong kingdom /empires e.g Mali, Ghana
      • Emergence of a class of wealth merchants
      • Stimulated the growth of smelting technology and industry
      • Led to introduction of houses which improved security and transport
      • It boosted Agriculture introduction of tools
      • Introduction of Islamic culture e.g education, architecture
  4.  
    1. State three uses of atomic energy today (3mks)
      • Making atomic weapons
      • Generation of electricity
      • Production of radio-active elements for medical uses
      • Driving atomic powered locomotives
    2. Explain six factors which delayed industrialization among European nations before 1850 (12mks)
      • Long periods of political instability
      • Poor transport and communication system
      • Lack of enterprising class of people and scientists
      • Inadequate fund/capital for industrial investment
      • Inadequate raw materials for industrialization
      • Lack of market due to poverty among the people
      • Inadequate labor supply
      • Inadequate resources e.g coal

SECTION C. (30MKS)
Answer any two questions in this sections

  1.  
    1. State three limitations of SamouriToure’s second capital during his resistance (3mks)
      • It cut off Samori from pure gold mines
      • It cut off Samori from freedom from where he was acquiring weapons
      • It was at the centre of Samori’s enemies
      • It was open to attack especially from the south
    2. Explain six reasons why Samori’s resistance was protracted (12mks)
      • His long military experience enabled him organize the army well
      • Had large discipline and well equipped army which fought with determination
      • His soldiers had defected from French army hence new French military tactics
      • His soldiers were familiar with the terrain/topography of the area
      • He used guerilla war tactics which delayed conquest
      • He had military workshops which manifested new weapons and repaired defective ones
      • He had established trade links/network through which he acquired firearms
      • Soldiers treated fighting as Jihads hence fought with determination
  2.  
    1. State five economic reasons which facilitated European colonization of Africa (5mks)
      • Need to sustain raw materials for the industrialization
      • Need to acquire markets for the industrial goods
      • To invest their surplus capital
      • To get cheap labour in the production of raw materials
      • Engage in profitable trade after abolishing slave trade
    2. Explain five results of the Berlin conference of 1884-1885 (10mks)
      • Led to drawing up of the boundaries of spheres of influence
      • Led to effective partition and colonization of Africa
      • Led to abolition of slavery and slave trade in Africa
      • Led to increased rivalry among the European nation during the scramble process
      • River Congo and Niger were left open for navigation by all European nations
      • King Leopold II was recognized as the legal riller of congo free state
  3.  
    1. State three duties of Emirs in British Nigeria
      • Only handed in a quarter of the taxes collected
      • Maintained law and order
      • Created prisons for convicted people
      • Elimination of practices not good to the British
      • Tried cases in muslim court
    2. Explain six reasons indirect rule failed in Southern Nigeria.
      • Lack of common language of communication
      • Existence of political and religious systems
      • Lugard appointed illiterate traditional leaders who were respected by mission   educated elites
      • Lugard appointed young educated men as chiefs who were rejected by the elders
      • The communities in the south rejected the excess powers given to the chiefs
      • The british applied some system of collecting taxes used in the North making the Egba community to resist paying taxes.

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