CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • Answer any five questions in the answer sheets provided.
  1.  
    1. Identify five books of the old Testament referred to as the writings (5mks)
    2. Give five reasons why the Bible is referred to as the word of God (10mks) 
    3. Describe five ways in which Christians use the Bible (5mks)
  2.  
    1. Give five signs given to Abraham by God in his covenant (5mks)
    2. Describe five ways in which Abraham demonstrated his faith in God (10mks)
    3. Outline five lessons Christians can learn about God from Abraham’s experience at Mt. Moriah (5mks)
  3.  
    1. Describe how prophet Elijah fought against corruption and injustices in Israel (8mks)
    2. How did God manifest his power during Prophet Elijah’s ministry? (6mks)
    3. Explain why Christians should fight against bribery and corruption in Kenya (6mks)
  4.  
    1. Outline four categories of true prophets in the Old Testament (8mks)
    2. Give six similarities between the Traditional African and true prophets in the Old Testament (6mks)
    3. State six challenges which church leaders in Kenya face in their work (6mks)
  5.  
    1. Explain four reasons why God was to pass judgement on Israel and other Nations (8mks)
    2. Describe the call of Amos to become a prophet of God in Israel (7mks)
    3. Outline five ways in which Christians can help curb the evil of oppression of the poor (5mks)
  6.  
    1. State five reasons why sacrifices were offered in African traditional society (5mks)
    2. Outline the role of kinship system in traditional African communities (7mks) 
    3. Explain four ways in which western education has affected kinship ties in the society


MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. Identify five books of the old Testament referred to as the writings (5mks)
      • Job
      • Psalms
      • Proverbs
      • Ecclesiastes
      • Songs of songs/Solomon 1x5=5
    2. Give five reasons why the Bible is referred to as the word of God (10mks)
      • The Bible was inspired by God
      • Bible authors wrote under the influence of the Holy Spirit
      • God took part in writing the Bible i.e Ten Commandments
      • The Bible deals with God’s revelation to human beings and their responses 
      • The Bible contains the true message of God for daily living
      • The Bible is the revealed word of God
      • The Bible outlines God’s plan of salvation fulfilled through Jesus Christ 
      • Bible remains relevant for all Nations
      • The Bible transforms lives of people i.e. source of moral values 2x5=10
    3. Describe five ways in which Christians use the Bible (5mks)
      • Christians compose Christian songs from the Bible
      • Preaching using the Bible
      • Instructing in Guidance and Counselling
      • Teaching CRE in schools and colleges
      • In writing Christian literature
      • By reading the Bible to others
      • By distributing the Bible to those who do not have it to read
      • Bible is used in taking of oaths to prove its authenticity 1x5=5
  2.  
    1. Give five signs given to Abraham by God in his covenant (5mks)
      • Circumcision
      • Changes of names
      • Flaming torch
      • Smoking fire po
      • Countless stars/sand 5x1=5
    2. Describe five ways in which Abraham demonstrated his faith in God (10mks) 
      • Abraham abandoned idol worship to serve Yahweh (true God)
      • He accepted to leave Haran to unknown land
      • He built altars at Bethel and Sechem in honour of God
      • He accepted circumcision as a sign of the covenant
      • He accepted to change their names
      • He agreed to sacrifice his son Isaac
      • He believed in the fulfillment of God’s promises
      • By making a covenant with God 5x2=10
    3. Outline five lessons Christians can learn about God from Abraham’s experience at Mt. Moriah (5mks)
      • Christians learn that God provides
      • God does not delight in human sacrifice i.e. Human life is precious to God  
      • God is a true God – Living God
      • God cannot test you beyond your ability to bear
      • God requires Faith and obedience from his people 1x5=5
  3.  
    1. Describe how prophet Elijah fought against corruption and injustices in Israel (8mks)
      • Naboth a peasant farmer had a fruitful vineyard next to King Ahab’s palace 
      • Ahab coveted Naboth’s vineyard and offered to buy it at a better price or exchange for another
      • Naboth refused to sell it or exchange because it was inheritance from his family
      • Ahab’s pagan wife Jezebel influenced him to misuse his powers and get the vineyard
      • She forged letters in the Kings name and sealed them with his rubber stamp and sent them to elders
      • Naboth was accused falsely of blasphemy and treason which were punishable by stoning to death
      • Ahab then possessed the land since it was state property
      • Elijah was sent by God to pronounce judgement to Ahab’s family
      • It was prophets work to fight injustice in Israel and the kings were not above the law 8x1=8
    2. How did God manifest his power during Prophet Elijah’s ministry? (6mks)
      • God sent fire to burn the sacrifice during the contest at Mt. Carmel with Baal
      • God brought rain after the drought
      • At Mt. Horeb, God’s presence was through a storm, earthquake and lightening
      • God miraculously fed Elijah at the Brook of Cherith at Beersheba/wilderness
      • God brought judgement on King Ahab and his wife Jezebel
      • Elijah raised the widow’s son at Zerapheth through God’s power 1x6=6
    3. Explain why Christians should fight against bribery and corruption in Kenya (6mks)
      • It promotes injustices on the citizens
      • It is a criminal offence i.e. one may be imprisoned
      • It leads to suffering to ones family if one is sacked
      • It makes the public loose respect and confidence especially if it involves leaders
      • It creates a situation of hopelessness, despair and poverty
      • It leads to bitterness, hatred if unqualified people are employed 1x6=6
  4.  
    1. Outline four categories of true prophets in the Old Testament (8mks) 
      • Major prophets – Their messages are long/detailed
      • Minor prophets – Their messages/books are shor
      • Canonical prophets – Are prophets whose messages are recorded in books that bear their names
      • Non-canonical prophets – Are prophets whose messages have been compiled by other authors
      • Cultic prophets – Are prophets whose duties were associated with places of worship
      • Early prophets – Are prophets sent by God for specific tasks e.g. Moses 2x4=8
    2. Give six similarities between the Traditional African and true prophets in the Old Testament (6mks)
      • Both predicted future events/disasters
      • Both had supernatural powers to exercise their duties
      • Both were religious leaders who could offer sacrifices and prayers
      • Both urged their people to be morally upright i.e. condemned evils in their society
      • Both led exemplary lives i.e. were role models
      • Both played advisory role to the political leaders i.e. acted as the conscience if the leaders 1x6=6
    3. State six challenges which church leaders in Kenya face in their work (6mks)
      • Church leaders are rejected/persecuted/opposition
      • Rivalry among themselves
      • Discrimination on Gender/status/tribalism/nepotism
      • Hypocrisy among church members
      • Inadequate finances
      • Temptations in their duties i.e. social evils – bribes
      • Language barrier while spreading the word of God
      • Conflicting interpretation of the Bible
      • Political interference in their work
      • Insecurity/Hostility in working environments
      • Poor infrastructure makes it difficult to reach some areas.
      • Competition from other religious/cults/false prophets 1x6=6
  5.  
    1. Explain four reasons why God was to pass judgement on Israel and other Nations (8mks)
      • Israel had broken their covenant with God by practicing social injustices 
      • Judah had broken their covenant with God by practicing idolatry
      • Syria had committed war crimes by being cruel to the people of Gilead
      • Philistine had sold their fellow citizens into slavery to Edom
      • Tyre had violated the covenant terms of brotherhood with Israelites and exiled them to Edom
      • Edom had persuaded Israel her brother and its citizens
      • Ammon committed war crimes by being brutal to pregnant women of Gilead 4x2=8
    2. Describe the call of Amos to become a prophet of God in Israel (7mks)
      • Amos was a shepherd from Tekoa in Judah
      • He also tendered the Sycamore trees
      • He prophesied during the time of King Jeroboam II of Israel and King Uzziah of Judah
      • Amos was to prophesy in Israel two years before the earthquake
      • He received God’s call with faith and obedience
      • He had deep compulsion to prophesy God’s message
      • He received God’s message through visions
      • He prophesied God’s judgement on Israel because of her sins 7x1=7
    3. Outline five ways in which Christians can help curb the evil of oppression of the poor (5mks)
      • Christians should show love/compassion to the poor
      • Avoid extravagant living at the expense of the poor
      • Should not ignore the poor and needy
      • Should create employment opportunities for the poor
      • Should assist in giving bursaries to the children of the poor
      • Should practice charity to the poor 1x5=5
  6.  
    1. State five reasons why sacrifices were offered in African traditional society (5mks)
      • To thank God for various reasons e.g. A good harvest and success in war 
      • To avert evil or misfortunes e.g. drought
      • To atone for an offence committed either by an individual or the community i.e. Restore relationship with God and Ancestors
      • It is a way of worshipping God i.e. Fellowship/communion
      • To show respect to the ancestors (or venerate) as they were intermediaries between the living and God 1x5=5
    2. Outline the role of kinship system in traditional African communities (7mks) 
      • Kingship system gives an individual a deep sense of belonging
      • It provides security to the members
      • It unites the members/binds together
      • It helps to maintain law and order
      • It regulates marital customs and rules
      • It dictates division of labour among members
      • It governs relationship between the living and the dead
      • It helps to settle disputes hence promote peace and harmony
      • It encourages members to help one another and support widows, orphans and the aged.
        1x7=7
    3. Explain four ways in which western education has affected kinship ties in the society today (8mks)
      • Individualism by the educated members who are less concerned about poor kinship members
      • Children from educated families do not name their children names of their ancestors
      • Educated parents fear to leave their children with unhygienic grandparents
      • Education abroad separate kin members
      • Educated work in urban areas with limited space for extended families
      • Western education allow interracial marriages
      • Educated members settle disputes in courts and not through elders
      • Educated members are involved in careers and take orphans to orphan homes

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