Instructions to the Candidates
- Write your details in the spaces provided at the top of this page.
- Answer three questions only.
- All questions are compulsory
- In question three choose only one of the optional texts you have prepared for.
- Each of your essays must not exceed 450 words (2 pages)
- Candidates should check to ascertain that no questions are missing.
- Candidates must answer the questions in English.
Answer All Questions
- Imaginative composition (20 mks)
Write a composition ending with “…………If only I was given another chance, I would do things differently.”
- Expository essay (20 mks)
Write an essay on the role of the youth in helping to fight corruption.
- Compulsory Set Text (20 mks)
Blossoms of the Savannah
Choices have consequences. Show the truthfulness of the above statement in reference to the novel, Blossoms of the Savannah.
Paper 101/3 is intended to test the candidate’s ability to communicate in writing. Communication is established at different levels of integrity, correctness, accuracy, fluency, pleasantness and originality. Within the constraints set by each question, it is the linguistic competence shown by the candidate that should carry most marks. In a factual essay, attention must also be given to the format, tone and ability to follow instructions
Examiners should not hesitate to use the full range of marks for each essay. In a two essay paper, it is the final total mark that counts. It is important to determine first how each essay communications and in which category A, B, C, or D it fits.
(The marks indicate below are for each essay in a 2 –essay paper)
D class the candidate does not communicate at all. 01-05 or his/her language ability is so
minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate wants to say.
The candidate fails to fit English words he/she knows in to meaningful sentences.
The subject is glanced at or distorted. Practically, no punctuation.
All kinds of errors, ‘broken English’ id evident.
D- 01-02 Chaotic. Little meaning whatsoever. Questions paper or some words from it simply copied.
D 03 Flow of thought almost impossible to follow. The errors are continuous.
D+ 04-05 Although the English is often broken and the essay is full of errors of all type,
we can at least guess what the candidate wants to say.
C class The candidate communicates understandably but only more or less clearly.
He /she is not confident with his language. The subject is often undeveloped.
There may be some digressions. Unnecessary repetition is frequent.
The arrangement is weak and the flow is jerky. There is economy of language.
Mother tongue influence is felt.
C- 06-07 The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate his ideas. He /she is
seriously hampered by his/her very limited knowledge of structure
This results in many gross errors of agreement, spelling, misuse of prepositions,
tenses, verb agreement and sentence construction
C 08 The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. He/she
linguistic ability being limited, he/she cannot avoid frequent errors in
sentence structure. There is little variety of originality. Very bookish
English links are weak, incorrect repeated at times.
C+ 09-10 The candidate communicates clearly but in a flat uncertain manner. Simple concepts, sentence forms are often strained. There may be an overuse of clichés, unsuitable idioms. Proverbs are misinterpreted. The flow is still jerky.
B class This class is characterized by greater fluency and ease of expression. The candidate demonstrates that he/she can use English as normal way of expressing himself/herself. Sentences are varied and usually well constructed.
Some candidates become ambitious and even over- ambitious. There may
be items of merit of the word or one expression type. Many essays in
this category may be just clean and unassuming, but they still show that
the candidate is at ease with the language.
B- 11-12 The candidate communicates fairly and with some fluency. There may be little variety in sentence structure. Gross errors are still found occasionally.
B 13 The sentences are varied but rather simple. Straight forward. The candidate does not strain himself/herself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of vocabulary and idiom. Natural and effortless. Some items of merit. Economy of language.
B+ 14-15 The candidate communicates his ideals pleasantly and without strain. There are errors and slips. Tenses, spelling and punctuation are quite good. A number of items of merit of the “whole sentence” or the “whole expression” type.
A class The candidate communicates not only fluently but attractively with originality and
efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share his/her deep feeling,
emotions, enthusiasm. He/she expresses himself/herself freely and without any
visible constraint. The script gives evidence of maturity, good planning and often humour. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete
command of the language. There is no strain, just pleasantness, clever arrangement, felicity of expression.
A-16-17 The candidate shows competence and fluency in using the language.
He may lack imagination or originality which usually provides the “spark” in such
essays, vocabulary, idiom, sentence structure, links, and variety are impressive.
Gross errors are very rare.
A 18 Positive ability. A few errors that are felt as slips. The story of argument has a
definite impact. No grammar problem. Variety of structures. A definite spark.
Many margin ticks.
A+ 19-20 The candidate communicates not only information and meaning but also and especially the candidate’s whole self: his/her feelings, taste points of view, youth, culture. This ability to communicate his/her deep self may express itself in many ways: wide range of effective vocabulary, original approach, vivid and sustained account in the case of narrative, well-developed and orders argument. In the case of a debate of discussion. Errors and slips should not deprive the candidate the full marks he/she deserves a very definite spark.
- Must be a story, if not deduct 4 marks AD
- Must end with the given sentence, if not deduct 2 marks AD
- Should the candidate go beyond two pages, deduct 2 AD
- Must be an expository essay. If not deduct 4mks (AD)
- The essay should explain the role of the youths in fighting corruption.
- Mark the linguistic ability not points.
- Expect a persuasive discursive backed up with statistics, quotations and explanations that are convincing enough but not necessarily accurate.
The compulsory set text (20marks)
The novel: Blossoms of the Savanna – By Henry Ole Kaelo
Choices have consequences. Show the truthfulness of the above statement in reference to the novel
- Must have an introduction 2marks
Body must have 4 points with adequate illustrations 4 x 3 marks each = 12
Conclusion = 2marks
The choices which we make definitely determines the outcome we get later in life. Wrong choices have negative effects in our future. In Blossoms of the Savannah, Ole Kaelo makes several wrong choices which affect his life and that of his daughters and other people like Joseph Permuat adversely.
- Ole Kaelo decides to do business with Oloisudori despite warnings from his friends against it.
- Agrees to give his daughters Resian in marriage to Oloisudori to save his business and set more wealth as dowry in return
- Mama Milanoi decides to give away her daughter for circumcision. She cheats her that is being taken to her sister Resian. She plans to have her circumcised and then married off to Oloisudori.
- Mama chooses not to rub feathers with her husband when he constantly shows his spite for Resian
- Ole Kaelos decision to host Olarinkoi in their house without probing his character and Olarinkoi which he exploits to cheat Resian.He promises to take her to Minik ranch but ends up attempting to rape her and circumcise her by force.
- Oloisudori errs by deciding to follow Reian and Taiyo all the way to Ntare naaju
- Olarinkoi makes foolish decisions when he abducts Resian and tries to rape her
It is indeed true that the choices we make determine the outcomes we get. Bad decisions lead to a lot of suffering and regrets.