Home Science Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 2 2022

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INSTRUCTIONS.

  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.


Questions 

  1. Define the term hygiene. (1mk)
  2. List three types of knives. (3mks)
  3. Identify three disadvantages of buying a louse. (3mks)
  4. Give two uses of starch in laundry work. (2mks)
  5. Give two dangers of poor sanitation. (2mks)
  6. Give two ways in which snakes bites can be prevented. (2mks)
  7. State three general rules to follow when repairing clothes. (3mks)
  8. Give three reasons why clothes should be rinsed thoroughly before they are dried. (3mks)
  9. Mention two methods of transferring pattern symbols in garment. (1mk)
  10. Giving reasons in each case, suggest three nutrients whose intake should be increased during pregnancy. (6mks)
  11. Explain five points on the importance of budgeting. (10mks)
  12. Name two types of button holes. (2mks)
  13. Give two most commonly used openings. (2mks)
  14. List four forms of credit facilities available to consumer. (4mks)
  15. Give two reasons why impulse buying not encouraged. (2mks)
  16. Mention two uses of carrots in cookery. (2mks)
  17. List two immunisable disease that can cause disfigurement. (2mks)


Marking Scheme

  1. Define the term hygiene. (1mk)
    • Hygiene refers to the keeping of one’s appearance body wise and clothing clean and neat.
  2. List three types of knives. (3mks)
    • The paring (vegetable) knife
    • The chef knife
    • The bread knife
    • The butchers knife
    • The palete knife
    • The fruit knife
    • The suicing knife.
  3. Identify three disadvantages of buying a house. (3mks)
    • The affordable house may be in a hostile neighbourhood.
    • The house might have been built or poorly drained soil.
    • The house might have been built on disputed land.
    • The plan of the house may not be to your satisfaction.
    • Materials used my be of inferior quality.
    • An older house may need major renovations.
    • The cost of buying a house is much higher than if one were to build.
  4. Give two uses of starch in laundry work. (2mks)
    • It is used to stiffen clothes and household articles.
    • It makes the article smooth and glossy.
    • It makes the articles easy to iron.
  5. Give two dangers of poor sanitation. (2mks)
    • Causes water born diseases.
    • Water pollution
    • Unsightly environment
    • Breeding of pests.
  6. Give two ways in which snakes bites can be prevented. (2mks)
    • Clear brushes around the homes.
    • Cover holes and destroy ant-hills around the home.
    • Keep doors, vents and draining pipes closed or covered.
    • Keep the compound and the house clean to keep away rats and other rodents.
    • Do not play with pet snakes.
  7. State three general rules to follow when repairing clothes. (3mks)
    • Repair as soon as possible.
    • Repair should cover the worn out areas adequately.
    • Repair should be done before washing to avoid enlarging the tear.
    • It should be made as inconspicuous as possible using matching thread.
  8. Give three reasons why clothes should be rinsed thoroughly before they are dried. (3mks)
    • To prevent damage of fibres by the detergent used.
    • To remove the smell of the detergent
    • To avoid skin irritation.
    • To prevent discolorations of the garments.
  9. Mention two methods of transferring pattern symbols in garment. (1mk)
    • Use of thread marking
    • Use of tailors tacks.
    • Use of tracing wheel and a tailor’s carbon paper.
    • Use of tailor’s chalk
  10. Giving reasons in each case, suggest three nutrients whose intake should be increased during pregnancy. (6mks)
    • Calcium for formation and development of foetus bones and teeth/maintain mother’s bone and teeth.
    • Iron to protect the mother and foetus from getting anaemia/have enough provision to last the baby for atleast the first six months.
    • Proteins to build the tissue of the foetus for the enlargement and repair of maternal tissues.
    • Vitamin D to work with calcium to build bones by aiding absorption of calcium.
    • Vitamin C to help the mother’s body to resist infections and for absorption of iron.
  11. Explain five points on the importance of budgeting. (10mks)
    • Budgeting acts as a guide to wise purchasing by prioritizing spending.
    • It enables one to live within their means by spending only on items they can afford.
    • It also enables one to avoid impulse buying by buying only the budgeted items.
    • One is able to set priorities and plan for present and future needs.
    • It enables one to accumulate family savings.
    • It provide a basis for analyzing the needs of the family.
    • It also gives psychological satisfaction to the family members because all the needs of the family members are meet.
    • Budgeting enables a family to estimate all their financial needs and plan for other sources and methods of supplementing their income.
  12. Name two types of button holes. (2mks)
    • Worked button hole
    • Bound button hole
  13. Give two most commonly used openings. (2mks)
    • Faced opening
    • Bound opening
    • Continuous wrap
  14. List four forms of credit facilities available to consumer. (4mks)
    • Credit cards
    • Hire purchase
    • Mortgage
    • Bank loan
  15. Give two reasons why impulse buying not encouraged. (2mks)
    • It encourages overspending
    • It encourages buying items that may not be needed/useful/interferes with budget.
    • It gives satisfaction that is shirt lived.
  16. Mention two uses of carrots in cookery. (2mks)
    • Making salad
    • Used as accompaniment.
    • Making stocks or soup.
    • Making slice.
    • Making stew.
    • Adds flavours.
    • Adds colour.
    • Adds nutrients (vit A)
    • Used as a snack
    • Used as a vegetable dish
  17. List two immunisable disease that can cause disfigurement. (2mks)
    • Tetanus
    • Polio

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