Physics Paper 3 Questions and Answers with Confidential - Form 4 Mid Term 2 Exams 2021

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PHYSICS
PAPER 3
FORM 4 MID TERM 2

INSTRUCTIONS

  • You are advised to spend the first 15 minutes of the hours given reading the entire question paper
  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided
  • Marks are given for clear record of observations actually made for their suitability and accuracy for the use of them.
  • Candidates are advised to record their observations as soon as they are made.
  • K.N.E.C Mathematical tables and Non programmable silent electronic calculators may be used.

 

  1. QUESTION ONE   
    1. PART A
      You are provided with the following apparatus:
      • A screen with cross wire
      • lens and a lens holder
      • A white screen
      • About 10cm candle stick
      • A Metre rule
      • Lighting source.(match box)

        Proceed as follows:
        1. Arrange the lens and screen as shown in the diagram below.
          phyf4mt221p3q1
          Adjust the distance of the lens from the screen until a sharp image of a distant object is formed on the screen. Measure and record the distanced cm (1mk)
          d = ..............................................cm
        2. Place the metre rule on a horizontal table so that the millimeter scale faces upwards, place the candle at one end of the metre rule and the screen with cross wire at the zero cm mark (just near the candle).Arrange the lens and the white screen as shown below:
          phyf4mt221p3q1b
          1. Adjust the lens so that the distance x is 30cm.
          2. Adjust also the position of the white screen to obtain a sharp image of the cross wire and record the value of y in the table below.
          3. Repeat steps b (i) and b (ii) above for values of x = 35cm, 40cm,45cm,50cm and record the corresponding values of y each time in the table below.
          4. Hence complete the table. (4mks)
            x(cm) 30 35 40 45 50
            y(cm)          
            y + x (cm)          
            yx (cm2)          
        3. Plot a graph of (y + x) ( y - axis) against yx. (x-axis) (4mks)
        4. Determine the gradient of your graph. (2mks)
        5. Given that the equation of graph is 1=F(y+x/xy)
          Use the graph to find the value of (f) (2mks)
    2. PART B
      You are provided with the following:
      • A boiling tube
      • Some dry sand
      • A liquid in a measuring cylinder labelled L
      • Half – metre rule
      • A vernier calipers (to be shared)
      • A weighing machine (one per room)
      • Tissue paper
        Proceed as follows:
        1.    
          1. Measure the length of the boiling tube 
            h = ...........................................................................cm (1 mk)
          2. Put a little amount of sand in the boiling tube and place it in the measuring cylinder which is almost filled with a liquid labelled L. Add sand, little by little until the tube floats upright as shown in figure 2.
            phyf4mt221p3q1hii
            Measure the length, d, of the boiling tube which is above the liquid
            d = .........................................................................cm (1mk)
          3. Determine the length, t, of the boiling tube which is immersed in the liquid
            t = ...........................................................................cm (1/2 mk)
          4. Remove the boiling tube from the measuring cylinder; wipe it dry (on the outside) and weigh its mass, m, including the sand inside.
            m = .........................................................................g (1mk)
          5. Measure the external diameter, D, of the boiling tube
            d = ..........................................................................cm (1 mk)
          6. Determine external radius, R,
            R = .........................................................................cm (1⁄2 mk)
          7. Using the formula
            m = ρ x (πR2), determine ρ for the liquid
            ρ= .......................................................................... (2mks)
  2. QUESTION TWO
    1.        
      You are provided with the following
      • Ammeter
      • Voltmeter
      • A jockey
      • 2 dry cells
      • A mounted nichrome wire
      • 6 connecting wires
      • A cell holder
        1. Connect your apparatus as shown in the circuit diagram below
          phyf4mt221p3q2aii
        2. Adjust the length MP of the resistance nichrome wire to be 75cm from M to P and record the ammeter and voltmeter readings in the table below.
        3. Reduce the length of MP by 15cm such that the new length of MP is now 60cm. Record the ammeter and voltmeter readings.
        4. Repeat the procedure above when the length of the wire MP = 45cm, 30cm, 15cm and 0cm from M and record the readings in the table below.
          Length L(cm) 75 60 45 30 15 0
          p.d(V)             
          Current I(A)            
        5. Plot a graph of p.d (V) against current I (5mks)
        6. Determine the slope of the graph (3mks)
        7. Find the internal resistance r of the battery from the graph given that V = E – Ir (2mks)
        8. Determine the e.m.f E from the graph (1mk)
    2. Connect your circuit as shown in the diagram below
      phyf4mt221p3q2b
      1. When the jockey is at the furthest end of the resistance wire at Q. Find the  ammeter and voltmeter readings
        V___________V (1mk)
        I___________A (1mk)
      2. Calculate the resistance of the nichrome wire (3mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. QUESTION ONE
    1. PART A
      1. d = 20 ± 2cm 1mks
      2.    
        1. Table
          x(cm) 30 35 40 45 50
          y(cm) 60 47 40 36 33
          y + x (cm) 90 82 80 81 83
          yx (cm2) 1800 1645 1600 1620 1650
          y each correct = 1/2mk max 2mks
          y + x 4 – 5 correct = 1mks
          3 correct = 1/2mk
          yx 4 – 5 correct = 1mks 3 correct = 1/2mk
      3.  
        phyf4mt221p3qa1a       
        Simple and uniform scale = 1mk
        Plotting 4 – 5 points = 3mks
        Straight line through 4- 5 points = 1mks

      4. Slope/gradient
        slope =    88 – 80       intervals correctly substituted = 1mk
                   1760 – 1600
        = 8/1600 Correct evaluation and
        = 0.05/cm Accuracy + unit = 1mk

      5. f – value
        Equation of graph
        y + x = 1/f xy     correct equation and equating slope to 1/f = 1mk
        slope = 0.05/cm = 1/f
        slope = 1/f       correct evaluation
        f = 1/slope = 1/0.05 = 20cm = accuracy + unit = 1mk
        = 20cm ± 2

    2. Part B
      1.    
        1. h = 14.5 ± 1cm ( 1mk)
        2. d = 4.0cm ± 1cm ( 1mk)
        3.  t = h – d = 14.5 – 4.0 = 10.5cm ( 1⁄2 mk)
        4. m = 45g (1 mk) candidates value within range of 35 – 55g
        5. D = 2.45cm ± 0.1cm (1 mk)
        6. R = D/2 = 2.45/2 = 1.225cm follow candidates work ( 1⁄2 mk)
        7.  45 = ρ x 3.142 x (1.225)2       1mk
          ρ = 45/4.715  = 9.54g/cm3
  2.    
    1.      
      Length (cm) 75 60 45 30 15 0
      p.d(V) 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.38 1.9 1.1
      Current I (A) 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.60 2.45 2.5
       each correct 1⁄2 mk (max 4mks)
      phyf4mt221p3qa2
      1. Slope = 2.65 – 2.25;
                       1 – 1.8
        = 0.4/- 0.8 = - 0.5 ;
      2. V = E – Ir
        V = - Ir + E;
        R = 0.5Ω;
      3. V– intercept 3.1V ;
    2.             
      1. V = 2.4V
        I = 0.8A
      2. r=v/I= 2.4V/0.8A =3Ω 

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